How to Treat a Cat with a Stuffy Nose: 10 Steps (with Pictures)
Your cat’s unpleasant when he has a congested nose. Identifying the source of your feline friend’s stuffy nose is the first step in providing assistance. It is possible to cure your cat’s stuffy nose with medicine or by allowing common illnesses to take their course once you have determined the source of the problem. It is possible to keep your cat comfortable by using steam treatment and washing its nose on a regular basis.
- 1 Keep an eye out for indications of inflammation. Rhinitis is the term used to describe the inflammation of a cat’s nose, whereas sinusitis is the term used to describe the inflammation of a cat’s nasal passages. Both of these disorders can result in a stuffy nose. The following are examples of symptoms associated with both conditions:
- Sweezing, discharge from the nose, stuffy nose, loss of appetite
- Know the most frequent causes of a stuffy nose and how to avoid them. Inflammation in your cat’s nose or nasal passages can be caused by a number of different circumstances, which can result in a stuffy nose in your cat. Allergic reactions, tumors in the nasal passages, a foreign item trapped in the nasal passages, parasites, fungal infections, dental abscesses, and bacterial or viral infections are all common causes of nasal discharge in cats. 3Examine your cat for indications of an upper respiratory illness. Stuffy noses are caused by the herpes virus and the calicivirus in huge numbers of people. The presence of clear or hazy discharge from both nostrils, as well as discharge from the eyes, are all signs of these viral diseases. Allowing an upper respiratory illness to take its course is recommended. Upper respiratory infections are characterized by symptoms such as sneezing, watery eyes, clear discharge from the nose, and hacking coughing. If you feel that your cat’s stuffy nose is the result of a common upper respiratory infection, you should just let the sickness to run its course as it should. 7 to 10 days
- 5Clean your cat’s nose on a daily basis. The majority of these infections are short-lived and will go away on their own in 7 to 10 days. By keeping your cat’s nose clean, you can assist it in dealing with a stuffy nasal situation. To remove any mucus from your cat’s nose, wet a cotton ball with water and gently wipe it away with it. While your cat is suffering from a stuffy nose, repeat this procedure numerous times a day
- 6Try steam therapy. Steam treatment may be beneficial if your cat suffers from persistent congestion. The warmth of the vapor may assist in loosening the mucus in your cat’s nose and nasal passages, so making it simpler for your cat to breathe. Try putting your cat in the bathroom and closing the door behind them. Allow for around 10 minutes of showering time, during which time you should sit in the room with your cat. 7 Pay a visit to your veterinarian. In the event your cat is experiencing difficulty breathing, you should schedule an appointment with your veterinarian. A veterinarian can check your pet and identify what is causing it to have a runny or blocked nose. In order to diagnose the source of your cat’s stuffy nose, the veterinarian will do a dental check, blood testing, and/or a physical examination.
- 1 Keep an eye out for any bacterial illnesses. Typically, bacterial infections in cats originate as a result of an underlying illness such as a virus infection, a tumor or polyp in the nasal route, or a foreign material stuck in your cat’s nose and nasal tube. Nasal discharge caused by a bacterial infection often appears in both nostrils and has a consistency and look similar to pus
- In the event that your cat develops yellow, green, or pus-like discharge coming from its nostrils, it may require antibiotic treatment. Inquire with your veterinarian about whether your cat will require medications for a bacterial illness. It may be preferable to treat a bacterial illness with supportive care rather than medicines, because misuse of antibiotics can result in bacterial resistance.
- 2 Keep an eye out for signs of fungal diseases. A fungal infection may be the source of your cat’s stuffy nose in certain cases, but not always. Those caused by the Cryptococcus fungus are the most frequent type of infection. Cats suffering from fungal infections may have an asymmetrical face and nasal passages, which may be quite uncomfortable for their owners. Additionally, nasal discharge that is bloody or resembling pus will be present.
- Allow your veterinarian to provide an antifungal medicine to treat a fungal infection. When it comes to Cryptococcus infections, for example, fluconazole, itraconazole, or amphotericin B are commonly used to treat them.
- 3 Check your cat’s nose to make sure there isn’t anything weird in there. Cats are prone to getting their nasal passages clogged with foreign items like seeds, blades of grass, and stones, which can be irritating to them. When this happens, it might result in a stuffy nose, which is frequently accompanied by pawing at the face and/or excessive sneezing. The discharge will only come from one nostril, not both
- It will be exclusively from one nostril.
- Make an appointment with your veterinarian to remove foreign things from your cat’s nose rather than attempting to remove them yourself.
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About this article
The following is an overview of the article:XTo diagnose and treat a cat with a stuffy nose, examine its eyes and nose for clear or cloudy discharge, which is an indication of an upper respiratory infection. If your cat develops an upper respiratory infection, you may leave it alone for 7-10 days and it will clear up on its own. To assist alleviate the stuffiness, wipe your cat’s nose with a damp cotton ball several times a day while he’s sleeping. You may also bring it into the bathroom and turn on a hot shower for 10 minutes to allow the steam to relieve the congestion from its lungs.
Continue reading to find out how to receive veterinary care for a cat suffering from a bacterial or fungal illness.
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Photograph courtesy of CaoWei/Moment/Getty Images. Dealing with a stuffy nose is something that no one enjoys. As a result of the stuffiness, breathing becomes a struggle, the perceptions of smell and taste are either absent or severely weakened, and symptoms such as sneezing and nasal discharge may accompany the stuffiness. Most likely, you have your own home cures for dealing with stuffy noses in yourself and your family. However, many of these therapies are ineffective when it comes to treating your cat’s stuffy nose.
Reasons for feline stuffy noses
Stuffy nostrils in cats can be caused by a variety of factors, but according to Vet Street, herpes and caliciviruses are responsible for as much as 90 percent of acute rhinitis occurrences in domestic cats. Affected cats may only feel the full effect of these viruses during their initial outbreak — with symptoms such as discharge from both nostrils, fever, and goopy eyes — but they will continue to carry the virus and will have intermittent bouts of rhinitis as a result of their infection. Allergies, bacterial or fungal infections, dental infection, a foreign mass in the nasal cavity, and parasite infestation are among the other causes of stuffy cat noses.
It is possible for the cat to paw at her face if she has a bloody, pus-like discharge coming from one of her nostrils.
Taking your cat to the veterinarian for an inspection and diagnosis is recommended if her stuffy nose does not clear up within a few days.
Keep an eye on her food and water intake because she can’t smell properly due to a congested nose. If a cat does not consume wet food or drink water while suffering from a stuffy nose, she runs the risk of getting dehydrated.
Feline shower therapy
In fact, washing your cat will not alleviate the symptoms of a stuffy nose, however it is likely to result in several scratches on your body. Bringing your cat into the bathroom with you while you shower, on the other hand, may help to reduce some of her agony. The steam from the shower may be able to open up her nasal passages a little bit.
The amino acid lysine can aid in the prevention of the replication of a herpes virus, hence alleviating rhinitis. Lysine for cats is available in gel form either online or at pet stores, and it is usually considered to be a more convenient form of the supplement to provide to cats than a pill. To determine the appropriate quantity for your cat’s size and frequency of usage, refer to the container’s instructions on how to use it. Place the lysine gel on her paw, and she should lick it off without any problems.
Always consult with your veterinarian to ensure that long-term lysine supplementation is appropriate for your pet’s specific needs.
Vaporizing the cat
In this context, vaporizing does not mean zapping your cat into the unknown. PetMD recommends that you instead place her in a room with a vaporizer for around half an hour every day, as opposed to a traditional cage. The gadget, which is also known as a humidifier, helps to release mucus, allowing the cat to breathe more freely. Use a mentholated topical ointment in the vaporizer to provide further relief, but do not apply the medication directly to the cat’s nose.
If your cat is cooperative, you could want to experiment with saline nasal sprays in her nose to relieve congestion. According to the Veterinary Expert, most cats are not bothered by the application of saline drops to their noses. Avoid using any other form of nasal spray on a cat’s nose unless it is saline drops meant for pets or human newborns. When it comes to felines, the pharmaceutical nasal drops that are available over-the-counter for people are quite harmful. Prior to making any dietary, pharmaceutical, or physical activity changes for your pet, consult with your veterinarian.
Home Remedies for Cats With Colds
Cats seek treatment from many of the same cat cold symptoms that people do, such as watery eyes, a runny nose, fever, sneezing, loss of appetite, and a general sensation of lethargy, among other things. Cat colds are known to linger anywhere from one to four weeks, depending on how promptly they are identified and addressed. Because cats do not have the same respiratory system as humans, you cannot just give them cold medicine and send them to bed like you would for humans who are suffering from a runny nose and sneezing.
Cat Colds: When to See a Veterinarian
According to Dr. Rachel Barrack, a qualified veterinarian who is also a trained veterinary acupuncturist, “the most essential thing to do is to take your cat to the veterinarian for care before you do anything.” More serious signs that cat owners should be aware of, according to Dr. Barrack, include trouble breathing and increased ocular or nasal discharge, as well as increasing lethargy and an unwillingness to eat or drink. This is why you should make an appointment to see a veterinarian rather than attempting to cure the condition yourself at first.
The temptation to believe that your cat is suffering from a cold is strong, but Dr.
“It’s much easier to cure when it’s caught early.” After consulting with your veterinarian to confirm the diagnosis and receiving prescription pet medicine, you may enhance the therapy with a little tender loving care (TLC).
Here are some extra home remedies for cats suffering from colds that may be used to provide comfort when your cat isn’t feeling well.
Help Your Cat With Grooming
According to Dr. Rachel Barrack, a registered veterinarian and trained veterinary acupuncturist, “the most essential thing to do is to take your cat to the doctor for care before you do anything.” More serious signs that cat owners should be aware of, according to Dr. Barrack, include trouble breathing, increased eye or nasal discharge, increased lethargy, and a refusal to consume food or water. In order to avoid this, you should first seek treatment from a veterinarian rather than attempting to solve the situation yourself.
The temptation to believe that your cat is suffering from a cold is strong, but Dr.
In the early stages of the disease, “it is much easier to treat,” says the doctor.
Listed below are some more cat cold home remedies that may be used to provide relief when your cat isn’t feeling well.
Can Vitamins and Supplements Help?
Giving your cat vitamins or using natural cat cold treatments may not be effective in helping her kick her cold (Dr. Barrack does not use or promote them), but you can try giving her the following products if they have been approved by your veterinarian first:
- Lysine. The herpes virus, just as in people, will persist in a cat’s system for as long as she is exposed to it (and the great majority of cats carry the virus dormantly in their bodies). The use of lysine, an important amino acid that acts as a building block for proteins, to assist prevent the reproduction of the virus may be recommended by your veterinarian. Dr. Osborne states that the typical dose is around 500 mg administered many times each day. She favors a gel solution over pills since she finds them difficult to deliver to cats. Most lysine-containing treats are deficient in lysine and would require an excessive number of treats to be effective
- Although vitamin C and apple cider vinegar are frequently discussed on the internet, doctors do not advocate using them to treat cats that are suffering from colds.
Turn Up the Heat
Cats are not typically thought of as aquatic creatures, but allowing them to spend five to ten minutes in a hot, steamy bathroom can help to expand their airways and improve their overall health. You are welcome to bring your cat into the bathroom with you while you shower. Getting your cat to hang out in a steamy bathroom might help open nasal passages while combating infection, says Dr. Barrack, who notes that cats can be fussy and that you don’t want to stress them out with at-home cures. Dr.
- “Consider spending 30 minutes per day for two or three days.
- A cat heated bed or heating pad might seem like a reasonable solution to calm her when she’s feeling under the weather because cats enjoy cuddling up against warm surfaces.
- Barrack, on the other hand, recommends that owners use heating pads with caution and care.
- “The skin on their paws and tummy is the most sensitive,” says the veterinarian.
Keep an Eye on Food and Water Bowl Levels
In addition to losing her sense of smell, your kitten may have a decrease in her appetite if she is congested or ill. If you give your cat special goodies like a teaspoon of tuna or sardine juice or raw liver or chicken baby food without onions, Dr. Osborne believes you may be able to coax him or her into consuming food. Dr. Barrack believes that a little more preparation may also be beneficial. ‘If your cat is averse to eating, you can try soaking dry food in water or warming canned food to little above room temperature.
- Barrack believes that it may make the meal more appetizing and appealing to eat since it brings out the inherent aromas of the dish.
- It should be able to return to its previous location in less than a second after that.
- Dehydration levels more than 5 percent are deemed severe enough to warrant a trip to the veterinarian.
- They should have a soft pink hue, moist and slippery (much like a human’s gums), and have a gentle texture.
- Osborne, who advises that at-home cat cold medicines should only be used as supporting measures.
In order to avoid additional complications such as bacterial pneumonia, you should consult your veterinarian. Another crucial consideration is whether or not your cat is urinating and defecating. Dehydration exacerbates the effects of diarrhea, according to her.
Why Cats Get Colds
It is possible for cats to get viral and bacterial illnesses. According to Dr. Osborne, the feline herpesvirus (which can cause eye ulcers) and the feline calicivirus (which can cause mouth ulcers) are responsible for 95 percent of all cat colds. Besides viruses and other bacteria, “may also be caused by a mix of viruses and whatever other bacteria happens to be in the vicinity of your cat.” Change may also stress cats out, so if your cat is worried out over something as simple as recovering after having spayed or neutered, going to boarding, or changing residences, her immune system may be impaired, which can result in her becoming sick with a cold.
Taking Lysine 5 to 7 days before any stressful situations may be beneficial in strengthening the immune system and reducing the likelihood of developing upper respiratory infections as a result of these events.
Barrack asserts that while cats are unable to transmit the virus to humans, they are capable of transmitting it to other cats.
Cats & Colds: Can They Get Them and What To Do For Them
You may have noticed that your cat is feeling a little under the weather. Cats may get colds in the same way as humans do, and with symptoms that are extremely similar. Our Southeast Memphis veterinarians explain the indications that your cat may be suffering from a cold, as well as when you should take your cat to the veterinarian.
Feline Upper Respiratory Infection
Feline Upper Respiratory Infection, sometimes known as “cat colds,” is extremely similar to the common cold in humans. The majority of the time, cat colds are not considered life-threatening; nevertheless, in certain circumstances, the symptoms can grow severe and lead to a more serious secondary illness. The need of regularly monitoring extremely young or older cats who exhibit indications of a cat cold cannot be overstated.
How Cats Catch Colds
It is quite comparable to a human cold to have a feline upper respiratory infection (sometimes known as a “cat cold.” Coughing in cats is not normally thought to be life threatening, but in certain situations, the symptoms can grow severe and lead to a more hazardous secondary illness. The need of regularly monitoring extremely young or older cats that exhibit indications of a cat cold can not be overstated!
Typical Symptoms of a Cat Cold
If your cat isn’t feeling well, it’s possible that they’re suffering from a cold. Sneezing is the most common symptom of a cat cold, with the rest of the symptoms coming over the period of 24 hours. In the next section, we’ll go through the most frequent symptoms of cat colds:
- Runny nose
- Excessive sneezing
- Excessive coughing
- Congestion resulting in open mouth breathing
- And other symptoms
How You Can Help Your Cat Feel Better
Keep a humidifier or a vaporizer running in your home while your cat is unwell to raise the humidity level in the environment. You may gently wipe the inside of your cat’s nose with a clean wet cloth or some cotton wool soaked in warm water if your cat has a congested nose. Cleaning and soothing your cat’s wet eyes using gauze pads is a simple way to help them feel better. During a period of congestion, your cat will have difficulties sniffing food and may stop eating altogether. Food is essential for keeping your cat’s stamina up while they are recuperating, so now would be a good time to stock up on some extra special wet cat food to entice your feline friend to eat more.
Add an additional blanket to your cat’s favorite resting locations to help keep them warm and comfortable throughout the winter months.
If your cat has been suffering from the symptoms of a cold for more than four days and shows no signs of improvement, it may be time to take him to the veterinarian.
If left untreated, feline colds can develop into more serious diseases that can be fatal. If you have a senior cat, a small kitten, or a cat who is immune-compromised, it is very crucial to contact your veterinarian.
If you’re concerned about your cat’s cold symptoms,contact our Southeast Memphis vetstoday to book an appointment for your cat.
We’re constantly welcoming new patients, so please contact our veterinary facility immediately to schedule your pet’s first appointment. We look forward to hearing from you. Get in Touch With Us
Helping Your Cat through a Feline Upper Respiratory Infection
Both human head colds and feline upper respiratory infections (URIs) can be caused by a variety of different substances (including a variety of bacteria or viruses), and the symptoms and severity of both illnesses can vary. ‘Cold’ is an umbrella phrase that may refer to virtually any ailment that causes us to cough and sneeze and generally makes us feel unpleasant. There is currently no treatment for it, however we may be able to alleviate some of the symptoms. Generally speaking, a cold is not life threatening, although it can occasionally result in a more deadly secondary illness.
A feline upper respiratory infection (URI) is comparable to a human cold, albeit it is caused by different agents (feline specific) than the human cold.
URIs are Contagious
A number of different entities (a variety of bacteria or viruses) may cause both human head colds and feline upper respiratory infections (URIs), and the symptoms and severity of each condition vary. ‘Cold’ is an umbrella phrase that may refer to virtually any ailment that causes us to cough and sneeze and otherwise makes us feel terrible. While we may not be able to completely eliminate the symptoms, we may be able to alleviate some of them. Even while a cold is rarely fatal, it can sometimes result in a secondary illness that is far greater hazard.
Once that is accomplished, we may go on.
URI Symptoms, Severity and Diagnosis
Both human head colds and feline upper respiratory infections (URIs) can be caused by a variety of different substances (including a variety of bacteria or viruses), and the symptoms and severity can vary. People use the word ‘cold’ to refer to any ailment that causes them to sneeze and feel terrible. There is currently no treatment for this disease, however we may be able to alleviate some of the symptoms. Generally speaking, a cold is not life-threatening, although it can occasionally result in a more deadly secondary illness.
A feline upper respiratory infection (URI) is comparable to a human cold, albeit it is caused by different agents (feline specific) than a human cold.
Home Treatments May be Recommended
If your cat’s eyes are red, inflamed, and clearly irritating him, your veterinarian may offer an eyewash, ointment, or drops to alleviate the problem for him. A saline wash can be used to flush the eyes if the discharge from the eyes is clear. The discharge can then be carefully removed from the fur around the eyes with a cotton swab. The saline solution can sometimes hurt the eyes, and in such case, a prescription eye ointment will be recommended. It is important to consult with your veterinarian if the discharge from your cat’s eyes is no longer clear and has become yellow, green, or thick.
- Using a warm, damp paper towel, wipe the inside of your cat’s nose.
- Because your cat will still be attempting to keep herself clean at this time, even if she isn’t feeling well, her front legs may become dirty as a result of this.
- The same way that steam helps you when you have a cold, if your cat has a congested head and is snorting or coughing, steam will benefit your cat as well.
- As you hold your cat close to your chest, bend in close to the steam and drape a large towel over the tops of both your heads.
- If your cat is cooperative, five minutes should enough.
- Antibiotics are typically used for urinary tract infections.
- Antibiotics do not treat viral disorders, although they can help to prevent subsequent infections from occurring.
- As a matter of fact, your cat didn’t get it out of nowhere; if your cat has it, chances are that others have, too.
Don’t give your cat any drugs, especially cold meds, unless you’ve first checked with your veterinarian. Many drugs that people and dogs may tolerate are toxic to cats, and they can cause liver or renal failure and death in certain instances. ©istockphoto/Iuliia photographer
Cat owners are well aware that administering medicines to cats is difficult. To avoid being eaten or shredded by your cat, you can wrap him or her up tightly in a towel (a kitty burrito) and administer drugs to him or her. To begin, lay out an old-fashioned hand towel (for a kitten, a full-size towel for an adult). Place the cat on the towel so that her head is facing out in the center of a long side of the towel, then fold the cloth in half. Pull a side of the towel up and around her, enclosing all four of her feet.
- The ideal situation is for her head to be out but her entire body to be safely encased within the wrapped towel when you are through.
- Place the medication in the eye without contacting the eyelid or the eye with the tube or dropper, and then close the eyelid again to seal it.
- Giving your cat liquid oral medicine is easier than giving him pills, and you may not even need to use the tortilla wrap in some cases.
- Find your cat and place her on a table or counter with one arm around her and tucking her under the other arm.
- If she becomes reactive and begins to scratch you, grab the scruff of her neck and keep it there.
- After you have administered the medication, gently seal your cat’s mouth until she has swallowed it.
- However, before you wrap her up, make sure everything is ready.
- Placing a little dab of butter on the end of the syringe and pressing the pill against the butter will work best.
- Immediately place the syringe with the butter and pill into her mouth and shoot that pill into the back of the mouth utilizing the air contained in that syringe.
When Your Cat won’t Eat
A healthy cat need a whiff of her food before she will consume it. Her food will be less likely to deteriorate or be tampered with if she follows these instructions. While this is a useful survival ability, it also means that when a cat’s nose is blocked up, she will be less inclined to eat as a result. The odor of warm foods is stronger than that of cold foods, so entice your cat with some warm (but not hot) food. Due to the fact that it can be mixed with warm water, The Honest Kitchen’s grain free, human grade cat feeds are ideal for various times of year.
It is also possible for unwell cats to be tempted by meat baby meals, such as chicken or turkey with gravy.
It is possible that I may combine some kitten formula with some baby food and a little amount of warm water to feed a cat that has an upper respiratory infection (URI).
I’m looking for something that’s liquid yet a touch thick, like a melted milkshake. I’ll administer this to the kitten by placing a few of drops at a time into her mouth with a syringe. Usually, after the kitten starts tasting and swallowing the food, she will eat it with greater enthusiasm.
One to Three Weeks
According to the bacteria or virus that caused the infection, URIs can last anywhere from one to three weeks. The status of your cat’s health before to becoming unwell has an impact on the length of time it will be sick. Cats that are young, old, or suffering from other health issues will have a more harder time recuperating than adult cats in good condition, but don’t give up hope! However, while you’re assisting your cat’s recovery, keep an eye out for any issues and contact your veterinarian if you see anything unusual.
Meet the Author:Liz Palika, CDT, CABC
Liz Palika is a Certified Dog Trainer and a Certified Animal Behavior Consultant, as well as the founder and co-owner of Kindred Spirits Dog Training in northern San Diego County. She has worked with dogs for over a decade. Liz is also the creator of Love on a Leash therapy dogs, and her dog, Bones, makes frequent visits to patients in need of comfort. Liz is a prolific writer and the author of more than 80 novels, among other things. Many of her books have been nominated for or received honors from a number of organizations, including the Dog Writers Association of America, the San Diego Book Awards, the American Society of Animal Control, and others.
Liz and her team tour the West and Pacific Northwest in their RV to unwind after a long day at work or to do business while on the road.
Sniffly, Sneezy,”Snuffler” Cats
16th of April, 2019 This week’s topic was requested by one of our listeners, which provides an excellent chance to remind everyone that you may always request or recommend a topic you’d want to learn more about in the future. A pretty common condition we find in cats is chronic rhinitis/sinusitis, which is technically known as “sniffly cats” or “snuffler cats,” but is more often referred to as “sniffly cats” or “snuffler cats.” Chronic, recurring nose (and occasionally sinus) infections are a problem for these felines.
- Let’s take a step back and speak about the anatomy for a minute, shall we?
- Turbinates are made up of folds of bone and tissue that is densely packed with blood vessels and coated in a thin layer of mucus and microscopic hair-like projections known as cilia.
- In order for air to be warmed, humidified, and filtered (capturing and eliminating dust particles, allergies, and germs, among other things) on its journey to the lungs, the turbinates must expand the surface area on which they can do so.
- Some of the frequent upper respiratory viruses that kittens are exposed to (most notably Feline Calicivirus and Feline Herpes Virus) can cause damage to the turbinates, resulting in blunting of the turbinates, loss of cilia, and scarring.
- Bacterial infections are more likely to occur in this environment because it promotes the growth of bacteria.
If your cat suffers from chronic rhinitis, there are certain things you can do to help reduce the number of infections your cat gets:
- People who suffer from chronic sinusitis frequently do nasal flushes on a regular basis or at the first hint of a problem. Obviously, doing this at home with cats is not a viable option. However, for badly afflicted cats, we may consider sedating your cat on a recurring basis in order to perform a complete nasal flush (typically about 1-2 times per year at the most). The use of this method is not a permanent solution, but it can allow cats that are unable to find relief from less aggressive care to extend the period between infections. If your cat tolerates a simple (non-medicated) saline nasal spray (which is available over-the-counter at any drugstore), you may try applying it at home to see if it helps. It will aid in the thinning of any “stuck” mucus and will frequently cause sneezing, which will aid in the expulsion of mucus and germs. Turn the bottle upside down and dribble one or two drips into each nostril as you do so. As a preventative measure during an active infection, this should be done once to twice daily. Try a few times a week or as needed for your specific cat in between illnesses. Increased water consumption helps maintain mucus thinner, which minimizes the likelihood that it will clump or become trapped on the injured turbinates. It is our choice whether or not to drink more water, but we are unable to explain to our cats why it would be in their best interests to do so. Dr. Jen Seidl wrote an amazing blog article on how to encourage cats to drink more water, which you can read here: Dr. Jen Seidl’s Blog on Encouraging Cats to Drink More Water (Click on my name.) If you have sinusitis or nasal congestion, humidification during cold, dry weather can help reduce irritation to the nasal passages and prevent mucus from drying up. There are a few acupressure sites around the face and nose that can assist induce drainage from the sinuses and nasal passages. If you look closely, you will notice a small divot in the exact spot where LI 20 is located. BL 2 is located straight up from the inner corner of the eye, at the inner corner of the eyebrow ridge. LI 20 is located right next to the nose just above the top of the nostril (if you look closely, there is a small divot there). See the image below for more information. Using the tip of your finger, apply firm, mild pressure to the affected area for 5-10 seconds, repeating 2-3 times or until your cat tolerates it. To achieve the greatest results, treat both the left and right sides. Cerenia, a medicine that we often use to treat vomiting and prevent motion sickness, may be able to help certain cats with nasal congestion by decreasing their mucus production. In my own experience, I’ve found the outcomes to be quite inconsistent, but in many circumstances, it’s worth a go
- For certain cats that are prone to infection, we may devise a strategy for what is known as “pulse antibiotics,” in which we provide antibiotics on a regular basis. Considering the growing worry about antibiotic usage and resistance, we reserve this as a last resort for the most obstinate or severe infections. Anti-viral drugs may be effective in some cases. However, the Feline Herpes Virus is an anomaly, as the primary viral infection has long since passed and we are now dealing with the consequences of the virus infection. FHV, like our common cold sore virus, is never totally removed from the body and may flare up at different periods of the year or under stressful situations. Usually, it only causes eye discomfort and watery eyes, although it has been linked to bouts of rhinitis in the past.
Chronic rhinitis in cats may be debilitating, but we can work together to devise a strategy to make your cat as comfortable as possible while reducing the frequency of episodes requiring antihistamine therapy. To ensure that you receive prompt attention, please contact the clinic to talk with one of our doctors. Karen Christopherson DVM CVA is a veterinarian who practices in California.
Feline Rhinitis: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatments
A stuffy nose in cats, often known as rhinitis, is rather frequent among the feline population. This illness can make your cat quite uncomfortable—it may find it difficult to sleep or smell food, and its lethargy and breathing troubles may interfere with its ability to play. Fortunately, there are a variety of choices for treating and managing your cat’s health in order to make them more comfortable. Continue reading to learn more about feline rhinitis, including what it is, what causes it, what symptoms to look for, and how to cure it.
What Is Feline Rhinitis?
Feline rhinitis is a disorder in which the mucous membranes that line the inside of the nose become inflamed. 1 When these tissues become inflamed, breathing becomes significantly more difficult as a result of swelling and an increased production of nasal mucus. The illness can be either short-term (resolving in a few weeks) or long-term (chronic), meaning it will remain for the rest of one’s life. Additionally, damage to the lining of the nasal passages might increase the likelihood of acquiring a subsequent bacterial infection, which can exacerbate the symptoms.
What Causes Feline Rhinitis?
Cats frequently get rhinitis as a result of upper respiratory tract infections (cat flu). The most prevalent cause of these diseases is a viral infection (feline herpesvirus or feline calicivirus), which is transmitted by saliva. 3 Other factors that contribute to feline rhinitis include:
- Bacterial infections (which are typically subsequent to viral infections)
- Some fungal infections
- And other illnesses. Neoplaysia (cancer) is a condition in which abnormal tissue development occurs in the nasal passages. Non-cancerous polyps (non-cancerous growths inside the nasal passages) caused by inflammation
- Infections and diseases of the teeth
- Entities from outside the country
- Anatomical abnormality (for example, a cleft palate)4
It is possible to develop chronic rhinitis as a consequence of irreversible damage to the nasal airways, which can result in recurrent infections and other problems.
Symptoms Of Rhinitis In Cats
Cats suffering with rhinitis may exhibit any or all of the following symptoms:
- The following symptoms: pawing at the face, nasal discharge, sneezing, loss of appetite, decreased airflow, breathing through the mouth, labored breathing
As soon as you detect that your cat is displaying signs of rhinitis, take them to the veterinarian immediately.
How Is Feline Rhinitis Diagnosed?
Rhinitis can only be identified after a comprehensive physical examination and study of your cat’s medical history have been completed. It is possible that your cat may need to be put under general anesthesia in order for the veterinarian to perform a rhinoscopy and/or a nasal wash in order to obtain cell samples. 5 Finding the source of your cat’s rhinitis is critical to selecting the course of therapy that will be most effective in making your cat feel better. After ruling out other lower airway diseases that may present with similar symptoms, such as feline asthma or chronic bronchitis, a conclusive diagnosis can be determined.
Treating Rhinitis In Cats
The treatment for rhinitis is determined on the underlying illness that is causing the symptoms to appear.
Medical Treatment For Rhinitis
Some of the most often used medical treatments are as follows: Antibiotics for the treatment of secondary bacterial infection The use of antibiotics is recommended when the rhinitis is accompanied by a bacterial infection, in order to clear the infection and avoid the symptoms from increasing. Fluids infused intravenously Support in terms of nutrition When cats are resistive to eating and/or drinking water, they require fluids and nutritional assistance to ensure that their bodies have the stamina to fight infections and recover from their illnesses.
- 6Because your cat will need to be sedated, this surgery will need to be carried out by a veterinarian.
- Corticosteroids in the treatment of idiopathic rhinitis (unknown cause) Often, when the reason of rhinitis cannot be diagnosed, corticosteroids are administered to relieve inflammation in the nasal passages.
- When the nasal passage has been cleaned and antibiotic medication has been delivered, the vast majority of patients have been shown to be responsive.
- Antifungal drugs are number five on the list.
6. Surgical or other medical procedures or treatments Cats with malignant growths or other structural abnormalities in the nasal passages may require a surgical operation (known as a rhinotomy) to remove them. 8
Aside from that, there are a number of things you may do at home to assist alleviate your cat’s discomfort. 1. Air that is warm and humid Dry, chilly air can irritate the nasal passages, causing mucus to dry and stick to the nasal walls and causing congestion. A humidifier can assist in keeping your cat’s nasal passages open, allowing him to breathe more easily. It is also possible to achieve a similar result by bringing your cat into the bathroom with you while you are showering. 2. Nursing care When it comes to making your cat feel better, good nursing care may make a big difference.
Making your cat’s food more fragrant and enticing by heating it will help it taste and smell better.
Help Your Cat Manage Their Symptoms
If you have reason to believe your cat is suffering from rhinitis, take them to the veterinarian for a complete checkup right away. Despite the fact that feline rhinitis is widespread, it is crucial to establish what is causing your cat’s symptoms in order to treat and manage their illness effectively. 1 Ned F. Kuehn, DVM, MS, DACVIM is a veterinarian who practices in the United States. “Rhinitis and Sinusitis in Cats,” says the author. The Merck Veterinary Manual is a comprehensive resource for veterinary professionals.
- Veterinary Practice in the 21st Century…
- 4″Chronic Upper Respiratory Tract Disease,” according to International Cat Care.
- “Rhinitis in Dogs and Cats – Veterinary Partner” is the title of the article.
- catId=102899 I (6) Sharp, Claire R., BSc, BVMS (Hons), MS, CMAVA, Diplomate ACVECC, “Feline Rhinitis and Upper Respiratory Disease.” Veterinary Medicine and Animal Welfare, vol.
- 7 Stephen A.
- “Feline Chronic Nasal Disease: Pathophysiologic Basis of Diagnosis and Therapy,” published in the journal “Feline Chronic Nasal Disease.” The term “Feline Rhinitis” was coined in the 1980s.
- Accessed on the 13th of December, 2019.
What to do if your cat has the sniffles
Make an appointment with the veterinarian if you feel your cat is suffering from rhinitis and want to make sure they are properly diagnosed and treated. Despite the fact that feline rhinitis is widespread, it is critical to establish what is causing your cat’s symptoms in order to treat and manage the illness. 1 Ned F. Kuehn, DVM, MS, DACVIM, is a veterinarian who practices in the state of Washington, United States. It is possible that cats have rhinorrhea and sinusitis. The Merck Veterinary Manual is a comprehensive resource for veterinarians and other healthcare professionals.
- Veterinarian Practice in the 21st Century “Chronic Upper Respiratory Tract Disease,” according to the American Lung Association.
- Chronic Upper Respiratory Tract Disease, according to International Cat Care.
- Partner in Veterinary Medicine catId=102899 I (6) Sharp, Claire R., BSc, BVMS (Hons), MS, CMAVA, Diplomate ACVECC, “Feline Rhinitis and Upper Respiratory Disease.” Veterinary Medicine and Animal Welfare.
- Carey, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, is a veterinarian who practices in the state of California.
In the article “Feline Chronic Nasal Disease: Pathophysiologic Basis of Diagnosis and Therapy,” the author discusses the disease in more detail. Feline Rhinitis was first described in the year 808. A group of cats known as the SNAPs It was accessed on the 13th of this month.
How to care for your cat
Because cats, unlike humans, are unable to wipe their noses, having a runny nose may be quite irritating to say the least. You may assist your cat in feeling more comfortable by wiping their nose on a regular basis with a clean cloth or cotton wool soaked in lukewarm water. It is possible to clean your cat’s eyes by putting a saline solution with gauze to them if they are watering excessively. It’s also crucial to keep the rooms in your house/apartment as humid as possible. You should leave your cat in a very moist area (for example, the bathroom after you have taken a hot shower) if you find that their nose is really plugged and that they are having difficulties breathing.
Close the grill on your cat’s travel cage and secure it with a strap.
Allow for approximately 15 minutes.
Help your cat get their strength back
The fact that cats are unable to blow their nostrils means that having a runny nose may be quite irritating at best. Using a clean cloth or cotton wool soaked in lukewarm water, you may help your cat feel more comfortable by wiping their nose on a regular basis. Applying a saline solution with gauze to your cat’s eyes will help to soothe them if they get watery. The humidification of your home or apartment is also very significant. If you find that your cat’s nose is highly plugged and that they are having difficulties breathing, placing them in a very wet environment (for example, the bathroom after you have taken a hot shower) may be beneficial.
Close and secure the grill of your cat’s transportation cage.
Keep the door closed for approximately 15 minutes.
Why Is My Cat Sneezing?
When it comes to the cat sneeze, it’s one of the most endearing sounds you’ll ever hear, but should you be concerned about it? In the same way that humans do, cats are susceptible to catching colds and developing upper respiratory and sinus infections. However, there are a variety of other diseases that might cause those adorable tiny sneezes as well.
Why is My Cat Sneezing?
Cats sneeze for a number of causes, including the following:
- A little tickle on the bridge of the nose. That’s something we’ve all experienced
- A foul odor, such as that produced by chemicals
- Dust and other airborne particles are a problem. A foreign thing, such as a lint ball, a blade of grass, or a hair
- An infection of the respiratory tract
- Nose, sinuses, and nasal cavity inflammation
- Inflammation or inflammation of a tooth that results in discharge into the sinuses.
Why do Cats Sneeze? Is There a Pattern?
There’s probably no need to be concerned about her sneezing every now and then — it might just be that something in the air is hurting her nasal passage. Look for trends if the problem is more than simply occasional: Is it always at the same time of day? Does it happen every day? Is it restricted to a certain room or only occurs during family activities? Observing trends can assist you in determining if your cat is sneezing as a result of an irritant, such as dust or scent, or as a result of an illness or other underlying medical issue.
For example, if your cat is sneezing a lot and you observe discharge from the nose or eyes, combined with a lack of energy and a loss of appetite, it may be a sign of a more serious health problem.
Symptoms such as sneezing and coughing, as well as other signs of illness, might indicate that your cat is suffering from an upper respiratory infection or some underlying disease that requires veterinarian attention.
When to See a Veterinarian
It is possible that you may be able to wait a day or two and merely observe her for any changes if your cat is only sneezing on occasion with no other symptoms or very minor symptoms. In contrast, when kittens exhibit these signs, they should always be taken to the veterinarian’s office for evaluation. Sneezing that doesn’t go away or that is accompanied by other symptoms indicates that a visit to the veterinarian is necessary for correct diagnosis and treatment. For cats that have stopped eating, this is very essential to remember.
Some medical issues might also make it difficult to swallow.
Hepatic lipidosis is a dangerous and potentially deadly disorder that can arise as a result of this (or fatty liver disease).
Causes of Sneezing in Cats
Upper respiratory infections (URIs) in cats are characterized by sneezing as a typical symptom. Upper respiratory infections, sometimes known as the “common cold” or the “cat flu,” can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or even fungi, though this is less prevalent in the United States. It is possible for these sorts of infections to persist anywhere from 7 to 21 days, with the typical length being 7 to 10 days in simple instances.
Upper respiratory infections (URIs) in cats are frequently accompanied with sneezing. A viral, bacterial, or fungal infection of the upper respiratory tract, sometimes known as the “common cold” or the “cat flu,” can cause upper respiratory infections. They can last anywhere from seven to twenty-one days, with the typical length for simple instances being between seven and ten days.
- Upper respiratory infections (URIs) in cats are characterized by sneezing as a primary symptom. Upper respiratory infections, sometimes known as the “common cold” or the “cat flu,” can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or even fungi, though this is less frequent. It is possible for these sorts of infections to persist anywhere from 7 to 21 days, with an average duration of 7 to 10 days in simple cases.
Kittens and old cats, as well as cats that have not been vaccinated or who are immunosuppressed, are at increased risk of acquiring upper respiratory infections (URIs). Because many of the viruses that cause these ailments are very infectious, those that are kept in groups, such as shelters and multicat families, are also at risk, especially if they are not vaccinated against the virus.
Treatment for upper respiratory infections is determined on the severity of the infection. In situations when the symptoms are typically minor, upper respiratory infections (URIs) can resolve on their own within a few of weeks. Occasionally, extra therapy may be necessary, such as the following:
- Antiviral drugs or antibiotics
- Eye and/or nose drops
- And other treatments. Fluids administered subcutaneously (in situations of dehydration)
Antiviral or antibiotic drugs; eye and/or nasal drops; steroid medications In situations of dehydration, subcutaneous fluids are administered.
- Clean any discharge from your cat’s nose and face on a regular basis with warm, moist cotton
- And Make an effort to entice your cat to eat by warming up some canned food for him. Maintain a constant supply of fresh water for your feline companion. Make use of a humidifier to keep your cat’s nasal passages wet and comfortable.
Nasal and Sinus Issues
It is also possible for cats to develop inflammatory disorders such as rhinitis and sinusitis. Rhinitis is the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose, which we all know as a “stuffy nose,” and sinusitis is the inflammation of the lining of the sinuses, which we all know as a “clogged nose.” These two disorders, which are commonly seen simultaneously in cats and are collectively referred to as “rhinosinusitis,” are typical consequences of upper respiratory infections in cats.
Sneezing and sniffling are common symptoms of rhinitis and sinusitis in cats, as with other indicators such as:
- In moderate cases, nasal discharge is clear
- In severe cases, nasal discharge is yellow, green, or bloody. Labored breathing, snoring, and/or breathing via the mouth are all signs of a problem. slapping the face with one’s hands
- Tears and discharge from the eyes are common. The practice of reverse sneezing (cleaning the nasal passages with short, quick inhalations)
- A bulge on the bridge of the nose (if it is caused by a fungal infection)
The review of your cat’s medical history, as well as a comprehensive physical examination, are all required for the diagnosis of rhinitis and sinusitis. Along with the use of a nasal wash to collect samples, it may also be necessary to perform a rhinoscopy, which includes putting a tiny endoscope into the nose or mouth for improved visualization of the nasal structure. A nasal flush and broad-spectrum antibiotics to treat or prevent bacterial infections, as well as a dosage of steroids to open up the nasal and sinus canals, may be used in conjunction with other treatments.
Chronic Upper Respiratory Conditions
It is also possible for cats to sneeze on a regular basis and repeatedly as a result of chronic respiratory disorders. Chronic rhinitis is the most prevalent kind of rhinitis, and it is typically the consequence of long-term damage to the immune system and nasal mucosa.
In cats, the signs and symptoms of chronic upper respiratory disorders are identical to those of upper respiratory infections and inflammation, except that they last for weeks or months at a time or occur in intervals of a few weeks. Chronic rhinitis, for example, can result in recurrent bacterial infections, which can exacerbate the symptoms.. Among these signs and symptoms are:
- Fits of sneezing
- Nose congestion and runny nose
- Increased production of thick, yellow nasal discharge
- Loss of appetite
- Drooling and difficulties swallowing
- It is possible to have discharge from one or both eyes.
Fits of sneezing are common. nose that is stuffy and runny Drooling and trouble swallowing; a thick, yellow nasal discharge; a loss of appetite; The presence of discharge from one or both eyes;
Sneezing fits are common. Nose congestion and runny nose. Drooling and trouble swallowing; loss of appetite; thick, yellow nasal discharge; Discharge from one or both eyes;
- Sneezing fits
- Stuffy, runny nose
- Thick, yellow nasal discharge
- Loss of appetite
- Drooling and trouble swallowing
- Discharge from one or both eyes
In the case of chronic upper respiratory problems in cats, however, there is no cure; consequently, therapy is typically limited to treating the symptoms through frequent veterinarian care and drug administration.
A common reason of sneeze in cats, in contrast to people, is allergic reactions to certain foods. Instead, skin irritations such as rashes, itching, and hair loss are common manifestations of the disease. Other symptoms, such as itchy and watery eyes, as well as coughing, sneezing, and wheezing, might be experienced by certain cats, particularly those who have asthma. Allergic rhinitis is the term used to describe this ailment in humans, which is often known as “hay fever.” Symptoms can occur seasonally if caused by outdoor allergens such as pollen, or all year if caused by interior allergens such as dust and mold.
Unfortunately, there is no remedy for feline allergies at this time.
Your primary veterinarian or a veterinary dermatology expert can help you manage the symptoms of eczema with a personalized treatment plan that is tailored to your needs. This may include individualized immunizations and other drugs, as well as a particular diet tailored to the individual.
Allergies in cats are difficult to treat because there is no known treatment for them. Your primary veterinarian or a veterinary dermatology expert can help you manage the symptoms of eczema with a tailored treatment plan that is customized to your needs. Immunizations and other drugs, as well as a particular diet, may be prescribed in this situation.
Fight the Cold Before It Happens
It goes without saying that prevention is always preferable to treatment. Take a few additional actions and you might be able to keep your cat healthy and prevent him from sneezing for the rest of his life. One of the most effective methods to protect your cat against some viruses is to get him vaccinated on a regular basis according to the schedule prescribed by your family veterinarian. If you have any concerns about your cat’s health at any time, contact your family veterinarian for advice.