How to Induce Cat Labor
Only a veterinarian should provide oxytocin since administering it before the cat is ready to give birth might cause the uterine to burst. It can potentially have interactions with other drugs and induce adverse responses in certain animals, according to the manufacturer. If the mother has to birth but her cervix has not dilated, your veterinarian may recommend a cesarean section. When the kittens are in the incorrect position or are too huge to travel through the birth canal, it may be the only alternative.
Normal cat pregnancy lasts around 63 days, but you should not be concerned or induce delivery until around day 70. Keep in mind that first-time moms are more likely than seasoned queens to deliver later. Oxytocin begins to function in approximately an hour, and most veterinarians will keep the mother in their clinic until after the birth of the baby is complete. Generally speaking, a cat is low-maintenance throughout her pregnancy. When it comes time to birth their babies, the majority of mother cats, known as queens, stay in this state.
Obviously, this isn’t always the case, though.
Your cat will like playing with you and will be encouraged to run about the home. Exercise is an effective method of inducing labor in any species, and it will not damage the mother cat if she is not yet ready to give birth.
Set up a solid box lined with comfortable bedding in a remote, quiet, and dim area of your home or apartment. Once this is made available, your cat will be able to begin the birth process without the need for induction of labor.
Once a day, sprinkle one capsule of red raspberry over your cat’s canned food to make it more appealing to him. Red raspberry is commonly used by cat breeders to induce childbirth.
Take the temperature of the queen cat. Find someone to hold the cat while you take the temperature with the rectal thermometer. Normal rectal temperature for your cat is 100 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit, but when she’s ready to give birth, her temperature will decrease to 98 or 99 degrees Fahrenheit. If her fever rises beyond 102 degrees Fahrenheit, take notice and contact your veterinarian immediately, as this might indicate a serious condition.
Keep an eye out for kittens moving about and nipples that are secreting milk. Both of them are indicators that her due date may be approaching.
Examine your cat to determine whether she is panting, pacing, shivering, or otherwise showing signs of stress. Normally, a queen would exhibit these characteristics between six and twenty-four hours before she gives birth.
If you are still unsure whether or not your cat is ready for labor, take her to your veterinarian.
An ultrasound or x-ray will be used to evaluate how far along the kittens are in their development and whether or not it is necessary to induce birth.
Before you see your veterinarian, educate yourself on your alternatives. If the kittens are ready to be born, your veterinarian will recommend either the use of oxytocin to induce labor, which will take effect in approximately an hour, or the use of a c-section to deliver the kittens. Prior to making any dietary, pharmaceutical, or physical activity changes for your pet, consult with your veterinarian. This material is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a veterinarian.
How to Induce Labor in Cats
A mother cat is only allowed to carry her kittens for a total of 65 days. Veterinarians recommend that you have your cat evaluated while she is pregnant and that you find out when she is due. If your cat has been pregnant for more than 65 days, it is recommended that you attempt to induce labor on her. This can take anywhere from a couple of hours to many days to complete. Prepare a calm environment in which the cat can give birth. In a quiet room, arrange a big bedding made up of soft towels or blankets in a corner of the space.
Create a box that is simple for the mother to get into and out of, but difficult for the newborn kittens to escape from.
- A female cat may only carry her kittens for a total of 65 days
- Else, she will die. Allowing for the possibility of needing help, notify your veterinarian if your cat goes into labor.
In order to induce labor, combine a capsule of red raspberry leaves with canned food. One capsule every day, sprinkled over a tiny amount of canned food, should be used until the cat gives birth. The capsule is made up of pale green leaves from the raspberry plant, which are rich in minerals and vitamins and used to supplement the diet.
- In order to induce labor, combine a capsule of red raspberry leaves with canned food. Sprinkle one capsule over a tiny amount of canned food once a day till the cat gives birth until the capsule is finished.
Increase the amount of time the cat spends active. Playing with her involves having her run or stroll about the home while you watch. Massage her tummy and pet her regularly to aid in the induction of labor, if necessary. Take the cat to the veterinarian for examination. In order to induce labor, the doctor will administer oxytocin. This medication must be administered by a veterinarian since it has the potential to create additional issues, such as an allergic response, which only a veterinarian will be equipped to address.
- It is preferable if she is in a comfortable environment and that you keep an eye on her to ensure that there are no issues.
- Examine the size of the cat’s nipples to determine whether or not it is lactating.
- Take the temperature of the cat.
- If your cat is having contractions for more than an hour without giving birth to any kittens, you should consult your veterinarian immediately.
Pregnancy and Parturition in Cats
Cat breeding may be a very gratifying experience, yet it is not for everyone. The importance of understanding what is involved in running a breeding program, from the moment of mating through to weaning, cannot be overstated before starting one.
Remember that tens of millions of unwanted cats are put to death every year, and that this figure is certain to rise. It will be your responsibility to place each kitten in a permanent, loving home when they are adopted.
What happens when my cat comes into heat?
Queens (intact female cats) go into heat (orestrus) on a regular basis throughout the year. During the period of estrus, cats become very loving and talkative, want attention, and roll about a lot! When they are stroked, they lift their back quarters and walk on the ground with their back legs. It is possible for an inexperienced owner to be confused by these behavioral changes, and to misunderstand them as discomfort or disease. Unlike humans, cats’ patterns of estrus differ from one another and are often seasonal.
What will mating my cat involve?
Induced Ovulator: A queen is an induced ovulator, which implies that eggs are released from her ovaries as a result of mating or sexual contact with another queen. During mating, the male cat bites the queen’s scruff with his teeth, and as he ejaculates, the queen screams and becomes violent on many occasions. Despite the fact that it looks to be aggressive, this is typical mating behavior. After mating, she would groom herself for a bit before mating for the second time. The length of a pregnancy’s gestation spans from 60 to 67 days, with an average of 63 to 65 days.
Will my cat’s diet need to be changed during pregnancy?
As a result of her pregnancy, the queen’s nutritional requirements will increase by an additional one and a half times her pre-pregnancy requirements. It is possible that it will be twice as high as it was before pregnancy by the time of weaning. To ensure that pregnant females or kittens receive the additional nutrients they require throughout pregnancy and nursing, it will be necessary to increase the number of meals provided and offer a diet designed specifically for pregnant females or kittens.
Will my cat’s behavior change during pregnancy?
Even while some cats become more affectionate and others become violent, the behavior of the cat changes relatively little during pregnancy. A suitable kittening bed or nest may be found by the queen during the final week of her pregnancy. During this period, the pregnant cat should be kept indoors as much as possible. It is critical that you be able to regularly watch your cat in order to catch any issues early on.
What preparations are needed before my cat has her kittens?
The kittening bed can take various shapes and forms, but a cardboard box coated with newspaper, old sheets, or towels is the most effective. The bed should be comfortable, warm, and secluded, but it must also be visible.
What are the stages in labor?
The relaxing of the cervix and vaginal opening, as well as the onset of sporadic contractions in the uterus, constitute the first stage of labor. The pelvic muscles become slack, and the perineum, which is the region between the anus and the vulva, grows looser and longer as a result of this relaxation. Although you may be able to see or feel movement of the babies through the abdominal wall at this stage, the uterine contractions are not obvious as straining at this point in the pregnancy. The cat will frequently return to the kittening bed on a regular basis, and many cats may seek comfort from the owner.
- “This initial stage of labor can continue up to thirty-six hours in many cats bearing their first litter,” says the author.
- The presence of vaginal discharge is quite infrequent.
- During the second stage of labor, the uterine muscle begins to contract more forcefully and often.
- In the fetus, the inner membranes remain and function as a lubricant to aid in its journey down the birth canal.
- The fetus is moved through the pelvis as a result of this bearing down.
- Typically, it takes between five and thirty minutes to birth a kitten from the beginning of the second stage.
- The passing of the fetal membranes, replete with the greenish black mass of separated placenta or “after-birth,” marks the beginning of the third stage of labor, which occurs soon after.
- As each kitten is delivered, the mother will tear up the membranes and clean the kitten’s mouth and nose region, bite off the umbilical cord, and then devour the afterbirth that has been left behind.
- The intervals last between 10 minutes to an hour on average.
- In this instance, the queen ceases to strain, relaxes, suckles the kittens that have already been delivered, and eats food despite the fact that she still has more babies to deliver.
The majority of cats give birth to their kittens without any issues; nevertheless, first-time moms should have their owners there to assist them. Once every kitten has been born, it is possible to remove and replace the old bedding with clean bedding.
What problems can arise during birth?
It is possible to have a dystocia or a difficult delivery. If you see any of the following, you should seek veterinarian assistance right away:
- Twenty minutes of intensive work does not yield a kitten
- On the contrary, A kitten that can be seen at the queen’s vulva will not be expelled even after 10 minutes of severe labor. The queen suffers as a result of gentle tugging on a stuck fetus. She is unhappy, sluggish, or suffering from fever (rectal temperature more than 103°F or 39.4°C). After losing fresh blood from her vulva for more than 10 minutes, the queen dies.
How do I revive a non-responsive newborn kitten?
- Using your fingers, gently tear away the membranes from your kitten’s nose, clean the nose, open his mouth, bend his head down, and clear away any fluids.
- If the umbilical cord was not severed during birth, cut it about an inch away from the kitten and remove the majority of the membranes from the cat. It is not essential to cut and tie the cord in a complicated manner. A harsh crushing motion would be provided by the queen’s chewing, which would avoid bleeding
- You can achieve the same result by shredding it between your first two fingers and your thumb.
- There may be debris and fluid in the air passages if the kitten is not breathing, or if the kitten was born tail first and may have inhaled fluid. It is vital to clean debris and fluid from the air passages. While the kitten is being stroked vigorously, the back of the mouth can be suctioned with a pediatric bulb syringe or an ArgyleTM DeLee mucus trap to remove any fluids that have accumulated. It is no longer suggested to “swing” kittens to eliminate fluid from their bodies since it might cause serious brain injuries. When it comes to success, the color of the kitten’s tongue is a trustworthy predictor. A pink tongue indicates that the kitten is getting enough oxygen
- A blue tongue indicates that he or she is not getting enough oxygen
- After that, use a clean, dry cloth to vigorously stroke and touch the cat to encourage respiration. If the kitten begins to breathe normally, continue to dry it off with the towel in a vigorous fashion. If it is not breathing, it may be required to use some sort of artificial respiration to keep it alive. Resuscitation administered from one person to another is generally the most effective if done properly and with care. The following are some critical considerations to keep in mind: First and foremost, you should never blow fluids or debris farther down the respiratory tract
- Instead, you should suction these secretions out of the system. Second, kitten lungs have a very little capacity when compared to the capacity of human lungs. Exhale via the mouth by blowing little puffs of air into it very softly and allowing a pause for expiration. This cycle should be repeated every three to five seconds. It is preferable to blow into the kitten’s lungs with a small drinking straw, since this is more sanitary and lowers the chance of injuring the kitten’s lungs by over-inflation.
Where should I put the newborn kittens?
The need for warmth is critical for the infant. During the first couple of weeks of life, kittens are unable to regulate their own body temperature on their own. Nature provides kittens with direct bodily contact with their mother and littermates in the enclosed nest bed, which keeps them warm. Because a wet newborn kitten loses heat at a high rate, it is critical that it is dried off as soon as possible after being bathed. To keep the kitten warm if the queen is unwell or reluctant, gently place it on a warm, towel-wrapped hot water bottle and cover it with a blanket to conserve its body heat.
For the first four days of life, the temperature in the box should be kept between 85 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit (29.4 and 32.2 degrees Celsius).
If you are unable to maintain as high a temperature in the room, a heat lamp hanging above the nest box is an appropriate option.
If the kittens grow overheated, the box should be spacious enough to let them to move away from the source of heat.
Do I need to help my cat raise her kittens?
Every now and again, kittens will be delivered prematurely. They will be tiny and skinny, with little or no hair on their bodies. These kittens demand a great deal of attention and feeding. Premature kittens are frequently unable to breastfeed and must be fed by a syringe, bottle, or stomach tube to survive. If the queen rejects them, they will also require more warmth. “A normal healthy kitten, when kept warm and dry, requires no aid in locating and suckling from its mother’s teat.” When kept warm and dry, a normal healthy kitten requires no aid in locating its mother’s teat and sucking on her milk.
If the queen is unable to care for her offspring, she should be examined by a veterinarian immediately.
If you’d like additional information on how to raise kittens, please view the handout “Raising Kittens.”
Are there any post-birthing complications I may need to know about?
Yes. Retention of fetal membranes (afterbirth/placenta), metritis, mastitis, and eclampsia are among conditions that can occur during pregnancy (milk fever). Retention of Fetal Membranes in the Fetus When a cat does not successfully pass the final set of fetal membranes after childbirth is complete, the membranes will breakdown within her uterus, and the cat will die. The queen may frequently display indications of restlessness and stomach pain as a result of this, and she may be hesitant to settle down with her offspring.
- An inspection will find that she has a raised body temperature, and probing of her abdomen will disclose that she has an enlarged uterus.
- In order to trigger the ejection of the retained membranes, antibiotic therapy is required, as is the administration of other drugs.
- Metritis and endometritis are two separate forms of uterine inflammation that often manifest themselves within three days of giving birth to a child.
- She will be dull and apathetic, entirely ignoring her kittens, and she will refuse to eat anything.
- The discharge from her vagina will be purulent and foul-smelling, and she will be suffering from a fever.
- It is necessary to seek immediate veterinarian assistance.
- Mastitis, which is an inflammation of the mammary gland, can develop during the early stages of breastfeeding.
The afflicted gland will be hard, hot, painful, and grow in size when it is impacted.
The cat may have appetite loss (anorexia), will be sluggish, and will develop a fever if an infection is present.
Depending on the severity of the abscess, there may be a purple region of pus accumulation.
Eclampsia, often known as Milk Fever, is a viral illness that affects the body’s ability to produce milk.
Milk fever is caused by a sudden drop in the amount of calcium circulating in the bloodstream, which is associated with high demands of milk production.
Usually, the sick cat is nursing a big litter of kittens.
It can escalate to tetanic (or rigid, stiff-legged) muscle spasms, which can then lead to convulsions or coma if not treated immediately.
Milk fever is a life-threatening disease.
It is possible that a subsequent subcutaneous injection will be necessary to sustain the recovery.
In the event that an infected cat has another litter, just a minimal number of kittens should be permitted to be born. Because lactation tetany frequently recurs in consecutive litters, it should be considered while deciding whether or not to mate a queen who has been afflicted.
HELP! Can I induce labour?
Cat in his adolescence Thank you very much! I observed today that she is “waxing” the small plug-like thing at the end of her nipple, which is something I had never seen before. That does not, however, provide any indication of how much longer she will be alive. Perhaps the veterinarian was absent for whatever reason. She doesn’t appear to be agitated or distressed in any way. She did leap out of an open window today, and I’m concerned that her water may have broken while she was out in the fresh air.
- Here’s a picture of my cat Cleo before she became pregnant.
- I didn’t mind, because she is really stunning in my opinion!
- Considering she was a stray, it’s difficult to pinpoint exactly when she mated.
- Unless she is engaged in strenuous labor and is not producing a kitten, she should be OK.
- Moreover, she must be kept indoors once the kittens are born since she is at risk of becoming pregnant while feeding the kittens.
- Everyone has provided excellent advise; I will just reiterate that she should be kept completely restricted indoors until her babies are no longer breastfeeding and she can be spayed or neutered.
- Set up her spay appointment now for 10 weeks after the babies are born so that you will be prepared and can begin saving immediately; however, do not allow her to go outside at all until that time.
How To Tell If Your Cat Is In Labor
It’s a very thrilling moment to be alive. Your family (as well as your cat, of course) eagerly anticipating the arrival of a fresh litter of kittens. The pregnancy of a cat lasts between 64 and 67 days, or around 9 weeks. But how can you know if your cat is about to give birth to a child? A list of indications that indicate that labor is imminent is provided below for your convenience.
5 Signs To Know Your Cat Is In Labor
The size of your cat’s mammary glands will rise in size during the final week of your cat’s pregnancy. Their arrangement is in two parallel rows that follow the length of the exterior of her body wall, which reaches from the groin area up to the underside of her breast. Cats typically have four pairs of mammary glands on each side of their bodies. The production of milk by your cat will begin around 2 days before she gives birth to the kittens. You may observe some thick cream-colored fluids flowing out of her nipples, which are normal.
Most people think that every nipple has its own distinct fragrance, and that this is what cats utilize to attach themselves constantly and repeatedly to the same nipple.
Nesting behavior will begin
Your cat may exhibit nesting behavior similar to that of humans. You may assist your cat at this time by placing the kittening or nesting box in a calm, warm area that is free of drafts. Because kittens are unable to control their body temperature, keeping the room clear of drafts is essential. Make assured that the position of the box is out of bounds for any other pets you may have, as well as for any youngsters you may have. As soon as you detect your cat engaging in nesting behavior, encourage him or her to sleep in this box for the night.
Temperature will fall
When she is pregnant, her usual body temperature ranges between 37.7oC and 39.1C (102.5oF and 102.5oF). However, one to two days before she gives birth, her temperature will decrease to 37.2°C (99°F). If she agrees, you can take her temperature in the armpit, but most of the time there will be enough other signals that labor has begun that you won’t have to bother about checking her temperature.
Your cat’s behavior will begin to change as a result of this. When it comes to the final week of pregnancy, your cat may become reclusive (hiding in a quiet area of the house as much as possible) or she may become exceedingly friendly, which happens most often if she has a deep bond with one particular caregiver – such as your partner. Cats that grow more affectionate will want the caregiver to be close at hand to provide comfort. They might be clingy, yet they can also be quite restless.
Decrease in appetite
During the latter few weeks of pregnancy, your cat may have a considerable decline in hunger. This will be obvious because most pregnant cats have an increased appetite during this time. The reduction in hunger may be caused by the weight of the kittens pressing against their mother’s stomach, or it may just be an indication of overall concern in the mother’s life.
Licking, pacing, howling, and chirping
- You may observe your cat licking her genitalia on a regular basis — this is due to a discharge from the cat’s vulva that occurs a few hours before delivery takes place. The water in your cat’s bowl will run out as well. Cats will be pacing, restless, and howling, meowing, or chirping now that the weather is becoming warmer.
All of the indicators listed above indicate that your cat is in the process of giving birth to a child. For further information, please contact Guildcrest Cat Hospital immediately! Check out our blogs by clicking on the following link:
How You Can Help a Mother Cat During Birth
If you have a pregnant cat (queen) that appears to be ready to give birth to her kittens (queening), it is likely that you will not need to do anything other than encourage her to continue her pregnancy. It’s possible that you’ll wake up one morning to find that your cat has given birth during the night and is feeding her babies in peace. Despite the fact that nature has a way of taking care of itself, you should be aware of potential difficulties and what you might need to do to assist.
Signs of Impending Labor
Cat pregnancies last around 60 days, plus or minus five days, depending on the breed. If you’re not sure how far along your cat is in her pregnancy, take a look at the symptoms that she’s about to give birth.
- When your cat is pregnant, she will look for a peaceful and safe area to give birth to her babies a day or two before she goes into labor. She may select a hiding location that you have prepared for her, or she may seek refuge in the back of a closet or beneath a bed. Increased pacing, panting, excessive grooming (particularly in the area of her genitals), and vocalization are all signs that your cat is suffering from a medical condition. She will also refrain from eating. In labor, your cat’s rectal body temperature might drop to almost 100 degrees Fahrenheit, and it may vomit as a result of the stress of the situation. A few days before delivery, you may notice the abdomen “dive,” and the cat’s nipples may get bigger, darker or pinker. Labor Signs in the Activated State: During contractions, which are the uterine motions that propel the kitten down the delivery canal, it’s possible that your cat will yowl in discomfort. Additionally, you may notice a discharge of blood or other fluids.
Supplies for the Birthing
It’s possible that your cat will wish to conceal in order to give birth.
You can, however, prepare a birthing place, such as a cardboard box or laundry basket lined with towels or blankets, in advance of the delivery. If the cat chooses this location to give birth, it will be much easier for you to monitor and attend to the newborn.
- Obtain absorbent pads to line the delivery area and place them around the room. The following items are required: clean cloths or paper towels to clean the area and, if necessary, encourage the kittens
- Nesting box: If you have taken your pregnant cat to the vet and you know how many kittens to expect, you should purchase a nesting box that will accommodate the entire brood. The usual litter size is four kittens, however a cat can have anywhere from one to twelve kittens in a single litter. A box of 16 inches by 24 inches should be sufficient for an 8-pound cat of typical size. The size of the cat’s box will be proportional to its weight. Heating pad: Place a heating pad in the bottom of the box and cover it with a blanket or several towels to keep the kittens from becoming chilly. Never put the kittens directly on a heating pad since this might cause them to burn. A clean towel should be draped over the top of the box if it does not have a cover to keep the heat in and draught out. If you are expecting a large number of soiled towels following the birth of your child, have a laundry basket, plastic bag, or additional box ready for them to be thrown away
- Tie the umbilical cord with dental floss and cut it with clean scissors if the mother cat does not rip it away.
The Kitten Birthing Process
There is no known trigger for the birthing process; however, elements that may influence it include the size and weight of the uterus, the size and weight of the fetuses, and the hormonal balances of both the fetuses and the queen. In the course of the delivery process, rhythmical uterine contractions gradually increase in intensity as the fetus is pushed out of the uterus and into the birth canal. It might take anything from 5 to 30 minutes to give birth to a single kitten. The kittens are born within their amniotic sacs, which will be removed by the queen once they are born.
- The umbilical cord will also be severed by her by nibbling on it at a distance of around one inch from the kitten’s body.
- The kittens will quickly move for a nipple, latch on to it, and begin to suckle there.
- For kittens born to mothers who have trouble chewing the umbilical cord, securely wrap dental floss around the umbilical chord 1 inch from the kitten’s body and cut the umbilical cord on the mother’s side of the tie.
- Each kitten should have a placenta of its own.
- If the placenta stays in the cat, you will need to take it to a veterinarian for evaluation.
- If there is a delay of more than two hours and you are certain that there are still kittens, the queen should be examined by a veterinarian immediately.
Length of Time for the Total Birth Process
In order for a queen to give birth to all of her kittens, she must give birth for around half a day on average. When active labor begins, the first kitten should come within an hour of the beginning of active labor. The mother cat will relax in between kittens and should be allowed to breastfeed and clean the kittens that have been delivered during this time. If you’ve been keeping the kittens in a separate box, bring them back with the mother cat and assist them in finding a nipple to nurse on.
A healthy kitten is seldom delivered after seven hours if the mother is in good health. If you have reason to believe that the mother has not given birth to all of the babies, take the queen and her offspring to the veterinarian.
Problems During Labor
Fortunately, most queens are capable of giving birth to their offspring without the assistance of humans. Some difficulties, on the other hand, may arise.
- Contractions that last more than 30 minutes without progress: If your cat is having intense contractions for more than 30 minutes without making any progress, take it and any kittens to your veterinarian. The presence of a retained placenta in your cat might result in a uterine infection if it does not pass each of the placentas. You must count each and every placenta, even if the queen consumes one of them. The number of placentas should be the same as the number of kittens
- Otherwise, In the birth canal is a kitten that has been lodged: The majority of kittens are born with their heads first. Breech births (tail-first deliveries) occur around 40% of the time and are deemed normal by medical professionals. For more than 10 minutes, a kitten that has been stuck in the birth canal is most certainly in discomfort. If a kitten has been stuck in the birth canal for more than two minutes, call your veterinarian
- Your veterinarian will advise you on what to do next. Even though it is rare, one to two kittens are born stillborn per year in the United States. Remove the deceased kitten from the location so that the mother may proceed with the delivery of the remaining kittens without interruption. Despite the fact that some bleeding is typical after giving birth, severe bleeding or hemorrhage is a medical emergency that need emergency veterinary treatment. If the mother cat is not cared for, she may die. Seek veterinarian treatment if the frequent bleeding persists for more than a week after delivery, or if the bleeding pauses for a day and then resumes again.
Immediately after birth, your queen should be responsible for caring for and feeding them all. Your cat’s calorie requirements treble when she is breastfeeding. Make certain that it has an enough supply of kitten formula food. A high-quality kitten formula will match the nutritional requirements of your cat’s high-energy lifestyle. If your cat is not nursing or eating, appears to be in discomfort, or appears to be sluggish, there is something wrong. Another symptom of an infection or retained kitten is a bad odor, which is accompanied by recurrent bleeding.
If you have any reason to believe your pet is unwell, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Early Contractions and Labor in Cats – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost
A cat that is showing signs of early contractions must be taken to a veterinarian as soon as possible after experiencing these symptoms. A detailed medical history of the cat, as well as some information about the pregnancy, will be required by the veterinarian. This includes information on the cat’s overall health before and during the pregnancy, as well as information about the symptoms that were presented and any stressful occurrences that may have led to the cat’s early labor and delivery.
After doing a thorough physical examination, the veterinarian may recommend one or more of the following tests: a blood chemical profile, an electrolyte panel, or a urine analysis.
Following the completion of these tests, the veterinarian will do an ultrasound to determine whether fetal mortality or improper placement of the baby is the root cause of the early labor in the dog.
This will assist in determining whether or not the condition will have an impact on the cat later in life, as well as ensuring the viability of any future pregnancies in the cat.
Your Cat Is In Labour – What To Do.
When your cat is pregnant with kittens, it is an exciting time for her, but it may also be a little frightening for us, her owners. In certain circumstances, we may not even be aware that our cat is pregnant until the kittens are about to be born! It is critical to be prepared for the delivery and to understand what a normal birth should look like, as well as when to contact a veterinarian. Be prepared with materials like as towels or blankets, access to warm water and soap, as well as the phone number for your veterinarian, if at all feasible.
If nothing has transpired by day 67, it is critical that you call your veterinarian to confirm that everything is well with your pet.
In an ideal world, this location would be warm, cozy, and secure.
In an ideal situation, the birthing location is visible enough that you can intervene if your assistance and support are necessary.
A restless mom who paces up and down, goes in and out of the litter pan, and is quite noisy is possible in this situation; This would correspond to the beginning of the first period of labor.
Labour in cats consists of three phases:
This phase lasts between 4 and 24 hours and is characterized by the relaxation and dilation of the cervix. You may see symptoms of restlessness, nesting, vocalization, and even evidence of hostility in some cases (due to abdominal cramping from the womb). In addition, the mother may make ineffective excursions to the litter box and begin to establish herself in the birthing location. If your cat has selected a different birthing area than the one you have specified, do not transfer her from her current location.
Phase 2 (the “pushing” phase)
This period frequently results in a large number of kittens produced swiftly and without undue exertion. Even though the first kitten may take 30-60 minutes to be delivered (because the birth canal must be dilated by the first cat), when the straining (strong contractions) is observed, subsequent kittens should be born without undue delay after straining (strong contractions) is observed. Kittens can be born either with their heads first or with their tails first. Please call your veterinarian if you are experiencing severe contractions for more than 30 minutes, or if you are experiencing weak contractions for more than 4 hours.
If this is the case, the kitten must be delivered as soon as possible, or it will die.
Much if the tail appears first and the kitten appears to be stuck, the delivery is even more urgent; cautiously aid the mother by gently tugging the kitten lower and out as the mother is pushing the kitten.
Of course, if a substantial amount of bloody flow is observed without the presence of kittens, you should call your veterinarian immediately.
Phase 3 (delivery of the placentas)
The ejection of the placentas is the primary goal of this phase. Nursing should take place while the mother is calm and the kittens are nursing. Cats have many litters of kittens, therefore there should be multiple placentas thrown away. It is critical to count the placentas when they are removed from the mother and to guarantee that there is one placenta for each kitten. Cat placentas are reddish-brown in color and are normally removed after each litter of kittens is born. There is a possibility that the placenta was retained if the number of placentas is less than the number of kittens.
If two kittens are delivered within a short period of time, it is possible that both placentas will emerge at the same time following the second kitten.
- Cats have been known to give birth to one or more kittens, then take a break to relax and nurse the kittens
- She may even eat and drink until she is completely satisfied, before resuming the birthing process again. Some cats that are dependent on their owners may cease or delay the labor until the owners get home. This is referred to as “interrupted labor” and is perfectly normal
- This is in contrast to a cat who is still carrying kittens inside her but is straining without success, panting, wailing, being agitated, or becoming weary towards the conclusion of the process. In this situation, veterinarian assistance is required as soon as possible. Some cats have difficulties giving birth because of obstructive issues in the mother’s body (for example, if the pelvic canal is restricted owing to healed pelvic fractures, severe constipation, or uterine abnormalities) or because of the presence of kittens (for example hydrocephalus, kitten death, oversized kittens). Other cats may experience issues as a result of weak contractions, which can be caused by stress, old age, obesity, or poor health. This is referred to as “inertia.” One sort of inertia is “hysterical inertia,” in which the mother cat panics so much as a result of the discomfort she may be experiencing that the first stage comes to a grinding halt. This will cause the cat to become extremely upset, and he or she will scream out for attention from the owner. This issue must be addressed as soon as possible! Oriental, Siamese, and Burmese cats, in particular, are known to be affected by this condition.
Some kittens may be born within the membrane, which you may observe if you look closely. The kitten must be dried and cleaned if this occurs, and either the mother or you, the owner, are responsible for doing so. Ensure that the kitten is breathing; the kitten’s breathing may typically be stimulated by his or her mother’s tongue. It may be necessary to aid them by clearing their throats or gently shaking them if this does not occur naturally. You might try holding the kitten in the palm of your hand with its head pointing towards your fingers and gently flicking your wrists to release any fluid that has been inhaled by the cat.
In addition, the mother generally chews the umbilical cord.
Once the birth has concluded, make certain that the woman has plenty of water and is in a warm and peaceful location after giving birth.
The kittens should begin feeding as soon as they are born, and the mother should be calm and content. We encourage you to call Cronulla Vet Clinic on 02 9527 2604 if you have any concerns about your cat, or if you believe your cat may be pregnant.
Pregnant cat labour problems, causes, symptoms & treatment
Pregnant cats, often known as queens, are normally able to give birth to their kittens with little or no assistance from humans. A small minority of cats, on the other hand, will experience complications during labor. This is referred to as dystocia, and it need immediate veterinarian attention.
My cat’s giving birth, when should I call my vet?
If you have any worries about your cat giving birth, you should consult your veterinarian or, if it is after hours, your local Vets Now for more guidance. If you have to transport your pregnant cat to the veterinary facility, make sure you have a safe cat carrier for her and a separate secure box for any kittens she has already passed in, along with a hot water bottle or heat pad to keep them warm while you are there. Make sure the hot water bottle is completely covered with a cloth or something similar to avoid overheating or scorching the kittens.
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When a cat is pregnant, she will go through the following stages until she gives birth:
The cervix relaxes (dilates), and contractions of the uterus begin to occur. During this period, your cat may purr and interact with other cats.
Strong contractions of the uterus force the kittens out of the mother’s womb. When your cat is having a contraction, you may notice that the abdomen becomes stiff. This step can take many hours to complete, especially if there are a lot of puppies.
The placentas (fetal membranes) are given to the mother. It is possible for cats to rotate between stages 2 and 3, so you may witness her deliver a kitten followed by its membrane, or she may pass two or more kittens followed by two or more membranes. If she consumes the membrane, you may not be able to see it in some circumstances.
Are some cat breeds more susceptible to labour problems?
Certain cat breeds are more susceptible to birth defects than others, with short-headed types, Persian and Himalayan varieties being the most at risk of complications.
What causes cat labour problems?
There are a variety of probable reasons of dystocia in cats to consider. There may be one especially huge kitten that your cat is unable to deliver without assistance due to a narrow pelvic canal, or your cat may have a tiny pelvic canal that makes it difficult for her to pass her babies. If the kittening process is extended, your cat (as well as the muscles in her uterus) may grow fatigued and incapable of producing kittens (uterine inertia). It is possible that cats will suffer from dystocia as a result of certain circumstances like as their age, obesity, past history of dystocia, and rapid changes in their environment before to coming into labor.
How are cat labour problems treated?
If your cat has dystocia, it is probable that he or she will be admitted to the veterinarian’s office for treatment and observation. Your veterinarian will evaluate your cat and may recommend blood tests, x-rays, or an ultrasound scan in order to determine the best course of therapy for your cat. If your cat is not experiencing uterine contractions and there is no evidence of a blockage, he or she may be treated medically. She may be given intravenous fluids (through a drip), glucose, calcium, oxytocin, or a combination of these medications, among other things.
When everything else fails, a caesarean section may be advised as the most safest line of therapy for both the mother cat and the kittens involved.
What should I do after my cat has given birth?
Even if your cat looks to have no difficulty giving birth to her kittens, it is still a good idea to have mom and the kittens examined by a veterinarian to confirm that they are all healthy and that everything is mending well. It will be necessary to provide your cat with plenty of TLC as well as enough of food and water when she is rearing her babies. Producing milk for her kittens consumes a great deal of energy and is a thirsty job.
What is Eclampsia?
Milk fever (also known as puerperal tetany or hypocalcaemia) is a medical illness that most usually affects nursing mothers, but it can also develop during late pregnancy in some cases. When the calcium levels in the blood drop too low, the symptoms of eclampsia manifest themselves. Restlessness, panting, increased salivation, and stiffness when moving are some of the symptoms that might be experienced at first. If you see any of these indications, call your veterinarian immediately. Muscle twitching, fever, and death are all possible outcomes if left untreated.
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Labor in dogs and cats usually lasts 12–24 hours, during which time the uterus’s myometrial contractions increase in frequency and strength as the cervix dilates. Stage I labor is characterized by increased frequency and strength of contractions in the uterus. During the first stage of labor, there are no abdominal efforts (visible contractions) apparent. During stage I labor, female dogs and cats may display changes in mood and behavior, becoming reclusive, restless, and nesting irregularly, as well as refusing to eat and occasionally vomiting, among other symptoms.
- The normal vaginal discharge is clear and watery in appearance and consistency.
- Generally speaking, these attempts should not last more than 1–2 hours between pups or kittens, however there is considerable variety.
- A woman’s vaginal discharge might be clear, bloody to hemorrhagic, or green in color (uteroverdin).
- Anorexia, excessive panting, and trembling are all frequent symptoms.
- Female dogs and cats are known to vacillate between phases II and III of labor until the delivery is complete in most cases.
- Dystocia is caused by a mixture of maternal causes (uterine inertia, pelvic canal abnormalities), fetal factors (oversize, malposition, malposture, malformations), or a combination of these factors.
- Tocodynamometry is required for the accurate diagnosis of primary inertia.
According to the experts, dystocia is diagnosed if stage I labor does not begin at term, if stage I labor lasts for more than 24 hours without progressing to stage II labor, if stage II labor does not result in a vaginal delivery within 1–2 hours, if fetal or maternal stress is excessive, if moribund or stillborn neonates are observed, or if stage II labor does not result in the completion of deliveries in a timely manner (within 4–12 hours).
- Uterine and fetal monitors can be used to identify and monitor labor as well as fetal viability, as well as to treat dystocia throughout pregnancy.
- The delivery of calcium gluconate and oxytocin is part of the medical management, which is based on the findings of the monitoring.
- Treatment with medications that are administered too soon leads in an unsatisfactory response.
- In the event that uterine contractions are inefficient or weak, calcium gluconate (10 percent solution, 1 mL/22 kg body weight 2–4 times day) is administered.
- In dogs, oxytocin (0.5–2 U; 0.25–1 U) is administered when uterine contractions are less frequent than predicted for the stage of labor in which the dog is in.
Oxytocin saturates the receptor sites, rendering it ineffectual as a uterotonic when administered at high amounts. If there is evidence of fetal stress (chronic or increasing bradycardia) and the response to medicines is inadequate, a cesarean delivery is recommended.
What to Expect When Your Cat is in Labor
Note from Dr. Peter Kintzer, editor: Given the vast number of homeless dogs available for adoption who would make fantastic pets and friends, extreme caution and considerable thinking should be exercised prior to making the decision to breed your dog. Please think about adopting a child and go here for more information. First, we discussed how to assist your cat during her pregnancy, including attempting to determine her due date and the number of kittens she is expecting. In this second installment, we will discuss how to care for your cat after she gives birth.
- How can you tell if your cat is about to give birth?
- If the temperature drops below 99 degrees, call your veterinarian immediately.
- However, you should avoid forcing the issue by making your cat comfortable in the location where you would like her to deliver her babies (you may already have a box or an area set up for her).
- You don’t want to anger her or cause her labor to be interrupted at this time.
- Remember that it is quite usual for kittens to be delivered either head first or back-end first, depending on the breed.
- In the event that your cat is exerting considerable pressure, a kitten should be passed within 30 minutes.
- You must be vigilant once again.
- Then feel free to remove the placentas and dispose of them as you see fit.
- ) Kitten care is beyond the scope of this publication, however it is recommended that you get familiar with the processes in case you are called upon to provide care for the tiny ones.) So, how do you determine whether or not there is a birth issue that necessitates medical intervention?
- Once you’ve learned how a typical delivery develops, any variation from the usual should prompt a phone call to your veterinarian or an emergency clinic, depending on the time of day you’re experiencing it.
- If you must take your cat to the hospital, it is recommended that you call someone first since it is not in your cat’s best interests to upset her or cause her delivery to be interrupted by taking her to the hospital needlessly.
In fact, at one of your cat’s prenatal appointments with your veterinarian, be sure to inquire as to when and why you should call him or her. In general, though, consider contacting if any of the following conditions are met:
- Your cat continues to remain pregnant after her expected due date without going into labor
- During the first 24-36 hours following the decline in rectal temperature described above, you do not notice any signs indicating Stage 1 labor has begun
- After 24 hours, there has been no progression from Stage 1 labor to Stage 2 labor. It has been one hour since active labor began, and the first kitten has not been born. This is the first time in more than two hours that there has been no apparition of another kitten 1. The discharge from the vaginal area is purulent or hemorrhagic
- Your cat appears to be in distress or pain, or appears ill or disoriented 1
- Your cat appears to be in distress or pain 2
- Your cat appears to be ill or disoriented 3
- Your cat appears to be disoriented 4
- Your cat appears to be disoriented 5
- Your cat appears to be disoriented 6
- Your cat appears to be disoriented 7
- Your cat appears to be disoriented 8
- Your cat appears to be disoriented 9
- Your cat appears to be disoriented 10
- Your cat appears to be disoriented 11 In some cases, kittens are stillborn, while others are alive but appear frail or abnormal. Even though you’re aware that there will be more kittens on the way, your cat looks to be fatigued, and labor has seemingly come to an end. In addition, if you had X-rays taken late in pregnancy in order to count the kittens, that information will now be highly useful.
In the event that you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or phone your veterinarian; they are your greatest resource for ensuring the health and well-being of your dogs.