Ask a Vet: All You Need to Know About Spay/Neuter Surgery
Dr. Elizabeth Lynch, a staff veterinarian at the MSPCA at Nevins Farm, provided the following responses.
How are spay and neuter surgeries performed?
Both of these sterilization treatments are performed under general anesthesia, with your pet completely unconscious and intubated during the surgery (with a breathing tube in his or her throat). One exception is the cat neuter, which is performed using a face mask instead of anesthesia because it is such a quick procedure. In order to make your pet asleep and to alleviate discomfort, he will be given an injection of medicine prior to obtaining general anaesthetic. While your pet is under anesthesia, a machine will monitor his oxygen level and heart rate to ensure that he is safe.
Male cat surgery is performed in such a short period of time that the cats are not placed on a heating blanket during the procedure, but are instead placed on one shortly following the procedure.
- Through this incision, the reproductive system, including both ovaries and the uterus, is totally removed from the body.
- Skin glue, skin staples, or stitches are used to seal the wound on the skin.
- This incision is used to remove both testicles at the same time.
- Skin glue, skin staples, or stitches are used to seal the wound on the skin.
- Even if the incision has not been sealed, it will shut on its own over time.
How old does an animal have to be before she/he can he spayed or neutered?
Healthy dogs and cats can be sterilized as young as eight weeks of age if they weigh more than two pounds in body weight and are otherwise healthy.
How long does the surgery take?
A male cat neutering procedure may be completed in less than 2 minutes! The time required to neuter a male dog ranges from five to twenty minutes, depending on his age and size at the time of the neutering. The average time for a female cat to be spayed is fifteen to twenty minutes, depending on her age and where she is in her reproductive cycle. Depending on her age, size, and whether or not she is in heat, a female dog spay can take anywhere from twenty to ninety minutes, or even longer. Female animals in heat can take a longer time to reproduce because their reproductive tracts are significantly more delicate and contain more blood while they are in heat, making reproduction more difficult.
What’s the recovery like?
We utilize a reversible anesthetic injection for the majority of cats, which allows them to recover extremely fast.
The majority of the time, they are awake enough to wander about within about 10 to 20 minutes. Dogs require a bit more time, ranging from 15 to 30 minutes. The longer procedures are frequently accompanied by slightly longer wake-up periods.
Are there any risks or complications?
As a result, most cats recover extremely rapidly after receiving a reversible anesthetic dose. The majority of the time, kids are awake enough to wander about after 10-20 minutes. It takes between 15 and 30 minutes for dogs to become ready. The longer procedures are frequently accompanied by somewhat longer recovery durations thereafter.
Is the surgery painful?
Animals experience pain in the same way as humans do, and surgery is not painless. We have the most up-to-date methods of pain treatment available. All animals are given pain medication before surgery begins and again as needed after surgery to alleviate any discomfort. The idea is to provide pets with as much comfort as possible.
Cat Spaying/Neutering: What To Know & How To Care For Your Cat
Wellness Although you may like your feline companion, the tragic fact is that there are millions of cats and kittens in the world that will never be able to find a permanent home. As animal shelters continue to struggle with congestion, spaying or neutering your cat is a sensible approach for keeping the population under control (and ensuring that all cats have safe, loving homes). For pet owners, spaying or neutering their cats is a simple way to feel good about allowing their cats to associate with other cats or to wander freely around the backyard or neighborhood without anxiety.
In fact, both the ASPCA and the Humane Society strongly suggest it for both domestic cats and feral cats in the neighborhood.
Rachel Mar, a veterinarian and blogger at The Vitality Vet, who provided us with further information on whether you should spay or neuter your cat, what to anticipate post-surgery, and other topics.
What is spaying or neutering a cat? What’s the difference?
Wellness Although you may like your feline companion, the tragic fact is that there are millions of cats and kittens in the world who will never be able to find a loving home. At light of the continued congestion in animal shelters, spaying or neutering your cat is a sensible option to keeping overpopulation at bay (and all kittens in warm, loving homes). Feline spaying or neutering can make pet owners feel good about allowing their cats to associate with other animals or to walk freely around the backyard or neighborhood without fear of being attacked.
It is indeed highly recommended by the ASPCA and the Humane Society, and this is true for both pet and community cats.
Rachel Mar, veterinarian and blogger at The Vitality Vet, provided an in-depth explanation of when you should spay or neuter your cat, what to anticipate post-surgery, and more.
When should a cat be spayed or neutered?
Most veterinarians suggest that cats be spayed or neutered before they reach the age of five months. Why? In general, younger cats recover from surgery more quickly, with the majority of cats returning to their normal selves within a week after the procedure. Spaying or neutering a cat earlier in its life reduces the likelihood of the cat developing future health problems, such as mammary cancers. In spite of the fact that spaying or neutering an older cat has not been demonstrated to pose any additional dangers, it is preferable to do it when the cat is younger in order to avoid avoidable medical issues in the future.
It has also been demonstrated that spaying or neutering a cat can extend the life expectancy of the cat.
Questions about spaying/neutering?
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How does spaying a cat work?
Dr. Mar says that “specifically, spaying” is defined as “the removal of the complete uterus and ovaries from the body” in female cats who have had an ovariohysterectomy (a procedure in which the entire uterus and ovaries are removed from the body). “They can also be deemed spayed if only the ovaries and uterine horns are removed, and the uterus itself is left in place,” says the veterinarian. “The latter procedure is less widely used and is not typically recommended,” she explains.
How does neutering a cat work?
In certain circles, neutering a male cat is referred to as castration since both testicles are removed during the neutering procedure. They will no longer be able to fertilize or produce kittens after their reproductive organs have been removed.
Should you spay or neuter your cat?
Animal rights organizations and veterinarians are unanimous in their recommendation that you spay or neuter your cat. In order to control overcrowding and avoid undesired breeding, Dr. Mar recommends that both operations be performed on pets and stray animals.
How much does spaying/neutering a cat cost?
At a private veterinarian’s office, neutering and spaying a cat might cost anywhere from $200 to over $800. Neutering, on the other hand, is typically less expensive than spaying. However, there are several organizations and charitable organizations that provide spaying and neutering services at little or no expense. It’s really simple to discover firms that will do it for as little as $10-$50 per hour.
Do spayed/neutered cats still go into heat?
No. Female cats are unable to go into heat after being spayed because their ovaries do not release estrogen and because their ovaries are removed during the spaying procedure. Until they are totally healed, neutered male cats may be able to go into heat and even impregnate a female cat for up to six weeks following their operation. It is therefore critical to keep them away from other cats until they are entirely recovered. A male cat who has had neutering surgery will not be able to reproduce when it has healed.
How long does it take a cat to recover from spaying/neutering?
Dr. Mar reminds out that animals, including cats, are highly resilient, and this is true for all of them. “Your cat may feel a little sore and fatigued for the first 24-48 hours following surgery, which is to be anticipated after any operation,” she notes. Nevertheless, pets are given pain medicines before or during surgery in order to guarantee that your pet is not in discomfort when they wake up,” says the veterinarian. Pain medication is usually prescribed for three to five days following the procedure to alleviate discomfort.
Are you worried about your cat?
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How to care for your cat after they’ve been spayed/neutered
Although cats will feel better within a day or two of surgery, owners will still need to monitor their cat’s activities to ensure that the sutures are not ruptured or strained throughout the recovery period. In Dr. Mar’s opinion, this is one of the reasons why an electronic collar (cone) is essential in cats after they have been spayed or neutered.
Keeping your cat comfortable and administering pain medication as needed are the most important aspects of aftercare, as is restricting your cat’s activities to ensure that they heal as fast and easily as possible following their surgery.
Keep up to speed with the newest news from Pawp veterinarians by reading our educational pet articles.
Two Ways of Spaying a Cat: Ovariohysterectomy vs. Ovariectomy
This post was written with the assistance of Zee Mahmood, a veterinary technician in Reading, Pennsylvania. Why does your family veterinarian usually recommend you to have your female cats paid? Have you ever pondered why this is the case? There are several justifications for this approach, including the avoidance of certain dangerous illnesses such as uterine infection (pyometra) and breast cancer, among others (mammary tumors). When a spay is performed on a dog, the reproductive organs (such as the ovaries and the uterus) are removed.
- In layman’s terms, this indicates that the ovaries (ovario-) and uterus (-hyster-) have been removed (-ectomy).
- In other nations, the ovariectomy is a common procedure in which the uterus is left in place and just the ovaries are removed.
- In the United States, we routinely remove the uterus for a variety of reasons.
- The absence of a uterus means that there will be no future diseases associated with the uterus.
- The ovariectomy has been performed for decades in Europe and other parts of the world, with no apparent rise in the proportion of people who have uterine illnesses in the future, according to reports.
- Afterwards, the article describes how an ovariectomy is (logically) less intrusive and quicker than an ovariohysterectomy 1.
- Is it less dangerous to have an ovariectomy?
Complications that may arise in either situation include: When the uterus is removed as well, there is a higher risk of bleeding, which should be considered.
However, doesn’t it make logical that eliminating the uterus decreases the danger of contracting certain illnesses?
Consequently, the final outcome is the same: no uterus = no danger of pyometra or uterine cancers.
It is vital to note that the ovariectomy should only be performed in young, healthy girls who have a healthy uterus as one of its major limitations.
So, which method should I use to spay my cat?
Instead of telling us which treatment is superior, these organizations exist to encourage vets to conduct any procedure in accordance with the best “standards of care,” such as optimal sterility and good surgical technique.
Only you and your veterinarian have the authority to determine which operation is best for your cat. Always remember that spaying your cat will always provide considerably higher advantages than not spaying her, regardless of whether procedure is performed. Resources:
- Veterinary Surgery, Vol. 35, No. 2, pgs. 136-143, 2006
- B. van Goethem et al. Veterinary Surgery, Vol. 35, No. 2, pgs. 136-143, 2006
In the event that you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or phone your veterinarian; they are your greatest resource for ensuring the health and well-being of your dogs.
Spay/Neuter Your Pet
By having your pet spayed or neutered, you will be contributing to the management of the pet homelessness epidemic, which results in millions of healthy dogs and cats being killed in the United States each year simply because there aren’t enough homes for them to go around. Having your animals spayed (for female pets) or neutered (for male dogs) has also been shown to have medicinal and behavioral benefits. The following are some of the medicinal advantages:
- You may expect your female pet to have a longer and healthier life. Spaying dogs and cats helps to avoid uterine infections and breast tumors, which are malignant or cancerous in around 50% of dogs and 90% of cats that are not spayed. The greatest prevention against these illnesses is to spay your pet before she has her first heat cycle. It is possible to avoid testicular cancer and several prostate issues by neutering your male partner
In addition, there are behavioral advantages:
- Your female pet will not go into heat if she has been spayed. Women go into heat four to five days every three weeks throughout the mating season, however their cycles might vary depending on the individual cat. During this period, your male dog will be less likely to wander away from home since he will yowl and pee more regularly, sometimes all over the house in an effort to advertise for mates. When it comes to seeking a partner, an intact man will go to any length, even if it means devising novel ways to get out of the house. Once he’s out on the streets, he runs the risk of being hit by a car or getting into a battle with another male animal
- Your neutered male may be more well-behaved. The likelihood of unneutered dogs and cats marking their territory by spraying strong-smelling urine all around the home increases with age. After having your dog neutered, he may be less prone to mount other dogs, humans, and inanimate things in the future. Some aggressiveness issues can be prevented if a dog is neutered at a young age.
Having your dogs spayed or neutered is also a very cost-effective option. Having your pet spayed or neutered is far less expensive than raising and caring for a litter of puppies or kittens. Dispelling Common Myths and Misconceptions About Spay/Neuter Procedures
- Your pet will not get overweight as a result of having him or her spayed or neutered. It is overfeeding and a lack of activity that will cause your pet to gain weight, not neutering. As long as you continue to give exercise and regulate her food consumption, your pet will remain in good shape. Although neutering can help with some behavioral issues, it is not a panacea. Although neutering your pet can typically minimize undesired behaviors that are caused by a greater amount of testosterone in the body, there is no assurance that your dog’s behavior will alter after he has been neutered or spayed. However, while the procedure will lessen the quantity of testosterone in your dog’s system, it will not fully remove the hormone from his system. The fact that your pet has learnt or has been accustomed to certain habits will not be diminished by neutering. Depending on your dog’s personality, physiology, and history, neutering might have a variety of consequences on him.
When Should You Neuter or Spay Your Pet?
- As for dogs, while the conventional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as early as eight weeks old can be neutered if they are in good condition, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association. Adult dogs can also be neutered, albeit the risk of post-operative complications is slightly increased in older dogs, overweight dogs, and dogs with health issues. Cats should eat the following foods: Spaying or neutering kittens as early as eight weeks of age is typically regarded to be a risk-free procedure. At this time of year, surgery is frequently performed in animal shelters to sterilize kittens before they are placed up for adoption. It is recommended that you arrange the procedure before your own cat reaches the age of five months in order to avoid the onset of urine spraying and the possibility of pregnancy. It is possible to neuter a female cat while she is in heat
- However, this is not recommended.
Consult with your veterinarian to identify the most appropriate timing for spaying or neutering your animal. Providing Assistance to Your Pet Before and After Surgery Pre-surgical instructions will be provided by your veterinarian facility, and you should adhere to them. Avoid feeding your cat any food after midnight the night before surgery, as a general rule of thumb. A puppy or kitten, on the other hand, need proper nourishment, and your veterinarian may recommend that you do not withhold food from them.
Despite the fact that your pet may suffer some discomfort during surgery, your veterinarian can take a variety of steps to alleviate the discomfort.
Following are some suggestions for a safe and comfortable recovery:
- Provide your pet with a quiet location to recuperate that is both inside and away from other pets. During the first two weeks following surgery, or as long as your veterinarian suggests, keep your pet from running and jumping around
- By diverting your pet with food or by wearing an Elizabethan collar, you may prevent your pet from licking the incision site, which could result in infection. For at least ten days following surgery, refrain from washing your pet. Check the incision site on a regular basis to ensure that it is healing properly
Any redness, swelling, or discharge at the operation site, or if the incision is open, you should contact your veterinarian immediately to discuss it. Additionally, contact your veterinarian if your pet appears sluggish, has a decreased appetite, is vomiting or has diarrhea, or if you have any other concerns following surgery. Please see ourLow-Cost Spay/Neuter Programs page for information on low-cost spay/neuter programs in your region.
Spaying and Neutering
Unless you want to breed your new kitten for display or for profit in the future, there is no compelling reason not to have it neutered within its first few months of life. The most essential reason for removing a kitten’s reproductive organs—spaying in females and castration in males—is that these quick treatments will aid in the reduction of feline overpopulation in the long term. In the United States, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals estimates that millions of feral and unwanted domestic cats are born each year, most of whom are destined for a dismal existence—either completely abandoned or confined to overcrowded shelters, where they live a grim existence that is often relieved only through euthanasia.
- The fact that a female kitten should be spayed when she is three to six months old, when her reproductive organs are reaching maturity but before her breast tissue develops, would essentially minimize her chance of developing mammary cancer later in life, as Dr Looney points out.
- Looney points out that because spaying involves the removal of a female’s uterus, the treatment eliminates the likelihood of pyometra, a potentially deadly accumulation of pus in that reproductive organ, occurring.
- As for males, surgical removal of the testicles will almost certainly prevent the formation of testicular cancer, and it will almost certainly prevent the development of an enlarged prostate gland and, perhaps, the development of prostatic cancer as well.
- According to Dr.
- She estimates that the surgery may be finished in 15 to 20 minutes if everything goes according to plan.
- This is because general anesthesia, which is always required, may cause nausea and vomiting, which can be extremely dangerous for a sedated animal, and she must avoid eating for this period.
- This incision will disclose the precise location of the cat’s reproductive tract.
When the blood supply to the uterus is interrupted, the organ is removed from the animal’s abdomen along with the two ovaries that are still connected to the organ.
The patient will normally be stable and able to move around within an hour or two of the surgery being completed.
For the first week or so after surgery, the cat should be constantly monitored and kept as calm as possible in order to avoid any abdominal incisions from herniating.
It is necessary to shave and clean the scrotum of the sedated cat before a single incision is made over each testicle and the testicles are extracted.
Post-operative pain drugs may be provided; however, aspirin, ibuprofen, Tylenol®, and other over-the-counter medications should never be used without a veterinarian’s clearance since these products may be hazardous to cats if consumed in large quantities.
According to Dr. Looney, a neutered female or male cat is likely to be precisely the same as it was previous to the operation within two weeks of having its reproductive organs removed. However, the cat will not be able to reproduce after the process.
What age should you spay or neuter your cat?
Have you lately taken a kitten into your home? You could be debating whether or not you should get your cat repaired. Our Baltimore veterinarians discuss the advantages of spaying or neutering your cat, including the prevention of unwanted litters and the reduction of a variety of undesirable habits.
Should you get your cat fixed?
According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, around 3.2 million cats enter animal shelters in the United States each year (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals). Spaying or neutering your cat is the single most effective strategy to contribute to the reduction of the number of unwanted animals in the Baltimore region. Having said that, the advantages of spaying and neutering your cat do not end with the reduction of the population. Having your kitten fixed can aid in the prevention of many undesired cat habits as well as the reduction of the likelihood of your cat acquiring a variety of major health problems.
What is the difference between spaying and neutering?
When we talk about getting a companion animal ‘fixed,’ we are referring to a broad phrase that encompasses both the spaying of female animals and the neutering of male animals in the same sentence.
Spaying Female Cats
In the case of female cats, the uterus and ovaries, or occasionally simply the ovaries, are surgically removed during the spaying procedure. After the spaying process is completed, she will no longer be able to have kittens as a result.
Neutering Male Cats
Neutering (castration) is the process of removing the testicles from a male cat. The neutering of your male cat will prevent him from being able to father kittens.
Benefits of Spaying Your Female Cat
Controlling the Population You may be surprised to learn that your small little cat is already grown enough to be a mother to her own offspring before she is even six months old. By spaying your female cat before she reaches the reproductive age at which she may produce kittens, you can contribute to the reduction of the number of undesirable cats in your area. Female cats may produce up to four litters a year, which is a record for the species. The typical litter size can range from two kittens (from a young mother) to as many as 10 kittens (from a mature mother), resulting in a shocking number of unwanted cats.
- It’s also crucial to remember that female cats who are infected with an infectious disease can pass the sickness on to their kittens, who can then pass the disease on even further.
- Protect the environment by conserving wildlife.
- Reduced numbers of homeless cats can assist to save the lives of countless birds and other species by keeping the population at a manageable level.
- Women who do not spay their female cats will go into heat on a regular basis throughout the year, bringing male cats from all over the neighborhood to your home and garden.
Unneutered male cats wandering around your property, hunting for your female cat, can be a nuisance since these guys have a proclivity to spray, fight, and caterwaul, among other things. It is possible that spaying your female cat will assist to keep male cats out of your yard.
Benefits of Neutering Your Male Cat
Controlling the Population While male cats can not produce kittens on their own, one unneutered male cat in your area has the potential to impregnate a large number of female cats. That is why, when it comes to population management, neutering male cats is just as vital as spaying female cats! Health-Related Issues It is possible that neutering your male cat can assist to reduce the spread of dangerous cat diseases such as Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) and Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV), which are frequently passed between cats during fights, such as Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV).
Neutered men also have a tendency to live closer to their homes, which reduces their danger of being wounded by automobiles as a result.
The neutering of your male kitten while it is still young can assist to avoid the onset of these undesirable behavioural patterns.
These male cats will spray to indicate their territory and will frequently fight with other male cats, which can be irritating, loud, and stinky to nearby people and animals.
What are the health effects of spaying or neutering a cat?
Even though spaying and neutering treatments are regular and generally regarded safe, there is a risk associated with any surgical or medical procedure, and no procedure can be completely risk-free. Cats that have been spayed or neutered, for example, have a tendency to gain weight if their diets are not changed appropriately. Neutered male cats are also at a higher risk of getting urinary obstructions than unneutered male cats. The hazards of not neutering or spaying are nearly always outweighed by the advantages of doing so.
When should you have your cat fixed?
Each pet is unique, and your veterinarian will be able to advise you on the best time to get your cat spayed or neutered based on this. In most cases, however, we recommend spaying or neutering kittens when they are between five and six months old. Adult cats can also be spayed or neutered if they are in good health. Please keep in mind that the information contained in this page is meant solely for educational reasons and does not represent medical advice for dogs. Please schedule an appointment with your veterinarian in order to receive an accurate diagnosis of your pet’s ailment.
Hoping to learn more about having your kitten spayed or neutered?Contact our Baltimore vetstoday for more information or to schedule an appointment.
It’s past time to start thinking about having your cat spayed or neutered. However, you are unsure whether or not it is the correct course of action. If you’re debating whether or not you should spay or neuter your cat, weigh the benefits and drawbacks of doing so before making your decision. Spaying and neutering are both beneficial and harmful to cats. The Pros and Cons of Having Your Hair Cut Spaying eliminates the possibility of becoming pregnant. It is a severe concern that pets are overpopulated, and letting your cat to have litters contributes to the problem.
- The additional costs of immunizations and parasite treatment as well as the toys and food for several pets will be incurred even if you decide to retain the kittens.
- Some new moms may experience major issues with the delivery of their kittens, and some may even experience health problems while feeding their offspring.
- Spaying results in a more relaxed cat.
- Males are no longer drawn to the spayed pet, and their unpleasant overtures and serenades are no longer received.
- They have a tendency to be gentler and more loving.
- A final advantage of spaying your cat is that spayed cats are more likely to have fewer health problems than unspayed cats.
- Ovarian cysts, uterine infections, and cancer of the reproductive system are no longer a cause for worry with the absence of these organs.
Your cat will be sterilized as a consequence of the spaying procedure, and she will no longer be able to get pregnant.
It is possible that spaying will result in weight increase.
Unspayed animals often have a strong urge to mate and can invest a significant amount of energy in search of a partner and reproducing themselves.
Neutering Has a Positive Aspect to It Neutering eliminates the possibility of becoming pregnant.
Someone else is responsible for finding homes for those new kittens, even if you do not own the female cat and are not responsible for finding homes for those new kittens.
Neutering results in a healthier and more relaxed pet.
If your cat does not have the want to mate, he or she may be calmer and less prone to cat cries and the obsessive urge to find a partner.
No longer does he have to deal with the stress of having to define his territory and urinate all over the home and yard.
They have a tendency to be gentler and more loving.
Neutering your pet will make him or her healthier.
The procedure of neutering involves the removal of the testicles.
Testicular implants are available for owners who want to sterilize their cats but do not want to change the look of their cats.
Your cat will be sterilized as a consequence of the neutering procedure.
His look alters as a result of the neutering.
If the lack of these organs is an aesthetic concern for you, you may want to talk to your veterinarian about testicular implants.
Some cats gain weight after they have been neutered.
Animals in good health often have a strong urge to reproduce and can waste a great deal of energy in search of a partner and reproducing. Your cat may consume the same quantity of food but not expend as many calories if this energy load is not there.
Spaying and neutering
Keep up with the latest developments and educate your customers on the evolving landscape of elective gonadectomy. Our gonadectomy resources for veterinarians include free Continuing Education webinars, a literature review of related studies, and other useful tools and information. Many pet owners choose to spay or neuter their animals, and spaying and neutering are critical in the effort to reduce pet overpopulation in the United States.
What are the options?
If you decide to spay or neuter your pet, there are several alternatives available to you. Consult with your veterinarian about your options so that you may make the best decision possible for you, your family, and your animal companion. Sterilization by surgery Surgery for sterilization is performed by a veterinarian who removes particular reproductive organs.
- Ovariohysterectomy, sometimes known as a “spay,” is a surgical procedure in which the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus are removed from a female dog or cat. The result is that she is unable to reproduce and that her heat cycle and breeding instinct-related behavior are no longer present. Orchiectomy, sometimes known as a “neuter,” is the procedure in which the testicles of a male dog or cat are removed. Consequently, he is unable to reproduce and his male breeding activities are reduced or eliminated
Traditional spaying and neutering are being replaced by surgical options. Even though the surgical techniques outlined above are the ones that are usually used to spay or neuter dogs, some pet owners choose one of the following alternatives:
- Spaying and neutering procedures that are not as invasive as standard methods Even though the surgical methods outlined above are the ones that are regularly used to spay or neuter dogs, some pet owners choose one of the following alternatives:
Sterilization without the use of surgery In order to neuter male cats and dogs, an FDA-approved medicine is available on the market that is injected into the testicles and causes sperm production to cease, rendering the dog or cat sterile. Because the medicine does not impact all of the hormone-producing cells in the testicles, the testicles will continue to generate some hormones despite the presence of the drug. As research continues, it is possible that other nonsurgical sterilizing products may be produced.
Why spay or neuter?
Millions of unwanted dogs and cats, including puppies and kittens, are killed every year in the United States. That said, ethical pet owners may make a difference by following the rules of their breed. Sterilizing your dog or cat can help to avoid the birth of unwanted pups and kittens, which will benefit everyone. Spaying and neutering assist to avoid unwanted litters, as well as aid to guard against certain significant health problems. It may also help to lessen many of the behavioral problems associated with the natural mating impulse.
When male dogs and cats have their testicles removed, their breeding urge is suppressed, and they become less motivated to travel and more satisfied to stay at home.
Neutering your male pet can also reduce the likelihood of his having benign prostatic hyperplasia (an enlarged prostate gland) or testicular cancer in the future..
The surgery has no influence on a pet’s intelligence or capacity to learn, play, work, or hunt in the same way that other procedures do. Several studies have found that pets that have had their ovaries or testicles surgically removed are better behaved, making them more appealing companions.
What are the risks of spaying and neutering?
Although reproductive hormones can promote mating behaviors that are unwelcome for many pet owners, these hormones also have an impact on your pet’s general health and can be advantageous in some situations. By removing the ovaries or testicles from your pet, you are increasing the likelihood of health problems such as urine incontinence and some forms of cancer developing. Inform yourself about the advantages and disadvantages of the sterilization surgery by speaking with your veterinarian so that you can make an educated decision.
The operation of sterilization is linked with some anesthetic and surgical risk, as is the case with any surgical surgery, although the general incidence of complications is quite low.
General anesthesia is used to perform the procedure, and drugs are given to help reduce the amount of discomfort the patient experiences.
When should I spay or neuter my pet?
As determined by the breed, age, and physical condition of your pet, consult with your veterinarian about the most appropriate time to spay or neuter your pet. Also, keep in mind that it may not be necessary to wait until your female dog or cat has gone through her first heat cycle before attempting to breed her. This is contrary to common opinion.
How do I decide?
Consult with your veterinarian about your choices so that you can acquire answers and make an informed decision for your pet.
When Your Pet Requires Anesthesia, Consider a Low-Cost Spay or Neuter.
Spaying or Neutering Your Cat FAQ
Every year, an estimated 5 million to 8 million animals are killed in animal shelters across the country, according to estimates. There are a lot of groups striving to reduce that number by creating low-cost spay/neuter clinics, which will prevent more litters of cats from being born and needing homes. One such group is LifeLine Animal Project, a non-profit shelter and clinic in Atlanta where more than 25,000 spaying and neutering procedures have been conducted since the organization’s founding in 2005.
- Q: What are the benefits of having my cat spayed or neutered?
- Spaying and neutering are the sole methods of reducing or eliminating this problem.
- In addition, owning a cat that has been spayed or neutered will make your life easier in the long run.
- A: No, not at all.
- The majority of the places are overrun by kittens.
- There just aren’t enough homes for all of the kittens that are born during the kitten season every year.
- According to popular belief, animals should have a litter or go into heat before they are spayed.
- All of the advantages of spaying or neutering your pet are amplified if you do so before the animal reaches puberty, as explained in the previous section.
- As long as they are at least eight weeks old and weigh at least two pounds, they are allowed to be kept.
Those preconceived notions regarding the necessity of waiting are completely out of date, and the data shows that they are incorrect. Even the American Veterinary Medical Association advocates for the spaying and neutering of animals at an early age.
Cats may go into heat at a very early age. It is possible for them to produce a litter as early as six months of age, and they can have up to three litters every year. Also, if you’ve ever been in the presence of a cat in heat, you know how uncomfortable it can be for people. They yowl incessantly and with great volume. They want to get away from the situation. It has a significant impact on their conduct. And every unneutered male cat in the area will be at your door, begging to be let in via the front door.
- It’s a very horrible experience to have had.
- That’s something I can’t afford.
- A: There are several low-cost solutions available around the country.
- You may enter your zip code and see all of the possibilities that are within a specific radius of your location.
- Q: Don’t cats gain weight after they’ve been spayed or neutered?
- I propose that cats be kept inside, so that you can provide them with enough environmental enrichment to keep them content.
- Make hiding and playing areas for them to take advantage of.
- Don’t give your cat free food.
- A: We do not encourage keeping cats that are allowed to wander freely.
- A neutered he-tendency cat’s to travel is usually curbed by neutering him, however cats are a little different from dogs in that they wander for purposes other than breeding, such as hunting.
- Unaltered males are also more susceptible to feline leukemia and HIV than changed males.
Q: My cat has a tendency to spray all over my house. Is it possible that neutering them will put an end to this? A: It is quite likely to happen. It will almost surely alleviate the hormonal need to spritz your clothes. Neutering your pet as soon as possible will give you the best chance of avoiding that temptation completely. It is recommended that you take your neutered cat to the veterinarian if he or she continues to spray. It might be a problem with conduct, or it could be a problem with health.
Your risk of developing breast cancers will be decreased as a result.
You remove the possibility of testicular disease in male cats, and you eliminate the possibility of uterine disease in female cats. In general, pets that have been spayed or neutered enjoy longer and happier lives.
Reasons to Spay or Neuter Your Cat
Spaying or neutering your cat is one of the most thoughtful gifts you can give him or her, as well as to your entire family. Not only can these routine medical operations aid in the prevention of pet overpopulation, but they may also assist to avoid the development of medical and behavioral issues, allowing your cat to have a longer, healthier, and happier existence as well. Maintaining the health of your cat
What happens during spaying and neutering surgery?
Spaying a female cat involves the surgical removal of the cat’s ovaries and uterus, whereas neutering a male cat involves the surgical removal of the cat’s testicles. Despite the fact that these procedures are performed on a normal basis with little difficulties, only licensed veterinarians are permitted to do them. Prior to surgery, your veterinarian may do a thorough physical examination of your cat and extract a sample of his blood for laboratory testing to be done later. Both spaying and neutering procedures are performed while your cat is under general anaesthetic in order to reduce pain and suffering.
The majority of cats return to their usual selves within a few days.
The surgical site will normally recover within two weeks of the procedure.
Why should I spay or neuter my cat?
Spaying or neutering your cat helps to minimize the number of unwanted births, which in turn helps to lessen the overcrowding of cats in shelters. Every year, hundreds of thousands of unwanted animals wind up in shelters or on the streets. Only a select handful are adopted; the most majority are either killed or die as a result of trauma, exposure, malnutrition, or disease, among other causes. By having your cat spayed or neutered, you may help to avoid this tragedy from occurring. Another advantage of spaying or neutering is that it minimizes or completely eliminates sexual activities in cats that are often considered a nuisance by their owners.
It is no longer necessary to hear the mournful wailing of female cats in heat.
Will my cat’s personality change after being fixed?
The fact that your cat has been spayed or neutered is unlikely to impact his or her basic nature, other from the previously described behavioral modifications. Male cats, on the other hand, may become more docile after being neutered. Following spay/neuter surgery, cats’ playfulness, general levels of activity, enthusiasm, and vocalization are not likely to change in any significant way.
Will my cat gain weight after surgery?
As a result of a decrease in wandering and other sexual activity in neutered males and spayed females, both males and females have an increased tendency to acquire weight.
Weight gain, on the other hand, may be avoided with careful nutrition control and physical activity. Male cats who have been neutered prior to adolescence do not acquire the huge head and thick skin that are characteristic of intact males.
When should I spay/neuter my cat?
Cats as young as six weeks of age can be safely spayed or neutered if they are otherwise healthy. When compared to cats that have surgery later in life, studies have indicated that cats who have surgery when they are less than six months old do not have an increased risk of developing physical or behavioral issues. Spaying and neutering at a young age can help to avoid undesirable behaviors before they arise. Spaying or neutering should be explored for any pet with a behavioral problem, regardless of age, if it hasn’t previously been done in that situation.
In order to obtain further information, speak with your veterinarian or veterinary behaviorist.
Getting Your Cat Fixed: What To Expect
It is advantageous to get your cat spayed or neutered for a multitude of reasons. During this video, our veterinarians discuss when you should have your cat or kitten spayed or neutered, as well as the benefits of doing so.
When should I spay or neuter my cat?
The procedure of spaying or neutering your cat has a number of advantages.. Our veterinarians explain whether it is appropriate to spay or neuter your cat or kitten, as well as the advantages of doing so.
Spaying VS Neutering
The sterilization of male animals is known as neutering. This is accomplished by the surgical removal of the animal’s testicles. Female animals are sterilized by spaying or neutering. Women are sterilized by removing the organs that produce their eggs and sperm.
Benefits of Spaying or Neutering Your Cat
Women who neuter their female cats before they go into heat have a lower chance of developing malignant mammary tumors later in their lives. Spaying also helps to minimize your cat’s risks of acquiring a uterine infection as well as malignancies of the reproductive organs, which are both preventable. When female cats are spayed, undesirable habits such as excessive and excessive love, intense rubbing on surfaces, marking territory with urine, the urge to travel, and heat-induced howling can be minimized, among others.
- It helps to lessen undesirable behaviors such as cat aggressiveness and wandering, which can assist to lower your cat’s chance of being injured or killed.
- Cat overpopulation is a severe issue in the United States.
- Every year, there are more kittens born than there are available homes for them.
- By spaying or neutering your cat, you are assisting in the reduction of the incidence of cat homelessness and euthanasia in your neighborhood.
The benefits of spaying or neutering your cat cannot be overstated. If you’re ready to get your cat or kitten fixed,contact one of our PetVet hospitalstoday to book an appointment.
What is spaying surgery – the technique for spaying a cat – and why do we perform it? Spaying or desexing is the surgical removal of a female (queen) cat’s internal reproductive structures, which include her ovaries (site of ova/egg production), Fallopian tubes, uterine horns (the two long tubes of the uterus where the foetal kittens develop and grow), and a section of her uterine body. Spaying or desexing is the surgical removal of a female (queen) cat’s internal reproductive structures, which include her (the part of the uterus where the uterine horns merge and become one body).
- The image has been labeled to provide you with a clear idea of the reproductive tissues that are removed during the procedure.
- Not-in-heat adultcats and kittens (early age spay) have considerably smaller and stretchier reproductive organs than cats who are in heat during the breeding season (which is why we vets prefer to perform spay surgery on animals that are not in season).
- It is important to remove these structures for a variety of reasons, including feline population control, feline genetic disease control, prevention and/or treatment of a variety of medical disorders, and modification of female cat behavior (e.g.
- roaming, calling for males – and spaying, byremoving the source of female hormones like estrogen, may help to resolve these issues).
- We are unable to give you with a video of the cat spaying surgery; nevertheless, we hope that our extensive virtual guide to feline spaying will provide you with enough visual information to assist you in understanding the cat spaying method and the procedures involved.
- The entire feline spaying operation, excluding the time required for anaesthetic induction and skin preparation, takes around 5 to 15 minutes.
- SENSITIVE READERS MAY BE DISTURBED.
Images 1 and 2: The cat must be anesthetized prior to the spaying process being conducted, both to ensure that it does not move during the procedure and to ensure that it does not suffer any discomfort throughout the treatment.
Image 3: This is a photograph of a cat’s belly (abdomen) being cut free of fur prior to the performance of female cat desexing surgery.
Veterinary nurses take great care to prevent harming the female cat’s nipples with the clippers during pre-surgical shaving, yet these nipples are small and easily nicked.
Don’t be concerned if you notice a cut nipple!
When the cat’s tummy has been trimmed in preparation for a spaying treatment, this is what it will look like in picture 4.
Before desexing surgery, this photo shows the abdomen of a female cat being cleaned with an antiseptic/antibacterial solution (chlorhexidine scrub and alcohol) to prepare it for the procedure.
The fourth step in the cat spay procedure is to drape the cat spay location.
The cat’s head may be found in the upper right-hand corner of the photograph.
An inch or so below the animal’s umbilical scar (a little white scar in the center of its belly where formerly joined the umbilical chord), on the midline of the abdomen, is where the first incision (which can be anywhere from 1-3cm long) is made to begin the procedure.
The purpose of this drape is to direct the veterinary surgeon’s attention to the spay area.
Additionally, the drape serves as a sterile surface on which the veterinarian can lay surgical equipment at various points throughout the procedure.
Photograph 8: A tiny incision is made in the cat’s skin (typically around 1cm long, but it can be as long as 3-4 cm long) roughly 1 inch below the umbilical scar on the abdomen midline, just below the umbilical scar.
The fat is the white, glossy material in the center of the incision line that is surrounded by blood vessels.
The veterinarian will frequently trim a tiny bit of this fat away, providing for easy access to and visualization of the cat’s abdominal wall muscles during the procedure.
When cutting along a central line of scar tissue that connects the right and left sides of an animal’s abdominal wallmusculature, the veterinarian is aiming for a clean cut.
By cutting through scar tissue rather than the red muscle on either side of the linea alba, the veterinarian is able to limit the amount of bleeding that occurs while accessing the cat’s abdominal cavity for the first time.
Photograph 12: It is possible to view the opening that leads into the abdominal cavity.
a spay hook is introduced into the abdominal cavity of a cat in order to hook and draw up the first uterine horn (see image 12).
13 shows the first uterine horn being raised up and dragged out via the abdominal incision line, as seen in the photo.
A mosquito hemostat is used to raise the blood vessels (artery and vein) feeding the cat’s ovary and clamp them shut.
As a result of the traumatization and crushing of the ovarian blood arteries, they spasm and constrict in diameter, which helps to prevent significant ovarian pedicle bleeding after the ovary is removed.
(the general term for the blood vessels – artery and vein – supplying the ovary is theovarian pedicle).
Photographs 16 and 17: Additional photos of the suture (also known as a ligature) being wrapped around the blood veins feeding the ovary.
A little knot is left behind after the ligature has been tied and knotted securely.
PROCEDURE FOR SPAYING STEP 8: The ovarian pedicle is severed above the sutures, completing the procedure.
In order for the blood vessels (in this case, the ovarian artery) to remain intact when they are incised, the cut must be made above the level of the hemostat clamp and the ovarian pedicle ligature.
This is how the ovarian pedicle appears after it has been sliced in half, as seen in picture 19.
A caudal reflection (i.e., towards the animal’s tail) is seen of the ovary, which is still linked to its uterine horn.
Image 20: This is a photograph of the second uterine horn being pushed up and dragged out via the abdominal spay incision line of a cat that has had surgery.
When the second ovary is removed, these hemostat clamps crush and traumatize the ovarian blood arteries, forcing them to spasm and decrease in diameter, hence reducing the risk of excessive ovarian pedicle bleeding.
It is used to occlude and tie off ovarian blood arteries that supply the ovary, limiting excessive ovarian pedicle bleeding when the ovary is cut off from the rest of the reproductive system.
In order to cut through the ovarian pedicle that supplies the second ovary after it has been placed, a scalpel must first be used to cut through the first.
PROCEDURE FOR SPAYING A CAT The uterine body is exposed and ligated in the tenth step.
One or more hemostats are clamped over the uterine body, just below the level of the uterine horns and just above the level of the cervix, to prevent the uterus from contracting (thecervixis a sphincter-like muscle band located further down the uterine body, which forms a physical barrier between the abdominally-located uterus and the pelvically-located vagina).
What the suture does is block off the entrance to the uterus so that it cannot be accessed from the outside world.
When the uterine body is removed, the uterine blood vessels (the uterine arteries and veins) that run down either side of the uterine body and nourish the uterus are occluded.
Image 26: The ligature has now been secured around the feline uterine body, and the surgeon is just clipping the long suture ends away from the knot in order to complete the procedure.
A buildup of suture material can result in discomfort and inflammation developing inside the abdomen, as well as the formation of adhesions (where the organs get stuck together by scar tissue) between the organs themselves.
Image 28: PROCEDURE FOR SPAYING STEP 11: A second ligature is wrapped around the uterine body and secured in place.
The uterine body is transected at the 12th step of the FELINE SPAYING PROCEDURE (cut off).
This effectively brings the procedure of removing the uterus from the female cat to a conclusion.
This is a surgical treatment that cannot be reversed.
Photographs 30 and 31: The surgeon closes the hole in the abdominal wall musculature using absorbable suture material that will dissolve over time (linea alba).
A longer-lasting suture (a suture that loses strength and absorbs more slowly) is frequently used to seal the linea alba in order to accommodate for the slower healing of this section of skin.
Image 32: The linea alba has been sutured back together to seal the wound.
Photo 33: The suture is used to seal the subcutaneous fat layer (also known as the SC or sub-q layer) of the skin.
Basically, whatever open space or gap you leave in a surgical site will eventually become a pool of fluid.
STEP 15 OF THE SPAYING PROCEDURE: The skin layer is sutured back together.
In 10-14 days, these will need to be removed from the property.
These are referred to as intradermal sutures, and they do not need to be removed after the procedure.
The following link will take you from this cat spaying technique page to the Pet Informed main page: The following link will take you from this feline spaying process page to our instructive Spaying Cats website: For additional information about spaying a pregnant cat, please see this link.
All intellectual property rights are reserved and protected under Australian copyright laws.
Shauna O’Meara BVSc, the owner of this Pet Informed website, no photos or graphics from this website may be used without her consent (Hon).
It is possible that other clinics and veterinarians will disagree with the approach depicted on this page or will choose to employ a different variant of the procedure illustrated on this page.
There are several desexing treatments documented in the veterinary literature today, each with their own set of advantages and disadvantages.
The information contained in this document is NOT an instructional handbook for doing this procedure on your own pets at home.
The following are alternative, including slang and misspelled, synonyms for cat desexing: nuter, nutered, nutering; sterilise, sterilisation, sterilising; sterilize, sterilization; sterilizing; desex, desexing; desexed; fix; fixed; fixing; spay; spayed; speying; the “snip” and the “chop.” The following are alternative synonyms for cat desexing: neuter, neutered, neu