Care of Open Wounds in Cats
A wound is a type of injury that causes damage to the skin and/or the tissues underneath the skin. Depending on the nature of the wound, it might be open (such as a cut) or closed (such as a contusion or bruise).
What should I do if a wound is bleeding?
Attempt to stop the bleeding by putting direct pressure to the area with an absorbent dressing such as dry gauze, followed by a layer of bandage material or a clean, dry cloth to keep the wound clean and dry. When the wound is transported to the veterinary clinic, it will be protected and any additional contamination of the lesion will be prevented. Attempt to elevate the damaged region above the level of the heart if at all feasible. This will aid in reducing the flow of blood to the bleeding region and will assist to stop the bleeding.
Why leave a wound open?
Sometimes the location of the incision or the amount of skin loss makes surgical closure or bandaging impossible (wounds on the face or high up on the leg). Puncture wounds and other forms of stress can sometimes drive germs deep into the tissues. A contaminated wound that has been open for more than a few hours should never be closed without surgical debridement (the removal of all contaminated or dead tissue), and in some situations, doing so may cause more permanent harm than just treating the area medically and allowing it to heal.
If it is feasible, your veterinarian will disinfect and suture the wound.
The majority of these wounds are treated with a mix of frequent cleansing, bandaging, and antibiotics to alleviate their discomfort (most commonly amoxicillin-clavulanate).
This is known as debridement.
How should I manage an open wound at home?
Clean the wound two to three times daily with a mild antiseptic solution or warm water, following the particular directions of your veterinarian, to remove any crusted discharge and maintain the wound margins clean. You should avoid using hydrogen peroxide, witch hazel, or alcohol to clean the wound. Using hydrogen peroxide, witch hazel, or alcohol to clean the wound is not recommended. It may be necessary to bandage the wound in order to protect it from additional infection or to prevent your cat from licking it excessively.
Is any other medication required?
If your cat’s wound is infectious or suspected of being contaminated, he or she will almost certainly be prescribed an antibiotic treatment.
It is not recommended to use topical therapies unless expressly advised by your veterinarian, since some chemicals, although appearing to be innocuous, can actually damage tissues and cause wound healing to be delayed.
How to Heal Cat Wounds
Cats are highly active and curious animals. They like playing, exploring, hunting, and tussling with one another. Whether you have an aggressive mouse-hunting cat or a laid-back sofa cat, the odds are good that your feline companion may sustain some minor injuries at some point during one of his or her nine lifetimes. So, what should you do if your cat is scraped, cut, bitten, punctured, or suffers any other form of cat wound? Here’s all you need to know about diagnosing and treating your cat’s illness.
Common Cat Wounds
Your cat is likely to find himself into some sort of difficulty every now and then. All creatures, including humans, are vulnerable to being injured. Furthermore, small injuries in cats are extremely common; the frequency with which they occur varies depending on their activity level and habitat. If you suffer an injury, you should not get alarmed. You shouldn’t just disregard it either. Even the smallest of wounds may become breeding grounds for germs and viruses over time. Untreated, a modest problem might develop into a potentially life-threatening medical condition.
- Hot spots, insect bites, skin rashes, ulcers, cat burns, scratches, cuts, and scrapes, cat abscesses are all possible.
As a responsible cat owner, you should check your kitty on a regular basis for indicators of injury, which include: 1
- Bleeding, swelling, missing hair, torn skin, limping, tenderness or discomfort are all possible symptoms.
Treating Cat Scrapes and Wounds
As soon as an animal has an injury or cat scratch, his or her immune system goes into overdrive to combat infection and aid in the healing process. However, this does not imply that you should let them to recover on their own, particularly if they look to be in pain. It is beneficial to be overly careful and to catch any problems early on by getting your cat to the veterinarian right away. So, if you detect that your cat has an open wound, you should take the following steps:
- Examine the wound for symptoms of infection– Your first step is to discover whether the feline wound is new or an old one. Infection of an old wound is possible and will almost certainly need veterinarian treatment and medication. The following are some of the most common indications of a wound infection: 2
- Pus discharge, abscesses, fever, noticeable pain or discomfort, and behavioral abnormalities are all possibilities.
- Determining the severity of the wound– Once you have ruled out an infection and determined that the injury is new, the following step is to establish how significant the damage is to you. Typically, just an eye exam is required to determine the severity of the condition. Taking your cat to the veterinarian as soon as possible, should the injury necessitate stitches, surgery, or the application of a cast
- Stabilize the blood flow– If your cat is bleeding from a tiny wound, it is important to stop the bleeding. Apply direct pressure to the wound with a clean cloth or sterile gauze in order to achieve this result. It will usually take 5-10 minutes for a clot to develop, depending on the location and depth of the cut. If the wound is not healing correctly, take your cat to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Remove foreign objects from the wound– If the wound is minor and has not been infected, you can gently clean it with a clean moist cloth and iodine or saline solution. It is possible that you may need to initially pull any excess hair away from the wound region, or perhaps cut the hair if required. To the best of your ability, remove any debris from the wound site without rubbing
- Using an antimicrobial hydrogel to expedite the healing process and help prevent a potential bacterial infection is the next step after cleansing. Using a wound and infection antimicrobial therapy solution specifically designed for cats, such as the Veticyn Plus® Feline Antimicrobial Hydrogel, you may achieve this goal. This can assist in cleaning and adhering to the wound site, so adding an additional layer of protection and healing to the wound. Simply spray it immediately into the cat scrape or onto the dressings before putting them to the wound
- It is that simple. Check the wound on a regular basis– Once you’ve done everything you possibly can for your feline companion, you must sit back and let time and nature to do their work. Make every effort to prevent your cat from licking, gnawing, or scratching at the injury site if possible. Maintain the cleanliness and dryness of the bandage, and check the wound on a regular basis to ensure that it does not become infected. Afterwards, replace the bandage and saturate the margins of the cut or wound with more antibacterial solution.
Establish the severity of the wound– Once you have ruled out an infection and determined that the injury is new, the following step is to determine how significant the damage is to you. When determining the severity of the condition, an eye exam is usually sufficient. Taking your cat to the veterinarian as soon as possible is recommended if the injury requires stitches, surgery, or a cast. Reduce blood flow– If your cat is bleeding from a minor cut, it is important to stop the bleeding immediately.
- It will likely take 5-10 minutes for a clot to develop depending on the location and depth of the laceration.
- Flush the wound– For minor cuts and abrasions, a clean moist towel and iodine or a saline solution can be used to gently clean the wound.
- To the best of your ability, remove any debris from the incision site without rubbing.
- Using a wound and infection antimicrobial therapy solution designed specifically for cats, such as the Veticyn Plus® Feline Antimicrobial Hydrogel, you may accomplish this goal.
- It is sufficient to spray it straight onto the cat scrape or onto the bandages before putting them to the wound.
- Make every effort to prevent your cat from licking, gnawing, or clawing at the wound.
In order to prevent infection, it’s important to keep the bandage clean and dry and to check the wound on a regular basis. As soon as you have done so, replace the bandage and saturate the wound with extra antibacterial solution around the edges.
Why Use Vetericyn For Your Cat’s Wounds?
Vetericyn’s antibacterial liquid and hydrogel are specifically intended to aid in the healing process and the cat’s natural immune reaction to illness. It is the first topical antimicrobial application that is non-toxic, broad-spectrum, non-antibiotic, and non-antibiotic in nature. In recent trials, 3″Wounds treated with Vetericyn® showed a decrease in healing time of up to 60%, according to the researchers. Vetericyn® has demonstrated in vitro that it may safely eliminate 99.9999 percent of the majority of single-cell pathogens in under 30 seconds.” Simply said, Vetericyn is the only safe and natural approach to treat practically every cat’s wound at any point of its life.
Check out our posts on how often you should bathe a cat and how to cure conjunctivitis in cats for further information.
- Vetericyn’s antibacterial liquid and hydrogel are specifically formulated to aid in the healing process and the cat’s natural immune response to help it recover faster. It is the first topical antibacterial that is non-toxic, broad-spectrum, and does not include antibiotics. In recent trials, 3″Wounds treated with Vetericyn® showed a decrease in healing time of up to 60%, according to the manufacturer. Vetericyn® may safely eliminate 99.9999 percent of the majority of single-cell pathogens in 30 seconds, according to in vitro data.” Petitioners often refer to Vetericyn as “the safe, natural approach to heal practically any cat’s wound at any point of its life.” In search of other cat-related solutions? Read about how often you should bathe a cat and how to cure conjunctivitis in cats on our blogs page. Sources:
Wound Treatment for Cats (Overview)
Cats are just as prone to small injuries that occur on a daily basis as any other animal. Cutting (laceration), bruising (contusion), and scraping (abrasion) are all non-life threatening injuries that will heal with little or no medical intervention. Other wounds may be serious enough to necessitate the use of stitches as well as more intensive emergency treatment.
What to Watch For
Fresh wounds will often exhibit some or all of the following characteristics:
- Skin that has been cut, scraped, or ripped
- Hair loss
- Tenderness or soreness in the joints
If a wound is not seen while it is still new, it has the potential to get infected. The following symptoms, in addition to swelling and discomfort, may be experienced:
- Abscesses (i.e., an accumulation of pus beneath the skin) and the ensuing hole in the skin when the abscess breaks open and drains
- Discharge (pus) from the wound
- Abscesses (i.e., an accumulation of pus under the skin) and the resulting hole in the skin when the abscess breaks open and drains
- A fever (e.g., lethargy and hot to the touch ears)
- Symptoms of a cold.
Abscesses (i.e., an accumulation of pus beneath the skin) and the subsequent hole in the skin when the abscess breaks open and drains; Discharge (pus) from the wound; Abscesses (i.e., an accumulation of pus under the skin); A fever (e.g., lethargy and hot to the touch ears); symptoms of a fever
What you may and cannot do at home is ultimately determined by your cat. It is sometimes necessary to wrap your cat in a towel or to place him in a carrier and transport him straight to the veterinarian. If this is the case, call your veterinarian immediately. It is possible, if your cat will let it, to perform a few simple tasks until you can go to your veterinarian. This is especially true if it will be some time until you can see your veterinarian.
- If there is bleeding, direct pressure should be applied to the wound. After the wound has been wrapped with sterile gauze or a clean towel, pressure should be administered to the area. It might take anywhere from 5 to 10 minutes for the bleeding to cease. Once this occurs, tape the gauze in place since removing it may cause the clot to dissolve and bleeding to recommence. Examine the area for any further wounds. Attempt cleansing the wound if there is no bleeding and the cut (laceration) or scrape (abrasion) looks to be of modest severity. Use an antiseptic solution or plain water to carefully clean the area around the wound, and a syringe or other similar instrument to flush the solution over the surface of the wound to prevent infection. Antiseptic solutions are created by diluting concentrated solutions that are purchased from a shop and include either povidone iodine or chlorhexidine diacetate as the active component as described above. It is not recommended to use alcohol or hydrogen peroxide to the wounds because they will really harm the tissue. Povidone should be diluted to the color of weak tea
- Chlorhexidine should be diluted to the color of pale blue
- And other chemicals should be diluted as needed. If the laceration is lengthy or deep, or if it is a puncture wound, you can clean around the margins as indicated above, but you should not flush the wound itself with water. That should be left to the veterinarian. You should take your cat to the veterinarian after you have done everything you can for him.
Diagnosis Your veterinarian will do a thorough examination of your cat and analyze any wounds that are discovered. In addition, your cat will be examined for any signs of any health concerns. The cat’s hair will need to be shaved in order to conduct an accurate examination. Some wounds may need the use of X-rays. It may also be essential to administer sedation in order to complete the test. Treatment The primary aims of therapy are to avoid infection while also expediting the healing process.
To treat your cat’s wounds properly and without giving him any further pain, sedation or anesthesia will be required the majority of the time.
- Small scrapes and wounds are frequently treated with nothing more than a thorough washing and, in some cases, a dab of skin glue to keep the margins of the cut together. Cutting wounds that are both long and/or deep require meticulous cleaning to ensure that there is no debris in the wound and meticulous assessment to establish the degree of the damage. If the incision is less than 12 hours old and is not significantly polluted, it will most likely be sutured closed
- Otherwise, it will be bandaged. Puncture wounds, particularly those caused by animal attacks, are sometimes associated with severe damage beneath the skin that is not obvious on initial examination. Following the removal of any potentially foreign items, these wounds must be thoroughly probed and then meticulously cleansed with huge quantities of antiseptic solution to ensure that they are completely clean. Sometimes it is necessary to open these wounds surgically in order to repair damage that has occurred deep inside the tissues. While this is happening, puncture wounds and/or wounds that are more than 12 hours old, contaminated or displaying indications of infection, abscessed, or losing significant portions of skin are not often sutured. To prevent infection from entering the wound, bandages are applied to it until it heals or the wound becomes healthy enough that sutures will actually aid the wound rather than trap infection within. Large or deep wounds, infected wounds, or repeated puncture wounds frequently necessitate the use of a Penrose drain, which is a soft rubber tube that enables excess, polluted tissue fluid to drain out while maintaining a tiny aperture for flushing antiseptic solution into the wound. Your veterinarian will administer medicine to your cat to treat an infection and, if necessary, discomfort, which you will be responsible for administering at home. Most cats are discharged after 24 hours of being hospitalized
- However, some cats may take longer.
Living and Management
The most essential thing you can do for your cat once he or she has returned home is to give excellent nursing care.
Fortunately, this is generally just for 1 to 2 weeks at a time. The following are examples of good nursing care:
- Preventing your cat from licking, gnawing, or clawing at the wounds, stitches, bandages, or drains is essential for his or her health. It is possible that an Elizabethan collar will be required in this situation. Keeping bandages clean and dry, and changing bandages as suggested by your veterinarian are all important considerations. Initially, this may occur as frequently as twice or three times each day. It is possible that you may need to take your cat back to the veterinarian for the adjustments, especially if he is not cooperative. If the bandages become moist, or if you detect an odor, chafing, or an increase in drainage (or if the drainage does not diminish), you should take your cat to the veterinarian for an examination. Place a thin coating of antibiotic ointment over the borders of the wound once or twice a day, but only if the cat is unable to remove it with its licking mouth
- Ensure that your cat receives all of the medication that has been recommended for him. Consult your veterinarian if you are having difficulty giving it
In most cases, unless the wounds are serious or problems arise, the following is a normal sequence of events following the veterinarian visit:
- Penrose drains are removed three to five days after they are installed. Sutures are removed between 10 and 14 days after they have been inserted. Antibiotics are often prescribed for seven to ten days. If pain medicine is prescribed, it is typically administered for 5 to 7 days. In certain cases, bandages may be put on for as little as 24 hours, while in others they may be left on for several weeks, depending on the severity of the wound. Starting with at least once a day bandage changes, greater intervals between changes may be feasible later in the healing process.
It takes 3 to 5 days to remove penrose drains after they have been installed. 10-14 days after the sutures are inserted, the sutures are taken out. Drugs are often prescribed for seven to ten consecutive days. Medications for pain are often used for 5 to 7 days if necessary. Depending on the severity of the wound, bandages may be worn for as little as 24 hours or as long as several weeks. Starting with at least once a day bandage changes, greater intervals between changes may be feasible later on in the healing process.
Because cats are most likely to be hurt when they are left outside unsupervised, the best approach to prevent damage is to either keep the cat indoors or only allow him to be outside in a safe, limited area when he is let outside. Image courtesy of Shutterstock
This is How to Heal an Open Wound on a Cat
It is possible that all postings will include affiliate links. For further information, please see my disclaimer. Both indoor and outdoor cats are susceptible to developing open wounds as a result of abscesses or accidents. This article will instruct you on how to treat an open wound on a feline companion. In order to decide if an injury is severe enough to necessitate medical attention, the first step is to evaluate it. Veterinarian John Rossi writes in his book “What’s Wrong With My Cat or Kitten?” that tiny wounds less than 1 inch long and 1/2 inch wide do not require veterinary treatment and can be treated at home.
Stop the bleeding, clean the wound, and bandage it if required.
Use the coupon code FALL25 to receive a 25 percent discount on your first Vetster visit!
What You’ll Need to Treat an Open Wound on a Cat:
- Simple first aid supplies include clean rags, mild liquid detergent, sterile gauze pads, self-adhering elastic bandages, antibiotic ointment, or non-medicated petroleum jelly such as Vaseline.
Stop the Blood Flow
- Step 1: Apply pressure to your cat’s wound by putting a clean towel against it with your palm in order to stop the bleeding
- Keeping the cloth in place for 3 to 4 minutes before lifting it to see if the blood flow has slowed down is the second step. Step 3:Reapply a fresh part of the rag to the cut if the bleeding has not drastically reduced or stopped completely. As soon as bleeding has slowed or stopped, you may begin to clean the wound.
Cleaning the Wound
- Step 1: Soak the wound in warm water for 4 to 5 minutes to disinfect it. While you hold your cat over the sink and either pour water over the wound or stream water from the faucet over it, it may be simpler to complete this task if you have a second person hold your cat and aid keep her steady and calm. Step 2: Create a lather with some liquid soap and warm water and use it to clean the wound. To remove the soap, use extra warm water from a faucet or by pouring water over the wound until it is clear. Step 3: Step 4: Wipe the wound and the surrounding area dry with a clean towel.
Products to Consider: PetAg EMT First Aid Kit in a Tube for Dogs and CatsSmall Animal Gel, 1-oz container, PetAg EMT First Aid Kit in a Tube for Small Animals Because of the presence of bioactive hydrolyzed collagen, it is possible to seal and stop bleeding on the spot for minor cuts and wounds. Collascent, a gel-like material that forms a protective barrier around wounds, aids in the speeding up of the healing process. Pain relief and wound odor reduction are achieved in a single formulation that is suitable for dogs, cats, birds, and even reptiles.
Care While Healing
- In order to prevent any germs present from producing infection, apply an over-the-counter antibiotic ointment or non-medicated petroleum jelly such as Vaseline to the wound in Step 1. Application of ointment at least twice a day minimizes the risk of infection and also maintains the tissue moist, allowing it to recover more quickly
- Step 2: If you are able to stop the bleeding completely and if your cat will be confined to the house while she heals, you may choose to leave the wound unbandaged. If the wound is not susceptible to contamination by dirt or other pathogens, it will heal more quickly if it is exposed to the air rather than being wrapped. Step 3: Inspect your cat’s wound on a daily basis to verify that it is healing properly and that it does not become infected with bacteria. If it seems to be red, bloated, and oozing pus, take your cat to the veterinarian as soon as possible. The veterinarian may choose to drain the wound and give an antibiotic to combat the infection.
Tips and Warnings about How to Heal an Open Wound on a Cat:
When your cat suffers a significant cut or gash, you should always seek the advice of an experienced veterinarian on the health and treatment of your cat. If your cat has a major open wound that is more than 1 inch long and 1/2 inch broad, and especially if it is bleeding excessively, take her to the veterinarian right once.
It is not recommended that you attempt to apply a tourniquet to your cat while she is bleeding. If the knot is overly tight, it might cause more harm than benefit. Using hydrogen peroxide to flush wounds can be a more effective method of cleaning than just washing them with soap and water.
“Can you tell me what’s wrong with my cat or kitten?” ; John Rossi, D.V.M., M.A., “The Doctor’s Book of Home Remedies for Dogs and Cats”; Editors of Prevention Health Books “The Doctor’s Book of Home Remedies for Dogs and Cats” More articles about cat health may be found by clicking here.
- Scissors, tweezers, antibiotic soap, sterile saline solution, gauze, and surgical tape are all necessary.
If the wounds on your cat are not severe, you can treat them at home. However, major wounds that are bleeding excessively must be treated by a veterinarian since they may need the use of sutures in the future. Continue to apply pressure to the affected region with a clean cloth or gauze until the cat is taken into the care of a vet. Other open wounds may be minor enough that you may treat them at home with simple first-aid measures. It is possible that you will want assistance in administering first aid at home.
- They can also assist you in keeping the cat motionless while you perform first-aid measures on him.
- Hair around the area should be clipped with scissors so that you can have a better look at the wound itself.
- Electric razors are not suggested since they have the potential to startle the cat.
- Remove any tiny rocks, leaves, or other foreign objects from the wound with your tweezers if necessary.
- Remove the bandage from the wound.
- If you don’t have access to a remedy, you can gently lather the affected area with antibacterial soap.
- Gently pat the area dry with a towel until it is completely dry.
- Apply gauze to the open wound to keep it from bleeding more.
- You may use any tape that will hold the gauze in place if you don’t have surgical tape on hand.
- If this occurs, the bandage should be reapplied as necessary.
- You can also choose to apply antibiotic ointment to the wound twice a day if you choose.
- If you have an open wound, do not use hydrogen peroxide. Despite the fact that hydrogen peroxide kills bacteria, it also destroys other essential cells that may be necessary in the healing of the wound.
References and Photographic Credits Kristal Smith has been writing for the web for more than six years and has a degree in English literature. Smith has a bachelor’s degree in visual communications, with a concentration in photography. She received her bachelor’s degree from Ivy Tech College in Evansville, Indiana. Her essays are focused on topics such as health, nutrition, photography, the Internet, and website design.
How to Clean a Cat Wound: 14 Steps (with Pictures)
In most cases, cats will sustain minor injuries from time to time. The possibility exists that your cat may get into a fight and be clawed at, or that it will just receive some scratches while exploring the area.
If your cat returns home with a fresh puncture wound, a cut, a graze, or a more serious lesion, it is important to clean the area as soon as possible to prevent the danger of infection or the formation of an abscess.
- 1 Locate some sterile saline solution. Sterile saline, such as that provided in first aid kits, is the most effective solution for flushing a polluted wound out of the body. Physical washing eliminates germs and dirt, yet the saline solution is sufficiently comparable to the pH of bodily tissues that it causes minimum tissue harm.
- It is important to use big amounts of saline and to keep washing until the region seems clean while using this solution.
- 2 Bring some water to a boil and use it once it has cooled. If the wound is really unclean and has a lot of mud or grit in it, boiling water and allowing it to cool is an alternate treatment. Make use of this water to physically wash away the dirt in the region.
- Because water does not have the same composition as bodily fluids and so sucks fluid out of injured tissue, there is a minimal danger that it will harm the exposed tissue bed when used in conjunction with other procedures. Medical studies, on the other hand, have demonstrated that using tap water to irrigate a wound has no effect on whether or not the wound becomes infected in the long run.
- 3 Prepare a solution of salt water. When it comes to cleansing a cat’s wound, salt water is an excellent choice because it has natural disinfecting characteristics and is readily available. To produce a salt water solution, first boil the kettle and then measure out a cup of water and add half a teaspoon of salt to the boiling water. Then whisk until the sugar is completely dissolved and let aside to cool.
- Due to the fact that this salt water has a composition similar to tears and bodily fluids, it is less harmful to exposed tissue than commercial disinfection solutions or plain water.
- 1 Purchase a commercial disinfectant that is safe for pets. There are a range of disinfectants available for use on pet wounds that are available for purchase. Povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine are the most often used disinfectants. Make an appointment with your veterinarian if you intend to have one of these products on hand in case your cat becomes scratched up.
- It’s important to remember that not all disinfectants are suitable for cats. These products contain phenol, which is hazardous to felines. To determine whether a product contains phenolic disinfectants, look at the label to see if the product is to be avoided. An other indication that phenol is present in the product is if it becomes murky when water is introduced. If in doubt, avoid the situation and find an alternative
- To use povidone-iodine, dilute it by mixing one milliliter of the solution with one hundred milliliters of water. Wash the wound area with this solution to remove any pollution that has accumulated there. To use chlorhexidine, dilute 2.5ml of chlorhexidine with 100 ml of water to get the proper strength for cleaning a wound or wound dressing. Chlorhexidine is the active ingredient of various surgical scrubs, such as Hibiscrub, that are used in surgery. A pink soapy solution that has to be diluted with water is used to make this product. When it comes to antibacterial characteristics, chlorhexidine is an excellent choice. It also has a minor residual effect, which means it continues to destroy germs for a short period of time after it has dried.
- 2 Dilute a little amount of hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide is yet another common wound washing product on the market. However, if this is utilized undiluted, it has the potential to be extremely harmful to the tissue. The’myth’ is that the fizzing that occurs when peroxide comes into contact with wounds is just eliminating the germs
- However, this is really destroying the tissue bed, which must be healthy in order for subsequent healing to take place.
- If you have a 3 percent solution of hydrogen peroxide, you should dilute it one part peroxide to three parts water (for example, 25 mL of peroxide to 75 mL of water) to create a disinfectant solution suited for cleansing wounds.
- 3 Choose the safest alternative that you have accessible to you at the time. Personal choice and the availability of disinfectants determine which disinfectant should be used. Always follow the manufacturer’s directions on how to dilute the product, since using it excessively concentrated might be harmful to the skin and mucous membranes. You should be aware that many household disinfectants, including disinfectant sprays, contain benzalkonium chloride and were not intended for use on live tissue.
- Whenever you’re in question about whether a product is appropriate for use on a cat, try just utilizing saline or salt water solution instead, as this is always safe
- 1 Enlist the assistance of another person to help you hold the cat. After an injury, your cat may be in pain or shaken up, and it may lash out when you touch the painful region. Despite the fact that it is generally mild-mannered, this is nevertheless true. Try to solicit the assistance of a friend or neighbor to hold the cat while you tend to the wound.
- You might try covering the cat in a huge bath towel and leaving only the wound visible. This is a fantastic approach to keep it quiet while also reducing the possibility of fangs and claws being bitten.
- 2 Using a syringe, flush the wound with water. Take your preferred rinse solution and put it in a large mixing basin. Suck up the solution with a syringe, and then spray it over the wound to rinse and disinfect it. Continue to rinse the incision in this manner until you are certain that the wound is clean
- To limit the danger of infection, it is necessary to clean and disinfect fresh bite wounds. It is possible that grit, gravel, and germs will be present in scrape wounds acquired if the cat is struck by an automobile or falls from a tree. Performing a thorough cleaning to eliminate pollution lowers the chance of issues such as poor healing or infection.
- If you don’t have a syringe, you can use a cotton ball soaked in cleaning solution instead. You may also soak clean cotton wool in the cleaning solution and squeeze it so that the fluid flows down over the wound if you don’t have a syringe on hand. If the region is heavily polluted and this is not effectively removing the material, use downward stroking strokes with the cotton wool to clean the area.
- Each downward wipe should be made with a clean piece of saturated cotton wool, so that the dirty piece does not recontaminate the wound on the following downward pass. Continue to clean until the cotton wool comes away clean, and then rinse well
- If your cat has an abscess that has burst, a significant amount of pus may be leaking from the lesion. To remove pus from the wound, use dry cotton wool, gauze, or absorbent paper tissue to wipe it away. Using mild pressure, press inward towards the tooth mark where the pus is flowing from the abscess and away from the surrounding tissue. It is critical to remove as much pus as possible from the wound, else it will serve as a cause of infection for the rest of the patient’s life.
- 4 Disinfect the area with disinfectant. After you have removed all of the gross pollution, you may begin applying the disinfectant to the surface. The instructions on the box should be followed in order to ensure effective application.
- The goal is to wash away illness until you expose healthy, uncontaminated tissue, after which you may apply the disinfectant to it.
- 5 Make a decision on whether or not to bandage the wound. Attempting to bandage or hide a small, minor wound is not recommended because most wounds benefit from exposure to fresh air. If, on the other hand, the cat is attempting to lick or chew the wound, the wound must be covered. The healing of the wound may be jeopardized in these situations.
- 5 Make a decision on whether or not to bandage the injury. A minor, unimportant wound should not be bandaged or covered since most wounds benefit from being exposed to air. Unless, of course, the cat is attempting to lick or eat the wound, it should be protected. Healing of the wound may be jeopardized in these circumstances.
- 1 Keep an eye out for indicators of injuries on your cat. As a cat owner, it’s critical to be familiar with your cat’s regular behaviors. This will assist you in determining whether or not something is incorrect. Be on the lookout for behavioral changes such as, but not limited to, changes in eating habits, forms of activity, and interest in socializing.
- The presence of these symptoms might indicate a range of conditions, including physical trauma. If your cat’s attitude or behavior has changed dramatically, and you are unable to determine the cause, take it to the veterinarian for evaluation. These changes might be signs of a medical concern
- However, they could also be harmless.
- 2 If you were there or heard a fight, look for signs of injury. If you hear a cat fight or if your cat comes back limping, inspect the cat over for indications of trauma or infection. tufts of hair that have been clumped together are a telltale indicator of a struggle in progress. When you look at the cat, try to see if any portions of the coat are untidy or if any hairs are standing out at an unusual angle. Examine the cat’s body in a gentle manner by dividing the hair and inspecting the flesh beneath it
- Alternatively, you may see an area of hair loss, which indicates that the aggressor cat has ripped the fur out of the region. There may be a wound present, or you may see blood spots or a swollen region in the affected area. Cats with white or light coats are the easiest to detect for this condition. Gently run your hands over it and wait for a reaction to tenderness
- You may also feel for wounds, swelling, or scabs in the case of a black cat.
- 3 Inspect your cat for injuries on a regular basis. A fight may not always be witnessed by you or the symptoms of a fight on your cat’s coat may not always be visible to you. In order to avoid this, it is critical to check your cat on a frequent basis for injuries that you would otherwise overlook. This is especially crucial if your cat is an outdoor cat or if it has a history of fighting with others.
- When you are snuggling and patting the cat, this is an excellent moment to do this. Maintaining the cat’s quiet, softly sweeping your fingers over its body while gazing at the flesh beneath the fur is a good idea. It is possible that older wounds are infected, in which case you may notice swelling, the formation of a scab, hair loss, and the production of a bloody or purulent discharge
- Old abscesses that have ruptured frequently include a large amount of pus, which mats the fur of the animal. Aside from that, skin around the abcesion dehydrates and dies, leaving a large hole in the skin through which you may view muscle or exposed tissues.
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- Minor wounds can be cleansed at home, and then they can be watched for indications of infection. The treatment of larger, more serious wounds, including those that are full skin thickness or that expose the tissues beneath the skin, should be performed by a veterinarian. A puncture wound over a joint, on the other hand, should be treated by a veterinarian since there is a possibility of bacteria being introduced into the joint and a brief course of antibiotics may be necessary to prevent joint sepsis.
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The following is a summary of the article:XTo clean a cat’s wound, first soak a cotton ball in a cleaning solution made consisting of 1 cup boiling water and 12 teaspoon salt, then squeeze it so that the liquid pours over the wound. If this does not completely remove all of the dirt and debris, use more solution-soaked cotton balls to wipe the incision clean. Make careful to wipe with downward strokes and to use one cotton ball every stroke in order to prevent cross-contamination from occurring.
Continue reading for additional advice from our Veterinary reviewer, including information on how to purchase cleaning and disinfection treatments that are safe for your cat.
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When a cat is penetrated or scratched by another cat, another animal, or an instrument, an abscess can form, causing pain and discomfort in the affected area. Bacteria infiltrate deep tissue and cause an infection, resulting in the formation of an abscess. With time, the infection continues to spread, the pressure on the affected area rises, and the surrounding skin is eroded. Eventually, the skin may split up, allowing pus and diseased debris to be expelled. It is critical to properly care for your pet’s abscess because, if it is not kept clean and treated with the appropriate medicine, the infection may spread to other areas of the body, including the organs, and cause death.
How to Identify an Abscess
An abscess on your cat’s skin will appear as an open sore or as a painful swelling on his skin. Frequently, the fur at the location is either absent or matted together. The wound itself may or may not be gushing foul-smelling pus, which may or may not contain blood in certain instances. You may not always be able to see the abscess from a regular distance, but if you approach near enough to it, you will be able to see it (and smell it). This is the abscess before it ruptures if you see a compressible swelling on your cat’s body yet there are no traces of a teeth mark on the animal.
What to Do If You Find an Abscess on Your Cat
As soon as you discover that your cat is suffering from an abscess, the first thing you should do is make an appointment for her to be assessed by her veterinarian. Once you have made an appointment with the veterinarian, you should do the following:
- Carefully cut away as much hair as possible from the wound location so that you can view the full extent of the injury. Apply a clean towel soaked in warm water or a warm compress to the affected area to relieve the discomfort. Make an effort to maintain it on the wound for a minute or two at a time. It is not suggested to apply hydrogen peroxide directly to open wounds since it may cause further tissue damage and necrosis. An abscess should never be treated with alcohol.
Following the completion of these processes, the wound should be clean and you should have a clearer understanding of the severity of the abscess.
What to Expect at the Veterinarian
Upon arrival at the veterinarian’s office with your cat, the veterinarian will normally do a comprehensive assessment of the abscess as well as your cat’s overall health and wellness. If the abscess is open and draining, your veterinarian may be able to treat your cat without the need for anaesthesia in some situations. However, if the abscess hasn’t ruptured yet, your veterinarian may have to sedate your pet and lance the abscess to ensure that it doesn’t spread further. Samples of the pus will be collected and submitted to a laboratory so that your veterinarian may learn more about the illness and determine which drugs will be most effective against it.
- It will be critical to keep the drain as free of debris as possible in the future.
- Once your cat has returned home, keep her in a secure area while she recovers.
- Make sure the room is warm and dry, and make sure your cat has everything she needs to recuperate peacefully, such as a litter box, soft blankets, food, and fresh water, among other things.
- Continue cleaning the spot until all of the visible pus has been removed.
It is important to inform your veterinarian about any drugs or supplements that your cat is presently taking. This will allow your veterinarian to make the best treatment option for your cat’s individual situation and limit the danger of a potential drug interaction.
About the Author
Dr. Evan Ware works as a veterinary practitioner in the city of Phoenix, in the United States. The Ohio State University provided him with both his undergraduate and graduate degrees in microbiology, as well as his Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Ware is now the Medical Director of University Animal Hospital (VCA) and the owner of two additional veterinary facilities, including Laveen Veterinary Center and Phoenix Veterinary Center. He received his veterinary degree from the University of Florida.
An introduction to minor cat wounds
Argos posted this on October 26th, 2013, and it was last updated on October 1st, 2020. Minor cat wounds, such as cuts, rips, scrapes, bites, and punctures, can occur in both active and calm cats, regardless of their activity level. Depending on whether you witnessed your cat stepping on a piece of shattered glass, you may be able to determine how the wound occurred, or your cat may just have returned via the cat flap with an injury of unknown origin. Regardless of the reason, basic first aid practices may be followed.
How to start
Be mindful that even the mildest of cats may attempt to scratch or bite when faced with a stressful or uncomfortable circumstance before administering any first aid to your cat. First and foremost, you should enlist the assistance of another person to confine your cat while you examine the wound. Wrapping your cat in a towel can be a good strategy, provided that no smothering happens and that someone is around to assist in calming him or her down. It may also be necessary to restrain an upset cat by the scruff of the neck or by placing the cat on the ground to keep them from harming themselves any more.
A wound may be bleeding, which can be either mild or substantial depending on the severity of the injury. In any case, it is critical that the bleeding is stopped as soon as possible once it begins. It is unlikely that a little amount of blood will be life-threatening if the situation is treated with quickly and appropriately. If at all feasible, direct pressure should be given to the wound for a minimum of 10-15 minutes at a time. This is best accomplished with a clean, dry towel or gauze pad.
It is not recommended that you employ a tourniquet.
The dressing should not be removed until there is visible bleeding through the fabric.
Simply place an extra dressing or padding on top of the previous one to complete the look.
An additional bandage can be put on top of the dressing if it is appropriate for the location. You should remain at your cat’s side and assist him or her in remaining calm and motionless. When the bleeding has stopped, the wound may be checked more thoroughly.
Cat wound examination
Cat wounds may be painful, and an inspection should begin with a simple physical examination. Some wounds may be clogged with debris or grit, which should be removed as soon as possible. It is recommended that you leave the removal of any things larger than dirt or grit in the wound to your veterinarian, however. It is critical to be as gentle as possible at all times, and keeping your cat quiet will make the process much more manageable for both of you. Bite wounds from other cats are quite prevalent in cats who live in the wild.
When a cat bites its person, it can produce abscesses, which many owners are unaware of until they erupt and cause serious injury.
It’s possible that you’ve noticed that your cat has been silent and hasn’t been eating for the past several days.
Clipping and shaving
Shave the hair off a wound with hand clippers if possible (if you don’t have any, blunt-ended scissors will work just as well). Because owner-inflicted wounds occur with alarming regularity, exercise extreme caution and refrain from cutting if you have any reservations. Attempt to shave/trim away the hair from around the wound to a distance of no more than 2 or 3 centimeters. When the hair has been removed, it is possible that more injuries will become visible, such as bruises. Keeping longer hairs away from the lesion is also beneficial since they are more likely to fall onto the wound and create contamination.
A small amount of Vaseline applied to the incision before to shaving can aid in catching any stray hairs, which can then be carefully removed after the shaving session.
Cleaning the wound
Following that, the wound should be cleansed to ensure that no impurities remain. If you happen to have any chlorhexidine or povidone-iodine on hand, you can use it instead. Dilute in water with only enough to cause the water to have a discolored hue, and no more. Alternatives include the use of one teaspoon of salt mixed with one pint of boiling water that has been allowed to cool before use. Keep human goods such as lotions, ointments and disinfectants such as Savlon away from your pet’s wounds since they can be itchy and poisonous if the animal licks the wound.
Remove any antibacterial wash or saline that may have accumulated on the wound and its environs by gently “blotting dry” the area.
As a result, make sure the area is well cleansed and attempt to keep the cat from licking the area as much as possible. Please keep in mind that any suspected cat bite wounds should be thoroughly cleaned once or twice each day.
In most cases, a tiny wound should be left untreated, but bigger wounds may require a dressing, such as a gauze pad applied to skin that has been cut of its hair. The’micropore’ type of tape is the best to use because the ‘Elastoplast’ type will adhere too firmly to the cat’s skin and may cause injury when removed off the animal. After the wound has been cleaned, it can be dressed. In most cases, a tiny wound should be left untreated, but bigger wounds may require a dressing, such as a gauze pad applied to skin that has been cut of its hair.
In the case of any wound that your cat may be able to access and lick, it may be wise to invest in an Elizabethan collar for protection (make sure this is fitted correctly according to instructions).
Please keep in mind that if bleeding continues to wick through your first dressing, you should not remove the dressing since you may dislodge any clots that have developed.
For the first several days, wound cleaning should be done at least 1-2 times per day, or more frequently if the site looks to be healing. Ensure that the wound is properly examined and is followed on a regular basis. If your cat develops any swelling, heat, discomfort, or gets ill, this might be an indication of an infection, and you should seek veterinarian care immediately to avoid further complications. Owners should keep an eye out for signs of pain caused by the bandage, such as excessive chewing.
Other small wounds may be treatable at home, however there are some wounds that should be treated by a veterinarian only.
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Home Care for the Cat with a Laceration
An open wound caused by the ripping of bodily tissue is referred to as a laceration. Depending on the triggering cause, the edges might be smooth, jagged, or uneven in appearance. Lacerations are one of the most common causes for cats to visit veterinary emergency rooms. They might range from a small skin condition to a serious problem of extreme importance. There can be damage to underlying soft tissues and structures depending on the underlying reason, the depth of the trauma, and the power of the impact.
Even the trauma that caused the laceration, which resulted in the laceration, might cause penetration into the chest or abdominal cavities.
Trauma that is deeper or more violent can cause significant damage to the underlying structures, which may even be life-threatening in some cases.
The following are solutions to some of the most often asked inquiries by pet owners when their cats suffer from a laceration. This section will cover what you can do at home to care for your cat.
What Causes a Laceration?
Laceration can be induced by a number of stressful situations, including falls and car accidents. Most common causes of lacerations in cats are getting cut on glass or sharp items in the yard (particularly rough wires surrounding fencing), getting bit, and being hit by a car, which can cause skin to break and the cat to lose its fur. Some cats come in with a laceration and are bleeding profusely, and their owners have no idea what has happened to them.
Home Treatment of a Laceration: What Can I Do for My Cat at Home?
Depending on the severity and depth of the laceration, as well as any connected or secondary injuries, the specific treatment will be determined by the doctor. Providing counsel in this situation is extremely difficult without knowing the entire nature of the harm. The best course of action is to take your cat to your veterinarian, who can assist you in determining the degree of the damage. If you are unable to get your cat to a veterinarian, you might try the following options:
- Examine the wound on your cat with great care. If your cat’s wound is bleeding, take a clean towel and gently press on it to stop the bleeding. If your cat’s wound is not bleeding, take a clean towel and gently apply pressure to the wound. Please use caution when doing this procedure. If the wound is shallow, attempt to clip around it if at all feasible. Remember to avoid getting hair into the wound. While trimming the hair, you can apply sterile KY Jelly to the wound to keep it protected while you work. In this way, the hair is able to adhere to the KY Jelly rather than the wound. Examine the extent of the damage to determine its severity. Seeing your veterinarian is extremely important in the case of a deep wound, one that appears to go deeper than the full thickness of the skin and is bleeding profusely, or a wound that is longer than about 1 inch in length. The wound should be evaluated, and it is probable that it will be sutured. Again, this is not the best course of action, but for those of you who are unable to take your cat to the veterinarian, the following steps should be taken: 1. 1 – Wash the wound well with lukewarm water. Make a mad dash for the toilet. There is no such thing as too much water. A syringe can be used to draw up water into the syringe and then squirt it into the wound if you have one on hand. When using a needle-in-a-syringe to administer the water, it is best to spray it into the wound through the needle. The needle and syringe should never be allowed to come into contact with your cat. In order to remove debris from the wound, you are attempting to use water and the pressure of the water to accomplish this. If you don’t have a syringe, you can use a kitchen baster to administer the medication. You can use the kitchen sprayer on a gentle spray. The force of the water jet should never be enough that it would hurt you or your pet. 2 – While you are cleaning – you can better evaluate the wound. If the laceration appears superficial – you may be done with cleaning it. Dry the area around the wound. If the wound is deep or draining – the best thing to do is see your veterinarian. Some deeper or draining wounds can benefit from a bandage. You need to be VERY careful. Most bandages that veterinarians see that are applied by owners are bad news. NEVER make the bandage too tight. To apply a bandage. You can use a 4 x 4 then wrap it with gauze. If the incision is open, we recommend using a bandage material called Telfa. So you would have the telfa close to the wound, then some absorbent material if the would is draining a lot, and a wrap to hold it in place and keep it on the pet. The normal bandage comprises of gauze or telfa adjacent to the wound, then a cast padding or gauze type wrap followed by an outer wrap consisting of Vetwrap®. A little piece of tape can be used to assist attach the outer wrap. 3 – If you apply the bandage on a leg, make sure it is not too tight. Check the toes every several hours for swelling. If you detect swelling – remove or relax the bandage
4 – Keep an eye on your cat. If your cat has just minor injuries, the rest of his or her behavior should be normal: eating and drinking normally, no vomiting or diarrhea, and regular urine and stool motions. Immediately contact your veterinarian if your cat has been vomiting, has diarrhea, is behaving sluggish, is refusing to eat, or appears to be having difficulties breathing or is not eating. 5 – Prevent your cat from causing any discomfort to the wound or bandage. One method of accomplishing this is to cover it.
- (An e-collar is a cone-shaped item that is worn around the neck of a pet in order to keep him from licking or chewing his collar.
- Small cats are frequently clothed in tee shirts designed for toddlers.
- This can be useful for covering wounds on the sides of the body that are difficult to cover with a bandage alone.
- Take a look at the wound.
- In some cases, removing the bandage from a wound that seems clean, dry, and closed may be an option.
- 7 – Change the bandage as often as necessary.
- Acute wound infection symptoms include swelling, redness, a foul smelling discharge (particularly bloody or yellow discharge), and discomfort.
- It is normal for a cat to have a body temperature ranging from roughly 100.5 to 102.5 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Please keep in mind that there is no safe pain medication for cats to utilize.
At home, you should not use anything. Make an appointment with your veterinarian! If some drugs are used, they can be lethal! 10 –This is really crucial! If you experience any of the following symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately:
- It looks that your cat is in discomfort
- There is swelling, a foul-smelling discharge, and redness
- Your cat is not eating
- And your cat appears to be sluggish. The majority of lacerations are unclean wounds, and pets who suffer from these sorts of injuries require antibiotics to recover. Your pet is in desperate need of your assistance as well as the expert treatment that your veterinarian can give. If your pet exhibits any of the clinical indications listed above, you may expect your veterinarian to do some diagnostic tests and offer treatment suggestions for your pet as soon as possible. The intensity and character of the clinical indicators will determine the type of recommendations to be made.
When Is a Laceration an Emergency?
A laceration should always be treated as an emergency and should be evaluated by a veterinarian immediately. Even little incisions can be deep and enter vital tissues, necessitating the use of sutures or other forms of further therapy. Excellent Resources for Additional Information Visit the following pages for further information about related topics: Cat Lacerations and Cat Bite Wounds. Disclaimer: The information provided in the Home Treatment series of articles is not intended to be a substitute for professional veterinarian care.
Veterinary treatment, on the other hand, is not always an option in some circumstances.
Whatever the reason, when your pet is experiencing difficulties, you need to find solutions.
And as a result, when these tough circumstances come, many pet owners are at a loss for what to do – and as a result, they wind up doing the incorrect thing because they lack competent veterinarian counsel.
However, this information should not be used as a substitute for professional veterinarian treatment.
The 13th of July, 2015