How To Nuter A Cat

Neutering in Cats

The surgical treatment described technically as orchidectomy or orchiectomy is referred to as neutering and castration in the layman’s language. To sterilize a male cat, the testicles are removed from both of his testicles during this process.

Why should I have my cat neutered?

A male cat’s behavior will alter significantly after he enters adolescence, making him a less appealing companion for many people. He will become territorial and begin to mark territory, even locations within the house, with pee spray. This urine has a particularly foul odor that is difficult to remove after it has been exposed to air. Tomcats attain sexual maturity at a young age and begin to expand their territory, becoming increasingly disoriented and straying further away from the home, particularly at night.

By expanding his domain, he raises the probability that he may come into contact with other cats and become embroiled in a battle for territorial control.

Fight wounds can become infected and develop abscesses, which can be fatal.

These incurable illnesses are more frequent in male cats that have not been neutered than in female cats.

When should I have my cat neutered?

When selecting the best time to neuter a kitten, there are a variety of issues to consider, including health considerations, behavioral considerations, and the environment in which your cat will be kept. Consult with your doctor to identify the most appropriate timing for neutering your pet.

What does the operation involve?

A general anesthesia will be administered to your cat. “Your veterinarian will advise you on how long you should refrain from eating or drinking before surgery.” Prior to the treatment, you will need to restrict your pet’s food intake; however, he or she should have unlimited access to water throughout the fasting period. Your veterinarian will advise you on how long you should refrain from eating before your procedure. Small incisions are made in the scrotum of male cats, and the testicles are removed from their bodies.

What surgical complications could arise?

Castration surgery is generally associated with few risks; but, as with any surgical operation, there is always a tiny possibility of complications. The following are examples of potential complications: Anesthesia-related complications Any cat may experience an unanticipated unpleasant response following the administration of a medication or anesthesia, regardless of the species. Such occurrences are hard to forecast, but they are luckily quite infrequent. When a cat is not adequately fasted before to anesthesia, there is another possible hazard linked with anaesthetic.

The cat may vomit while under anesthesia or in the early post-anesthetic period if there is food still in its stomach, which may allow the food to enter the cat’s lungs and induce aspiration pneumonia, which is a potentially life-threatening illness.” Having your pet’s blood drawn before surgery is a good idea since it can detect any pre-existing abnormalities that could interfere with their ability to take anesthetic medicines during the procedure.” The hazards linked with anesthesia will be increased if you are sick.

Having your pet’s blood drawn before surgery is a good idea since it can detect any pre-existing abnormalities that could interfere with their ability to tolerate anesthetic medicines during the procedure.

It is critical that all pre-operative instructions are rigorously followed, and that any symptoms of sickness are reported to your veterinarian before any surgery is performed, in order to reduce the dangers to your cat during the procedure.

Infection that occurs after surgery. This is an uncommon occurrence that can arise either inside or surrounding the incision area. Antibiotics may usually be used to control the infection in the majority of instances.

What adverse effects might castration have on my cat?

It has been observed that neutering has no negative consequences in the great majority of cats. In certain cats, particularly the Siamese breed, the hair that comes back over an operation site may be noticeably darker than the hair that grows back over the rest of the body. This is thought to be due to a variation in the skin temperature. This darker spot normally fades away with the next molt, as the hair is replaced in a natural manner.

Does castration cause my cat to get fat?

Neutering does have the effect of slowing your cat’s metabolism, which may result in a more inactive lifestyle. You can avoid this from happening by keeping an eye on your cat’s bodily health and making suitable modifications to their nutrition and lifestyle – such as providing them with many opportunities for frequent exercise.

Spaying and Neutering

Unless you want to breed your new kitten for display or for profit in the future, there is no compelling reason not to have it neutered within its first few months of life. The most essential reason for removing a kitten’s reproductive organs—spaying in females and castration in males—is that these quick treatments will aid in the reduction of feline overpopulation in the long term. In the United States, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals estimates that millions of feral and unwanted domestic cats are born each year, most of whom are destined for a dismal existence—either completely abandoned or confined to overcrowded shelters, where they live a grim existence that is often relieved only through euthanasia.

  1. The fact that a female kitten should be spayed when she is three to six months old, when her reproductive organs are reaching maturity but before her breast tissue develops, would essentially minimize her chance of developing mammary cancer later in life, as Dr Looney points out.
  2. Looney points out that because spaying involves the removal of a female’s uterus, the treatment eliminates the likelihood of pyometra, a potentially deadly accumulation of pus in that reproductive organ, occurring.
  3. As for males, surgical removal of the testicles will almost certainly prevent the formation of testicular cancer, and it will almost certainly prevent the development of an enlarged prostate gland and, perhaps, the development of prostatic cancer as well.
  4. According to Dr.
  5. She estimates that the surgery may be finished in 15 to 20 minutes if everything goes according to plan.
  6. This is because general anesthesia, which is always required, may cause nausea and vomiting, which can be extremely dangerous for a sedated animal, and she must avoid eating for this period.
  7. This incision will disclose the precise location of the cat’s reproductive tract.

When the blood supply to the uterus is interrupted, the organ is removed from the animal’s abdomen along with the two ovaries that are still connected to the organ.

The patient will normally be stable and able to move around within an hour or two of the surgery being completed.

For the first week or so after surgery, the cat should be constantly monitored and kept as calm as possible in order to avoid any abdominal incisions from herniating.

It is necessary to shave and clean the scrotum of the sedated cat before a single incision is made over each testicle and the testicles are extracted.

Post-operative pain drugs may be provided; however, aspirin, ibuprofen, Tylenol®, and other over-the-counter medications should never be used without a veterinarian’s clearance since these products may be hazardous to cats if consumed in large quantities.

According to Dr. Looney, a neutered female or male cat is likely to be precisely the same as it was previous to the operation within two weeks of having its reproductive organs removed. However, the cat will not be able to reproduce after the process.

Cat Neutering: Cat Neuter Surgery From Start to Finish

Cat neutering has a number of advantages, but the decision to have your cat neutered is a personal and significant one. Get the facts straight first so that you may make the greatest decision for your male cat’s health.

Why Should I Neuter My Cat?

Pet parents typically choose to have cat neutering surgery performed on their cats based on advice from their physician or breeder. The majority of rescue groups and shelters demand that all male cats acquired from them be neutered.

Benefits of Neutering a Cat

The primary advantage of neutering a male cat is that it helps to reduce pet overpopulation. A neutered male cat is incapable of reproducing. Cat neutering has other advantages, such as a reduction in undesired habits and a reduction in some health risks. Cat neutering can significantly reduce behaviors such as wandering, hostility or fighting with other cats, and urine marking. In addition, a neutered male cat has no risk of acquiring testicular cancer and has a far reduced risk of having prostatitis, prostatic hyperplasia, and prostate cancer than an unneutered male cat.

The Process of Neuter Surgery

(1) Your cat will be examined and his bloodwork will be performed the same day or earlier by your veterinary team to ensure that he is healthy enough to undergo anaesthetic. (2) If your cat’s blood test is normal, he will be given an injection to sedate him and alleviate any fear or pain he may be experiencing, and then an intravenous catheter may be inserted in his leg to provide medication. After surgery, you may observe a patch of trimmed fur on one of your cat’s legs. This is normal. (3) After that, your cat will be put under general anesthesia.

  • Your cat may benefit from a testicular lidocaine block to alleviate discomfort.
  • (4) (5) Each testicle is removed with a scalpel blade or laser after the testicular attachments have been clamped and tied up to avoid bleeding.
  • The wounds are either left open or cemented shut with surgical adhesive after the testicles have been removed.
  • (7) Following surgery, your cat will be given an injection of pain medication and will awaken in the recovery room.
  • The majority of cats are able to return home the same day as their procedure.
  • This is not uncommon.

Is Neutering Painful for a Cat?

Cat neutering is a surgical operation that is both unpleasant and time-consuming. When all post-surgical guidelines are followed, most felines suffer minimal discomfort following surgery, thanks to the development of modern analgesics and a greater knowledge of pain management in cats.

This includes giving pain medicine to a cat even if the animal does not appear to be in any discomfort. It’s vital to keep your pet’s discomfort under control after any type of medical operation. Animals, as well as people, who are in pain require longer to recuperate.

How Do I Care for My Cat After Neuter Surgery?

In addition to being an unpleasant treatment, neutering your cat is also a surgical procedure. However, with the introduction of modern pain medicines and a greater knowledge of pain control in cats, most felines have minimal discomfort following surgery if all post-surgical guidelines are followed to the letter. This includes giving pain medicine to a cat even if the animal does not appear to be in any discomfort at all. When your cat has a medical operation, it is vital to keep his or her pain under control.

When Will My Cat Be Able to Resume Normal Activity?

The majority of cats may return to their usual activities within 3-5 days of their procedure. It is critical to keep your cat’s activity under control following surgery, since excessive movement can create swelling and open up the incision, making recovery more difficult. Make certain you adhere to any post-surgical instructions provided by your veterinarian to the letter.

Neutering your cat

Offspring attain sexual maturity around the age of 4 months, at which point they are capable of reproducing and giving birth to their own kittens. The majority of individuals do not have the time or want to breed from their cats, and they do not want to contribute to the already large number of unwanted cats and kittens searching for new homes in the community. Spaying and castration of cats (removal of the testicles in the male and the ovaries and uterus in the female) not only prevent unwanted pregnancies from occurring, but it also curbs unwanted behavioural patterns associated with sexual maturity and reduces the risk of certain diseases in both males and females.

Reasons for neutering female cats

  • Controlling the population. It is critical to neuter a female cat before she is able to reproduce and have kittens of her own. The rate of development varies based on the breed, the time of year the child is born, and the individual. The start of the first season is normally about six months, but it might be sooner. In a year, a queen can have up to three litters of babies. The suppression of annoyances. While not pregnant, female cats will “call” (come into season and be receptive to the male cat) on a regular basis, about every three weeks throughout sexually active seasons of the year if they do not get pregnant themselves. Having a large number of entire female cats in a given location will attract large numbers of complete male cats, resulting in issues such as spraying, fighting, and caterwauling. Concerns about welfare. Unwanted kittens may not be properly cared for, and they are more prone to contract numerous infectious illnesses such as cat flu or even worse. It seems doubtful that there will be enough new homes available for them in the near future. Problems with one’s health. The chances of developing pyometra (womb infection) and mammary tumors in female cats that have not been neutered increase with age and are not spayed or neutered. Queens who are infected with infectious illnesses are more likely to pass them on to their kittens. A woman’s health is at danger throughout pregnancy and childbirth. Concerns about wildlife. Feline mothers that have kittens will hunt more actively, and if they are not provided with enough food, they will have to gather more wildlife to provide for their offspring.
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Reasons for neutering male cats

  • The suppression of annoyances. In addition to straying across a vast region, unneutered male cats will mark their territory with a very stinky spray and are far more prone to fight, resulting in increased noise pollution and health problems for their owners. Fighting males are far more prone than non-fighting males to transmit infections such as FIV and FeLV to other cats. It’s also possible that they’ll get fight-related injuries such as abscesses. In addition, because they tend to wander across a vast area, they are at a higher risk of being involved in car accidents.
  • Concerns about pets. Male cats who have not been neutered will stray away from home and may not return. Occasionally, they will spray inside the house and may be violent towards their proprietors. As a result, it is preferable to neuter kittens at an early enough age to ensure that the aforementioned issues do not arise. The majority of individuals do not want to share their home with an unneutered male cat
  • Population control is important. Male cats do not produce kittens, and it only takes one male in a given region to cause a large number of female cats to get pregnant, therefore neutering a female cat makes a far greater effect in terms of decreasing the number of cats in a certain area, but it all helps

Sexing kittens

As a result, errors are frequently made while sexing puppies and kittens, especially in the early stages of development. If you have any questions, you should consult with your veterinarian (they will check prior to neutering anyway). See how to identify what sex a kitten is by looking at its markings.

Spaying a female

According to previous suggestions, all female cats should be permitted to produce a single litter of kittens every year at a time. This, on the other hand, is completely needless and provides no advantage to the cat in any way. Preventing a female from reaching sexual maturity is therefore better to doing so after she has reached this stage. When the cat reaches sexual maturity, he or she will begin to come into season, often known as ‘calling’. The sexual cycle of a cat takes place around every two to three weeks, and when a cat is ‘calling,’ as the term indicates, it can be a pretty raucous event!

In the event that you do not intend to breed from your female cat, having her spayed will prevent her from engaging in sexual behavior, increasing the likelihood of unintended pregnancies, and increasing the danger of illnesses linked with the genital tract later in life.

The fur at the location of the incision will need to be shaved before to surgery, and your veterinarian will ask you to refrain from feeding your pet the evening before the anaesthesia is administered.

Typically, your kitten will be able to return home the same day, and any skin stitches will be removed within 7 to 10 days of the procedure being completed.

Castrating a male

When it comes to preventing unwanted pregnancies, castrating a male is just as crucial as spaying a female. Moreover, whole male cats have a great urge to roam, to be aggressive to other male cats, to fight, and to establish their territory by spraying urine (frequently within the house!). Because of his aggressive behavior, an uncastrated male is at far greater risk of contracting dangerous infectious diseases such as feline immunodeficiency virus (also known as feline AIDS) and feline leukaemia virus, both of which are spread by cat bites.

As with the spay procedure, delaying food from the previous evening will be necessary in order to minimize the possibility of anaesthesia issues, and the kitten will normally be able to return home the same day.

Postoperative care

Cats often recover from their neutering surgery in a short period of time. Even though they may appear a bit tired for a few hours, they are normally fully awake and alert the next day. It is prudent to attempt to keep your kitten relatively quiet for a day or two in order to give the inside wounds time to heal properly. If your kitten, on the other hand, appears particularly quiet or dull, you should consult your veterinarian. A special collar or bandage may also be prescribed by your veterinarian if your kitten begins to lick or scratch excessively at the skin sutures.

It is crucial to note that once a cat has been neutered, there is a greater likelihood that the cat may become overweight.

Dark patches of fur in Siamese and related breeds

Some cats’ hair color is determined by their skin temperature, which is crucial to note (eg, Siamese cats). This implies that when a patch of hair is shaved (for example, during a spay procedure), the new hair may be a darker color than the old hair. As hair development progresses, however, the black hairs are gradually replaced by regular, lighter-colored hairs, which are then replaced by even darker hairs.

Age for neutering

In the past, male and female cats were frequently neutered around the age of six months, although this was done after many cats had reached sexual maturity and was not based on any scientific reasoning. It is currently advised that neutering should be performed on a regular basis at roughly 4 months of age for social, health, and population control considerations. Further information on the timing of neutering may be found in the Cat Group Policy Statement (PDF).

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Neuter – Feline

Cat neutering, often known as an orchectomy in the medical community, is one of the most frequent surgical treatments we undertake. It is carried out for a variety of purposes, including:

  • Undoubtedly one of the most frequent surgical operations that we conduct is a cat neuter, which is referred to as an orchectomy in the medical community. For a variety of reasons, it is conducted.

Inherently territorial and prone to fighting, male cats are more susceptible to severe infections, particularly viral illnesses such as FeLV, FIP, and FiV. Neutering reduces the amount of fighting that occurs, as well as the spread of these dangerous communicable illnesses. For all of our cat neuters at the Long Beach Animal Hospital, we employ the carbon dioxide laser to sterilize the cats. Almost no blood occurs during the procedure, and, perhaps more critically, there is less swelling and discomfort following the procedure as a result.

  1. Having a jaded perspective when it comes to regular procedures like neuters, which are performed in the millions every year, especially at low-cost spay and neuter clinics, can be difficult to overcome.
  2. Please bring your pet in for a preanesthetic assessment and blood test a few days before any operation to ensure that your pet is healthy enough to undergo anesthesia.
  3. We require your cat to be at the hospital between 7:30 a.m.
  4. on the day of surgery.
  5. Allow your pet to drink water throughout the night.
  6. After the operation is completed and your cat is awake, our surgeon will contact you to discuss the results.
  7. Please contact our office by 4 p.m.
  8. If you need to pick up something later, we are open until midnight.

Graphic surgical photos later in this page

Regardless of how commonplace the operation is, pre-anesthetic preparation is critical for every procedure we conduct. Prior to surgery, we do a physical examination on each of our neuters. Following this examination, a tiny sample of blood will be drawn for an in-hospital pre-anesthesia test. We will provide a sedative after everything is in working order. Pets are more relaxed during this process, which makes the actualanesthetic administration and post-operative recovery much more comfortable for everyone.

  1. Cat neuter surgery is a quick and simple treatment that requires just a tiny dose of anesthesia to complete.
  2. Even when our patient is undergoing anesthesia, our physician is already in our surgical suite preparing tools for the procedure.
  3. When the anesthesiologist provides the go-ahead, the operation can begin quickly after that.
  4. All of this is done in order to reduce the amount of time spent under anesthesia.
  5. We can get an early notice when a problem is about to occur thanks to monitors like these.

Surgery

Regardless of how commonplace the procedure is, pre-anesthetic preparation is critical in every case. Upon arrival at our facility, all of our neuters are given a thorough physical assessment. Following this examination, we will sample a tiny volume of blood for use in an in-hospital pre-anesthesia testing procedure. A sedative will be administered once all of the necessary checks have been completed. Pets are more relaxed throughout this process, which makes the actualanesthetic administration and post-operative recuperation much more comfortable for the owner and their companions.

  • Surgery to neuter a cat is a quick and simple process that requires just a minimal quantity of anesthesia.
  • Even when our patient is undergoing anesthesia, our surgeon is already in our surgical suite preparing instruments for the operation.
  • The procedure begins shortly after the anesthesiologist provides the go-ahead.
  • Ultimately, the goal is to keep anesthesia time to a minimum.
  • We can get an early notice when an issue is about to occur because of monitors like these.
  • Saturation with oxygen CO2 concentrations are high.

Laser Surgery

Regardless of how commonplace the operation is, pre-anesthetic preparation is critical in every procedure we conduct. Prior to surgery, we perform a physical examination on all of our neuters. Following this examination, we will sample a tiny volume of blood for use in an in-hospital pre-anesthesia examination. We will provide a sedative after everything has been checked. Pets are more relaxed during this process, which makes the actualanesthetic administration and post-operative recuperation much more efficient.

  1. Cat neuter surgery is a quick process that requires only a minimal dose of anesthesia.
  2. Even when our patient is undergoing anesthesia, our physician is already in our surgical suite preparing tools for our procedure.
  3. When the anesthesiologist provides the go-ahead, the operation can begin immediately.
  4. All of this is done in order to reduce anesthetic time.
  5. Early warning systems such as this one provide us with an early notice of an oncoming crisis.

Ask a Vet: All You Need to Know About Spay/Neuter Surgery

Pre-anesthetic preparation is critical in every operation we conduct, no matter how basic. Prior to surgery, we do a thorough examination on each of our neuters. Following this examination, we will sample a little quantity of blood for an in-hospital pre-anesthesia test. When everything is in working condition, we will administer a sedative. This will help to soothe the pet and make the administration of the actualanesthetic, as well as the post-operative recuperation, much more comfortable. The procedure can begin when the pet has been sedated, readied for surgery, and had its monitoring equipment connected up and reading appropriately.

  1. This is a sterile procedure, and our surgeon begins the pre-operative process by washing his hands with a special soap.
  2. Our surgeon is prepared to begin even before our patient has reached an appropriate level of anesthetic.
  3. We want our surgeon to be waiting for his patient, not the other way around.
  4. We maintain a tight eye on critical physiologic indicators during all of our procedures.
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This machine keeps track of the following: Temperature The rate of your heartbeat The heart’s beat Saturation of the air with oxygen CO2 concentrations The rate at which one breathes In addition to our monitoring technology, our anesthesiologist maintains “hands-on” involvement in the monitoring of critical physiologic indicators.

How are spay and neuter surgeries performed?

Both of these sterilization treatments are performed under general anesthesia, with your pet completely unconscious and intubated during the surgery (with a breathing tube in his or her throat). One exception is the cat neuter, which is performed using a face mask instead of anesthesia because it is such a quick procedure. In order to make your pet asleep and to alleviate discomfort, he will be given an injection of medicine prior to obtaining general anaesthetic. While your pet is under anesthesia, a machine will monitor his oxygen level and heart rate to ensure that he is safe.

  1. Male cat surgery is performed in such a short period of time that the cats are not placed on a heating blanket during the procedure, but are instead placed on one shortly following the procedure.
  2. Through this incision, the reproductive system, including both ovaries and the uterus, is totally removed from the body.
  3. Skin glue, skin staples, or stitches are used to seal the wound on the skin.
  4. This incision is used to remove both testicles at the same time.

Skin glue, skin staples, or stitches are used to seal the wound on the skin. In male cats, an incision is created in the skin of the scrotum and the testicles are removed through this incision. Even if the incision has not been sealed, it will shut on its own over time.

How old does an animal have to be before she/he can he spayed or neutered?

Healthy dogs and cats can be sterilized as young as eight weeks of age if they weigh more than two pounds in body weight and are otherwise healthy.

How long does the surgery take?

A male cat neutering procedure may be completed in less than 2 minutes! The time required to neuter a male dog ranges from five to twenty minutes, depending on his age and size at the time of the neutering. The average time for a female cat to be spayed is fifteen to twenty minutes, depending on her age and where she is in her reproductive cycle. Depending on her age, size, and whether or not she is in heat, a female dog spay can take anywhere from twenty to ninety minutes, or even longer. Female animals in heat can take a longer time to reproduce because their reproductive tracts are significantly more delicate and contain more blood while they are in heat, making reproduction more difficult.

What’s the recovery like?

We utilize a reversible anesthetic injection for the majority of cats, which allows them to recover extremely fast. The majority of the time, they are awake enough to wander about within about 10 to 20 minutes. Dogs require a bit more time, ranging from 15 to 30 minutes. The longer procedures are frequently accompanied by slightly longer wake-up periods.

Are there any risks or complications?

As a result, most cats recover extremely rapidly after receiving a reversible anesthetic dose. The majority of the time, kids are awake enough to wander about after 10-20 minutes. It takes between 15 and 30 minutes for dogs to become ready. The longer procedures are frequently accompanied by somewhat longer recovery durations thereafter.

Is the surgery painful?

Animals experience pain in the same way as humans do, and surgery is not painless. We have the most up-to-date methods of pain treatment available. All animals are given pain medication before surgery begins and again as needed after surgery to alleviate any discomfort. The idea is to provide pets with as much comfort as possible.

Neutering the Male Cat – Mar Vista Animal Medical Center

NEUTERING THE MALE CATWHY NEUTERING IS A GOOD IDEA Neutering a male cat is an excellent step to help your young man grow into a loving, well adapted household citizen. The main reason to neuter a male cat is to reduce the incidence of objectionable behaviors that are normal in the feline world but unacceptable in the human world. A neutered male cat has had his testicles removed, not only ending his ability to reproduce but also removing his source of testosterone and his interest in hormone-driven behaviors.
ROAMING More than 90% will reduce this behavior with neutering.Approximately 60% reduce this behavior right away.
FIGHTING More than 90% will reduce this behavior with neutering.Approximately 60% reduce this behavior right away.
URINE MARKING More than 90% will reduce this behavior with neutering.Approximately 80% reduce this behavior right away.

Other advantages of neutering include a significant reduction in cat urine odor, a decrease in the prevalence of eczema, and a decrease in the incidence of gingivitis (gum inflammation). Reduced fighting and roaming help an outdoor male cat reduce his risk of FIV infection, bite wounds and associated abscesses, automobile-related trauma, dog/coyote-related injury, and other outdoor lifestyle situations that arise as a result of traveling away from home and living in an unfamiliar environment.

The adult tomcat is designed for fighting, with a powerful physique and thickenings on his face (known as shields) to defend him from the fangs of his combat adversaries.

Male cat neutered prior to puberty Male cat neutered after reaching puberty

(Source: marvistavet.com, original graphics) WHAT EXACTLY DOES “EARLY” NEUTERING MEAN? In the past, it was normal practice for animal shelters to adopt out a young male kitten, with the new owner paying a neuter fee that was repaid after the cat was neutered at the typical age of six months. The difficulty has been that new owners have not returned, and young cats have gone unneutered for an extended period of time. Due to the fact that studies have discovered that about 70% of feline litters are unplanned and that there is now a major feline overpopulation problem, the necessity of neutering cannot be overstated.

There has been considerable debate over this technique because it goes against tradition, and there have been concerns raised regarding whether or not it has any harmful health repercussions.

This has not turned out to be the case.

Kittens that are neutered too early may be stunted or underweight.

Early neutered kittens will have a constricted urethra, which will put them at risk for urinary obstruction in the future. This has also not shown to be true. Male cats’ urethral diameters do not differ depending on their age at the time of neutering.

Early neuter predisposes to capital physis fracture or slipping.There is actually some truth to this one so let us explain this orthopedic problem. “Physis” is the medical term for a bone growth plate. A bone growth plate is the area on an immature bone where the bone is actively growing in length. The bone in this area is softer and the two pieces can slip apart creating a problem for the growing bone. The “capital physis” is the growth plate of the head of the femur (one of the hip bones). If it slips, then surgery (afemoral head and neck osteotomy) is needed to restore function. Early neuter is one of several factors correlated to slipping a capital physis, the other risk factors being male gender, and being overweight. The problem seems to be a combination of being overweight and having delayed closure of the growth plates (as occurs with neuter before age 6 months). This injury is not common among early neutered kittens but early neutered kittens are overrepresented among cats with this injury. A 2002 study out of Cornell University which followed 1600 cats for 11 years found no diseases, injuries or other issues common in kittens neutered between ages 3.5 months and 6 months versus those neutered after age 6 months. Our hospital supports early neutering but prefers that kittens presented for neutering weigh at least 3 lbs so that the tissues are not too difficult to manipulate. Growth plates are shown in green, exceptcapital physes which are shown in red.(original graphic by marvistavet.com)

HOW DOES IT WORK EXACTLY? The neutering of a cat is one of the most straightforward surgical operations performed in the field of veterinary medicine. The cat is fasted overnight in order to conduct anesthesia on an empty stomach the following day. Using a tiny incision, the testicles are removed from their respective sacs in the scrotum. In either case, the cords are pulled free and connected together, or a thin suture is used to bind the cords together and the testicle is cut free. It is not necessary to use any type of stitching since the skin incision on the scrotum is tiny enough.

The majority of facilities, including ours, discharge kittens the same day they are operated on.

It is recommended that the kitten not be bathed until the wounds have healed, which should take 10-14 days from the time of operation.

We have put together a slide show to walk you through an actual feline neuter. These are actual surgical photographs. We invite you into the surgery suite to see how it’s done.Click hereto view the Feline Neuter Slide Show.
Page last updated: 7/25/2018 Page last reviewed: 5/7/2020

Cat Spaying/Neutering: What To Know & How To Care For Your Cat

Wellness Although you may like your feline companion, the tragic fact is that there are millions of cats and kittens in the world that will never be able to find a permanent home. As animal shelters continue to struggle with congestion, spaying or neutering your cat is a sensible approach for keeping the population under control (and ensuring that all cats have safe, loving homes). For pet owners, spaying or neutering their cats is a simple way to feel good about allowing their cats to associate with other cats or to wander freely around the backyard or neighborhood without anxiety.

In fact, both the ASPCA and the Humane Society strongly suggest it for both domestic cats and feral cats in the neighborhood.

Rachel Mar, a veterinarian and blogger at The Vitality Vet, who provided us with further information on whether you should spay or neuter your cat, what to anticipate post-surgery, and other topics.

What is spaying or neutering a cat? What’s the difference?

Male and female cat spaying and neutering are basically the same procedure (both remove a cat’s capacity to procreate), however spaying applies to female cats while neutering refers to male cats.

When should a cat be spayed or neutered?

Most veterinarians suggest that cats be spayed or neutered before they reach the age of five months. Why? In general, younger cats recover from surgery more quickly, with the majority of cats returning to their normal selves within a week after the procedure. Spaying or neutering a cat earlier in its life reduces the likelihood of the cat developing future health problems, such as mammary cancers. In spite of the fact that spaying or neutering an older cat has not been demonstrated to pose any additional dangers, it is preferable to do it when the cat is younger in order to avoid avoidable medical issues in the future.

Questions about spaying/neutering?

Don’t be surprised.

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How does spaying a cat work?

Dr. Mar says that “specifically, spaying” is defined as “the removal of the complete uterus and ovaries from the body” in female cats who have had an ovariohysterectomy (a procedure in which the entire uterus and ovaries are removed from the body). “They can also be deemed spayed if only the ovaries and uterine horns are removed, and the uterus itself is left in place,” says the veterinarian. “The latter procedure is less widely used and is not typically recommended,” she explains.

How does neutering a cat work?

In certain circles, neutering a male cat is referred to as castration since both testicles are removed during the neutering procedure. They will no longer be able to fertilize or produce kittens after their reproductive organs have been removed.

Should you spay or neuter your cat?

Animal rights organizations and veterinarians are unanimous in their recommendation that you spay or neuter your cat. In order to control overcrowding and avoid undesired breeding, Dr. Mar recommends that both operations be performed on pets and stray animals.

How much does spaying/neutering a cat cost?

Animal rights organizations and veterinarians believe that spaying or neutering your cat is a wise decision. “Both treatments are highly recommended for pets, and they are even performed on stray animals in order to limit overcrowding and avoid undesired mating,” Dr. Mar continues.

Do spayed/neutered cats still go into heat?

No. Female cats are unable to go into heat after being spayed because their ovaries do not release estrogen and because their ovaries are removed during the spaying procedure. Until they are totally healed, neutered male cats may be able to go into heat and even impregnate a female cat for up to six weeks following their operation. It is therefore critical to keep them away from other cats until they are entirely recovered. A male cat who has had neutering surgery will not be able to reproduce when it has healed.

How long does it take a cat to recover from spaying/neutering?

Dr. Mar reminds out that animals, including cats, are highly resilient, and this is true for all of them. “Your cat may feel a little sore and fatigued for the first 24-48 hours following surgery, which is to be anticipated after any operation,” she notes. Nevertheless, pets are given pain medicines before or during surgery in order to guarantee that your pet is not in discomfort when they wake up,” says the veterinarian. Pain medication is usually prescribed for three to five days following the procedure to alleviate discomfort.

Are you worried about your cat?

In his remarks, Dr. Mar reminds out that animals, and cats in particular, are exceptionally resilient beings. “Your cat may be a little sore and weary for the first 24-48 hours following surgery, which is to be anticipated,” she says. In order to guarantee that your pet is not in discomfort when they wake up, pain medicines are administered to them before and during operation. It is customary to use pain relievers for three to five days following a procedure.

Cats that have been neutered will heal considerably more quickly than cats who have been spayed since removing an exterior organ such as the testicles does not involve opening up the stomach cavity and stitching as it does during spaying.

How to care for your cat after they’ve been spayed/neutered

Although cats will feel better within a day or two of surgery, owners will still need to monitor their cat’s activities to ensure that the sutures are not ruptured or strained throughout the recovery period. In Dr. Mar’s opinion, this is one of the reasons why an electronic collar (cone) is essential in cats after they have been spayed or neutered. Keeping your cat comfortable and administering pain medication as needed are the most important aspects of aftercare, as is restricting your cat’s activities to ensure that they heal as fast and easily as possible following their surgery.

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However, even though cats will feel better after a day or two of surgery, owners will need to monitor their cat’s activities to ensure that the sutures are not ruptured or stretched. explains Dr. Mar. “This is one of the reasons why an electronic collar (cone) is essential in cats after they have been spayed or neutered.” Keeping your cat comfortable and administering pain medication as needed are the most important aspects of aftercare, as is restricting your cat’s activities to ensure that they heal as fast and easily as possible following the procedure.

Spay/Neuter Your Pet

By having your pet spayed or neutered, you will be contributing to the management of the pet homelessness epidemic, which results in millions of healthy dogs and cats being killed in the United States each year simply because there aren’t enough homes for them to go around. Having your animals spayed (for female pets) or neutered (for male dogs) has also been shown to have medicinal and behavioral benefits. The following are some of the medicinal advantages:

  • You may expect your female pet to have a longer and healthier life. Spaying dogs and cats helps to avoid uterine infections and breast tumors, which are malignant or cancerous in around 50% of dogs and 90% of cats that are not spayed. The greatest prevention against these illnesses is to spay your pet before she has her first heat cycle. It is possible to avoid testicular cancer and several prostate issues by neutering your male partner

In addition, there are behavioral advantages:

  • Your female pet will not go into heat if she has been spayed. Women go into heat four to five days every three weeks throughout the mating season, however their cycles might vary depending on the individual cat. During this period, your male dog will be less likely to wander away from home since he will yowl and pee more regularly, sometimes all over the house in an effort to advertise for mates. When it comes to seeking a partner, an intact man will go to any length, even if it means devising novel ways to get out of the house. Once he’s out on the streets, he runs the risk of being hit by a car or getting into a battle with another male animal
  • Your neutered male may be more well-behaved. The likelihood of unneutered dogs and cats marking their territory by spraying strong-smelling urine all around the home increases with age. After having your dog neutered, he may be less prone to mount other dogs, humans, and inanimate things in the future. Some aggressiveness issues can be prevented if a dog is neutered at a young age.

Your female pet will not go into heat if she has been spayed or neutered. Women go into heat four to five days every three weeks during the breeding season, however their cycles might vary depending on the individual female cat. During this period, your male dog will be less likely to wander away from home because he will yowl and pee more frequently—sometimes all over the house in an effort to advertise for mates. When it comes to seeking a partner, an intact man will go to any length, even if it means devising novel ways to get away from home.

He runs the risk of being hit by a car and fighting with other male animals once he’s allowed to roam.

It’s possible that after having your dog neutered, he’ll be less prone to mount other dogs, humans, or inanimate things.

  • Your pet will not get overweight as a result of having him or her spayed or neutered. It is overfeeding and a lack of activity that will cause your pet to gain weight, not neutering. As long as you continue to give exercise and regulate her food consumption, your pet will remain in good shape. Although neutering can help with some behavioral issues, it is not a panacea. Although neutering your pet can typically minimize undesired behaviors that are caused by a greater amount of testosterone in the body, there is no assurance that your dog’s behavior will alter after he has been neutered or spayed. However, while the procedure will lessen the quantity of testosterone in your dog’s system, it will not fully remove the hormone from his system. The fact that your pet has learnt or has been accustomed to certain habits will not be diminished by neutering. Depending on your dog’s personality, physiology, and history, neutering might have a variety of consequences on him.

When Should You Neuter or Spay Your Pet?

  • As for dogs, while the conventional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as early as eight weeks old can be neutered if they are in good condition, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association. Adult dogs can also be neutered, albeit the risk of post-operative complications is slightly increased in older dogs, overweight dogs, and dogs with health issues. Cats should eat the following foods: Spaying or neutering kittens as early as eight weeks of age is typically regarded to be a risk-free procedure. At this time of year, surgery is frequently performed in animal shelters to sterilize kittens before they are placed up for adoption. It is recommended that you arrange the procedure before your own cat reaches the age of five months in order to avoid the onset of urine spraying and the possibility of pregnancy. It is possible to neuter a female cat while she is in heat
  • However, this is not recommended.

Consult with your veterinarian to identify the most appropriate timing for spaying or neutering your animal. Providing Assistance to Your Pet Before and After Surgery Pre-surgical instructions will be provided by your veterinarian facility, and you should adhere to them. Avoid feeding your cat any food after midnight the night before surgery, as a general rule of thumb. A puppy or kitten, on the other hand, need proper nourishment, and your veterinarian may recommend that you do not withhold food from them.

Despite the fact that your pet may suffer some discomfort during surgery, your veterinarian can take a variety of steps to alleviate the discomfort.

Depending on the operation performed, your pet may be given pain medicine to go home with him or her. Following are some suggestions for a safe and comfortable recovery:

  • Provide your pet with a quiet location to recuperate that is both inside and away from other pets. During the first two weeks following surgery, or as long as your veterinarian suggests, keep your pet from running and jumping around
  • By diverting your pet with food or by wearing an Elizabethan collar, you may prevent your pet from licking the incision site, which could result in infection. For at least ten days following surgery, refrain from washing your pet. Check the incision site on a regular basis to ensure that it is healing properly

Any redness, swelling, or discharge at the operation site, or if the incision is open, you should contact your veterinarian immediately to discuss it. Additionally, contact your veterinarian if your pet appears sluggish, has a decreased appetite, is vomiting or has diarrhea, or if you have any other concerns following surgery. Please see ourLow-Cost Spay/Neuter Programs page for information on low-cost spay/neuter programs in your region.

Getting Your Cat Fixed: What To Expect

Any redness, swelling, or discharge at the surgical site, or if the incision is open, you should contact your veterinarian right once! In addition, contact your veterinarian if your pet appears sluggish, has a decreased appetite, is vomiting or has diarrhea, or if you have any other concerns following surgery. Please visit ourLow-Cost Spay/Neuter Programs page to learn more about low-cost spay/neuter alternatives available in your community.

When should I spay or neuter my cat?

Despite the fact that kittens can be spayed or neutered as early as six to eight weeks old, the majority of spay and neuter procedures are performed when the kitten is between five and six months old, depending on the circumstances. Having said that, it’s essential to remember that, as long as your cat is in good condition, these treatments can be performed at any point in your cat’s lifetime.

Spaying VS Neutering

The sterilization of male animals is known as neutering. This is accomplished by the surgical removal of the animal’s testicles. Female animals are sterilized by spaying or neutering. Women are sterilized by removing the organs that produce their eggs and sperm.

Benefits of Spaying or Neutering Your Cat

The sterilization of male animals is known as neutering or sterilization. The testicles of the animals are surgically removed in this procedure. Female animals are spayed in order to be sterilized. Women are sterilized by removing the organs that produce their eggs and ovum.

The benefits of spaying or neutering your cat cannot be overstated. If you’re ready to get your cat or kitten fixed,contact one of our PetVet hospitalstoday to book an appointment.

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