Cat Gender How To Tell Pictures

Photos: Determining the Sex of a Cat

It can be difficult to determine the gender of a cat at times, especially if there is no other cat (or kitten) with which to compare the anatomy. So what is the best way to know if you have a Merlin or a Misty, a Rex or a Ruby on your hands? Here are a few simple techniques to determine the gender of your kitten. If you’ve developed a positive bond with the cat, you can take him or her up and raise its tail (because we still don’t know what gender the cat is, after all). The support of a friend or family member can be necessary if the kitten isn’t responding well to your efforts.

Once the cat’s tail is raised, you should be able to see the cat’s genitals and anus in their entirety.

The opposite is true if the two markings are closely contiguous on a kitten or less than 1/2 inch apart on an adult, which indicates that it is a female.

Take a look at the images below.

Male or Female Kitten?

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How to Determine the Sex of a Cat

Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation Male and female cats and kittens have a similar appearance and demeanor, making it difficult to distinguish which is which just by observing their behavior and behavior. If you know what to look for, however, there are many important characteristics that will allow you to tell the difference between the sexes without having to ask anyone. When kittens are born, their genitalia will be undeveloped, therefore it is best to wait until the kittens are a few weeks old before determining their gender.

  1. 1 Take your time while approaching the cat or kitten. It is important to pick up a cat or kitten in order to determine the gender of the animal. Some cats are wary of being touched, so give him or her some time to become accustomed to being around you.
  • Allow the cat to approach you by standing or crouching near him or her. When the cat gets close enough, allow him or her to sniff your hand
  • If the cat appears apprehensive, you may need to come back later or enlist the assistance of a partner to complete the following step.
  • 2 Pull the cat’s tail back. Pick up the cat with one arm and gently cradle him or her with the other. Lift the tail with your free hand to have a better look at the genital region.
  • Depending on how comfortable the cat is with being handled, this may be easier to conduct while sitting in a chair or on the sofa so that you don’t have to worry about dropping the cat
  • Assuming you’re working with a companion, ask your partner to hold the cat securely in both arms while you raise the tail
  • Otherwise, do it yourself. Consider scratching the cat’s back at the area where the tail joins the back if he or she is resistant to having his or her tail raised. It is common for cats to elevate their tails when they are handled in this area.
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  • s3 Look for the genitalia that distinguishes a male cat from a female cat. The most accurate way to identify the difference between a male and a female cat is to look at the cat’s physical characteristics below its tail, which are described below. Start by looking for male genital characteristics, which might be a little easier to identify than female characteristics.
  • In contrast to female cats, male cats have just an anus and an entrance for the urinary tract, whereas female cats do not have either of these features. The scrotum of an intact (or tom) cat is covered with fur and includes two testicles, which are normally sized from the size of cherry pits to the size of real cherries. Scrotum bumps are seen on the male cat’s back as a pair of lumps that are pretty noticeable. Long-haired cats may have difficulty seeing their scrotum, in which case dampening the fur with water will help flatten it and make the scrotum more visible. A neutered male cat will still have a scrotum, however it will be significantly smaller than an unneutered male cat. Located below the scrotum, beneath the skin, and emerging from a little fuzzy mound between the cat’s legs, the penis is the cat’s reproductive organ. You would anticipate a male cat’s genitalia to look like a colon (:)
  • However, this is not the case. The anus of a male cat and the entrance of his urinary system should be at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) apart, or 1 2 inch (1.3 cm) for kittens.
  • 4 Keep an eye out for genitalia that are indicative of a female cat. If the cat’s anatomy doesn’t appear to be that of a male cat, start looking for feminine characteristics in the animal’s behavior.
  • It is common for female cats to have two urinary tract openings/vulvas, with the urinary tract opening/vulva arranged vertically and the anus on the side of the cat’s body. Female cat genitalia can be thought of as having the appearance of a semi-colon (
  • )
  • In contrast to male cats, female cats have a smaller space between their anus and vulva, often around 1 2inch (1.3 cm) apart.
  1. 1 First, look at the color. You should look at the colour of the kittens if you have a litter of kittens
  2. Some cat colorations are sex-specific and can assist you in determining which cat is which.
  • Cats with calico or tortoiseshell coloring are almost always female. Orange and ginger colored cats are more likely to be male than female, however this is not a reliable technique to establish a cat’s gender.
  • 2 Keep an eye out for sex-specific behaviour in cats who are not neutered or spayed. As a result, it is easy to determine the sex of intact cats since they naturally exhibit the habits and features of their respective sexe.
  • Male cats that have not been neutered are more aggressive than female cats, and they have bigger heads and thicker skin than female cats. They enjoy to travel and may occasionally leave for several days at a time. The way they mark their territory is to spray it with strong-smelling urine
  • Female cats are less inclined to spray their surroundings than male cats.
  • 3 Keep an eye out for symptoms that the cat is in heat or that she is or was pregnant. Women who haven’t had their cats spayed will go into heat, a state of reproductive readiness that allows them to become pregnant, every 3-5 weeks during warm weather (or if they live in an environment with temperature control). Cats in heat exhibit a number of distinguishable behaviors, including:
  • Making vocal noises in order to gain male attention. Changing the position of the tail to the side to display genitalia or stooping into a receptive posture are all examples of how the cat may appear to be in pain or whimpering. It is possible that the vulva is secreting a clear discharge. Increased brushing against inanimate objects, property owners’ or other animals’ fur and feathers
  • Cats with large, swollen tummies during pregnancy are known as pregnant female felines. Female cats that have recently given birth may have nipples protruding from their stomachs, which is normal. Because both male and female cats have nipples, it is important to be cautious when utilizing them to determine sex.

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  • Question I have a ginger, polydactyl cat that is very friendly and enjoys hugs with his owner. My other cat, who is also ginger, is subservient to the first cat and to me. Is that individual a man as well? A veterinarian with over 30 years of expertise in veterinary surgery and companion animal practice, Dr. Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS, is a member of the British Veterinary Medical Association. Veterinary medicine and surgery were among the subjects she studied when she graduated with honors from the University of Glasgow in 1987. She has been employed at the same animal clinic in her hometown for more than two decades now. An Answer from a Veterinarian Ginger cats can be either male or female, and both male and female cats can be subservient to others
  • As a result, it is impossible to determine the gender of your cat only based on the information you provide here. Your best chance is to examine the rear ends of both cats to see if they are the same (both male) or whether they are different (one male, one female.) If it’s difficult to hold two things at the same time, try taking a photo with your phone. Question Is it feasible for the genitalia of a male kitten to be less than an inch away from the anal entrance of the female kitten? A veterinarian with over 30 years of expertise in veterinary surgery and companion animal practice, Dr. Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS, is a member of the British Veterinary Medical Association. Veterinary medicine and surgery were among the subjects she studied when she graduated with honors from the University of Glasgow in 1987. She has been employed at the same animal clinic in her hometown for more than two decades now. An Answer from a Veterinarian If the kitten is little, the answer is yes. When working with young kittens, it is frequently beneficial to compare the separation of the openings with those of other kittens of the same age. Frequently, this makes things a great deal clearer

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  • The genitalia of a cat are the most accurate way to establish the gender of the animal. Men and women have different personalities, however it is not the most accurate method of determining a cat’s gender since most experts believe that it is a fallacy that male and female cats have different personalities. To protect yourself from scratches when performing a physical examination when working alone, consider using leather gloves and a long-sleeved shirt. If the cat is unfamiliar with you or appears to be a timid stray, avoid performing a physical examination on him. Wait until the cat is comfortable with you before approaching it, or take it to the veterinarian.


About This Article

Summary of the ArticleXTo ascertain the sex of a cat, approach the animal gently and slowly to allow it to get acquainted with you before picking it up and examining it. Holding the cat in your arms with one hand so that its paws are facing the ground and gently lifting its tail so that you can see its genital area can help you identify the cat’s sexual organs. Look in this region to see if the cat has a scrotum, which will appear as two hairy lumps under the anus if the cat does have one. If this is the case, the cat is a male.

Please continue reading for information on establishing the gender of a cat using color patterns and behavioral characteristics. Did you find this overview to be helpful? The writers of this page have together authored a page that has been read 1,443,756 times.

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Due to the fact that kitten genitals are not as developed as those of adult cats, determining the gender of a kitten is a gamble. Even pros have difficulty telling the difference between a female cat and a male kitten at first look. However, even in kittens as young as five weeks old, a few distinguishing characteristics may be noticed, including changes in genital spacing, coat color, and behavior, which can be used to determine their gender.

Careful Handling

During the first several weeks of a kitten’s existence, avoid interfering with the mother-kitten bond. An overly handled kitten at this period may cause the mother to forsake the kitten and stop feeding it completely. So try not to become overly concerned in determining the gender of your kittens. Instead, wait until your kittens are at least two weeks old—and preferably longer—before you begin touching them. It is essential to keep your kitten’s stress level to a bare minimum while determining its gender.

It’s possible that scratching their back just at the base of their tail will force them to involuntarily lift their tail, giving you a bird’s eye view of the areas in concern.

Identifying the Genitals

Some breeders compare the look of kitten genitalia at two weeks of age to the development of punctuation marks. With the vertical vaginal opening situated right below the anus and very little space in between, the genitals of a female kitten will resemble an upside-down exclamation point (when the cat is upside down and facing you). The penis of a male kitten is more like to that of a colon, with the penis located directly below the anus and separated by enough space to accommodate the testicles of the kitten.

If, based on your visual inspection, every kitten appears to be the same to you, then choose one and gently insert your index finger and middle finger on each side of the scrotum area of the cat (on a suspected boy).

See also:  How To Induce Cat Labor

In this picture, you can see the testicles, which are very tough to grip since they slither away beneath your fingers.

Coat Color

Another, more straightforward, but less reliable, approach to determine the gender of your kitten is to look at the color of its coat. Cats that are tortoiseshell or tri-colored are virtually always female. Because this coloring is primarily due to the chromosomal composition of female cats, you can pretty well assure that anycalicocat is also a female cat. Cats that are orange or ginger in color, on the other hand, are almost always male (think of the iconic male tabby cats).

Although this feature is more dependable than the tri-colored trait, only three-quarters of ginger-colored cats are male, making it a less reliable characteristic overall. Kitty with tortoiseshell coatWestend61 / Getty Images


As kittens grow in size, they begin to acquire distinct personalities that distinguish them from one another. As they attain sexual maturity, male “tom kittens” may begin to prowl the streets. Their behavior can also become territorial, with them often spraying to establish their home base and keep trespassers at bay. Males are also more agitated and violent than females. The “coming of age” of female kittens can begin as early as four months old, with loud yowls and attention-seeking behavior signaling the beginning of this “coming of age.” Spaying or neutering your kitten as soon as it is born (the typical advice is between five and six months, although pediatric spay and neutering can be performed as early as six to eight weeks) can lessen the likelihood that your cat will exhibit these gender subtleties.

Male cats, according to some, are friendlier and more extroverted than their female counterparts.

As a result, pick your pet based on the connection you feel with it during your first encounter, and pay less attention to its gender.

Always consult your veterinarian for health-related inquiries, since they have evaluated your pet and are familiar with the pet’s medical history, and they can provide the most appropriate suggestions for your pet.

How to Determine the Gender of a Cat (with Pictures)

Petkeen is entirely sponsored by its readers. If you make a purchase after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a commission. Read on to find out more Ashley Bates is a young woman who lives in the United States. Before purchasing a cat or kitten, do you want to know the gender of the cat or kitten first and foremost? Some people have no choice for the gender of their new feline companions, while others have their hearts set on tomcats or feline queens as their new feline companions.

Furthermore, if you’re purchasing a cat on a tight budget, you might want to know how much spay and neuter operation would cost before making your purchase (as they differ).

Why Is Sexing Your Kitten or Cat Important?

Even if you aren’t concerned with the gender of your kitten, you may find it to be a very helpful piece of information to know. It also does not need a great deal of technical knowledge to figure it out. If you weren’t planning on finding out, here’s a list of reasons why it’s a very good idea to be aware of the situation in advance.

  • When it comes to spaying or neutering your cat, the cost might vary based on whether you have a low or high income. If you have a male or female cat, the cost can vary depending on gender. Because male sterilization is less intrusive than female sterilization, it is less expensive than female sterilization. When a cat is spayed, the veterinarian must enter the cat’s body in order to tie up the uterus. In the end, the entire cost is determined by the veterinarian clinic or institution. If you find yourself in this situation, many animal shelters offer low-cost spay and neuter programs to assist you.
  • As your kitten grows older, there are several features and habits that males develop that are distinct from those of females. These are called hormonal habits. It is possible for males and females to spray in order to mark their territories or to attract a mate if you do not get your cat fixed. A female going into heat can also send out unusually loud screams and vocalizations, as well as be excessively loving for many days, which can happen multiple times a year.
  • Personality –The differences in personality between males and females might be significant. Males tend to be more fun, loving, and affectionate than females, yet this is not always the case. Females, on the other hand, tend to be better hunters and may appear more distant or detached from their surroundings. This is very dependent on the cat’s breed as well as the cat itself.

Sexing Kittens

Image courtesy of Piqsels Unless you have a lot of expertise with kittens, it is quite difficult to sex them when they are just born. In most cases, it is not possible to establish the gender of newborn kittens until they are a little older. If they have long hair, you should wait until they are 6 to 8 weeks old before you sex them. This is especially true if they have long hair that is in the way of your vision. Female kittens have a little hole that is located extremely close to their anus, whilst male kittens have a longer reach that is further away.

Longer hair might make this a little more difficult, so you may have to physically feel for the testicles.

Sexing Adults Cats

Because adult cats are completely matured, sexing them can be a little easier than with kittens. The latter is especially true in the case of intact men, because it is generally rather visible.

Male Cats

Identifying a male cat can be relatively simple, but the length of his fur and the fact that he has been neutered might make it more difficult. In any event, male cats will have a gap between the anus and the penis that is nearly an inch in width. Females have these two portions that are little more than a fingertip length away from one another.

  • Tomcats – Male cats that have not been changed are fairly easy to distinguish from female cats. They have a large scrotum that hangs down towards the back of their bodies under the anus (sucking tube). If they turn their back on you and their tail is erect, you will be able to see it fairly well. Tomcats have a large cranium and a thin physique, which distinguishes them from other cats. Feline Neutered Males – Even though a neutered male cat has an empty scrotum, you should be able to find the flap of skin that would normally cover the bulbous testicles. This characteristic will not be present in females. Female Cats– When a female cat lifts her tail, it is immediately apparent that there are no testicles visible below the bottom of the tail. Short-haired cats will be considerably more noticeable as a result of this. It is common for a female who has already given birth to have prominent nipples as a result of nursing her previous litter
  • However, this is not always the case.

Why Is It Important to Get Your Cat Fixed?

When you have a pet, it is critical that you have your cat fixed as soon as possible. If you have previously adopted your cat from a shelter, it is possible that your cat has already undergone this procedure. You will need to make arrangements with your local shelter or veterinarian if this is not possible. So, what are the advantages of having your cat spayed or neutered?

  • Prevents cats from running away – Cats who have been fixed will not be tempted to run away since they will not be out looking for a mate. If given the chance, some cats may still leave the house, but the probability of their wandering off and being lost is much reduced.
  • You won’t have to worry about any unplanned pregnancies anymore once you get your kitten spayed or neutered. A litter of kittens might be difficult to place since finding acceptable homes for the entire litter can be difficult. Many cats end up in shelters or on the streets as a result of a lack of attention and care. That is something you would never want to happen to a litter of your beloved kittens. The most effective preventive measure is to avoid pregnancy altogether, unless you are breeding for show.
  • This medication helps to keep cats from spraying and marking their territory. When cats achieve sexual maturity, both genders can spray to indicate their territory and attract mates. Cat urine is notoriously difficult to remove from textiles and other surfaces. It’s ideal if you can get away from the situation totally. Spaying and neutering are not usually effective methods of controlling spraying activity. It is always preferable to get your cat fixed before they reach the age of six months. Because, once they begin, it may be quite difficult to persuade them to stop, if they choose to stop at all.
  • When cats achieve sexual maturity, they might become grumpy or violent, which is why it is important to prevent this behavior. The behavior of this feline might be territorial toward other cats, or it can be aggressive toward people. Hormonal changes in their bodies occur as a result of reaching sexual maturity. Keep your cat or neuter it to get rid of these hormones, which will make your cat more even-keeled and simpler to manage.
  • Check out this related article:Are Calico Cats Always Female? What You Should Be Aware Of

Final Thoughts

If you’re still not sure about the gender for whatever reason, you should always consult with a specialist. Shelter workers, breeders, and vets should all be able to correctly sex your cat with minimal difficulty. Despite the fact that mistakes might occur, this is not the norm. As soon as you get the hang of it, gendering cats will become second nature to you. To minimize marking and unwanted pregnancy in your cat, it’s ideal to spay or neuter him or her before the age of sexual maturity, regardless of his or her gender.

  • Is it true that all orange cats are male? What You Should Be Aware Of
  • Can you tell me if male cats are more affectionate than female cats?

Credit for the featured image goes to Alexas Fotos, through Pixabay. Ashley Bates is a freelance dog writer and pet enthusiast who is now pursuing a degree in animal therapy at a local community college. Ashley is a mother to four human children—as well as 23 furry and feathered children—and she works at local animal shelters, campaigns for animal welfare, and rescues any and all creatures she comes across. Her objective is to raise awareness, educate people, and provide amusement about dogs in order to avoid homelessness in the future.

Ashley Bates

Ashley Bates is a freelance dog writer and pet enthusiast who is now pursuing a degree in animal therapy at a local community college. Ashley is a mother to four human children—as well as 23 furry and feathered children—and she works at local animal shelters, campaigns for animal welfare, and rescues any and all creatures she comes across. Her objective is to raise awareness, educate people, and provide amusement about dogs in order to avoid homelessness in the future. Her areas of expertise include cats and dogs.

How to Tell the Sex of a Cat – A Cat Sexing Guide

It’s a well-known story: you have a cat, and it’s almost certainly a male. When you take your cat to the clinic, you are informed that your male cat is actually a girl! This is not uncommon since determining whether your cat is a boy or a girl is not as straightforward as many people believe. Even when a cat is neutered, the gender of the cat is not often immediately apparent, particularly when the cat in issue is a very young kitten. In order to determine if your cat is a male or a female, consider the following: It is possible to determine if your cat is male or female by picking it up and gently lifting the tail.

Male and female anus are separated by a smaller distance compared to male and female genitals, and this is often used as a guideline to determine the sex of a specimen. Don’t be concerned; if you know what to look for, it’s much easier than it appears.

Determining the Sex of a Kitten

In order to appropriately sex a kitten, it should be at least 6 weeks old. Before this age, the kitten is too young to notice the minute distinctions between males and females, making it impossible to distinguish between them. By the time they are approximately 6 to 8 weeks old, you should be able to tell the difference between them with reasonable ease. The penis and testicles, or the absence thereof, are not the distinguishing characteristics, as many people believe. The distance between the anus and the genitals is really the greatest distinguishing trait, with these parts being closer together in females than in men, and this gap is the most revealing feature.

  • Never pick up a cat of any age by their tail, and be careful not to allow them to move about while you are holding their tail up, since this can result in fractures in the tail joint.
  • For more information, see our tutorial on how to pick up a cat.
  • As soon as they raise their tail, you will be able to see everything on their rear end.
  • The two points are approximately half an inch apart and will appear as a dot and a line on the screen (like an upside-down exclamation mark).
  • In male cats, there is a greater space between the anus and the penis, with the testicles sandwiched between them, measuring over an inch.
  • Once the kitten reaches the age of 10 weeks, the development of a scrotal sac will begin, which will grow more evident with time.
See also:  How To Declaw A Cat

Determining the Sex of Older Cats

If the elder cat has not been neutered or spayed, it will be much easier to detect their gender than if they have been. A male cat’s testicles will be visible, and you may see certain aggressive behaviors typical with full males, like as clawing, biting, and marking territory. A female that has not been spayed will come into season on a regular basis, during which she may become more loud and attention-seeking as she seeks to locate a mate for the first time. A female cat that has previously had a litter would most likely have more visible nipples as a result of nursing the kittens — keep in mind that male cats can also have nipples, but they will be much less noticeable.

Despite the fact that the male has been neutered, you may still be able to detect a faint outline of the testicle sac, and you may use the distance between the anus and the male genitals as a reference as well.

From a behavioural standpoint, a spayed or neutered female will not go into heat, and a neutered or spayed male will be calmer and less aggressive in general.

Still Not Sure?

Don’t be concerned; these details can be extremely subtle, so if you are having difficulty determining the gender of your cat, or if your cat is being uncooperative, you should consult a veterinarian for assistance. The veterinarian will be able to do a health examination on them and identify their gender on your behalf. As veterinarians, they will be accustomed to working with cats and will know how to sex them with ease, and they will be more than pleased to assist you. You’ll probably find it simpler and less unpleasant to plan a vet appointment rather than attempting to check your cat’s sex at home if your cat doesn’t enjoy being handled, or if your cat attempts to scratch you and break free anytime you wish to check their sex.

Is it True You Can Determine A Cat’s Sex By Colour?

It is true that tortoiseshell and calico cats are virtually exclusively female. According to research, just one in every 1,000 calico cats is a male. This is due to the fact that these colors necessitate the presence of two X chromosomes, and females possess two X chromosomes. A guy with these colors would have two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome, which would indicate a genetic abnormality. According to Science Focus, around three-quarters of ginger cats are male and one-quarter are female, despite the popular belief that all ginger cats are male.

Ginger coloration is a less accurate predictor of sex in cats, however ginger males are more likely to be found than ginger females in the overall population of cats.

Sexing A Cat Summary

Identifying the gender of your kitten or adult cat is not as difficult as it may appear at first glance. When it comes to identifying whether your cat is male or female, the distance between his anus and genitals should be sufficient to tell you. While the color of your cat may be associated with the likelihood of your cat being a particular gender, this is not a guarantee, and you should not make assumptions about your cat’s gender solely on its coat color. If you are having difficulty determining if your cat is a male or a female, we recommend that you consult with your local veterinarian for assistance.

If you are unsure whether or not your cat has been spayed or neutered, your veterinarian will be able to provide you with further information as well.

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How to Tell the Gender of a Kitten (With Pictures)

While it’s delightful to greet a new litter of kittens, it can be difficult to discern whether your fluffy new pals are male or female when they first arrive. Even the most experienced cat breeders might have difficulty determining the gender of a kitten.

There are a few tell-tale indications to watch for, though, and if you understand the differences between the genitals of male and female kittens, it becomes much easier to determine which one you’re dealing with.

Leave the kittens alone for the first few weeks

Image courtesy of Pixabay In the case of kittens under a month old, it is preferable to leave them with their mother. Taking a kitten away from its mother for an extended period of time can be stressful for both the kitten and the mother cat. If a mother cat is touched too frequently, she may abandon her kittens and abandon the household. If you wait until the kittens are 4 weeks old, you will be able to handle them more safely. As kittens become acclimated to your presence, you may be able to handle them as early as 2 weeks old.

How to tell if a kitten is a boy or girl: Coat color

Image courtesy of Nils Jacobi/ While you’re waiting for each kitten to be examined individually, the color of their coat may provide a hint as to what sex they are. Certain colors are significantly more prevalent in certain genders than in others. Female calico or tricolor cats (those with orange, black, and white coats) account for over 90 percent of all such cats. Because of this coloration, it’s most likely that your kitten belongs to a female family. Cats that are ginger or orange in color, on the other hand, are almost always male.

Any color is worth checking with a check of each kitten’s genitals when you are confident in your ability to handle them properly.

How to tell the sex of a kitten: Examining the genitals

Using this graphic is completely permissible; however, please include a credit to Many breeders refer to the look of male and female kittens’ genitals as punctuation marks because of the way they are shaped. We realize this sounds a little strange, but please bear with us! The genitals of a male kitten are shaped much like a colon. On top of the anus, there is a space between it and another circular entrance for the penis, which is located below. The scrotal sac is located in the space between the two.

  • Under the skin, you should be able to feel two little oval-shaped testicles.
  • The genitals of a female kitten are more resembling an upside-down exclamation mark.
  • When compared to female kittens, the distance between the vaginal entrance and the anus is more apparent in male kittens.
  • This is a good thing to notice.

Handling kittens safely

Image courtesy of Pixabay You should touch kittens with caution while attempting to establish their gender since they are very sensitive creatures. Remove each kitten from its mother’s nest and place it on a clean cloth near the nest while you examine him or her. In many cases, tickling a kitten’s base of the tail can cause them to elevate their tail, allowing you to get a good look at their genitals. Additionally, you may gently lift their tails to get a closer view. Make certain that the place in which you’re inspecting the kittens is sufficiently warm.

If the mother cat or kitten appears to be in discomfort, place the kitten back with its mother as soon as possible. You might want to try to snap a short snapshot of the underside of each kitten’s paw so that you can examine it in greater detail after the kitten returns to its mother.

Ask your vet for advice

Featured image courtesy of Stock-Asso and Shutterstock If you’ve attempted to establish the gender of your kittens but aren’t quite confident that you’ve made the correct determination, it’s always a good idea to consult with your veterinarian. If you’re rehoming kittens, keep in mind that some families will prefer a certain gender, therefore it’s crucial to know which one they want! Your kittens will need to be vaccinated when they are approximately 9 weeks old, so now is an excellent time to ask your veterinarian to assist you in determining the gender of each cat in the litter.

Featured Image courtesy of Tom Pingel/

Determining Gender (Sex) of a Kitten

After bringing home a cat that you want to call Sam, your roommate advises that you should instead consider the name Samantha as a more appropriate name. When you know what to look for, determining the sex (gender) of a kitten is simple. Take the kitten’s tail in your hand. The anus is a small aperture located directly below the tail. The vaginal entrance is located below the anus and is spherical in males and a vertical slit in females, respectively. If you look at two kittens of comparable size, the male has a wider space between the anus and the genital entrance than the female.

The hue of the kitten may provide some insight about its gender.

Orange kittens are more likely to be male than female, despite the fact that the relationship between color and sex is not as strong as it is in the calico/tortishell combination.

Keep in mind that you should always follow the recommendations supplied by your veterinarian.

One Simple Method To Help Determine the Gender of a Kitten

Even though it takes a little experience to identify whether a kitten is a boy or a girl, there are a few subtle clues to look for while attempting to establish whether they are males or females. For many individuals, one of the most important decisions they make while caring for a new litter of kittens is determining whether the little cats are male or girl kittens right away. However, when it comes to kittens, the solution isn’t always apparent. Young boys and girls have a similar appearance, so here are some ideas to assist you distinguish between the two genders.

Photograph courtesy of Caitlin-Marie Miner Ong

What To Look for To Determine the Gender of a Kitten

The most obvious initial step in determining the gender of a new cat is to examine the area behind its tail. This is simpler to accomplish with short-haired kittens, so if you are checking a long-haired kitten, you may need to comb away any excess fur to make it easier to see.

To avoid harming the kitten, make sure it’s resting flat on a blanket and gently pull the tail to prevent it from rolling about. It is never safe to pick up a cat by the tail!

How To Tell the Sex of a Female Kitten

In the case of female kittens, you’ll notice a little hole (the anus) towards the base of the tail with a small slash or line just underneath it. Male kittens don’t have an anus (the vulva). The combination should be shaped somewhat like a lowercase letter “i.” A small amount of fur exists between the anus and the vulva as a result of their close proximity. Illustration of the physical features that can be used to determine the gender of a kitten Photograph courtesy of Caitlin-Marie Miner Ong

How To Tell the Sex of a Male Kitten

If you look closely at a male kitten, you’ll notice a little hole (the anus) near the base of the tail, as well as another spherical form (the scrotum), which is located a little lower down than the anus on a female kitten. Because the anus and scrotum have a small amount of space between them, there will be some hair in the gap between the two. As a male kitten grows older, his testicles will get bigger and easier to differentiate from the testicles of a female cat.

The Connection Between Kitten Coat Color and Gender

It is possible that the coat color of a kitten can help you determine the gender of the kitten, according to Carlene Strandell, director and founder of Smitten with Kittens, a non-profit, foster-based kitten rescue located in Tallahassee, Florida. Females are more common than males in three-colored cats such as calicos and tortoiseshells. Fun fact: Calico and tortoiseshell cats are virtually always females due to the fact that the color patterns are created by genes that are connected to the female genital papillae.

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Sexing Kittens – tips and hints to determine the sex of your kitten or cat.

It is quite difficult for many cat owners to discern the sex of their kittens, particularly newborn kittens, and they frequently require their veterinarian to sex their kittens on their behalf. Now you have the ability to identify the gender of your kittens on your own! This website covers all of the information you, as a pet owner, need to know about sexing kittens and cats, including pictures. The information presented on this page is backed up by a variety of useful illustrations and images that clearly demonstrate how to discern between boys and girls in various situations.

When handling and sexing kittens for the first time, there are certain fundamental dos and don’ts to remember.

How to determine the difference between male and female kittens.


  • Handle your kittens with gentleness. Your kittens should be resting on a clean cloth on their stomachs, with their tails gently lifted to check their genitals. In order to avoid sexually transmitting diseases to kittens, wait until they are at least 3-4 weeks old. Before touching your cat’s kittens, make sure that your cat (the mother cat) is okay with you handling her babies. If kittens become disturbed as a result of handling, place them back with their mother as soon as possible In order to prevent them from being chilly, handle newborn kittens in a warm environment for no more than 5-10 minutes at a time.
  • Kittens should be handled roughly. kittens should be picked up by their tails or hung by their tails (they are not mice! )
  • Allow kittens to spin or twist around on their tails while you are holding their tails (this might result in tail fractures)
  • Allow kittens to play with their tails while you are holding their tails If at all possible, avoid handling newborn kittens (kittens under three weeks of age). If you touch kittens too much or if your human scent gets on them, mother cats (particularly new moms) may grow wary of their new kittens and become fearful of you. It is possible that the mother cat will reject her kittens as a result of this. Handle kittens if they are still nursing (have not yet been weaned) and their mother appears to be disturbed as a result of your handling them
  • Handling newborn kittens (3 weeks old) for extended periods of time is not recommended. When they are away from the nest, they might grow chilled. Male cats in their prepubescent stage are subjected to attempts to expose or pluck out their penis (cats under 6 months of age). Such animals are incapable of displaying their penis, and attempting to do so violently can result in permanent harm to the penis.

2. How to tell the difference between a male and a female kitten. Female kittens should be placed on their stomachs on a warm (not hot) cloth, with their tails gently lifted and their genitals examined. Male kittens should be examined the same way. When sexing kittens, there are various distinctions that may be observed between male and female kittens, even newborn kittens, that you should be on the lookout for. 1. Measure the distance between the kitten’s anus and its genitals (see illustration) (vulva in females and penis in males).

  • A close-up view of the anuses and genitalia of two separate 3-week-old kittens is shown in the following images.
  • In these two photographs, you will observe that the distance between the anus and thepenis of the young male cat (image 1) is a substantially bigger distance than the distance between the anus and the vulva of the young female kitten (image 2).
  • I have named the photographs below (which are the identical images as those above) in order to make these distinctions more readily visible to you.
  • Look at the form of the kitten’s genital hole to determine its size (vulva or penis).
  • A close-up look at the genitalia of two separate 3-week-old kittens may be seen in these photographs.
  • Observe how the genital opening (penis or penis sheath opening) of the young male kitten (image 1) is formed like a little round dot, but the female kitten’s (image 2) genital opening (vulva) is fashioned like a vertical slit, as shown in the next two photographs.
  • From around 10-12 weeks of age, a swelling scrotal sac should be noticeable in male cats.

In male kittens and cats, it is positioned between the anus and the penis of the male reproductive tract.

However, as the kitten grows older (10 weeks or more) and its testicles begin to enlarge, the scrotal sac begins to protrude outwards and become very obvious.

Due to the modest size of its testicles and the fact that its scrotum has not yet fully formed, the scrotal sac of this 3-week-old male cat is not readily apparent.

Description: To help you get your bearings, the kitty is resting on its back.

This is the scrotum, which contains the testicles.

An 8-month-old male cat is shown in this photograph, who is now being anesthetized preparatory to being neutered.

The scrotum (the part of the body that rests on the pink surgical swabs) is well-developed and quite visible, with two side-by-side, separate lumps inside it that correspond to the two testicles: this is the genital area.

If you observe a cat with these genital characteristics, it is almost certainly a male.


Just prior to the kitten’s birth, the testicles of male kittens descend into the scrotal sac and are removed.

For example, even though there was no scrotum visible in the three-week-old male kitten seen above, the testicles were plainly palpable in the scrotal area of the animal.

It should be possible to feel two smooth, oval, little items (about 3-5mm diameter in a 3-week old kitten) beneath the skin of the scrotal sac region between your fingers if the kitten is a male.

These are the testicles, as you can see.

A male kitten or cat’s testicles may be felt by palpating the area around the testicles in this image.


Occasionally, the color of your cat’s or kitten’s fur might provide some clues as to the gender of the kitten.

Ginger cats are almost often male, although they can occasionally be female as well.

For a link back to our main page from this Sexing Kittens page, please click here.

O’Meara BVSc (Hon), of the website

All intellectual property rights are reserved and protected under Australian copyright laws. Without the express written permission of Dr. O’Meara, the proprietor of this Pet Informed website, no photos or graphics from this website may be reproduced or distributed.

How to Tell Cat Gender by Face

If you don’t know how to determine the difference between male and female cats without peeping beneath the hood, it might be difficult to do so. When you can’t see the genitals of a cat, you can’t sex it. This is especially true for male cats. Despite the fact that it is not an exact science, it is feasible to distinguish between male and female cats by using various methods. Cats have some degree of sexual dimorphism, with the degree of dimorphism varying from breed to breed and from individual to individual.

  • The facial distinctions between male and female cats, on the other hand, are perhaps the most noticeable.
  • How to identify the gender of a cat based on its appearance: In comparison to female cats, male cats have a more rounder and broader face.
  • Female cats tend to have a smaller face and a more delicate nose than male cats.
  • Perhaps you are unable to get close enough to undertake a genital examination.
  • Perhaps you’ve noticed a kitten at the shelter and are considering adopting him or her.
  • Everything you’ve been seeking for is right here in this piece of writing.

How to Tell Cat Gender by Face

The only method to tell if you have a male or a female cat is to examine the cat’s genitals and make your decision based on what you see there. Occasionally, though, this isn’t a feasible option. By looking at a cat’s face, you can make an extremely excellent estimate about the animal’s gender. Please keep in mind that this only applies to cats who have progressed beyond the kitten stage and have begun to acquire their adult traits. Male and female kittens are essentially identical when they are born; the only way to tell the difference is to examine the genitals, which can be difficult for the average cat owner to do.

  1. Generally speaking, he’ll appear a little less delicate and defined.
  2. Their foreheads are often wider and broader than their sisters’, and their cheekbones are typically blockier than their sisters.
  3. A male cat who has been neutered at an early period in his growth will have a significantly less “masculine” appearance than a male cat who has been neutered later in life or who is still a full animal.
  4. Women’s features are often more pointed and narrower than a man’s, and they have a more slender nose and thinner whisker pads than men have.
  5. There is a great deal of variation in the appearance and build of cats, particularly across various breeds.
  6. Because of this and other factors, the facial traits of a cat should only be used as a reference to the cat’s likely sex rather than as a clear sign of whether the cat is female or male in nature.

Several more physical traits of a cat that can be used to determine its gender will be discussed in the next section.

Other Physical Characteristics

There are a few other physical traits of an adult cat that can be used to determine the gender of the animal. One of these is the presence of coloration. However, although some colors are found in equal proportions in both males and females, some colors are not seen in either. Cats with tortoiseshell or calico patterns are almost invariably female. A tortoiseshell cat, for example, has fur that is a combination of several different colors that is mixed together rather than separated as in a tabby (calico).

  • Cats with XXY chromosomes are more likely than not to be born with tortoiseshell or calico markings, but this is extremely unusual.
  • These one-of-a-kind tiny creatures are one of few thousand in the world.
  • Male cats are often larger and stockier in build than female cats.
  • They may also be substantially heavier than previously thought.
  • It is important to note that the size variation between breeds is frequently substantial.

Gender and Behaviour

The gender of a cat may also have an impact on its behavior. Male cats as a whole can be more aggressive, having a proclivity to spray the environment in which they live. They are more prone to escaping and wandering around, often vanishing for extended periods of time. Females that have not been spayed may ultimately go into heat, which will cause them to behave inappropriately in a variety of situations. They will frequently attempt to flee more aggressively, especially if there is a male cat present.

  1. These distressed yowls are attracted to toms, but they may be quite distressing to people.
  2. She may come into contact with people and items more frequently.
  3. There may also be a distinct discharge from the vulva – but if you’re close enough to see it, you already know what the cat’s sex is by this point.
  4. The chances of encountering a cat with a low-hanging, inflated tummy and swollenous nipples are quite high that you’re looking at a pregnant female.

Occasionally, cats with serious intestinal parasites will develop inflated abdomens as well, but these cats will not have the more obvious nipples that are characteristic of a pregnant female cat.

Sexing Cats Based on Genitals

Examining a cat’s genitals is the only way to establish its gender with any degree of accuracy. This is easier to accomplish with older cats. For those unfamiliar with kittens in their infancy, identifying males and females can be difficult without prior knowledge of their characteristics. To get a good look at the cat’s genitals, you’ll need to carefully lift the tail. If the cat is comfortable and willing to be handled, this should be a straightforward procedure. In order to avoid dropping the cat if things don’t go well, it’s a good idea to sit down with the cat on your lap while you’re working.

Cats are known to naturally elevate their tails when faced with this situation.

Wrapping the cat with a towel or blanket may be essential in some cases.

Additionally, the testicles will be seen in a complete tom.

An anus and a vagina are the only organs found in a female cat.

Your veterinarian will be able to tell you whether or not the cat is old enough for the treatment.

Having cats de-sexed makes them happier and simpler to care for, and it also helps to prevent them from many different ailments.

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