How To Tell The Sex Of A Cat

How to Tell If a Cat Is Male or Female

A male cat can often be difficult to distinguish from a female cat, and it can be much more difficult to distinguish between a neutered male cat and a kitten. There are, however, several telltale signals and behaviors that can make determining a cat’s gender much easier than it otherwise would be. Unless the cat or kitten’s owner is a cat breeder, it’s critical to find a reputable veterinarian who can spay or neuter the pet once the cat or kitten has been correctly sexed.

Sexing Kittens

For people who are considering adopting a kitten, the likelihood is that the new companion is just a few weeks old. Newborns and kittens are so young that it is practically difficult to determine their gender at this stage. Once they reach the age of six or eight weeks, though, their genitalia becomes more visible. Menstrual discharge is not generally visible in male cats, and it is doubtful that the owner will be able to feel or view the cat’s scrotum in this situation. As a result, the absence of a penis or testicles does not always indicate that a kitten is female.

To do this, gradually lift the pet’s tail; begin by caressing the cat softly and scratching the lower back of the cat, as he or she may raise the tail involuntarily when purring begins.

  • In female cats, the genital area, which is the space right behind her tail, will appear as an upside-down exclamation point (!) with the lengthy slit of the vaginal area below the anus at the bottom. The anus and vagina are usually just about half an inch apart on either side of the body. Anus and vagina in kittens may both appear as dots, and they may even be located closer together than in humans. A wider gap exists between the anus and the penis in the male cat, with the testicles positioned in the middle of the divide. They are more like dots, circles, or the colon (:) than they are like slits or lines on either side of the aperture

Photograph by Fajrul Islam / Getty Images

Sexing Grown Cats

If you’re adopting a mature cat, use the same sexing process as you would for a kitten; this method is often effective for both neutered and “whole” cats alike. If a pet is not spayed or neutered, on the other hand, it will be easy to determine the gender of the animal based on both look and behavior. Once cats have been spayed or neutered, there is no discernible difference in their behavior between the sexes; any variances that do appear are most likely due to individual cat temperaments.

  • The testicles of unneutered tomcats are easily visible, and their jowls are larger than those of neutered tomcats. They also have distinct characteristics that begin to emerge when they approach adulthood. Male cats who have not been neutered have a tendency to be more energetic and aggressive. They’re also more prone than neutered toms to indicate their territory by spraying pee on their opponents’ property. A female cat who hasn’t been spayed will go into heat approximately every two weeks if she is not neutered. She may exhibit major behavioral changes during this period when she seeks a partner for the first time. Female cats that have not been spayed or neutered are more demanding of attention and verbally noisier during this period. Cats that have been spayed or neutered: Female cats that have been spayed will still display the upside-down “!” symbol, but if she is adopted as an adult, x-rays or an abdominal ultrasound may be required to certify that she has been spayed. When it comes to female cats, it’s critical to determine whether or not they’ve been spayed before they have an unintended litter. Even after being neutered, the majority of male cats will still have vestiges of a testicular sac visible, and the anus and penis will still be quite close together. Cats that have been neutered will not exhibit conventional male or female behaviour. Neutered males are typically more passive than “whole” men, while spayed females do not go into heat
  • Neutered males are generally more docile than “whole” males.

Sex-Based Differences in Appearance

While all cats have a similar appearance, several colors and physical characteristics are exclusive to a particular gender. A male cat with three-color calico or orange-and-black tortoiseshell hair, for example, would be highly unusual. In the case of people who have acalico or tortie cat, the odds are quite high that the pet is a female. When it comes to female cats, orange or ginger-colored (or orange-and-white striped) hair is quite difficult to find. A male cat is more likely to be found in the home of individuals who have an orange cat as a decoration.

Females going through heat may have vaginal discharge, and a pregnant cat may have a low-hanging, swollen tummy, according to the American Cat Association.

Always consult your veterinarian for health-related inquiries, since they have evaluated your pet and are familiar with the pet’s medical history, and they can provide the most appropriate suggestions for your pet.

How to determine a kitten’s sex

Download the fact sheet for more information. Remove your hand from beneath the tail and take a close look at what’s beneath it. The anus is the first opening under the base of the tail; below that is either the prepuce (skin around the penis) or the vulva (female genital entrance) (opening to the vagina).


  • In fact, the anus and vaginal entrance are so close together that they are virtually touching. It seems to be more of a vertical slit or a teardrop shape rather than a spherical hole in the vaginal entrance. Another indicator is the color of the coat: An almost usually female tricolor cat (such as a calico or tortoiseshell) can be identified by its coloration.


  • The distance between the anus and the penis is relatively large (about 1/2 inch between them)
  • In most cases, the penis is concealed, although the region around it will appear more like a circle rather than a slit. Even while the testicles won’t be clearly visible until the kitten is 6 to 10 weeks old, you should be able to see surplus hair and tissue between the anus and the penis, which is where the testicles will eventually develop. Still not convinced? Palpate the scrotum area (on a suspected male) gently with your thumb and forefinger using your index and middle fingers. Having a boy is easy to tell if you feel two little, oval-shaped items beneath the skin.


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How to Tell the Sex of a Cat – A Cat Sexing Guide

It’s a well-known story: you have a cat, and it’s almost certainly a male… When you take your cat to the clinic, you are informed that your male cat is actually a girl!! This is not uncommon since determining whether your cat is a boy or a girl is not as straightforward as many people believe. Even when a cat is neutered, the gender of the cat is not often immediately apparent, particularly when the cat in issue is a very young kitten. In order to determine if your cat is a male or a female, consider the following: It is possible to determine if your cat is male or female by picking it up and gently lifting the tail.

Male and female anus are separated by a smaller distance compared to male and female genitals, and this is often used as a guideline to determine the sex of a specimen.

Determining the Sex of a Kitten

In order to appropriately sex a kitten, it should be at least 6 weeks old. Before this age, the kitten is too young to notice the minute distinctions between males and females, making it impossible to distinguish between them. By the time they are approximately 6 to 8 weeks old, you should be able to tell the difference between them with reasonable ease. The penis and testicles, or the absence thereof, are not the distinguishing characteristics, as many people believe. The distance between the anus and the genitals is really the greatest distinguishing trait, with these parts being closer together in females than in men, and this gap is the most revealing feature.

  • Never pick up a cat of any age by their tail, and be careful not to allow them to move about while you are holding their tail up, since this can result in fractures in the tail joint.
  • For more information, see our tutorial on how to pick up a cat.
  • As soon as they raise their tail, you will be able to see everything on their rear end.
  • The two points are approximately half an inch apart and will appear as a dot and a line on the screen (like an upside-down exclamation mark).
  • In male cats, there is a greater space between the anus and the penis, with the testicles sandwiched between them, measuring over an inch.

These will seem more as dots than as lines on the screen. Once the kitten reaches the age of 10 weeks, the development of a scrotal sac will begin, which will grow more evident with time.

Determining the Sex of Older Cats

If the elder cat has not been neutered or spayed, it will be much easier to detect their gender than if they have been. A male cat’s testicles will be visible, and you may see certain aggressive behaviors typical with full males, like as clawing, biting, and marking territory. A female that has not been spayed will come into season on a regular basis, during which she may become more loud and attention-seeking as she seeks to locate a mate for the first time. A female cat that has previously had a litter would most likely have more visible nipples as a result of nursing the kittens — keep in mind that male cats can also have nipples, but they will be much less noticeable.

Despite the fact that the male has been neutered, you may still be able to detect a faint outline of the testicle sac, and you may use the distance between the anus and the male genitals as a reference as well.

From a behavioural standpoint, a spayed or neutered female will not go into heat, and a neutered or spayed male will be calmer and less aggressive in general.

Still Not Sure?

Don’t be concerned; these details can be very subtle, so if you are having difficulty determining the gender of your cat, or if your cat is being uncooperative, you should consult a veterinarian for assistance. The veterinarian will be able to perform a health examination on them and determine their gender on your behalf. As veterinarians, they will be accustomed to dealing with cats and will know how to sex them with ease, and they will be more than happy to assist you. You’ll probably find it easier and less stressful to schedule a vet visit rather than attempting to check your cat’s sex at home if your cat doesn’t like being handled, or if your cat tries to scratch you and break free whenever you want to check their sex.

Is it True You Can Determine A Cat’s Sex By Colour?

It is true that tortoiseshell and calico cats are virtually exclusively female. According to research, just one in every 1,000 calico cats is a male. This is due to the fact that these colors necessitate the presence of two X chromosomes, and females possess two X chromosomes. A guy with these colors would have two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome, which would indicate a genetic abnormality. According to Science Focus, around three-quarters of ginger cats are male and one-quarter are female, despite the popular belief that all ginger cats are male.

Ginger coloration is a less accurate predictor of sex in cats, however ginger males are more likely to be found than ginger females in the overall population of cats.

This is something that may be used as a general guideline, but it is by no means perfect, and we strongly advise utilizing other ways to determine the gender of your cat rather than relying just on the color of their fur to determine their gender.

Sexing A Cat Summary

Identifying the gender of your kitten or adult cat is not as difficult as it may appear at first glance. When it comes to identifying whether your cat is male or female, the distance between his anus and genitals should be sufficient to tell you. While the color of your cat may be associated with the likelihood of your cat being a particular gender, this is not a guarantee, and you should not make assumptions about your cat’s gender solely on its coat color. If you are having difficulty determining if your cat is a male or a female, we recommend that you consult with your local veterinarian for assistance.

If you are unsure whether or not your cat has been spayed or neutered, your veterinarian will be able to provide you with further information as well.

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How to Determine the Sex of a Cat

Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation Male and female cats and kittens have a similar appearance and demeanor, making it difficult to distinguish which is which just by observing their behavior and behavior. If you know what to look for, however, there are many important characteristics that will allow you to tell the difference between the sexes without having to ask anyone. When kittens are born, their genitalia will be undeveloped, therefore it is best to wait until the kittens are a few weeks old before determining their gender.

  1. 1 Take your time while approaching the cat or kitten. It is important to pick up a cat or kitten in order to determine the gender of the animal. Some cats are wary of being touched, so give him or her some time to become accustomed to being around you.
  • Allow the cat to approach you by standing or crouching near him or her. When the cat gets close enough, allow him or her to sniff your hand
  • If the cat appears apprehensive, you may need to come back later or enlist the assistance of a partner to complete the following step.
  • 2 Pull the cat’s tail back. Pick up the cat with one arm and gently cradle him or her with the other. Lift the tail with your free hand to have a better look at the genital region.
  • Depending on how comfortable the cat is with being handled, this may be easier to conduct while sitting in a chair or on the sofa so that you don’t have to worry about dropping the cat
  • Assuming you’re working with a companion, ask your partner to hold the cat securely in both arms while you raise the tail
  • Otherwise, do it yourself. Consider scratching the cat’s back at the area where the tail joins the back if he or she is resistant to having his or her tail raised. It is common for cats to elevate their tails when they are handled in this area.
  • 3 Keep an eye out for genitalia that are indicative of a male cat. The most accurate way to identify the difference between a male and a female cat is to look at the cat’s physical characteristics below its tail, which are described below. Start by looking for male genital characteristics, which might be a little easier to identify than female characteristics.
  • In contrast to female cats, male cats have just an anus and an entrance for the urinary tract, whereas female cats do not have either of these features. The scrotum of an intact (or tom) cat is covered with fur and includes two testicles, which are normally sized from the size of cherry pits to the size of real cherries. Scrotum bumps are seen on the male cat’s back as a pair of lumps that are pretty noticeable. Long-haired cats may have difficulty seeing their scrotum, in which case dampening the fur with water will help flatten it and make the scrotum more visible. A neutered male cat will still have a scrotum, however it will be significantly smaller than an unneutered male cat. Located below the scrotum, beneath the skin, and emerging from a little fuzzy mound between the cat’s legs, the penis is the cat’s reproductive organ. You would anticipate a male cat’s genitalia to look like a colon (:)
  • However, this is not the case. The anus of a male cat and the entrance of his urinary system should be at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) apart, or 1 2 inch (1.3 cm) for kittens.
  • 4 Keep an eye out for genitalia that are indicative of a female cat. If the cat’s anatomy doesn’t appear to be that of a male cat, start looking for feminine characteristics in the animal’s behavior.
  • It is common for female cats to have two urinary tract openings/vulvas, with the urinary tract opening/vulva arranged vertically and the anus on the side of the cat’s body. Female cat genitalia can be thought of as having the appearance of a semi-colon (
  • )
  • In contrast to male cats, female cats have a smaller space between their anus and vulva, often around 1 2inch (1.3 cm) apart.
  1. 1 First, look at the color. You should look at the colour of the kittens if you have a litter of kittens
  2. Some cat colorations are sex-specific and can assist you in determining which cat is which.
  • Cats with calico or tortoiseshell coloring are almost always female. Orange and ginger colored cats are more likely to be male than female, however this is not a reliable technique to establish a cat’s gender.
  • Cats with calico or tortoiseshell coloring are almost often female
  • Orange and ginger colored cats are more likely to be male than female, however this is not a reliable technique to tell a cat’s gender
  • Male cats that have not been neutered are more aggressive than female cats, and they have bigger heads and thicker skin than female cats. They enjoy to travel and may occasionally leave for several days at a time. The way they mark their territory is to spray it with strong-smelling urine
  • Female cats are less inclined to spray their surroundings than male cats.
  • 3 Keep an eye out for symptoms that the cat is in heat or that she is or was pregnant. Women who haven’t had their cats spayed will go into heat, a state of reproductive readiness that allows them to become pregnant, every 3-5 weeks during warm weather (or if they live in an environment with temperature control). Cats in heat exhibit a number of distinguishable behaviors, including:
  • Making vocal noises in order to gain male attention. Changing the position of the tail to the side to display genitalia or stooping into a receptive posture are all examples of how the cat may appear to be in pain or whimpering. It is possible that the vulva is secreting a clear discharge. Increased brushing against inanimate objects, property owners’ or other animals’ fur and feathers
  • Cats with large, swollen tummies during pregnancy are known as pregnant female felines. Female cats that have recently given birth may have nipples protruding from their stomachs, which is normal. Because both male and female cats have nipples, it is important to be cautious when utilizing them to determine sex.
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  • Question I have a ginger, polydactyl cat that is very friendly and enjoys hugs with his owner. My other cat, who is also ginger, is subservient to the first cat and to me. Is that individual a man as well? A veterinarian with over 30 years of expertise in veterinary surgery and companion animal practice, Dr. Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS, is a member of the British Veterinary Medical Association. Veterinary medicine and surgery were among the subjects she studied when she graduated with honors from the University of Glasgow in 1987. She has been employed at the same animal clinic in her hometown for more than two decades now. An Answer from a Veterinarian Ginger cats can be either male or female, and both male and female cats can be subservient to others
  • As a result, it is impossible to determine the gender of your cat only based on the information you provide here. Your best chance is to examine the rear ends of both cats to see if they are the same (both male) or whether they are different (one male, one female.) If it’s difficult to hold two things at the same time, try taking a photo with your phone. Question Is it feasible for the genitalia of a male kitten to be less than an inch away from the anal entrance of the female kitten? A veterinarian with over 30 years of expertise in veterinary surgery and companion animal practice, Dr. Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS, is a member of the British Veterinary Medical Association. Veterinary medicine and surgery were among the subjects she studied when she graduated with honors from the University of Glasgow in 1987. She has been employed at the same animal clinic in her hometown for more than two decades now. An Answer from a Veterinarian If the kitten is little, the answer is yes. When working with young kittens, it is frequently beneficial to compare the separation of the openings with those of other kittens of the same age. Frequently, this makes things a great deal clearer

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  • The genitalia of a cat are the most accurate way to establish the gender of the animal. Men and women have different personalities, however it is not the most accurate method of determining a cat’s gender since most experts believe that it is a fallacy that male and female cats have different personalities. To protect yourself from scratches when performing a physical examination when working alone, consider using leather gloves and a long-sleeved shirt. If the cat is unfamiliar with you or appears to be a timid stray, avoid performing a physical examination on him. Wait until the cat is comfortable with you before approaching it, or take it to the veterinarian.

About This Article

Summary of the ArticleXTo ascertain the sex of a cat, approach the animal gently and slowly to allow it to get acquainted with you before picking it up and examining it. Holding the cat in your arms with one hand so that its paws are facing the ground and gently lifting its tail so that you can see its genital area can help you identify the cat’s sexual organs. Look in this region to see if the cat has a scrotum, which will appear as two hairy lumps under the anus if the cat does have one. If this is the case, the cat is a male.

Please continue reading for information on establishing the gender of a cat using color patterns and behavioral characteristics.

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Imagine staring down at a litter of lovely, teeny little foster kittens (since fostering is the only way you could ever have kittens that young in your house, right?) and thinking, “I wish I could take them all home with me.” …and you’re considering if you should try to figure out who’s a guy and who’s a girl. In any case, how else are you going to come up with fantastic titles for them? Photo courtesy of Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Matt Metts is a professional baseball player.

  • After that, you pick up the next one, which is two little dots.
  • In addition, there are two little dots.
  • We at Catster have you covered, so don’t be concerned.
  • Men are difficult to distinguish since their testicles have not descended into the scrotum at this point in time.
  • The only genuine method to discern the difference between males and girls is through a rather thorough examination.

A simple illustration of what you could see and how to interpret it is provided below: Females have a greater distance between the two dots than men, which is due to the fact that males require more space between their anus and their penile opening in preparation for the day when their testicles do descend into the penile aperture.

  1. You may nearly be guaranteed that a kitten with calico or tortie markings is a female if you have one of these colors.
  2. Female cats are more likely to be found in households where there are calico or tortie cats.
  3. Orange tabbies, on the other hand, might be either male or female.
  4. They’ll be really grateful for it!
  5. That’s a little bit (or a lot) more difficult because you can’t get close enough to them to do anything.
  6. The good news is that If you happen to come across a group of cats with ears that look like these…
  7. Because those cats have been spayed or neutered and returned to the location where they were found, there is no need to be concerned about whether they are male or female at that point in time.
  8. If you don’t notice the tip of an ear missing, you might be able to determine who is a man at the very least by observing some of the secondary sex features that are present.
  9. Because guys grow sexually mature, they develop fat pads around their cheeks, which can be seen in this photograph.
  10. Large fat pads on the sides of the faces of intact male cats, or male cats who achieved sexual maturity before being neutered, are a sign of their health.
  11. They’ll also be a little more battle-scarred as a result of all the battles they’ve been involved in.

Except if the cat in issue has really long hair, you should be able to see the testicles of intact male cats rather well as well. It is hoped that this quick lesson will be of use to you in determining the gender of the cats under your supervision or in your area.

Determining Gender (Sex) of a Kitten

After bringing home a cat that you want to call Sam, your roommate advises that you should instead consider the name Samantha as a more appropriate name. When you know what to look for, determining the sex (gender) of a kitten is simple. Take the kitten’s tail in your hand. The anus is a small aperture located directly below the tail. The vaginal entrance is located below the anus and is spherical in males and a vertical slit in females, respectively. If you look at two kittens of comparable size, the male has a wider space between the anus and the genital entrance than the female.

The hue of the kitten may provide some insight about its gender.

Orange kittens are more likely to be male than female, despite the fact that the relationship between color and sex is not as strong as it is in the calico/tortishell combination.

Keep in mind that you should always follow the recommendations supplied by your veterinarian.

One Simple Method To Help Determine the Gender of a Kitten

Even though it takes a little experience to identify whether a kitten is a boy or a girl, there are a few subtle clues to look for while attempting to establish whether they are males or females. For many individuals, one of the most important decisions they make while caring for a new litter of kittens is determining whether the little cats are male or girl kittens right away. However, when it comes to kittens, the solution isn’t always apparent. Young boys and girls have a similar appearance, so here are some ideas to assist you distinguish between the two genders.

See also:  How To Tell If Your Cat Has A Fever

Photograph courtesy of Caitlin-Marie Miner Ong

What To Look for To Determine the Gender of a Kitten

The most obvious initial step in determining the gender of a new cat is to examine the area behind its tail. This is simpler to accomplish with short-haired kittens, so if you are checking a long-haired kitten, you may need to comb away any excess fur to make it easier to see. To avoid harming the kitten, make sure it’s resting flat on a blanket and gently pull the tail to prevent it from rolling about. It is never safe to pick up a cat by the tail!

How To Tell the Sex of a Female Kitten

In the case of female kittens, you’ll notice a little hole (the anus) towards the base of the tail with a small slash or line just underneath it. Male kittens don’t have an anus (the vulva). The combination should be shaped somewhat like a lowercase letter “i.” A small amount of fur exists between the anus and the vulva as a result of their close proximity. Illustration of the physical features that can be used to determine the gender of a kitten Photograph courtesy of Caitlin-Marie Miner Ong

How To Tell the Sex of a Male Kitten

If you look closely at a male kitten, you’ll notice a little hole (the anus) near the base of the tail, as well as another spherical form (the scrotum), which is located a little lower down than the anus on a female kitten.

Because the anus and scrotum have a small amount of space between them, there will be some hair in the gap between the two. As a male kitten grows older, his testicles will get bigger and easier to differentiate from the testicles of a female cat.

The Connection Between Kitten Coat Color and Gender

It is possible that the coat color of a kitten can help you determine the gender of the kitten, according to Carlene Strandell, director and founder of Smitten with Kittens, a non-profit, foster-based kitten rescue located in Tallahassee, Florida. Females are more common than males in three-colored cats such as calicos and tortoiseshells. Fun fact: Calico and tortoiseshell cats are virtually always females due to the fact that the color patterns are created by genes that are connected to the female genital papillae.

Sexing Kittens: How To Determine The Sex Of Your Kitten?

Kitten sexing is a vital element of caring for a new litter, as it helps to determine the specifics of how the kittens will be cared for and how they will be rehomed when they have grown up. Occasionally, we fool ourselves into believing that a small kitten may appear particularly feminine, in which case she must undoubtedly be a girl kitten; or that a larger, stronger kitten must undoubtedly be a tomcat; however, the truth is that it is impossible to tell the sex of a kitten simply by its general appearance and demeanor.

The only method to know for certain if a kitten is male or female is to physically check the look of the area behind the tail, which is known as the kitten’s genital area.

Steps To Sexing Kittens

Before you begin attempting to determine the gender of your kittens, be certain that both the mother and the kittens are ready to participate. Kittens should be at least two weeks old when you begin working with them, and their mother should be assured that you are safe handling her kids. Caution: do not attempt to perform this on a kitten that is still in its mother’s womb. Having intercourse with them when they are older—at least two weeks old—is less difficult and less stressful. Prior to beginning the process of determining the gender of your kittens, make certain that you are well-prepared.

  • Check to see if the mother cat is comfortable with you touching her kittens before you begin. You may attempt to divert her attention by providing her with delectable food, or you may even choose to move her to a separate room. You will be able to do the inspection of the kitten without needing to be concerned about the kitten’s reaction. Putting feral kittens in a box, taking them indoors away from their mother, and then returning them as quickly as possible may be preferable when dealing with feral kittens. Make certain that the space is comfortable. It is quite easy for young kittens to become chilled if they are left in a chilly environment away from their mother. The procedure should be stopped immediately and the kittens should be returned to their mother if they grow anxious or distressed. Carry out the check as fast and easily as possible, especially if the kittens are quite young. In order to prevent creating any disturbance to the mother-kitten attachment, it is important to return the kittens to the mother in the shortest amount of time feasible

Also read: 6 Essential Tips for Fostering Kittens: What You Need to Know.

Once you’ve decided that it’s the right time, gently pick up your kitten and proceed to the next steps.

If you want to know what gender your kitten is, lift its tail and look at the form and position of their anus and genitalia.

  • Spread a soft, non-slip surface such as a towel on which to place the kitten’s front
  • To visually evaluate the kitten’s perineal region (i.e., the area around and below the anus), lift the kitten’s tail up. Both male and female kittens have two orifices (openings) in the perineal region, one on each side of their bodies. The anus is the upper entrance, while the lower opening is the genital opening, which is either the penis (in men) or the vulva (in females) (in females). The form of the genital entrance is the most important aspect to take note of.
  • Most older kittens have a penis that is more circular in shape, but the vulva is more like a narrow vertical slit in shape. Some people believe that the appearance of a female kitten is similar to an upside-down exclamation mark, but the appearance of a male cat is more similar to the two dots of a colon. Because it might be difficult to discern between the two orifices in smaller kittens and certain older kittens, it is best to concentrate on the distance between the two orifices. The anus and vulva are close together in females, but the penis and anus are separated by a considerable distance in males. Males with older kittens (e.g., over ten weeks) can be identified by the presence of a small double-bulge containing the two testicles between the anus and the penis orifice
  • Females can be identified by the presence of a small double-bulge containing the two testicles between the anus and the penis orifice. It might be difficult to discern the gender of a kitten if you are just looking at one animal at a time, therefore it is best to check all of the kittens at the same time. Assuming that each gender constitutes roughly half the population, it should be reasonably simple to divide them into two groups with comparable looks, namely male and female. Once you have separated the kittens into a “male group” and a “female group,” double-check them by taking a short glance at them again to make sure that each individual in the group has a comparable appearance to the others.

Finally, use a safe semi-permanent marker of some kind (e.g. a felt tip pen, or white Tippex eraser fluid) to mark all individuals in one group.

You can detect the gender of your kittens from a distance in the future if you brand them or give them different-colored collars in the first place. If in doubt, consult with your local veterinarian for guidance. Cat owners only need to perform this activity once or twice in their lives, but veterinarians, in addition to being properly trained, perform gender checks on kittens on a regular basis as part of their professional duties.

Frequently Asked Questions

Operators who are skilled and knowledgeable in identifying the gender of newborn kittens can do so.

In order to prevent hurting the mother-offspring link in any way, it is best not to handle baby kittens until they are at least two weeks old if you are not an expert.

Do male and female cats look different?

There is a general tendency for male cats to be bigger and more muscular, while female cats tend to be smaller and daintier; however, this is not always the case. There are minor color distinctions between males and females: virtually all tortoiseshell cats or calico cats (black, orange, and white) are female, but around 70% of ginger cats are male. Tabby cats are equally likely to be males or females, depending on their coloration.

Should you get a male or female kitten?

In any event, both male and female kittens may make wonderful pets, and it’s generally advised that the procedure to neuter or spay them should be performed before they reach adolescence, so that sex-related variations in adult pet cats are kept to an absolute minimum.

How to Determine the Gender of a Cat (with Pictures)

Petkeen is entirely sponsored by its readers. If you make a purchase after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a commission. Read on to find out more Ashley Bates is a young woman who lives in the United States. Before purchasing a cat or kitten, do you want to know the gender of the cat or kitten first and foremost? Some people have no choice for the gender of their new feline companions, while others have their hearts set on tomcats or feline queens as their new feline companions.

Furthermore, if you’re purchasing a cat on a tight budget, you might want to know how much spay and neuter operation would cost before making your purchase (as they differ).

Why Is Sexing Your Kitten or Cat Important?

Even if you aren’t concerned with the gender of your kitten, you may find it to be a very helpful piece of information to know. It also does not need a great deal of technical knowledge to figure it out. If you weren’t planning on finding out, here’s a list of reasons why it’s a very good idea to be aware of the situation in advance.

  • When it comes to spaying or neutering your cat, the cost can vary depending on whether you have a low or high income. If you have a male or female cat, the cost can vary depending on gender. Because male sterilization is less invasive than female sterilization, it is less expensive than female sterilization. When a cat is spayed, the veterinarian must enter the cat’s body in order to tie up the uterus. In the end, the entire cost is determined by the veterinarian clinic or institution. If you find yourself in this situation, many animal shelters offer low-cost spay and neuter programs to assist you.
  • As your kitten grows older, there are several features and habits that males develop that are distinct from those of females. These are called hormonal habits. It is possible for males and females to spray in order to mark their territories or to attract a mate if you do not get your cat fixed. A female going into heat can also send out unusually loud screams and vocalizations, as well as be excessively loving for many days, which can happen multiple times a year.
  • Personality –The differences in personality between males and females might be significant. Males tend to be more fun, loving, and affectionate than females, yet this is not always the case. Females, on the other hand, tend to be better hunters and may appear more distant or detached from their surroundings. This is very dependent on the cat’s breed as well as the cat itself.

Sexing Kittens

Image courtesy of Piqsels Unless you have a lot of expertise with kittens, it is quite difficult to sex them when they are just born. In most cases, it is not possible to establish the gender of newborn kittens until they are a little older. If they have long hair, you should wait until they are 6 to 8 weeks old before you sex them. This is especially true if they have long hair that is in the way of your vision. Female kittens have a little hole that is located extremely close to their anus, whilst male kittens have a longer reach that is further away.

Longer hair might make this a little more difficult, so you may have to physically feel for the testicles.

Sexing Adults Cats

Because adult cats are completely matured, sexing them can be a little easier than with kittens.

The latter is especially true in the case of intact men, because it is generally rather visible.

Male Cats

Identifying a male cat can be relatively simple, but the length of his fur and the fact that he has been neutered might make it more difficult. In any event, male cats will have a gap between the anus and the penis that is nearly an inch in width. Females have these two portions that are little more than a fingertip length away from one another.

  • Tomcats – Male cats that have not been changed are fairly easy to distinguish from female cats. They have a large scrotum that hangs down towards the back of their bodies under the anus (sucking tube). If they turn their back on you and their tail is erect, you will be able to see it fairly well. Tomcats have a large cranium and a thin physique, which distinguishes them from other cats. Feline Neutered Males – Even though a neutered male cat has an empty scrotum, you should be able to find the flap of skin that would normally cover the bulbous testicles. This characteristic will not be present in females. Female Cats– When a female cat lifts her tail, it is immediately apparent that there are no testicles visible below the bottom of the tail. Short-haired cats will be considerably more noticeable as a result of this. It is common for a female who has already given birth to have prominent nipples as a result of nursing her previous litter
  • However, this is not always the case.
See also:  How To Tell If Cat Is Male Or Female

Why Is It Important to Get Your Cat Fixed?

When you have a pet, it is critical that you have your cat fixed as soon as possible. If you have previously adopted your cat from a shelter, it is possible that your cat has already undergone this procedure. You will need to make arrangements with your local shelter or veterinarian if this is not possible. So, what are the advantages of having your cat spayed or neutered?

  • Prevents cats from running away – Cats who have been fixed will not be tempted to run away since they will not be out looking for a mate. If given the chance, some cats may still leave the house, but the probability of their wandering off and being lost is much reduced.
  • You won’t have to worry about any unplanned pregnancies anymore once you get your kitten spayed or neutered. A litter of kittens might be difficult to place since finding acceptable homes for the entire litter can be difficult. Many cats end up in shelters or on the streets as a result of a lack of attention and care. That is something you would never want to happen to a litter of your beloved kittens. The most effective preventive measure is to avoid pregnancy altogether, unless you are breeding for show.
  • This medication helps to keep cats from spraying and marking their territory. When cats achieve sexual maturity, both genders can spray to indicate their territory and attract mates. Cat urine is notoriously difficult to remove from textiles and other surfaces. It’s ideal if you can get away from the situation totally. Spaying and neutering are not usually effective methods of controlling spraying activity. It is always preferable to get your cat fixed before they reach the age of six months. Because, once they begin, it may be quite difficult to persuade them to stop, if they choose to stop at all.
  • When cats achieve sexual maturity, they might become grumpy or violent, which is why it is important to prevent this behavior. The behavior of this feline might be territorial toward other cats, or it can be aggressive toward people. Hormonal changes in their bodies occur as a result of reaching sexual maturity. Keep your cat or neuter it to get rid of these hormones, which will make your cat more even-keeled and simpler to manage.
  • Check out this related article:Are Calico Cats Always Female? What You Should Be Aware Of

Final Thoughts

If you’re still not sure about the gender for whatever reason, you should always consult with a specialist. Shelter workers, breeders, and vets should all be able to correctly sex your cat with minimal difficulty. Despite the fact that mistakes might occur, this is not the norm. As soon as you get the hang of it, gendering cats will become second nature to you. To minimize marking and unwanted pregnancy in your cat, it’s ideal to spay or neuter him or her before the age of sexual maturity, regardless of his or her gender.

  • Is it true that all orange cats are male? What You Should Be Aware Of
  • Can you tell me if male cats are more affectionate than female cats?

Credit for the featured image goes to Alexas Fotos, through Pixabay. Ashley Bates is a freelance dog writer and pet enthusiast who is now pursuing a degree in animal therapy at a local community college. Ashley is a mother to four human children—as well as 23 furry and feathered children—and she works at local animal shelters, campaigns for animal welfare, and rescues any and all creatures she comes across. Her objective is to raise awareness, educate people, and provide amusement about dogs in order to avoid homelessness in the future.

Ashley Bates

Ashley Bates is a freelance dog writer and pet enthusiast who is now pursuing a degree in animal therapy at a local community college. Ashley is a mother to four human children—as well as 23 furry and feathered children—and she works at local animal shelters, campaigns for animal welfare, and rescues any and all creatures she comes across. Her objective is to raise awareness, educate people, and provide amusement about dogs in order to avoid homelessness in the future. Her areas of expertise include cats and dogs.

Sexing Kittens – tips and hints to determine the sex of your kitten or cat.

Ashley Bates is a freelance dog writer and pet enthusiast who is now pursuing a degree in animal therapy at the University of Florida. Besides being a mother to four human children—as well as 23 furry and feathered children—Ashley works at local shelters, speaks up for animal welfare, and saves any and all animals she comes across. To reduce homelessness, her objective is to raise awareness, educate, and amuse people about pets. It is cats and dogs that she specializes in.

  • Handle your kittens with gentleness. Your kittens should be resting on a clean cloth on their stomachs, with their tails gently lifted to check their genitals. In order to avoid sexually transmitting diseases to kittens, wait until they are at least 3-4 weeks old. Before touching your cat’s kittens, make sure that your cat (the mother cat) is okay with you handling her babies. If kittens become disturbed as a result of handling, place them back with their mother as soon as possible In order to prevent them from being chilly, handle newborn kittens in a warm environment for no more than 5-10 minutes at a time.
  • Kittens should be handled roughly. kittens should be picked up by their tails or hung by their tails (they are not mice! )
  • Allow kittens to spin or twist around on their tails while you are holding their tails (this might result in tail fractures)
  • Allow kittens to play with their tails while you are holding their tails If at all possible, avoid handling newborn kittens (kittens under three weeks of age). If you touch kittens too much or if your human scent gets on them, mother cats (particularly new moms) may grow wary of their new kittens and become fearful of you. It is possible that the mother cat will reject her kittens as a result of this. Handle kittens if they are still nursing (have not yet been weaned) and their mother appears to be disturbed as a result of your handling them
  • Handling newborn kittens (3 weeks old) for extended periods of time is not recommended. When they are away from the nest, they might grow chilled. Male cats in their prepubescent stage are subjected to attempts to expose or pluck out their penis (cats under 6 months of age). Such animals are incapable of displaying their penis, and attempting to do so violently can result in permanent harm to the penis.

2. How to tell the difference between a male and a female kitten. Female kittens should be placed on their stomachs on a warm (not hot) cloth, with their tails gently lifted and their genitals examined. Male kittens should be examined the same way. When sexing kittens, there are various distinctions that may be observed between male and female kittens, even newborn kittens, that you should be on the lookout for. 1. Measure the distance between the kitten’s anus and its genitals (see illustration) (vulva in females and penis in males).

  1. A close-up view of the anuses and genitalia of two separate 3-week-old kittens is shown in the following images.
  2. In these two photographs, you will observe that the distance between the anus and thepenis of the young male cat (image 1) is a substantially bigger distance than the distance between the anus and the vulva of the young female kitten (image 2).
  3. I have named the photographs below (which are the identical images as those above) in order to make these distinctions more readily visible to you.
  4. Look at the form of the kitten’s genital hole to determine its size (vulva or penis).
  5. A close-up look at the genitalia of two separate 3-week-old kittens may be seen in these photographs.
  6. Observe how the genital opening (penis or penis sheath opening) of the young male kitten (image 1) is formed like a little round dot, but the female kitten’s (image 2) genital opening (vulva) is fashioned like a vertical slit, as shown in the next two photographs.
  7. From around 10-12 weeks of age, a swelling scrotal sac should be noticeable in male cats.

In male kittens and cats, it is positioned between the anus and the penis of the male reproductive tract.

However, as the kitten grows older (10 weeks or more) and its testicles begin to enlarge, the scrotal sac begins to protrude outwards and become very obvious.

Due to the modest size of its testicles and the fact that its scrotum has not yet fully formed, the scrotal sac of this 3-week-old male cat is not readily apparent.

Description: To help you get your bearings, the kitty is resting on its back.

This is the scrotum, which contains the testicles.

An 8-month-old male cat is shown in this photograph, who is now being anesthetized preparatory to being neutered.

The scrotum (the part of the body that rests on the pink surgical swabs) is well-developed and quite visible, with two side-by-side, separate lumps inside it that correspond to the two testicles: this is the genital area.

If you observe a cat with these genital characteristics, it is almost certainly a male.


Just prior to the kitten’s birth, the testicles of male kittens descend into the scrotal sac and are removed.

For example, even though there was no scrotum visible in the three-week-old male kitten seen above, the testicles were plainly palpable in the scrotal area of the animal.

It should be possible to feel two smooth, oval, little items (about 3-5mm diameter in a 3-week old kitten) beneath the skin of the scrotal sac region between your fingers if the kitten is a male.

These are the testicles, as you can see.

A male kitten or cat’s testicles may be felt by palpating the area around the testicles in this image.


Occasionally, the color of your cat’s or kitten’s fur might provide some clues as to the gender of the kitten.

Ginger cats are almost often male, although they can occasionally be female as well.

For a link back to our main page from this Sexing Kittens page, please click here.

O’Meara BVSc (Hon), of the website

All intellectual property rights are reserved and protected under Australian copyright laws. Without the express written permission of Dr. O’Meara, the proprietor of this Pet Informed website, no photos or graphics from this website may be reproduced or distributed.

How to Tell the Sex of a Cat

The process of determining the gender of a cat, especially if it is a little kitten, is much less difficult than many people believe. In fact, persuading kitty that you are not trying to injure him/her while moving his/her tail out of the way so that you can get a closer look at those small private bits is arguably the most difficult element of this endeavor. It’s preferable to wait until a kitten is at least a month old before attempting to establish its gender for accuracy reasons. First and foremost, it is important to note that Maintaining Kitty’s Confidence It is critical to keep your cat as stress-free as possible throughout this period.

If you’re unfamiliar with the cat, or if it appears to be anxious or standoffish, you may want to wait until a more appropriate moment.

Another method that could be effective is to scratch the cat’s back just at the base of the tail..

For a kitten the size of your palm, you can try gently holding it on its back in your hand while softly stroking it with your fingers.

It’s a little boy!

If you haven’t figured it yet, the aim thus far is to gain a clean view of your cat’s backend, which implies the tail must be out of the way to do this.

This is true for both men and females, and it tells you absolutely nothing about which one you have, but it’s a useful point of reference anyway!

These apertures are located in somewhat different locations and have slightly varied forms in male and female cats, depending on their gender.

If your cat is male, the genital opening (vulva) will be located immediately below the anus.

If your cat is male, his genital opening (penis) will be a noticeable distance from his anus – approximately 12 inches in kittens and 1 inch in adults – The testicles of adult males who have not been neutered will be visible in the region between the anal and genital openings of the animal.

How to Sext a Cat: A Step-by-Step Guide What if I told you that the color of your cat may offer you a hint as to its gender?

In addition, there are more male orange kittens than female orange kittens.

Karen Becker is a proactive and integrative health veterinarian who practices preventative medicine.

In order to avoid sickness in the life of your dogs, her purpose is to assist you in creating wellness in your home.

Unfortunately, the majority of veterinarians in the United States are taught to be reactive rather than proactive.

Read the material provided by Dr. Becker to understand how to make significant, consistent lifestyle choices that will enhance the overall quality of life for your pet.

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