How To Introduce Dog To Cat

How to Introduce a Dog to a Cat

Some dogs get along perfectly with cats, while others are unable to coexist in a safe environment with felines. Certain cats (depending on their age, temperament, and activity level) can sometimes coexist peacefully with dogs, but not all of them. Even if your dog has previously lived happily with cats, it is vital to remember that each dog and each cat is an individual, and as a result, each introduction will be different.

Body language of dogs and cats

Consider the body language of both animals when you are introducing your dog to a cat for the first time. If the cat’s ears are pinned back or his tail is swishing back and forth, he is likely to be unhappy. You should pay close attention to the body language of your dog, since this might indicate a possible danger. If your dog has a strong prey drive (the desire to seek out, hunt, and perhaps capture creatures perceived as prey — mainly smaller animals such as cats or rabbits), she may become very concentrated on the cat throughout the training session.

If you notice any of these indicators, do not allow her to get close the cat.

Even if she is paying attention to the cat, you do not want her to get focused on him.

If your dog is OK with your cat within the house, it does not necessarily follow that she will behave in the same manner outside.

As a result, pay attention to her body language while she is around the cat in each new circumstance until you figure out how she will respond to him.

Methods for introducing a dog and a cat

There are several approaches that may be used to introduce a dog to a cat. You should attempt a new approach if the initial way of introduction you try doesn’t work or you don’t feel comfortable with it. It is important to proceed with caution during the introduction, even if the dog has previous experience with cats and the cat has previously lived with a dog. It’s better to have two individuals there — one to supervise the animals and the other to intervene if required. If you have more than one dog, you should introduce each dog to the cat one at a time.

Option 1: Slow and steady desensitization

Alternatively, if your dog has become overly obsessed on the cat, you can attempt desensitization, which has the purpose of decreasing your dog’s sensitivity to the cat by progressively increasing her exposure to him. Set up a room (such as a bedroom, bathroom or spare room) with a tall baby gate over the entrance to keep the cat out of trouble. The room you pick should be one that the dog will not be able to reach and will not be required to access. For example, if your dog sleeps in your bedroom with you at night, don’t put the cat in the same room as him.

  • Provide the cat with all of the necessary items in his room, including a litter box, toys, food, and water.
  • As a result, be certain that your cat cannot go past the gate you have installed.
  • To begin desensitization, allow the dog to see the cat through the gate for a small period of time, and then redirect the dog’s attention to something else, such as playing with a toy or practicing commands.
  • Praise and reward the dog for being able to divert his or her attention elsewhere.
  • Even seeing the cat for the first time might be too thrilling for the dog at times.
  • For example, In his chamber, just next to the door, the cat eats his supper, while the dog eats her meal on the opposite side of the door.
  • It’s also possible to change out the blankets and bedding of each animal, giving them to the other.
  • Hopefully, by gradually exposing the dog to the cat and allowing the dog to grow used to the cat’s presence, the dog will finally become desensitized to the cat and lose interest in the feline companion.
  • Individuality distinguishes each dog (and each cat), and each will progress at his or her own rate.
  • If you don’t feel comfortable leaving your dog alone with your cat, you should separate the two of them.

Many dogs are capable of injuring or killing a cat in a short period of time, and your dog may also be wounded by the cat. Your top priority should be ensuring that everyone’s well-being is protected.

Option 2: Face-to-face introduction

This is a more brisk introduction to the subject matter. One person should be in charge of keeping the dog on a loose leash and observing the dog’s body language. Somebody else should be keeping an eye on the cat’s body language. If the cat is not hissing or rising his back in the vicinity of the dog, he can be permitted to walk around without restriction. When it comes to dogs, a cat is rarely a threat, although some cats may go on the attack when they encounter them. If the dog is calm in the presence of the cat, you can ask the dog to sit or lie down and remain, if she has been given such cues, while the cat goes around freely, smelling the dog if he so desires, while you supervise.

Option 1 and Option 3 should be tried if the dog is very focused on the cat (e.g., gazing at the cat, rigid body language, refusing to respond when you call her name), or if she lunges and attempts to chase the cat.

Option 3: Look at That

Alternatively, if the short introduction did not work and your dog is still not becoming acclimated to the cat, you may need to attempt some more formal training methods. By engaging in Look at That (LAT) with your dog, you can assist her in learning not to become preoccupied with the cat. In order to receive a reward, you’ll need to train her to gaze at the cat and then back at you. Essentially, she will learn that it is more rewarding to ignore the cat than it is to pay attention to it. Take a look at that training schedule.

  • That is her breaking point.
  • One dog’s threshold may be five feet away from the cat, while another dog’s threshold may be 25 feet away from the cat.
  • The cat may also show signs of distress if she begins to move more slowly, stares, and stiffens her body as a result of your proximity to her.
  • Once you’ve determined the dog’s comfort level, arm yourself with a clicker and some extremely tasty pea-sized goodies.
  • Put 10 goodies in your palm and keep the bag near by in case you want to consume them later.
  • You may have to place the reward directly in front of her nose the first few times, but after a few repetitions, she should begin to look eagerly at you as soon as she hears the marking.
  • Spend the 10 treats by clicking every time she stares at the cat until she has used them all up.
  • If she does that, either click or use the verbal signal when she looks at you, and then give her a reward, she will learn to behave better.
  • Mark her for staring at the cat a further ten times and then try it one more.
  • If the dog becomes transfixed on the cat as you go closer, you’ve over the line and need to back away from the cat.
  • Continue to work on LAT with your dog until she is comfortable being right near to the cat without being bothered.

The amount of practice you put in and the sorts of goodies you use will determine how quickly your dog’s threshold falls. It will also rely on your dog (since every dog learns at a different speed) and your cat’s comfort level.

Introducing kittens and puppies

It is important to remember that kittens may not be afraid of dogs, therefore you must keep a close eye on the dog while meeting the two of them. Because kittens are little and have a great desire to run and play, dogs with a high prey drive may become extremely stimulated by the movement of a kitten. Even if your dog gets along with your adult cats, it’s crucial to keep a watchful eye on her while she’s around a young kitten. Your dog, especially if she is young and energetic, has the potential to injure or kill the kitten just by attempting to play with it.

  • Adult cats and puppies can occasionally get along well together because a highly-socialized adult cat may be comfortable with a puppy acting like a puppy in particular situations.
  • For the time being, you will need to supervise their interactions until the puppy is old enough to exert greater self-control and has received some training.
  • Baby gates may be used to keep the animals secure and comfortable while yet allowing them to interact.
  • If she starts chasing the cat, you will be able to simply redirect her away from the undesirable behavior.

Seeking help from a professional

It is common for animals who have had a positive previous experience to adjust easily and quickly to a new pet in the family. However, if the introductions do not go smoothly, you should seek assistance from a professional dog trainer or behavior expert. Never resort to corporal punishment since it will not assist and may even make the situation worse. Find a professional dog trainer.

How to introduce a dog and cat

Despite popular belief, many dogs and cats are able to coexist happily with one another. It’s important to be patient and take the introduction process carefully, but it’s important to remember that whether or not your dogs get along will also rely on their respective personalities. Follow these actions to increase your chances of achieving success. Face-to-face encounters should be initiated. Once your pets are able to consume their food comfortably right next to the entrance, it is time to hold meet and greets in a common area of the home.

Keeping the first few sessions brief and quiet is important.

Don’t hold either pet in your arms because if either pet becomes hostile, you might end up hurting yourself or them.

Don’t forget to give your cat some snacks as well.

If either pet becomes aggressive, divert and refocus them in a calm and orderly manner. Toss a toy to the cat to entice him out of the room, or call the dog’s name and give him a treat if he pays attention to you. Pets should be returned to their respective confinement areas.

Introducing Dogs to Cats

Whether you currently have a dog and are thinking about obtaining a cat, or the other way around, it is critical to determine how you will introduce them to one another. Giving an untrained cat and an untrained dog the opportunity to meet in an open room for the first time is a recipe for disaster for both of them, according to the experts. instead of rushing things, plan ahead and take your time.

Matching Cats and Dogs

  • The characteristics of both animals should be taken into consideration when considering whether to get either one as a companion to your dog or as a companion to your cat. While it may be beneficial to seek for a companion who has previously been exposed to the other species in the past, it is better to avoid obtaining a cat altogether if a dog attempts to aggressively chase or pin, pick up, or otherwise “manhandle” any cat — or at the very least to continue with care. Additionally, a dog who growls, lunges at, or barks incessantly at a cat would generally fare better in an environment where cats are not present. As an example, a cat that growls at dogs or runs away from them would probably prefer not to live with them
  • If a dog enjoys running after things, then a timid, shy cat who runs away would probably not be the greatest choice, as it might provoke the dog to chase after something else. Similar to this, an enthusiastic cat that sprints around and pounces would fall into this group as well. A calm, confident cat who does not flee (whether in fright or play) might be a better choice for this situation. If a dog is playing rough, it is better to keep him away from kittens or old cats, who can be easily injured. As a substitute, stick with lively grownups who enjoy themselves while still being capable of taking care of themselves. An aged dog or cat who is laid back, quiet, or worried would benefit from having a calm counterpart
  • If a dog or cat who is energetic but not rowdy would benefit from having a calm counterpart. It’s best to avoid hyperactive partners that might cause annoyance, terror, or other problems for the other pet.

The Introduction Process

A very significant aspect of the procedure is the initial introduction between your current pet and your new pet, regardless of whether you are adopting a new cat or a new dog. Listed below are four actions that can assist you in ensuring a successful meeting:

Step 1: Choose the proper location for the first meeting

  • To introduce your resident cat to a new dog, you should not take your cat to meet the dog to a shelter or other place that keeps a large number of animals for health and safety concerns. Instead, the introduction should take place in the individual’s residence. If you are adopting a cat, do not bring your dog into the shelter with you and introduce him to the cats, since this may be extremely stressful or traumatic for all of the cats there. It is also not always a reliable prediction of how the dog will behave when it is returned home. Instead, inquire with the shelter’s adoption counselors about whether they have any dog-savvy, confident cats that they would be willing to let meet your dog in a controlled environment before adopting them. If this is not possible, another option would be to introduce your dog to a cat who is familiar with dogs and belongs to a friend or family. As a last option, you can bring your new kitten home and introduce him or her to your family and friends.
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Step 2: Separate the animals

  • Over a few days, alternate which animal has freedom and which is confined in order to give each animal ample opportunity to study the scent of the other. Sometimes it is necessary to confine the dog to a crate or another room (or to another place if he is unable to be left alone) in order to give the cat time to roam freely and examine the dog’s scent. It is probable that the interaction will not work if your dog digs persistently at the separation barrier or barks at the cat for more than a few days without sufficient training. It is possible that you will require the assistance of a professional
  • In the event that no one is home, the dog or cat must always be properly confined to ensure that uncontrolled encounters do not occur. Upon achieving complete calm (or at least not obsession with the cat) and complete calm in the cat (which includes eating and using the litter box as usual), you may go to the next phase.

Step 3: Make leashed introductions

  • It is okay for both animals to be in the same room at the same time, but the dog must be leashed at all times. Repeat this method of introduction until the dog is calm and ignores the cat, and the cat is calm and eating and using the litter box as usual. If either animal exhibits any signs of fear or hostility, continue to step 2 for a longer period of time. Continue endlessly until both the dog and the cat appear to be comfortable and calm in the presence of one another
  • The dog and cat should be securely kept to separate places while no one is home to prevent uncontrolled encounters between the two animals.

Step 4: Allow unsupervised interactions

  • You can allow your cat and dog to spend unsupervised time together once they have been supervised around each other for a substantial amount of time (around a month) and you are certain that they will not harm each other.

Training Tip:

If the dog is staring at the cat or the door that separates the cat from the dog, attempt to divert him and encourage him to look away using goodies, a joyful voice, or by gently walking the dog away on a leash to persuade him to look away. Once the dog has been redirected away from the cat, consider rewarding him with a goodie. Repetition of this technique until he is no longer fixated on the cat or door will be necessary.

Warning Signs

  • The dog is likely to be in a hazardous match if he remains extremely concentrated, does not shift his gaze away from the cat or the door, completely ignores you, or lunges immediately as soon as the cat moves. If you are searching for a dog to replace your resident cat, you should choose another breed. You should generally avoid getting a cat for your dog if this is the case
  • If the dog lunges toward, growls at, snaps at, or otherwise displays aggressiveness against a calm, quiet, motionless cat, this will most likely not be a successful match. Same holds true in the case of a cat attacking a calm and quiet dog. If you are serious about making the relationship work, you will almost certainly want the assistance of a professional at this stage. You should try again with another, calmer cat if you are looking for a cat for your dog and your dog exhibits suspicious behavior while near a cat that is snarling, hissing, and swatting at it. He should not be allowed to live with cats if he continues to exhibit problematic behavior with many cats. If it is your cat that is growling, hissing, or spitting at you, give the cat a break and try again another day. It’s possible that you’ll need to try a different dog. The chances are good that a cat that hisses and growls at all sorts of dogs will not want to live with dogs in the future. Even if your cat tolerates the presence of a dog, she is unlikely to be pleased — which is an unfair condition for her. If the cat stops eating and drinking, using the litter box, or socializing with family members, she is not happy. If this is the case, you might want to consider finding a better fit or seeking assistance from a professional animal behaviorist.

Dog & Cat Intros: Learn How to Introduce Dogs & Cats

It is not necessary for cats and dogs to be fatal foes. The appropriate introduction of your dog and cat will go a long way toward bringing harmony to your family, even if some dogs can never be totally safe near cats.

How training works:

Correct training is essential for a long, happy and safe relationship with your dog, as it lays the groundwork for your dog to remain physically fit, mentally alert, socially engaged and emotionally happy for the rest of his or her natural life. It is highly recommended to use a positive reinforcement approach to dog training in order to make it an enjoyable and fulfilling activity. This approach is reward-based, entertaining, and effective. Using positive reinforcement to train a dog may help pet parents gain a better understanding of how their pets think, learn, and communicate.

This helps to strengthen and maintain the attachment that exists between the pet parent and their dog.

Families who act as kind, benevolent influences for their children and help their dogs understand their place in the household have the best relationships with their dogs.

Puppies who put in the effort to achieve all of life’s positive outcomes are more confident, attentive, polite, respectful, and connected to their families.

Know your dog:

When it comes to greeting a new cat, dogs go into one of three categories:

  • They pay no attention to the cat at all. They are first enthralled and intrigued by the cat, but either learn to coexist with it or rapidly get bored with it as time goes on. They never stop chasing after the cat, and they may even injure it.

Dogs that fit into the third group should always be kept under close supervision when they are in the same household as cats.

In general, some breeds, such as sight hounds (greyhounds, Afghan hounds, and so on) and some terriers, fall into the third group; however, there are exceptions.

Before the introductions:

Changes in the cat’s habitat should be made well in advance of the dog’s arrival if you are introducing a new dog or puppy into a home where there is already a dog or puppy. In this manner, your cat will not hold your dog responsible for what your cat perceives to be unnecessarily turmoil. For example, place your cat’s food bowls on a counter or the top of the washing machine where your new dog will not be able to access them, as canines are known to be drawn to cat food. Cat excrement may also be a source of attraction for them.

  • The gradual alteration of their environment will reduce the amount of stress experienced by your cat.
  • Your cat will require a safe haven on a high shelf where they can stay away from your dog while still keeping an eye on things.
  • Once your cat has become accustomed to watching from a distance, they will gradually get more intrigued and come down to inspect the situation more closely.
  • The ability of your cat to adjust at their own speed is critical to their overall comfort.

The homecoming and introduction:

You should keep your new dog or cat to a private room with the door closed when you first bring him or her into your house. Pets can sniff each other beneath the door if they’re both old and new. Keep the dog from digging at the door or standing and barking incessantly on the porch. In the dog’s area, put towels or bedding that smell like the cat, and the opposite in the cat’s area. Allow your cat to prowl around your dog’s territory while your dog is outdoors, sniffing the scent of your dog.

  1. Your dog will then be able to detect the scent that your cat has left in your dog’s territory.
  2. Allowing your cat to wander freely will help to reduce tension during their first true face-to-face encounter.
  3. Maintain control over your dog by keeping him on a leash or behind a solid gate.
  4. In the event that your dog has a negative reaction to your cat while on leash, instruct your dog to “Leave it” and redirect your dog’s behavior by rewarding him with a toy or treat when he responds appropriately to a signal such as “Sit” or “Lie down.” Make sure you have some snacks on hand.
  5. Give your dog a reward to express your appreciation for his good conduct, and to encourage his good behavior.
  6. Please be patient.
  7. If you have just introduced pets, never leave them unattended until you are convinced that each creature is accepting of the other.

Please keep in mind that the information on this Treatment Sheet is not a replacement for professional veterinarian care. If you want further information, please consult the sources listed above or contact your veterinarian as appropriate.

Introducing Your New Cat to Your Dog

When introducing a new pet to an existing pet, it’s crucial to have realistic expectations about how things will go. Some cats are more sociable than others, while some cats are more social than others. For example, an eight-year-old cat who has never been exposed to other animals may never learn to share her territory (and her humans) with other pets in the family since she has never been around them. An eight-week-old kitten, on the other hand, who has just been removed from her mother and littermates for the first time, may prefer to have a cat or canine friend.

  • Slow introductions can assist to prevent the development of fear and aggressiveness issues in children.
  • If one of the animals interprets such signs as aggressiveness, you should treat the situation as if it were “hostile.” Confinement Keep your new cat in a single medium-sized room with a litter box, food, water, and a bed for the time being.
  • When they smell one other’s scents, they will be more likely to link them with something good (eating!).
  • Eventually, you’ll be able to place the dishes closer to the door so that your pets may dine quietly on each side of the entranceway.
  • Swap out the smells To give your new cat and your existing animals a time to acquire acquainted to each other’s scent, alternate sleeping blankets or beds between them.
  • This should be done with each and every animal in the house.
  • Once your new cat has established a routine of using her litter box and eating on a regular basis while confined, you may allow her to have some freedom in the home while keeping your other pets to the new cat’s room.

It also provides an opportunity for the newbie to grow acquainted with her new surroundings without being alarmed by the other animals.

Try to avoid any encounters with your dogs that may result in either afraid or aggressive behavior on their part.

It is preferable to introduce your pets to one another in a progressive manner so that neither animal develops fearful or violent toward the other.

As soon as either animal shows signs of being scared or hostile, separate them and begin the introduction procedure over again in a series of very modest, cautious stages, as indicated previously.

Examine all of your pets with your veterinarian to ensure that they are all in good health.

Inspect the litter box to ensure that none of the cats are being “ambushed” by another while attempting to use it.

Cats are capable of making a lot of noise, pulling each other’s hair, and rolling about in a very theatrical manner without injuring one other.

Instead, create a loud noise, throw a cushion, or spray the cats with water and vinegar using a squirt bottle filled with water and vinegar. Allow them to cool off for a few minutes before reintroducing them to each other again. Make certain that each cat has a secure hiding spot.

Cat-to-dog introductions

It is incredibly easy for dogs to murder a cat, even if they are merely playing with it. It only takes a single shaking for the cat’s neck to snap. Some dogs have such a strong predation drive that they should never be left alone with a feline in their care. Dogs are typically drawn to cats and want to pursue and play with them, and cats are typically fearful and protective in response. To begin introducing your new cat to your resident dog, follow the procedures outlined above. In addition, there is: Put your obedience skills to the test.

  1. Providing your dog with little morsels of food can improve his or her incentive to perform, which will be essential in the face of a strong distraction such as a new kitten.
  2. Meeting that was under control Following a period of time in which your new cat and resident dog have gotten accustomed to eating on opposite sides of the door and have been exposed to each other’s odors as stated above, you may attempt a controlled face-to-face introduction.
  3. Allow another family member or friend to enter the room and gently sit down close to your new cat; but, do not allow them to physically restrict your cat.
  4. Initially, the cat and the dog should be placed on separate ends of the room to avoid any confusion.
  5. Don’t let the visit stretch on for too long, or the dog will become unmanageable.
  6. Allow your cat to investigate your dog at her own paceNext, while the dog is still on a leash and in a “down-stay,” give your cat the opportunity to explore your dog at her own speed.
  7. The dog should be relocated with a treat lure, and he should be complimented and rewarded for complying with the “stay” order if he gets up from the position.
  8. Retrace your steps back to the beginning of the introduction.
  9. It is important to teach your dog that chasing and being rough with your cat are not acceptable behaviors; however, he should also be taught how to behave appropriately, and should be rewarded for doing so.
  10. Your dog may become aggressive toward your cat if he or she is always punished while your cat is there, and if no “positive things” happen in the cat’s presence, your dog may become aggressive toward your cat.
  11. During the introduction process, you may want to keep your dog on a leash and in your immediate vicinity anytime your cat is free in the house.

Make certain that your cat has an escape route and a safe location to hide from danger. Until you’re comfortable that your cat will be secure, keep your dog and cat apart when you’re not at home.


Cat food is a favorite of dogs. If you have a dog, you should keep the cat food out of his reach (in a closet or on a high shelf). Dogs are also known to indulge in cat excrement, which is a typical occurrence. Despite the fact that it poses no health risks to your dog, it is likely to be offensive to you. It’s also disturbing to your cat to have such a significant thing “invaded” by another creature. Unfortunately, attempts to keep your dog out of the litter box by “booby trapping” it will also keep your cat out of the litter box as a result of this.

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If possible, keep the litter box hidden behind a baby gate, in a closet with the door secured open on both sides and just wide enough for your cat, or inside a tall, topless cardboard box that your cat can easily reach.

A word about kittens and puppies

Because kittens are so much smaller than dogs, they are at greater risk of being harmed or killed by a young, active dog or a predatory dog. A kitten will need to be kept apart from a very lively dog until she is fully grown, and even then, she should never be left alone with the dog for more than a short period of time. Generally speaking, a well-socialized cat will be able to keep a puppy under control, but some cats lack the confidence to do so. If you have a cat that is very shy, you may need to keep her isolated from your puppy until he has gained enough self-control to be able to interact with her.

When to get help

If introductions do not go successfully, seek expert assistance as soon as possible. When animals are involved in conflicts, they can sustain serious injuries, and the longer the situation persists, the more difficult it can be to settle. Conflicts between pets that live in the same household may frequently be handled with the assistance of a specialist. Punishment, on the other hand, will not work and may even make the situation worse. Dumb Friends League has copyright protection. All intellectual property rights are retained.

How To Safely Introduce Dogs and Cats

Even though we have taught through cartoons that dogs and cats are fatal adversaries, this is not always the case. Many dogs and cats may learn to cohabit peacefully if they are introduced to one other and trained properly. You might be able to get your dog and cat to tolerate one another, if not become friends.

Can Dogs and Cats Get Along?

The reality is that cats and dogs can coexist harmoniously in the majority of families. Conflicts are most likely to arise during the first introduction phase of a project. This is due to the fact that these creatures have a typical character. Dogs and cats are both predatory beasts, with their genes programmed to pursue and chase smaller prey such as rodents and mice. Animals’ natural prey drive varies from species to species, and breeding has a significant influence on prey drive in many cases.

  • The presence of a cat may arouse this predatory impulse, which may result in a chase or an attack.
  • A puppy or extremely little “teacup” dog, on the other hand, may be enough to arouse a cat’s predatory drive.
  • Both cats and dogs are known to engage in territorial behavior when they feel threatened.
  • Cats may growl and hiss at a new dog in order to convey the message “this is my territory.” A new cat may elicit growls and barks from dogs.
  • As a general rule, a resident cat is more likely than a new dog to exhibit territorial and protective behavior against the newcomer.

A resident dog is more likely to see a new cat as prey and to pursue after that cat if the cat is unfamiliar to the dog. In most cases, however, appropriate introductions and training can help to alter the way that dogs and cats perceive one another.

Matching Dogs and Cats

Not all dogs and cats are compatible with one another. Consider the following scenario: a scared cat is not a good fit for a lively, playful dog. Before you pick a new pet to bring into your house, take into consideration your present pet’s personality and energy level. Pets that are younger tend to be more accepting of new creatures. Small kittens and puppies, on the other hand, are particularly susceptible and may be injured by a larger dog or cat that enjoys rough play. Older pets might be stubborn and reluctant to new animals, especially when they are young.

If your current pet is suffering from a serious disease or has a behavioral problem, you should avoid obtaining a second pet.

In the event that it is practicable, adopt a pet that has been tested with other species.

Unfortunately, some dogs and cats will never be able to get along with one another.

How to Introduce a New Dog to a Cat

Dogs and cats need to be introduced to new situations slowly and gradually. Don’t just dump the new pet into the mix and hope for the best; plan ahead of time. Before you know it, the hair will be flying everywhere, and you or your pets might get major injuries as a result. Begin with little steps. The most critical component of the procedure is that you must personally watch both creatures at all times. There should be no unsupervised direct interaction between the animals until you are certain that both animals will behave in a responsible manner.

An angry cat or dog may wrongly turn its hostility towards you, and scratches or bites are the last thing you need in this situation.

Continue to maintain command of the situation.

This procedure might take many days, several weeks, or even several months.

Separation and Confinement

When you first bring your new pet home, restrict him or her to a single room in your house. Prepare the space by putting in bedding, food, drink, and toys (plus a litterbox and scratching pad for a cat). Create safe hiding spots for your new pet, especially if the animal appears to be scared of being left unsupervised. Keep eye contact between the animals to a minimum. Allow the new pet to sniff about and investigate the room while the current pet has access to the rest of the house, if possible.

  • Allow each animal to gradually become acquainted with the odors and noises of the other throughout the first several days (between the closed door).
  • Every pet that exhibits calm inquiry or neutral conduct should be praised and rewarded with goodies and affection.
  • Distract the pet’s attention with something fun, such as a toy.
  • Allow the new pet to explore the house on a few occasions each day when the current pet is not around.
  • Allow the cat to explore the dog’s room while the canine is not in attendance.
  • Make room for the new cat to explore the house by removing the dog from the house or moving him to another room.
  • Make sure to leave the door open to allow your new cat access to the house, but do not force the cat to leave the room.

Be prepared for a lengthier wait time if this is the case. If both creatures appear to be adapting well (feeding, drinking, urinating, and defecting as expected), proceed to the following stage.

Visual Contact Through a Barrier

Now that the two dogs have demonstrated their ability to detect, smell, and hear one another, it is time to allow them to interact visually. Purchase a pet gate or a baby gate that you can use to separate the room where the new pet will be staying from the rest of the house. As a precaution, keep the dog on a leash at all times. If you try to hold the cat, you may end up getting clawed or bitten. If you have another individual who can assist you, this procedure will be much easier. As a result, each pet is being closely monitored on an individual basis.

  • Praise and rewards should be given.
  • Maintain a quiet atmosphere and enable each animal to find the open door from a distance without making a big deal out of it.
  • In the beginning, you may only be able to perform this for a few seconds.
  • You might try feeding the animals with the door open to encourage them to form positive connections with the other animal.

Initial Meeting

This level is quite similar to the previous one, with the exception that you now want to let each pet to approach the gate. Maintain control of each animal, as you have done in the past. A leash should be provided for the dog. Lunging towards the gate should be avoided at all costs and should be strongly discouraged. If your cat is happy wearing a harness, consider using one and attaching a leash to it. Otherwise, keep your distance from the gate to prevent the cat from leaping over it to escape.

If you pick up your cat while it is hissing or spitting at the dog, you run the risk of being bitten or scratched.

If both creatures remain quiet and exhibit desirable reactions for a period of one or more days, you are ready to proceed with the procedure.

Supervised Interaction

During this final round of introductions, the cat and dog are permitted to remain in the same room together while being closely monitored. The dog should still be restrained by a leash at this time. It is more likely that the cat will be hurt, thus it should be able to flee if required without being pursued by the dog. Hold short sessions in which both pets are present in the same room at the same time. Follow the same procedures as you did in the previous phases when dealing with their reactions.

Increase the duration of these sessions gradually, allowing the pets to become more familiar with one another with each session. Even though this final stage may take the longest to complete, the pets should still be kept apart if they are left alone during this period.

Living Together

After some time, you may discover that your cat and dog have just come to accept one another’s presence in their home. Perhaps they will become friends and spend their time playing or snuggling together, if you are lucky. In some instances, it is impossible to leave the cat and dog alone together in a secure environment. In these cases, you should use your best judgment. Just keep in mind that it is always preferable to be cautious than sorry. Regardless of the outcome, make certain that your home is set up to provide the cat with a dog-free haven.

Additionally, you may choose tocrate trainyour dog in order to assist him in keeping things secure while you are away.

How to Introduce a Dog to a Cat

Some dogs, depending on their breed, age, and disposition, will not even give a cat a second glance, while others, particularly those with a high hunting drive, will require more patience and training in order to make a pairing work well. Each product that we showcase has been picked and vetted by our editorial staff after being thoroughly researched and tested. If you make a purchase after clicking on one of the links on this page, we may receive a commission. Despite the fact that they’re sometimes shown in cartoons as eternal adversaries, dogs and cats normally get along and may soon become the best of friends, especially if they’re reared in the same household.

6 Tips to Help You Introduce a Dog to a Cat

If you are adopting a dog from a shelter, make sure to inquire if he has been cat tested before you make the decision to adopt. The chances of your dog getting along with your cat at home are higher if he or she is already acquainted to cats. Also take into consideration the breed or combination you choose. Dogs with a high prey drive, such as terriers and hounds, may find it difficult to remain calm in the presence of your cat. Keep in mind, however, that all dogs, regardless of their breed, are individuals, and there is no hard and fast rule concerning which dogs get along best with cats.

If your cat is older, you may want to consider putting off getting a new dog for the time being.

2. Create safe spaces.

“Make certain that the cat has access to high places or under items, such as behind a piece of furniture,” she advises. Move a couple of dining chairs away from the wall and you’ll have more breathing room.” These little spaces provide an opportunity for a scared cat to flee in an area where the dog cannot pursue.

3. Keep your pets separate at first.

You should keep your new puppy in a different room from your cat for the time being. They will become accustomed to each other’s odors and noises in this manner, reducing the likelihood of a negative meeting. In addition, it is a good idea to kennel your dog anytime you let your cat to roam about freely.

In this manner, the dog will be able to see the cat but will be unable to pursue it. Meanwhile, while he is safely tucked away in the crate, your cat may explore and get a feel for the unfamiliar surroundings.

4. Don’t expect miracles.

Introduction of canines and felines is a lot like dating: you could find a match straight immediately, or it might take weeks or months. So don’t hurry into anything! Take your time, and if your dog’s barking, chasing, or growling persists after a few weeks, you’ll most likely need to seek the assistance of a trained animal behavior expert to help you resolve the situation. Fernando Trabanco Fotografa / Getty ImagesA kitty and an adult dog look at one other.Credit: Fernando Trabanco Fotografa / Getty Images

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5. Control introductions between your dog and cat.

Before allowing your dog and cat to meet face-to-face, make sure your dog has been trained to provide attention and to sit and down on command. Put your dog on a leash, command him to “sit” or “down” (while rewarding him with plenty of treats!) and let the cat roam freely. If your dog and cat are gently sniffing one other (or ignoring each other), it’s a positive indication that everything is going well. Treating and praising them both for their exemplary behavior is appropriate. If, on the other hand, your dog begins to gaze attentively at your cat, barks, or whines anxiously, refocus his attention with a toy, reward, or a command to sit or lay down, followed by another treat.

6. Take special care with kittens.

Because kittens are so active, bouncy, and fearless, they will adjust to having a new canine in the house more rapidly than other animals. However, because they are so little and active, your dog may mistakenly believe that they are something to pursue or, worse, something to grab. Never leave a kitten alone with a dog unless you are absolutely certain that they are entirely safe together. In fact, you should never leave a cat of any age alone with a new dog unless you are present to monitor the interaction.

Introducing and Managing Cats and Dogs

Dogs and cats have always been considered adversaries. They can, and often do, get along quite well if the proper people are chosen and introduced to them in the correct way. Successful introductions will need consideration of various factors, including the dog’s breed/type, age, and your ability to handle it. Very intimate relationships between dogs and cats are generally the consequence of early experience and socialization on the part of both species, although it is possible to accomplish this with cautious and gradual introductions.

If you are unclear of how your dog will respond, you must proceed with caution and caution.

Plan for success – practical tips to get things right from the start

The first stage in bringing cats and dogs into a home is to make certain that any other animals that are already present are as unaffected as possible by their presence.

Consider the space

Whatever the case may be, whether it’s a new cat who comes home to a resident dog or the other way around, the existing pet requires a safe haven that contains all of their necessary and desired resources such as food, water, toys, sleeping areas, and so on. If you have a new cat who comes home to a resident dog, or vice versa, you should provide a safe haven for the existing pet (and for cats, litter trays, scratch poles, perching and hiding places). Extra resources may need to be purchased and spread throughout the home so that the cat and dog do not have to compete for food and water.

For example, if a dog is already a resident and generally spends most of his or her time downstairs, he or she can remain downstairs and make it the center of their universe for a period of time; if a cat is already a resident and prefers to be upstairs, they can remain upstairs as well.

This environment should allow the existing pet to live his or her life without any substantial restrictions on freedoms, choices, or permissions.

Is it possible for the dog to come and go as he pleases through the entrance to the garden?

Set any new items up gradually

Consider where the new cat or dog’s bedding, feeding stations, toys and other items will be placed in advance, and begin gradually introducing them and laying them out around the home a few weeks in advance – that way, everything will not change at the same time, and the existing pet will have time to adjust to the novelty of the new cat or dog’s arrival before the new cat or dog arrives.

Make the new arrival mean great extra things happen in the resident pet’s life

Additionally, it’s critical to avoid the desire to spend too much time with the newcomer at the expense of the current pet, in order to maintain as much normalcy as possible. When the new pet arrives, while they should, of course, have time to rest and not be disturbed by people, they should also work to incorporate positive aspects of their own lives into the pet’s – not only should the house be shared, but so should the time spent meeting and exceeding the existing pet’s needs and wants, which should be done in small, frequent doses if possible.

  • Playtime
  • Puzzle feeders
  • Interactions such as rubs and cuddles (if the pet appreciates these things)
  • Additional walks (for dogs)
  • One-on-one training sessions
  • And other activities.

Increase the amount of whatever the animal enjoys – this will help them form positive connections with their new environment and housemate.

Making the Introductions

When a new pet first arrives, it may take some time for him or her to settle in, or it may happen quickly. Once the new pet has had some time to relax and adjust to their new environment, and is confident in exploring and utilizing all of their available resources, it is time to consider how to introduce the cat and dog to one another. This should be accomplished in stages. The ideal conclusion is likely to be a quiet family with happy pets, who may at the very least build pleasant connections with one another or at the very least accept each other’s presence peacefully if things are handled slowly in the outset.

), because this will set them up for future negative expectations of each other.

Initially, the space should be split – the cat in one part of the home, the dog in another – and there should be some type of gap separating them, such as a corridor or a staircase, so that they cannot come into touch with each other beneath or through a door unless they are well monitored.

Step 1: Scent swapping

Instead of making face-to-face introductions, the first step in introducing the new housemates should be swapping each other’s smell. Due to the fact that both dogs and cats rely largely on scent and chemical communication, they will be able to obtain information about each other by sniffing and gradually become used to the odours of one another. The dog can be rubbed with a towel, or left in their bed, and then moved into the cat’s territory, and vice versa, to accomplish this goal. Initial placement of the fragrant object should be away from the cat’s prized possessions to avoid the possibility of causing anxiety and preventing the cat from reaching what it requires.

In addition, it is possible that natural smell swapping will occur when the owner goes between each animal’s habitat, carrying the aroma of one animal on their hands, clothing, and other personal belongings.

Step 2: Investigating each other’s areas

It may be time to let each to study their partner’s space, such as enabling the newcomer to explore the “gap” region outside their space (for example, the corridor adjoining the room the new cat stays in), and then further allowing them to investigate each other’s space. Once they have returned to their own spaces, the dog can be permitted to examine the area where the cat has been investigating. Allowing the cat to explore an area that the dog frequents and vice versa can help things proceed when the new pet looks comfortable enough to investigate more.

A new dog may find it simpler to explore a new area because of the way dogs are often taught, socialized, and habituated; but, a new cat may take longer to feel comfortable in a new territory, particularly one that contains a dog.

Step 3: Visual contact

If everything goes according to plan, small amounts of limited visual contact can be established. This must take place when both parties are calm, with both parties able to escape, and with no opportunity for either party to a) directly approach the other, or b) become trapped or have their retreat-access denied to them. Not both should be confined or excessively restrained – for example, do not confine a cat or dog in a crate and then allow the other to approach – this could be extremely distressing for the individual in the crate because they will have no way to escape in the face of an advancing threat.

Visual introductions are most effective when done through a partially covered barrier, such as a baby gate (with the majority of the barrier covered by a draped towel), while both pets are positively engaged in a calm, enjoyable activity, such as a toy game with a human or a self-directed puzzle feeder, for example.

As long as both pets are comfortable with increasing visual access to each other (through the use of a gradually uncovered baby gate), allow them to get a little closer to each other while still keeping the sessions short and providing plenty of calm, positive experiences and human interactions when the other pet is present.

Sessions should come to a close while both pets are comfortable in each other’s company.

Step 4: Actual contact

Sooner or later (the exact timeframe will depend on the individual’s requirements), the cat and dog will have smelled, heard, and seen each other for long enough to recognize each other as a threat. They will have been separated in order to avoid any potentially unpleasant interactions, and they will have been rewarded for being calm in the presence of one another. It’s time for them to take the initiative and stand on their own two feet! Whenever it is predicted that they will be able to coexist peacefully in an area, the barriers might be removed for a period of time.

Introducing new people should always be done under direct supervision – this implies active monitoring and prevention of difficulties by pleasant diversions, such as food or toys if necessary.

You may use food or toy lures to create distance between them by tempting one away from the other if there is any tension or if one comes too near to the other and the other shows symptoms of being uncomfortable with the situation.

  • Do not engage in “crisis management,” that is, swooping in and seizing control when things appear to be tight. This will raise arousal levels and might result in a bad experience that could be destructive to future relationships. The dog should be restrained by a harness and lead, and its behavior and body language should be observed for signs of heightened arousal
  • The cat, on the other hand, should be allowed to walk around and retreat as long as it does not enter the dog’s area. It is important to remember that the dog’s lead is not there to restrain him, but rather as a “just in case” – it should be loose, and the dog relaxed – if the lead is tight, the situation is overwhelming for the dog
  • End the session and plan to try again when there is more distance/space and the dog is positively engaged, for example, feeding from a puzzle feeder – working with each dog’s body clock is sensible, ie, choosing a time when they are naturally You should gently distract and redirect them away from each other with food, rewards, or other forms of entertainment if the cat is approaching the dog and the dog is not comfortable. If the cat looks to be worried, gently urge it to withdraw, hide, sit, or otherwise feel comfortable while keeping an eye on it from a safe distance. In order for the session to go smoothly, both pets must appear to be relaxed
  • If there is any doubt that they are not, end the session immediately
  • It is ideal to involve two people in this process – one person quietly watching and supervising a pet each and communicating what the other is seeing and doing
  • Keep the first few sessions quick and upbeat, gradually increasing the amount of time they have to “simply be” together. For as long as they are performing well, and when the moment is deemed appropriate, the dog’s lead can be dropped and left to trail, allowing it to be gently scooped up if required.

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