How to Administer Insulin to a Cat
Article in PDF format Article in PDF format Cats can get diabetes in the same way that their human friends do. In the event that your cherished kitty has just been diagnosed with diabetes, you may be feeling scared or overwhelmed by the prospect of administering insulin injections to your cat. Unfortunately, delivering insulin to a cat is not a tough or sophisticated process, and it is not particularly painful or unpleasant for the majority of felines that get it. Learn how to properly store and manage insulin for your diabetic cat, as well as how to establish a suitable injection regimen and deliver an injection correctly.
- Following the storage recommendations printed on the label is essential. Your insulin will be packaged with specific instructions on how to store and use it properly. Make sure you are acquainted with these instructions, and contact your veterinarian if you have any questions. 2 Keep your insulin in the refrigerator until you’re ready to use it. If insulin is exposed to high temperatures, it will degrade and become less effective. Keeping insulin in the refrigerator door, where temperatures are the most consistent, is the best option.
- It is best to throw away insulin that is hazy or discolored, has been exposed to heat, or has expired and start over with a fresh bottle of insulin.
- 3Gently roll the insulin between your palms to combine the ingredients. Roll the bottle around two or three times to ensure that the contents are evenly distributed. Never shake the insulin bottle since doing so might cause bubbles to appear in the solution. 4 Make sure that the needle in the insulin vial is completely clean before inserting it. Take the needle guard from the end of your syringe and set it aside. Using an upside-down insulin bottle, insert the needle into the rubber stopper located at the top of the bottle
- 5 Make sure you have the right amount of insulin in the syringe. In order to fill the syringe with the amount of insulin recommended by your veterinarian as the proper dosage for your cat, pull back on the plunger. In order to re-send insulin back into the bottle, push the plunger back in one more time, and then pull insulin back into the syringe a second time. This will assist to limit the likelihood of air bubbles entering the syringe, which can make it difficult to correctly estimate the dosage
- Mix the insulin gently between your palms, rubbing it back and forth between your fingers. Twice or three times, roll the bottle to ensure that the contents are evenly distributed. Never shake the insulin bottle since doing so might cause bubbles to appear in the solution
- 4 Make sure that the needle in the insulin bottle is completely clean before continuing. Take the needle guard off the end of your syringe and set it aside for now. Using an upside-down insulin bottle, insert the needle into the rubber stopper located at the top of the container
- 5 Insulin should be injected into the syringe in the proper dosage. To fill the syringe with the amount of insulin recommended by your veterinarian as the proper dosage for your cat, pull back on the plunger until it is completely filled. In order to re-inject insulin back into the bottle, push the plunger back in one more time and pull the insulin back into the syringe. As a result, there will be less risk of air bubbles entering the syringe, which will make it more difficult to correctly estimate the dosage.
- 3Gently roll the insulin between your palms to combine it. Roll the bottle two or three times to ensure that the contents are evenly distributed. The insulin should never be shaken, since this might cause bubbles to develop
- 4 Fill the insulin bottle to the brim with a clean syringe needle. Take the needle guard from the end of your syringe and discard it. Using an upside-down insulin bottle, insert the needle into the rubber stopper located towards the top of the bottle
- 5 Make sure you use the right amount of insulin in the syringe. To fill the syringe with the amount of insulin recommended by your veterinarian as the proper dosage for your cat, pull the plunger back until it is completely filled. In order to re-inject insulin back into the bottle, push the plunger back in one more time, and then pull the insulin back into the syringe one more time. This will assist to limit the likelihood of air bubbles entering the syringe, which can make it difficult to correctly estimate the dosage.
- If you leave the insulin in the syringe for an extended period of time, it may bond to the plastic.
- Choose a timetable for administering the insulin and stick to it. Your veterinarian may recommend that you provide an injection to your cat once or twice a day. It is preferable to deliver the injections at the same time(s) every day, if possible. It is important to administer insulin shots as soon as possible after the cat has eaten. In this way, the cat’s blood sugar will not fall to an unsafely low level. 2 Allow your cat to eat a meal before providing the injection to prevent nausea and vomiting. The best time to administer insulin to your cat is when he or she is eating, as doing so may make your cat feel frightened and insecure during meal times. Allow the cat to continue eating without being interrupted
- Inquire with your veterinarian about what to do if your cat skips a meal or vomits just after eating. In these instances, they may propose that the cat be given a lower dose.
- Find out what you should do if your cat skips a meal or vomits just after eating by consulting with your veterinarian. In these cases, they may propose that the cat be given a lower dose.
- In the event that your cat is prone to struggling or panicking during an injection, you may choose to enlist the assistance of another person to hold or gently distract the cat while you deliver the injection.
- 4Assemble the cat on a flat, level surface. The cat may be placed on your lap if you are convinced that your cat will stay quiet while receiving the injection. If you set the cat on a level, raised surface, such as a table top, the likelihood of damage to both you and your cat is reduced.
- 1Make sure you have your syringe ready. Take the syringe that you loaded with the appropriate amount of insulin and place it next to the cat when it is in the proper position and ready to receive injection. Using your dominant hand, remove the safety cap off the needle and hold the syringe in your hand (for example, if you are right-handed, hold the syringe in your right hand)
- 2 Make a tight grip on the cat’s skin with your thumb and index finger, pinching hard. Identify a tiny flap of skin on the cat’s back, shoulders, side of the chest, or tummy and cut it off. Make a tent-shaped tent out of the cat’s skin by gently pulling it up.
- To avoid scar tissue formation or granulomas from occurring, avoid injecting insulin into the same place again and over.
- 3Insert the needle into the skin at a 45-degree angle to the surface of the skin. Take care not to poke the needle all the way through the fold of skin or into your thumb or finger where you are gripping the cat’s skin while doing the procedure. Continue to keep your thumb on the plunger while you are inserting the needle. In a single swift motion, depress the plunger lever. As soon as you are finished, push in the plunger with your thumb and instantly draw the needle out.
- It is possible that you will want to draw the plunger back somewhat before injecting to ensure that you do not strike a blood vessel during the procedure. Pulling back the plunger of the syringe reveals blood entering the syringe
- Remove the needle and administer the injection somewhere else. As soon as you have completed administering the injection, replace the safety cap on the needle.
- 5Give your pet a treat. Gently pat your cat after praising him or her in a soft manner. It’s also OK to give the cat a tiny treat, such as a piece of cooked chicken
- 6 Properly dispose of the needle that has been used. Place the needle in a puncture-proof container after it has been capped. Your veterinarian’s office or your local drugstore may be able to provide you with a customized “sharps” container. Inquire with your veterinarian or the trash disposal agency in your region about suitable waste disposal methods in your area.
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- Once the insulin is in the syringe and just before you inject it, gently warm it between your fingertips between each injection. Insulin that is too cold hurts. Your cat will have a more pleasurable experience if the water is somewhat warmed up. Make sure you have the right syringes for the kind of insulin your cat is taking. There are various different kinds. If you have any questions or concerns regarding syringes, you should see your veterinarian. In most cases, the abdomen aches less, especially if you have a larger cat. Inquire with your veterinarian about using the thinnest and shortest needle possible to deliver your cat’s insulin. For your cat, smaller needles are less uncomfortable to use. Remember to mark each injection off in a calendar or planner as soon as you have through delivering it
- This will help you keep track of your cat’s daily shots.
- Immediately after loading the syringe with insulin and just before you inject it, gently warm the insulin between your fingertips. Insulin is quite irritating when it is cold. Your cat will have a more pleasurable experience if the water is gently warmed up
- Inspect your insulin syringes to ensure that they are compatible with the kind of insulin your cat is taking. It comes in a variety of forms. For any questions or concerns concerning syringes, speak with your veterinarian. Particularly if you have a bigger cat, the abdomen typically hurts less. Inquire with your veterinarian about the thinnest and shortest needle feasible for administering insulin to your cat. It is less uncomfortable for your cat to have smaller needles. Remember to write each injection off in a calendar or planner as soon as you are through delivering it. This will help you keep track of how many shots your cat receives everyday.
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Cats will normally be put on insulin injections as soon as the diagnosis of standard diabetes is obtained, if the patient is otherwise in good health. Due to the fact that cats break down insulin quite fast, practically all of them will require injections twice a day (morning and evening, roughly 12 hours apart, at the same times each day). The injections are normally given beneath the skin of the back with either a syringe and extremely thin needle or an insulin pen that has been specifically created for this purpose.
If you have diabetes, you should start with a low dose of insulin, which will likely need to be progressively increased depending on your reaction.
A veterinarian should be consulted before changing insulin dosages too often (it takes 3-5 days for a new dose to take full effect), and no changes should be made to insulin doses without first consulting with the veterinarian.
How will my cat respond to regular insulin injections?
Generally, when a patient has normal diabetes and is otherwise in good condition, cats are put on insulin injections as soon as the diagnosis is obtained. Because cats break down insulin at a rapid rate, practically all of them will require insulin injections twice a day (morning and evening, roughly 12 hours apart, at the same times each day). When administering insulin injections, either a syringe and extremely tiny needle or an insulin pen that has been specifically made for this reason are used.
A modest amount of insulin is often used to begin with, with the dose being gradually increased as needed based on response.
A veterinarian should be consulted before changing insulin dosages too often (it takes 3-5 days for a new dose to have full effect), and no changes should be made to insulin doses without first consulting the veterinarian.
What happens if my cat misses an injection?
Due to the fact that an overdose is substantially more harmful than an underdose, there are several crucial considerations to consider when it comes to insulin control and administration.
- In the event that there is any doubt as to whether the proper dose was administered or if the correct amount of insulin was injected, DO NOT repeat the injection. One missed dosage is preferable to the danger of receiving two doses
- If you forget to take your insulin, wait until the next time it is due and deliver the usual quantity. Do not be tempted to administer a dosage (either in full or in part) during this period because this will result in increased instability. It is NOT necessary to provide insulin if your cat appears ill, is vomiting, or is refusing to consume food. Because the quantity of insulin required is proportional to the amount of food consumed, if no food is consumed for more than 12 hours (during which time it would have been anticipated to be consumed) and is refused when presented, do not administer the insulin and consult with your veterinarian. They may advise missing the medication, administering a partial dose, or recommending that your cat be evaluated at the veterinarian’s office.
An excess of insulin can result in low blood glucose (also known as hypoglycaemia or ‘a hypo’), which is dangerous. The majority of the time, this results in no clinical signs and no significant problem; however, if blood sugar drops too low, it can cause weakness, lethargy, poor responsiveness to people or the environment, and strange behaviors; if left untreated, this can progress to collapsing, coma, and death. The cat should be given a sweet substance such as honey or golden syrup to lick on its gums to quickly raise its blood sugar levels, and your veterinarian should be notified as soon as possible if any of these indicators are observed.
Giving Injections to Cats
A number of medical disorders can be managed with the administration of medications that are only accessible in injectable form. Two of these requirements are as follows:
- The management of diabetesmellitus requires daily insulin injections
- The management of some allergies requires frequent injections of allergenic extracts
- And the management of certain autoimmune diseases.
The majority of cat owners are willing and capable of administering these treatments at their residence. If you opt to provide this therapy to your cat, your veterinarian will go through the precise administration strategy with you and make sure that you are comfortable with it before you begin. The following information may be useful to you in making your decision.
Will the injection hurt my cat?
The majority of cats do not appear to be bothered by regular shots. The use of disposable, single-use needles ensures that the needle tip is extremely sharp, resulting in the least amount of discomfort. Your veterinarian will prescribe the needles and syringes that are suited for your pet’s medical needs.
What happens if my cat moves when I give the injection?
It is preferable to have someone assist you when you administer the injection, particularly if you are just learning how to do so. Depending on the type of injection being administered, you may want to distract your cat with a special food or reward while you deliver the shot. When giving their cat an injection, some pet owners find it simpler to do it while she is eating a meal. “Most pet owners discover that their pet becomes more cooperative after a pattern is formed.” By injecting as fast as possible, you can reduce the likelihood that your pet will migrate.
Diabetes cats typically require insulin injections after they have eaten, which is common practice.
Consult with your veterinarian to determine whether or not you may provide treats or food to your pet while delivering the shot.
Is there any danger if she doesn’t keep still?
The majority of owners are anxious that they will break the needle while it is still in the skin, however this is exceedingly unlikely to happen in most cases. It is possible that the needle will bend, but when dealing with a wiggly creature, it is far more probable that the injection will end up outside the pet than than within it.
For further instructions, contact your veterinarian if you are unclear if your pet received the complete dose of the injection. It is generally recommended that if you are unclear of how much you injected, you do not administer any more unless instructed to do so by your veterinarian.
Can you explain the exact technique of giving an injection?
Rather than in the skin, the injections are administered into the subcutaneous tissue (sub = beneath, cutaneous = skin), which is far more flexible in the cat than in the human.
- Begin by squeezing some loose skin around the back of your cat’s neck between your thumb and forefinger
- This will help to loosen the skin. Maintain tight control of the syringe in your dominant hand in whatever manner seems most comfortable. Avoid putting your hand or finger over the syringe’s plunger in case your cat suddenly shifts and pushes your hand, resulting in the contents of the syringe being wasted or mistakenly injected
- Using a thirty- to forty-five-degree angle, insert the needle quickly into the fold of skin with the needle tilted downwards. Most syringes are tiny enough that the plunger can be depressed with the palm of the same hand after the needle has been inserted beneath the skin
- However, some syringes are too small for this. Administer the contents of the syringe as rapidly as possible and then remove the needle. Gently massage the affected area.
It will be easier to complete the treatment if you have someone to assist you. Most pet owners, however, discover that with a little experience, they have no trouble delivering regular shots to their cat without the aid of another person.
How should I dispose of the needles and syringes?
You should be aware that some towns have severe restrictions regarding the disposal of medical waste material, therefore you should not dispose of the needle and syringe in the trash until you know whether or not this is legal in your community. It is normally advisable to bring the spent needles and syringes to your veterinarian’s office or local pharmacy for appropriate disposal rather than throwing them out.
CVC Highlight: 8 tips to make life easier for owners of diabetic cats
Pet owners must make a significant commitment to managing diabetic mellitus, which can be a demanding endeavor. Here are eight suggestions that might make life a little simpler for diabetic pet owners. Dr. Ellen N. Behrend is a neurologist. 1. The sooner diabetes is managed, the greater the likelihood of achieving remission. Approximately 55 diabetic cats were included in a study evaluating remission in diabetic cats initially treated with insulin. The diabetic cats’ owners were required to follow a highly intensive monitoring and blood glucose regulation protocol that included the use of insulin glargine and a low carbohydrate diet.
- The likelihood of achieving diabetes remission was higher in cats who had received glucocorticoid treatment within six months of being diagnosed with diabetes, who required a lower maximum insulin dose, and who were intensively managed with glargine within six months of diagnosis.
- Most cats with diabetes mellitus should be fed a low-carbohydrate, high-protein therapeutic diet such as Purina Veterinary Diets DM (Nestlé Purina) or Prescription Diet m/d (Hill’s Pet Nutrition), which are both available via veterinarians.
- The carbohydrate level of many canned over the counter diets (5 grams per 100 calories) is reasonably low, but information on individual brands and tastes must be obtained from the producer in order to guarantee that the desired nutritional composition is achieved.
- It may thus be more difficult to discover high-quality dry food with low carbohydrate content if a therapeutic dry veterinary low carbohydrate-high protein diet is not a possibility in this situation.
- Make feeding insulin a pleasurable experience for both the cat and the owner by incorporating it into the routine.
- The practice of including the injections as part of a pleasant experience is recommended.
Others might have the injections given to them while they are engaged in a joyful activity.
When he was diagnosed with diabetes, I began brushing him twice daily and administering the insulin shot halfway through each brushing.
Low-dose syringes are what these are referred known as.
A critical consideration is the place of insulin infusion.
In dogs and cats, the dorsal neck, also known as the scruff, has traditionally been utilized as an injection site.
It is possible that administering the insulin along the lateral abdomen and thorax might be a better alternative.
Glipizide is the only oral medication that has been proved to be effective in diabetic cats.
The long-term success rate is believed to be roughly 35% 7,8; however, it is impossible to anticipate which cats will react to the treatment.
Patients who are malnourished, dehydrated, or debilitated, who have a concurrent condition, or who have recently lost 10% of their body weight are not suitable candidates for this procedure..
It may take up to 12 to 16 weeks to determine whether or not glipizide will be effective.
This, in my opinion, is the most serious concern with glipizide.
Taking 12 to 16 weeks to attempt glipizide is a concern based on empirical evidence.
Acarbose may be taken in conjunction with insulin in some cases, depending on the diet being followed.
9The dosage is 12.5 to 25 mg/cat twice day with meals, given in divided doses.
It is not possible to have a perfect glucose curve since deviations from the typical routine might cause fluctuations in glucose levels.
10,11 As a result, glucose curves should always be evaluated in the context of clinical indications and symptoms.
Glucose curves, on the other hand, are extremely beneficial for two reasons that other approaches are not.
When a glucose curve is performed, it can detect moderate hypoglycemia that can be corrected before a seizure develops.
Second, and perhaps more crucially, additional diagnostic results and clinical symptoms might indicate that control is weak; nevertheless, there are other reasons for poor control, including the use of insulin at too low or too high doses.
Sixth, it is impossible to overstate the significance of home surveillance.
If a diabetic is not polyuric, polydipsic, or polyphagic, and if his or her weight is steady or growing, it is likely that the condition is under control.
Glucotest (Nestlé Purina) is the product I recommend for monitoring urine glucose levels in cats at their homes.
Positive values on urine glucose that are consistent over time may suggest that insulin dosages are either appropriate or high.
The presence of consistently high urine glucose levels in conjunction with unresolved clinical symptoms indicates that the insulin dosage is being administered at an improperly low level.
If the owner and the physician see changes in urine glucose concentrations, they may suspect that the dog has lost glycemic control and that the dog needs to be reevaluated.
The most precise curves are most often those found at home.
Capillary blood is suited for this purpose.
Because of the discomfort connected with wearing the gum and footpads, I do not suggest them.
13 There are two different types of lancing devices available.
After that, the optimal depth for each patient may be determined.
Globulimeters that require only a little quantity of blood are preferable, as as those that sip blood into the strip.
A duty of this nature is not appropriate for all property owners.
15 Over time, two dogs became increasingly resistive to the procedure, and the owners decided to quit it.
The standard procedure must be maintained when performing a glucose curve (see page 157).
As a result, it is necessary to maintain a routine.
The standard operating procedures, on the other hand, must be followed to the greatest extent practicable.
The owner must provide the insulin in front of the veterinarian, which may necessitate a variation from the scheduled administration at that moment.
Keeping to a timetable, on the other hand, is typically more important.
Recognize the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia, as well as what to do in these situations.
The early indicators of Parkinson’s disease are generally modest, and include muscular tremors, anxiousness, restlessness, and a strong need to eat.
Pet owners should keep a high-glucose syrup (e.g., Karo or honey) on hand at all times to provide to their animals.
An emergency veterinarian should be called immediately, and if the cat’s owner is competent of doing so, the blood glucose level should be tested at home as well.
Second, if hypoglycemia develops in a diabetic who is being treated, it might take several days for it to resolve, necessitating close monitoring, as well as possible hospitalization and medication. If you are doubtful, it is always preferable to treat.
1. Roomp, K., and Rand, J. Intensive blood glucose management in diabetic cats is safe and successful when done at home with glargine and with the help of an insulin pump. Journal of Feline Medical Surgery, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 668-682. Bennett, N., Greco, D., and Peterson, M.E. A study comparing a low carbohydrate diet to a high fiber diet in cats with diabetes mellitus was conducted (abst). Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine15:297 (2001). 3. Frank, G., Anderson, W., Pazak, H., and colleagues When it comes to managing feline diabetic mellitus, a high-protein diet is recommended.
- Mazzaferro EM, Greco DS, Turner AS, et al.
- Journal of Feline Medical Surgery, Volume 5, Number 3, 2003, Pages 183-189.
- Rozanski EA, Hall TD, Mahony OA, and colleagues Glucose control in diabetic cats treated with twice-daily insulin glargine was studied in relation to food in cats with type 2 diabetes.
- 11, no.
- 125-130, 2008.
- Insulin treatment is used to treat diabetes.
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1995(3):677-689.
Fifty cats with previously untreated diabetes mellitus were subjected to an intensive 50-week study of glipizide treatment.
104 cats with diabetes were studied to see how they responded to insulin therapy and how long they lived (1985-1995).
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 1998;12(1):1-6.
Singh, R., Rand, J., and Morton, J.M.
Switching to an ultra-low carbohydrate diet had a comparable effect on postprandial blood glucose concentrations in healthy cats given a high carbohydrate diet as giving acarbose to healthy cats fed a low carbohydrate diet (abst).
Ristic JME, Herrtage ME, Walti-Lauger SMM, and colleagues The effectiveness of a continuous glucose monitoring system in diabetic cats was investigated.
The day-to-day fluctuation of blood glucose concentration curves obtained at home in cats with diabetes mellitus was investigated by Alt, Kley, and Haessig, among others.
Casella et al.
Reusch CE, Wess G, Casella M.
Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 2001;23:544-556.
The perspective of diabetic dogs and cats by their owners about home blood glucose monitoring was investigated in a retrospective research conducted by Van de Maele, Rogier & Daminet (15).
Canadian Veterinary Journal, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 718-723, 2005. Ellen N. Behrend, VMD, PhD, DACVIM is a veterinarian and researcher. The Joezy Griffin ProfessorDepartment of Clinical SciencesCollege of Veterinary MedicineAuburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 is located at the following address:
How to Care for a Diabetic Cat
The authors (Roomp and Rand) first published their findings in Roomp and Rand (2001). With the help of home monitoring and glargine medication, diabetic cats can achieve safe and successful blood glucose control. 2009;11(8):668-682. Journal of Feline Medical Surgery The following are examples of dissertations written by Bennett: 1. Bennett, N; Greco, D; Peterson, M; and others When it comes to diabetic cats, there is a difference between eating low carbohydrate and eating high fiber (abst). Veterinary Internal Medicine, vol.
- 297, in press.
- Vet Ther.
- Diabetic cats are treated with an a-glucosidase inhibitor and a low-carbohydrate diet to control their diabetes.
- Journal of Feline Medical Surgery.
- Rozanski EA, Hall TD, and Mahony O, and colleagues Glucose control in diabetic cats treated with twice-daily insulin glargine was studied in relation to food in cats with type 1 diabetes.
Sixth authors: Greco DS (first author), Broussard JD (second author), Peterson ME (third author).
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1995(3):677-689 Seventh, Feldman EC, Nelson RW, and Feldman MS Fifty cats with previously untreated diabetes mellitus were subjected to an intensive 50-week study of glipizide treatment.
The research group of Drs.
Diabetes mellitus in 104 cats was studied to determine their response to insulin therapy and survival (1985-1995).
Journal of Veterinary Intern Medicine The following nine authors have contributed to this work: Singh, Rand, and Morton (JM).
Serial blood glucose concentration curves in diabetic dogs were evaluated for their day-to-day fluctuation.
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 11.
Casella M1, Wess G1, Hassig M1, and colleagues People with diabetic pets may check their dogs’ blood glucose levels at home.
Journal of Small Animated Practice.
The day-to-day fluctuation of blood glucose concentration curves created at home in cats with diabetes mellitus was studied by Alt, Kley, and Haessig, among others.
Casella et al.
Reusch CE, Wess G, and Casella M When it comes to the management of diabetes, home blood glucose monitoring is essential.
Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 2002;23:544-556.
Canadian Veterinary Journal, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 718-723, August 2005. Professor Ellen N. Behrend, VMD, PhD, DACVIM, is an expert in the field of veterinary medicine. Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, Joezy Griffin Professor, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine
If you recently learnedyour cat has diabetes, take heart…
A diabetic cat can lead a relatively normal life if the following conditions are met:
- Your cat has excellent glycemic regulation, and you are devoted to your cat’s well-being.
And, certainly, your cat may be able to live a life that is comparable to the average! While there is no definitive treatment for diabetic cats, it is possible for your cat to cease exhibiting diabetes symptoms for a period of time if you provide him with the proper nutrition and care. Here are four diabetic cat suggestions to help you be as successful as possible with feeding, insulin injections, and glucose tests.
Tip1: Consider prescription foods that are formulated just for diabetic cats
Diabetic prescription diets are often the finest meals for diabetic cats since they are low in carbohydrates. Why? Protein content of these feeds is often higher than that of ordinary cat diets. Royal Canin and Purina both make diabetic cat meals, and you can get them here (to name a few brands). Some consumers are hesitant to use prescription cat meals because they are more expensive, and we completely appreciate their reluctance. Although it may seem expensive, if the objective is to help your cat live as long as possible, your expenditures may really be less than you expect.
- Fortunately, your cat’s glucose levels are usually easy to control. Consequently, you won’t have to check your cat’s blood glucose levels as frequently… You’re paying to have fewer trips to the veterinarian made. Your veterinarian expenses are reduced, which helps to balance the cost of prescription food
Tip2: Make sure your diabetic cat eats before receiving an insulin shot
“How many times a day should I feed my diabetic cat?” is a question that our vets frequently get. “Can you recommend a suitable feeding schedule?” In the majority of cases, it is OK to leave food out and let your cat to graze. The most essential thing to remember is to make sure your cat has eaten before administering an insulin injection. Avoid the possibility of lowering your cat’s glucose level to dangerously low levels. If your cat is on insulin, he or she should eat twice daily before receiving the shots.
After that, they just leave the dry food on the table.
Keep in mind that if your cat has not eaten for more than 24 hours, you should call your veterinarian right once.
Let’s say your cat has a healthy appetite…
Your cat might be able to finish the entire meal in one sitting if he wants to. If this is the case, you should have two equal portions of meals every day prior to the insulin injections. We, as veterinarians, can assist you in calculating the right amount of food to give your cat in order for your cat to maintain an appropriate weight.
Tip3: Come up with a game plan for feeding your diabetic cat when you have another cat in your home
Ideally, you don’t want your non-diabetic cat to consume the food that your diabetic cat consumes. (Or the other way around!) There are a variety of tactics you might examine, including the following:
- Affixing foods at key locations throughout your home
- Feeding your pets in separate rooms is recommended. The use of high-tech solutions, such as special collars that automatically trigger the lid to open on the correct cat’s bowl (yes, this is a real thing! )
Because every scenario involving numerous cats is different, it is advisable to consult with your veterinarian for advice on how to care for your cat family. If you reside in the Castle Rock region, our veterinarians will be pleased to assist you with your needs.
Tip4: Stick to a consistent insulin shot schedule (twice a day) and follow your veterinarian’s suggested schedule for glucose checks
The first step in making your diabetic cat feel better is to put him or her on a treatment regimen. Your strategy may comprise the following elements:
- Changing the food that your cat eats
- Increasing your cat’s activity level
- Providing insulin injections, or a mix of the aforementioned options
After one to two weeks of at-home treatment, you’ll bring your cat to a veterinarian, such as ours, to have his or her glucose levels checked to see if he or she is properly controlled. This indicates that your cat is receiving the proper levels of insulin to transfer glucose out of the circulation and into the cells for energy production, as described above.
If the glucose level is too high or too low, this is a problem. A typical diabetic cat will see us 3 to 5 times (every couple of weeks) until their glucose levels have stabilized to the proper range. It varies depending on the cat and how conscientious you are about home maintenance.
Once your cat’s glucose is at a regulated level, your cat’s check-ups will start to spread out
For example, they may begin with three months and subsequently go to six months. If your cat’s glucose levels go out of whack, you will need to return to the vet every few weeks until they are back on track. Prescription diabetic cat food, as we indicated above, might make it simpler to maintain your cat’s glucose levels than a conventional cat food, which may result in fewer visits to the veterinarian. In the end, though, it all comes down to your cat. Some people regulate quite rapidly. Others take a little longer.
For more insights on cat diabetes, check out:
- What Colorado pet owners should know about feline diabetes
Relax and enjoy yourself. If you reside in the Castle Rock area and want to be sure your diabetic cat is receiving the proper treatment, call us at (303) 688-3757 or schedule an appointment online by clicking here. A veterinarian facility located in Castle Rock, Colorado, known as Cherished Companions Animal Clinic. Because we specialize in the care of cats and dogs, our objective is to make both you and your pet feel more at ease, while also keeping your stress levels as low as possible. This page is meant to give general assistance on diabetic cat tips, such as feeding regimens, insulin injections, and glucose tests, to cat owners who have diabetes.
For those in the Castle Rock area, we would appreciate your call.
We are frequently instructed on how to administer insulin injections at the veterinarian’s office before returning home with our diabetic felines. As a general rule, we are taught to inject into the scruff, which is a region at the back of the neck that has poor blood flow and can result in the insulin not being absorbed or working as effectively as it should. The reason our veterinarians instruct us to inject in the scruff is so that they will not be bitten when administering injections there.
- The risk of injecting insulin into muscle is increased if it is injected too deeply, which might accelerate the rate of absorption and cause the blood glucose level to decrease more quickly.
- When administering injections, many people have discovered that if the bevel of the syringe is pointing outwards from the body, the absorption outcomes are better.
- More information may be found by clicking here.
- Insulin absorption is improved when injections are administered at an angle, which varies based on the length of the needle and the quantity of fat layer your cat may have.
It is critical to change the location where insulin injections are administered in order to avoid the development of scar tissue. It is advised that you rotate your shots around the region and from side to side on a regular basis.
Cats require a low-carbohydrate diet to remain healthy. The good news is that there are a wide variety of appropriate foods accessible at your local grocery shop. The bad news is that none of them are free of water stains. Every single one of these dry feeds has an excessive amount of carbohydrates for diabetic cats. Click here for a comprehensive list of cat meals that are appropriate for your cat. You can substitute any food on the list that has no more than 7 percent carbohydrates. That’s the third column down from the top of the page.
- The consistency of your cat’s eating in the morning and evening, when insulin injections are scheduled, is critical.
- You must be able to regulate when they become hungry for you to succeed.
- However, if the cats do not eat when it is time to administer insulin, there might be serious consequences.
- Foods high in protein and fiber, such as lean meats and cottage cheese, must be used instead of traditional dairy products.
Insulin is a sterile suspension, and it must be handled with care to ensure that it remains sterile and suspended at all times. Make sure that your fingertips do not come into contact with the rubber stopper. It is not recommended that you attempt to wash or clean the syringes. Do not come into contact with the needles. Mixing the insulin before using it is critical when removing it from the refrigerator. DO NOT, however, SHAKE THE INSULIN. It is sensitive and might be destroyed if it is shaken too hard.
If the color of the insulin changes, you will need to purchase a new bottle.
Insulin, like all medications, must be stored in the refrigerator.
Dosing and Administration
In order to properly mix the contents of the bottle, place the needle into the bottle and draw up more than the recommended dose. Make certain that all of the air has been sucked out of the syringe. If required, flick the syringe with your finger to get the air bubbles to ascend to the top of the syringe. Then press the plunger all the way in to the prescribed dosage. Then, with the needle inserted beneath your pet’s skin, administer the injection. Needles and syringes may be re-used a few times before being discarded.
Insulin should only be given with meals
Diabetic animals should not be given the option to eat at their leisure. Feed them food on a regular basis, usually twice a day. During the day, it is OK for your cat to munch, but not at night. The reason for this is because we require the cat to feed regularly during insulin administration. When it comes time to deliver insulin, be sure your pet has been fed first. If your pet feeds right away, you can proceed with the insulin injection as normal. If your pet does not eat right away, do not inject insulin into him or her.
Injecting insulin into diabetics who have not eaten can result in catastrophic complications.
Then, if that doesn’t work, try a small amount of “special” food.
Additionally, you can try hand-feeding your pet. As a last ditch attempt, you might try some low-carb delicacies, such as beef or cottage cheese, to see if they help. If your pet consumes food, continue to provide insulin as normal.
If your pet still doesn’t eat, it could be a problem, and your pet needs to be examined by the veterinarian before any insulin is given.
Hypoglycemia is characterized by low blood sugar levels. If your pet suffers from hypoglycemia, he or she will look sluggish, slow, or drowsy, among other symptoms. Your pet may potentially have seizure-like symptoms. If you believe that your pet is suffering from hypoglycemia, the first thing you should do is try to feed your pet. If that does not work, provide Karo Syrup orally to your pet while calling the veterinarian’s office for assistance. In the event that hypoglycemia is allowed to continue, it can be fatal.
Don’t get too worked up over it!
There are several ways we monitor the effect of our insulin therapy
The amount of water the pet consumes on a daily basis is something we keep an eye on. Pets with poorly managed diabetes will consume a large amount of fluids. They will also urinate on a regular basis. We’ll bring them into the clinic every now and then to have them undergo glucose curves. In order to ensure that everything is running well, we monitor their blood sugar levels throughout the day. A glucose curve will be performed on the patient on a periodic basis, and the patient will be brought into the clinic for an overnight stay.
Prior to doing the glucose curve, considerable preparation is required.
- In the event that you normally feed and provide insulin at 7:30 a.m. or later, you should refrain from feeding or administering insulin to the patient before bringing him or her into the clinic. Bring the food you normally eat, as well as the insulin you normally use. If you normally feed and provide insulin before 7:30 a.m., continue to feed and administer insulin as usual, and then bring the patient to the clinic at 8:30 a.m. It is essential that you bring both the insuklin and the meal
Feline Diabetes Part 4: How do I give my cat insulin injections at home?
Start by making sure you have the right insulin syringes for your cat before you proceed any further with the procedure. U-40 and U-100 insulin syringes are the two varieties of insulin syringes that are available for purchase. Each has its own set of advantages, but they are only effective when used in conjunction with the proper insulin. Always double-check your insulin vial before drawing any insulin, and double-check it again every time you intend to use it. In order to ensure that the insulin seems normal, that there is no foreign material floating about in the insulin, that the vial is not cracked or otherwise damaged, and that the insulin you are about to administer is, in fact, the proper insulin, you will want to inspect the insulin.
- You will want to make sure that your cat has eaten something before preparing and injecting him with insulin (or is eating when the injection is given).
- This might cause the cat’s glucose level to drop dangerously low – a condition known as hypoglycemia – and can result in serious complications if left untreated for an extended period of time.
- If any insulin has settled at the bottom of the vial, you will want to repeat the process.
- Pulling back on the plunger of the syringe will force the insulin out of the needle.
- To remove bubbles from the syringe, gently flick the syringe with your finger until the bubble floats to the very top of the syringe, and then simply push the air out with the plunger.
- If you are not planning on administering your cat’s injection right away, you will want to replace the cap on the syringe immediately.
- Please double-check the amount of insulin in your syringe to ensure that the appropriate amount was drawn up.
Avoid going all the way through your skin and into your underlying tissues.
Make careful to squeeze the plunger all the way down to ensure that he receives all of the insulin.
Some veterinary clinics will give you with a biohazard container that you may use to dispose of the syringes once they have been used (for a fee).
Some pharmacies will even dispose of them for you if you request it.
You will learn the sensation of putting a needle under a cat’s skin the first time you do so.
Always speak with your veterinarian before making any changes to your cat’s insulin dosage, as doing so might be extremely hazardous to your cat’s health!!
If you would like to see a demonstration on how to administer insulin injections to your cat, please call us at Park Road Veterinary Clinic in Brantford..
Giving Your Cat Insulin Injections
Start by making sure you have the necessary insulin syringes for your cat before you proceed further. U-40 and U-100 insulin syringes are the two types of insulin syringes that are available. The advantages of each are distinct, but they are only effective when used in conjunction with the appropriate insulin. Always double-check your insulin vial before drawing any insulin, and double-check it again every time you want to use the insulin. If the insulin seems normal, there is no foreign material floating about in the insulin, the vial is not cracked or otherwise damaged, and the insulin is in fact the right insulin you are meant to be administering, you should proceed with caution.
You will want to be certain that your cat has fed before preparing and administering insulin to him (or is eating when the injection is given).
If left untreated over an extended period of time, this can cause the cat’s glucose level to drop dangerously low — a condition known as hypoglycemia – and result in serious complications.
This will assist to ensure that all of the insulin is evenly distributed.
The insulin will be drawn out by pulling back on the plunger in the syringe.
If you do discover that you have bubbles in the syringe, gently flick the syringe with your finger until the bubble floats to the top of the syringe, then just push the air out with the plunger to clear the bubbles.
If you are not planning to provide your cat’s injection right away, you will want to replace the cap on your syringe.
Please double-check the amount of insulin in your syringe to ensure that the proper dosage was drawn up.
Avoid going all the way through your skin and into your underlying muscles.
To ensure that he receives the whole dose of insulin, make sure to squeeze the plunger all the way down.
Some animal hospitals and veterinary clinics will supply you with a biohazard container in which to dispose of the syringes (for a fee).
Others will take them away for you, depending on the pharmacy.
You will learn the sensation of putting a needle under a cat’s skin the first time you do so.
Important: Never change the insulin dosage of a feline without first speaking with your veterinarian.
Doing so might be extremely harmful to your cat’s health. We at Park Road Veterinary Clinic in Brantford can provide you with a demonstration on how to properly administer insulin injections to your cat.