How To Teach Cat To Use Litter Box

Training Your Kitten to Use the Litter Box

In the event that you’ve recently been the delighted pet parent of a new cat, the subject of how to litter train a kitten is almost certainly on your thoughts. Knowing that litter box training is often a straightforward process may provide you with some relief. The majority of kittens come in their new homes having learned how to use a litter box from their mothers, and even those who haven’t are aided by a strong impulse to hide the evidence of their act after they’ve done it. However, if your new cat is in need of some guidance, the following methods should be of assistance.

Supplies You’ll Need

You’ll need a few materials to get your kitten started on the right foot when it comes to developing excellent toilet habits:

  • In general, it’s a good idea to have one litter box for every two cats that will be using it, so if this is your first cat, you’ll want to start with two litter boxes. Place them in spots that are convenient to access while still providing privacy. They may not be used if they are too exposed, since your cat may not feel comfortable enough to do so. Kitty litter is a type of litter that is used for cats. You’ll discover a wide variety of alternatives, ranging from low-cost non-clumping clay litter to high-end, environmentally friendly solutions manufactured from materials such as pine pellets, recycled newspaper, and even whole wheat grains. Other cats are quite particular about the sort of litter they use, and will refuse to use it if the texture or scent is offensive to them. While many cats aren’t finicky about the type of litter you use, some cats are. If you want to experiment with other types of litter, your best strategy is to start with a basic unscented clumping litter and then switch after your cat has learned to use it properly. Toys and treats are provided. When you notice your furry bundle of joy using their litter box, give them a cat treat or a piece of dry cat food to show your appreciation. If you want to assist your child develop good associations with the litter box, you may use toys and praise to aid in the process. At some point, you’ll have to wean them off of the expectation that they’ll get a food-related reward every time they use the box.

How to Litter Train a Kitten

Follow these instructions to teach your cat how to use the litter box:

  • For further information on how to litter train a kitten, go to this article:

Cleaning and Maintenance

To litter train a kitten, follow these steps:

  • Clean out the litter box on a regular basis to ensure that your kitten’s deposits are not left behind. Replace dirty litter as needed—typically when the litter no longer has the ability to suppress odor. When you change the litter, make sure to thoroughly clean and disinfect the box. Mild soap and water, or a mix of water and white vinegar, can be used to clean. Avoid using bleach, industrial disinfectants, or other harsh chemicals that might be damaging to your cat
  • Instead, use natural cleaning products. Remove accidents from places outside the box by using an enzyme cleanser to clean the area. It is possible that if they are not treated for the scent, they will continue to go to that location
  • Nevertheless, this sort of cleaning will erase the smell.

Litter Training Older Cats

Typically, older cats will have be accustomed to using a litter box by the time they come to live with you, but if the cat in issue was formerly an outdoor cat, you may face a litter box training difficulty. However, even in this case, cats have all of the reflexes necessary to help them rapidly understand what a litter box is for. Getting them used to the litter box may be the most difficult task. In such circumstances, Vetstreet recommends filling the box with outside soil to begin with, rather than using inside soil.

This will allow your cat time to become acclimated to the new surface.

Troubleshooting Your Cat

According to what has been previously said, certain cats may be rather particular regarding the conditions in which they are ready to endure. In the event that your cat is having difficulty learning to use the litter box, it is possible that they are just not like of the size or form of the box, or that they dislike the scent or texture of the litter. If the box is covered, they may find it too restrictive; alternatively, they may feel exposed and prefer a box that is not covered. It’s possible that they don’t like the position of the box, or that you just have to scoop it out more frequently than they do.

  1. If you have an older cat, it is possible that they are experiencing joint discomfort or stiffness, which makes reaching the litter box difficult for them.
  2. Although they have been thoroughly litter box trained, cats that have not yet been spayed or neutered may spray pee throughout the home in order to claim their territory, according to Petfinder.
  3. In the event that your cat has been using the litter box regularly for a length of time and then abruptly stops, or does so in an inconsistent manner, there may be an underlying problem.
  4. According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, a cat’s refusal to use the litter box is frequently an indication of an underlying medical condition, such as a urinary tract infection, which can become serious if left untreated.

If your cat is still having trouble using the litter box after you’ve checked out stress or health issues and done everything else, you may need to restrict them to a small space with the box, such as a bathroom or laundry room, until they get the hang of it.

Contributor Bio

Jean Marie Bauhaus was an American architect who founded the Bauhaus movement. A pet mom, pet blogger, and author based in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Jean Marie Bauhaus writes under the supervision of a slew of furbabies on her lap most of the time.

Preventing and solving litter box problems

  • Set up the litter box in a semi-private spot that is distant from a lot of foot activity. Holding kittens in a small room with an accessible litter box for many days until they begin to use it consistently is recommended. Try to avoid placing the box near your cat’s food or water bowls, or near loud noises (washing machines, for example) that may be upsetting or frightening to your cat. Avoid putting your cat in confined spaces, such as closets, where he or she can feel imprisoned.

Select your litter carefully

Use clumping litter that is plain and unscented. You should not switch litters once you have found one that your cat appears to enjoy.

Keep the litter box clean

Solid garbage and clumps should be scraped out of the toilet on a daily basis. At the very least, once a month, empty the entire box and wash it with warm water. We don’t like going to the bathroom in a filthy environment, and neither do cats!

Make the litter box accessible

  • Begin with a tiny box suitable for a cat. As your cat develops, you should get a deeper, bigger box. The boxes for baby kittens and elderly cats should have low edges so that they may easily jump over them
  • It is best not to use litter boxes that are covered. Many cats are apprehensive about using them

Have one box per cat, plus one

A family with three cats should have four litter boxes, according to the ASPCA. Many cats may refuse to use a litter box that has previously been contaminated with trash.

Give your cat attention

Cats are frequently upset by changes of any magnitude, including major events such as relocation, grieving, and the addition of additional pets, as well as little events such as rearranged furniture, a litter box moved a few feet, and the introduction of new household cleansers. Provide your cat with additional attention, fun, care, and reassurance at stressful times to assist him in adjusting to his new environment.

Litter Training Kittens 101: When to Start and How to Do It

Most adult cats will instinctively seek out a sandy, granular area to excrete, but newborn kittens may require a little assistance in developing correct litter box habits. In order to assist your cat have the best chance of success while litter training, there are several things you may do. The following are some recommendations for cat toilet training, including when to begin, how to choose litter boxes, how to select the proper sort of litter, how and where to set up the litter boxes, and how to assist your kitten in mastering the litter box.

  • When Should You Begin Litter Training Kittens? Instructions on How to Litter Train Your Kitten
  • Decide on a litter box, and then choose the appropriate type of litter. Place the litter boxes in their proper locations. Instruct your kitten on how to use the litter box. Reinforce good litter box habits with your children. Maintain the cleanliness of the litter box. In the event that your kitten refuses to use the litter box, there are a few things you may do.

When to Start Litter Training Kittens

Mother cats encourage their kittens to eliminate in the first few weeks after birth, and they clean up after them after they have done so. Kittens do not require litter boxes throughout this time period. Starting at about 4 weeks of age, you may begin litter training kittens by providing them with kitten-friendly litter boxes. This occurs at the same time when kittens begin to wean themselves. It is possible to begin litter box training your kitten or adult cat as soon as you bring them home if you acquire an older kitten or adult cat.

How to Litter Train Your Kitten or Cat

Follow these instructions to ensure that your cat has a successful toilet training experience.

Choose a Litter Box

While selecting a litter box may appear to be a little decision, it may make a significant impact in your kitten’s health and well-being.

Get the Right Size Litter Box

It is possible that full-size boxes will be too large and scary for a little cat. The International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants (IAABC) suggests that kittens use a litter tray that is 13 by 9 inches in size, according to Dr. Sally J. Foote, DVM, a feline behavior consultant accredited by the IAABC. If your cat is older, or if you have additional adult cats in the house, they will require full-size litter boxes, but your kitten will require smaller litter boxes to start.

The litter box will need to expand to accommodate your kitten’s growth. The litter box for your cat should be roughly 1 1/2 times the length of your cat. As your kitty grows in size, you will need to purchase a larger size.

Provide More Than One Litter Box

It is recommended that you have one litter box in excess of the number of cats in your home. For example, if you have two cats, you should have three boxes. It is recommended that you have at least six boxes if you have five cats.

Uncovered versus Covered Litter Boxes

Your home should have one litter box in excess of the number of cats living there, at a bare minimum. The number of boxes should be increased if you have two cats. A minimum of six boxes should be available for every five cats in your household.

Pick the Right Type of Litter

According to research, fine-grain litters are preferred by the majority of cats, possibly because they are softer to the touch. Cats have their own preferences whether it comes to clumping or non-clumping litters, for example. Of fact, some people enjoy clumping since it makes scooping easier. In terms of clay litter vs other types of litter, Nagelschneider explains that some cats will not use a box that contains corn- or wheat-based litter because it smells like food. You should experiment with a few different varieties to ensure that you acquire the sort of litter that your cat enjoys.

Plan Where to Put the Litter Boxes

When it comes to encouraging your kitten to use the litter box, the location and accessibility of the box might be key factors.

Don’t Hide the Litter Boxes

If all of the boxes are in the same area, they are practically one large box, which might cause problems if your cats don’t want to share their food and space. While it may be tempting to conceal litter boxes in closets and corners because we do not wish to draw attention to them, doing so should be avoided. Keep in mind that cats do not want to feel enclosed or imprisoned when it is time to go to the bathroom. They’ll also want some form of illumination in order to see and locate their litter boxes, so if there isn’t any natural light in the area where the litter box is kept, Nagelschneider recommends using a nightlight.

Avoid Distractions

Set up your kitten’s litter box in a place where there aren’t many distractions that will keep them from getting down to business. When dealing with kittens that have difficulty concentrating, it may be necessary to remove the option of having alternative “interesting” areas to pee. Keep your kitten in a small space with no rugs or carpeting and only a little quantity of bedding to attempt to keep them focused until they are able to use the litter box on their own.

Place Litter Boxes on Every Floor

The boxes should be evenly distributed around your home, with at least one on each floor. Ensure that your cat has an easy time getting to and from the litter boxes. “Don’t force them to travel down the stairs, past the playroom, through the cat door, and into the utility room,” Nagelschneider advises. ” In order to get to the potty, cats don’t want to travel any further than humans do. If you have a kitten, keep in mind that it will eventually grow up and become an adult cat. Placing a litter box on a high shelf or down a long flight of steps can make it much more difficult for them to reach when they are older and arthritic.

Introduce Your Kitten to the Litter Box

Once you’ve gathered your materials and set up your litter box regions, here’s how you may assist your kitten in learning to use the litter box. Step 1: Show your kitten the locations of each litter box and let him or her to sniff each one individually. Then, gently place your kitten into the litter box. Step 2: When they see litter, they may immediately start pawing at it or perhaps using the litter box. Otherwise, rake your fingers through the clean litter to imitate the pawing motion.

To ensure that your kitten uses one of the boxes on its own, try placing your kitten in one of the boxes every time they eat, drink, or get up from a nap until they become accustomed to using the box on its own. Step 3:

Reinforce Good Litter Box Habits

When your kitten uses the litter box properly, give them a treat to reinforce the behavior and help them form a positive relationship with the activity. It is essential that the treat be delivered shortly after they have exited the box in order for them to link the activity with the reward in this manner. Unless your cat has done anything wrong, there is no need to reprimand or shout at them. Maintain your composure and use anenzymaticcleaner to clean up the mess. Do not react in any other manner.

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Keep the Litter Boxes Clean

Every time your kitten eliminates, make an effort to scoop the litter box. When it comes to the training process, you don’t want your kitten to develop a dislike for the litter box. After scooping, replenish the litter with clean litter to maintain a litter depth of 2 to 3 inches, which will provide your cat with plenty of digging space. Once your kitten is older and has established a habit of using the litter box on a continuous basis, you can scoop once a day instead of every time your kitten uses the box.

Most non-scoop litters will have their own guidelines on the label as to how frequently they should be changed, so pay attention to those.

What to Do if Your Kitten Won’t Use the Litter Box

The following measures should be followed if your kitten is having difficulty with litter box training and is urinating outside the box; First and foremost, carefully examine your litter box setup. The preferences of each kitten are small variations on a theme. Check to see that the litter boxes are in good working order.

  • These items are easily available
  • Are situated in peaceful surroundings
  • Are not tucked away in a corner
  • They are not being protected by other cats.

2. Think about switching either the litter box or the type of litter. You may wish to purchase a new box (covered rather than open, or one with low sides) and set it nearby to observe whether your kitty prefers that box over the old one. Alternatively, retain the same box and merely alter the litter type to determine whether the problem is with the box or the litter. 3. Increase the frequency with which you scoop and replace all litter. In order to decrease tension and make your cat more comfortable with their surroundings, consider placing pheromone diffusers near the litter box.


These are quite unusual in kittens, but they should not be ignored when they do occur.

Your veterinarian can also assist you in troubleshooting any litter box concerns that your kitten may be experiencing. Most importantly, remember to be patient! Training takes time, but with your love, support, and attention, your cat will learn to control his or her behavior.

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Photograph courtesy of Studio.

How to Litter Train a Cat

Cats, according to Cristin Tamburo Coll, Certified Feline Behavior Consultant at The Cat Counselor in Los Angeles, are generally orderly creatures. “Cats are one of the few creatures that can exist in the wild as both a predator and a prey.” In order to avoid becoming a more attractive prey for predators, they hide their feces.” The fact that cats have a natural desire to use the litter box makes litter training them relatively simple—certainly simpler than potty training a dog, since cats have a natural urge to use the litter box once they know where to look.

How to Litter Train a Grown Adult Cat

Choosing an adequate litter box and litter for your house, setting it in a safe designated position, and teaching your cat where the litter box and litter are located are all important initial steps when litter training a cat, just as when litter training a kitten. Although there are a lot of factors that influence how successfully your cat learns to using the litter box when you first start training her, there are several common ones.

  • Location of the litter box: “Putting a litter box in a calm and safe section of the house can assist to ensure that your cat uses his or her box on a regular basis. Choosing a location that is out of the way of heavy traffic areas in the house is important,” says Britt Gagne, Executive Director of the Furry Friends Refuge in Des Moines, Iowa. Cats, like people, do not prefer to eat in the same area where they eliminate waste, so keep this in mind when deciding where to put the litter box. “Frequently, food, water, and litter are all positioned in the same’safe zone’ of the house, out of the way of high-traffic areas,” Gagne explains. In an ideal situation, there should be at least 3 feet between the litter box, food, and water. Animals and people alike prefer that their food and drink be not stored close to their bathroom for the sake of comfort and maintaining a sanitary environment in which to eat and drink.”
  • Litter should be cleaned up: Cats appreciate order, therefore if you aren’t cleaning the litter box on a regular basis, you will be putting a significant stumbling block in your cat’s training path. “Always make sure that when a large amount of filthy litter is removed, new litter is put to ensure that there is enough litter to allow the cat to dig and conceal items in the box as they naturally have a want to do.” “Litter should be cleaned everyday, and it should be completely disposed of and cleansed every seven to ten days,” Gagne suggests. The number of litter boxes in your home: If you have more than one cat in your home, they may not be enthusiastic about sharing. The most straightforward approach is to add an additional litter box to suit your cat. According to the general rule of thumb, each cat should have at least one litter box. “Having one cat in the home that is more than the number of cats in the household is excellent,” Gagne explains.

Bringing Your Outdoor Cat Indoors

Outdoor cats have a natural tendency to bury waste in a variety of natural environments, such as grass, sand, or soil. When bringing an outdoor cat indoors for the first time, litter training can be difficult since most types of litter have a different scent and texture than the cat is accustomed to. It might be difficult to find out how to convince your cat to use a litter box at first, but perseverance pays off. ” Recently, I had a customer whose cat was going in the backyard on the grass, so we really got the cat acclimated to using the litter box by placing a piece of sod in the litter box,” says the veterinarian.

You might also experiment with a variety of different boxes made from a variety of various materials and serve them buffet-style to see which materials they are most comfortable with.” Some cat owners who keep their cats outside are anxious about bringing the cat into their home because of the possibility of infections.

According to Tamburo Coll, “Fortunately, not many diseases can be transmitted from animals to people.” However, the best practice is to wash your hands frequently and prevent accidently scooping the litter box and then touching your face.

Usually, they’re just a little grubby.

Changing Litter Training Habits With a Senior Cat

You may encounter some difficulties with litter training if you have acquired an elderly cat or if the cat you have had for a long time is growing older. A cat is often called senior when it reaches the age of 10–12 years, however this might vary from cat to cat depending on when they begin to exhibit signs of aging. Senior cats are more susceptible to developing health problems such as renal, liver, hearing, and eyesight impairments, among other things. If your cat is suffering from eyesight problems, Tamburo Coll advises that you put a nightlight in the area where the litter box is located to assist them in finding it more readily at night.

As a result, if they exhibit indications of disorientation, you may need to remind them where they are on a regular basis.

When looking for the finest litter box for your senior cat, bear in mind that it should be low-sided and unprotected.

Cat owners are often well informed about their cat’s natural behavior.

Overall, if your cat is exhibiting any changes in behavior or disposition, such as having accidents, seeming more sluggish, moving more slowly, or having difficulty getting around, Tamburo Coll recommends taking them to the veterinarian for a checkup.

Why Do Cats Fall Asleep In the Litter Box?

When has it ever occurred to you that your cat is falling asleep in the litter box? While this type of eccentric behavior is more typical in elderly cats, it can occur in any age of cat at any time. Cats falling asleep in the litter box can be caused by a variety of circumstances, some of which are as follows:

  • In order to relieve stress and anxiety, cats that have come from a shelter or who have moved to a new home may seek a familiar scent to help them relax. “As gross as it is,smells like them, and they like to be in places that make them feel safe,” Tamburo Coll says
  • Privacy:Much like humans and the sacred alone time that (usually) comes along with using the bathroom, the litter box can be a private place wherecats seek refugefrom all the hustle and bustle going on in their house
  • Bowel issues: It is possible that senior cats will find it more difficult to physically go to the bathroom than younger cats. Or, on the other hand, they could have to go frequently and might be afraid to leave the box because as soon as they leave, they may need to go again

In the event that your cat is falling asleep in the litter box, it is always a good idea to take them to the veterinarian. According to Tamburo Coll, “If the veterinarian has ruled out any health difficulties, the next step is to analyze any changes in the environment at home.” “Consider making the area surrounding the box more pleasant for them by placing a cat tree or cat bed close to the box.” This provides them with an option to sleeping in a cardboard box.

Help! My Cat Still Won’t Use the Litter Box

To convince your cat to use the litter box after trying everything you can think of, Tamburo Coll recommends that you first take the cat to the veterinarian for a thorough examination. If you detect a change in your cat’s litter box habits or behavior, you should bring him in for a checkup every six months, in addition to his annual exam. “Cats are quite adept at concealing indications of disease for extended periods of time. The reason for this is to their position in the food chain as both predator and prey,” she explains.

Potty Training – How to Train Your Cat to Use the Litter Box

In collaboration with Pamela Reid of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), Dr. Stephanie Janeczko of Animal CareControl of New York City and Pamela Reid of the ASPCA Elizabeth Teal and Micky Niego, Companion Animal Services, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Bringing home a new cat or kitten is a wonderful experience—the playing, the purring, the litter box training, and so on. But wait, there’s more. Okay, so litter box training isn’t really enjoyable, but it’s necessary and typically rather simple.

Before Bringing Home A New Cat

You will need to complete a few simple tasks before bringing your new cat home. These tasks are as follows:

  1. Purchase one or two full-size litter boxes to keep your pets safe. In terms of how many litter boxes you’ll need, the conventional rule of thumb is one litter box for each cat, plus one spare box. As a result, if you have one cat, you need purchase two litter boxes. Two cats, perhaps? Spend the money on three litter boxes, and so forth. Make a layer of litter in the bottom of the container: three to four inches deep for clumping litter, and two to three inches deep for non-clumping litter Cats enjoy digging and burying, and this depth provides them with the opportunity to do so. It’s important to think about the sort of trash you’re utilizing as well. The surface should be smooth and free of prickly particles, and the smell should not be too overpowering to be effective. Some kittens will try to consume clumping litter, which is not recommended. While this may appear to be an unappealing alternative to a snack, it can actually clump together in their stomach and create some major problems. Choose a non-clumping litter until your kitten is around 4-6 months old
  2. Locate the litter box in a secluded, peaceful, and easily accessible location for your cat. Maintaining a box on each floor of your home is ideal if at all possible. If you’re using clumping litter, make a point of scooping at least once a day, and make it easier on yourself by keeping a few bags for waste disposal on hand. For non-clumping solid waste, scoop solid trash at least once a day, and be sure to thoroughly empty the box at least once a week.

How to Litter Train a Kitten

Following the acquisition of your new cat, you will need to train them to use the litter box.

  1. For the first few of days, limit your cat to a room without carpet, such as a bathroom, where they will have access to their litter box. Food and drink should be provided in this room as well, but they should be placed in a separate area of the room from the litter box. Once they’ve become used to using the litter box, you may let them out into the rest of the home to explore. Keep the litter box in its current location until your cat is completely comfortable in the house. If you decide to remove their litter box from that area later on, make sure to show them where it has been relocated. It is possible that you may have to reintroduce your cat to the litter box. Maintain the cleanliness of the litter box. Clumping litter should be scooped out at least once a day and replaced as needed to keep the right depth. A thorough replacement should be performed once every three weeks at the very least (more often if you have multiple cats). Scoop solid trash everyday and discard all litter to ensure that it is replaced at least once a week in non-clumping situations (again, more often if you have multiple cats). As well as cleaning out the box on a regular basis using fragrance-free soap and water
  2. If your cat does not use the litter box, never penalize him or her for it. Accidents do happen, and they may be quite inconvenient. After the fact punishment or rubbing their nose in it will only lead to confusion and dread in your cat. If you happen to catch your cat in the middle of an accident, pick them up and deposit them in the litter box as swiftly and quietly as possible. You should consult your veterinarian if your cat suddenly stops using the litter box since there may be a medical issue at the root of the problem
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Due to the inherent attraction that cats have to litter-like sites to release themselves, they often pick up on litter box training quite fast. Many cats, on the other hand, have relapses and have accidents at some time in their lives. If this occurs, maintain your composure and remember that the situation is normal and that it can be resolved. In the meantime, shower your new kitten with affection and take advantage of this opportunity to spend quality time with them.

Issues With Litter Box Training

It’s understandable that some owners would question, “Why isn’t my cat using the litter box?” It is estimated that at least 10% of domestic cats may dirty outside of the litter box at some point in their lives. It is the most typical feline behavior problem to see your cat urinating and defecating outside of the litter box. Many cats are surrendered to shelters because of house-soiling issues. The majority of the time, this is superfluous. The good news is that cats suffering from this condition have a great prognosis.

  • Before attempting to clean up after your cat, take him or her to your veterinarian for an examination.
  • The veterinarian will be able to rule out any medical issues that may be causing the problem.
  • Some cats cease using the litter box completely, while others just use it for urine and feces.
  • Some litter box issues arise as a result of a cat establishing a predilection for a certain substrate or surface for elimination over time.
  • Perhaps you’ve placed a plush throw rug to your bathroom, which the cat finds much more comfortable.
  • Set up a number of boxes and give a variety of options such as clay, clumping, coarse, fine, and so on.
  • They also preferred fine-grained and soft litter as a litter type.

The early warning signs of litter aversion in cats include failing to “cover” their urine and feces, failing to scratch the litter prior to elimination, scratching outside of the box rather than inside, perching with their feet on the edge of the box, racing out of the box, and shaking their feet as if disgusted by the feel of the litter.

  • Cats, like humans, have strong feelings regarding boxes, both positive and negative.
  • They normally don’t like for a covered box; after all, who would want to be trapped in a little room filled with the stench of pee and excrement all of the time?
  • You should scoop your cat’s litter box at least once per day if you have a finicky cat.
  • Warm water is perfectly OK.
  • Because a cat’s sense of smell is quite acute, you should avoid placing the litter box in close proximity to their food, drink, favorite napping locations, or room deodorizers, no matter how clean you keep it.
  • The location of a cat’s litter box might have a significant influence on his or her motivation to utilize it.
  • Generally, cats want to be able to see if someone is approaching them, and they prefer to have more than one path out of the box if they are trying to escape, thus closets and unoccupied shower stalls are not ideal options for hiding places.

If you believe your cat is soiling because they prefer a different location, consider putting a litter box in that location.

Cats might sometimes develop a phobia of the place where the litter box is positioned.

As an example, a cat suffering from diarrhea may receive feces on its feet or tail and identify the unpleasantness of the environment with the location.

It has also been reported that an individual’s cat quit using his or her litter box, which was conveniently located next to the toilet, because a teenage male in the family was “splashing” in the box.

When there is tension between cats in the house, it is possible that an elimination problem may arise.

In order to enhance the possibility that there is a clean litter box someplace, you should always have more litter boxes than cats available.

Similarly, if one cat is harassing and frightening another, the victim may be too terrified to approach the litter box.

Even when one cat, usually the younger one, is attempting to persuade the other cat to play, lying in wait can occur.

If you have numerous cats and you’re not sure which one is urinating, talk to your veterinarian about delivering fluorescein, a non-toxic dye, to one of the cats to determine which cat is urinating.

Another option is to confine cats one at a time to establish which one is the source of the problem.

It is not recommended to clean using an ammonia-based cleaner. If the cat has urinated in a particular location, washing it with ammonia may cause the cat to return to that spot to urinate again.

Other Things To Consider With Litter Box Training

Should I get my dog spayed or neutered? Another consideration is whether or not your cat has been spayed or neutered. Cats are far more likely to mark their territory if they are not neutered or spayed, so having males neutered and females spayed will be beneficial. Cats that are sexually mature utilize urine and excrement to mark their territory and announce their desire for a mate. If your cat is more than six months old, it should be spayed or neutered; male cats should be neutered, and female cats should be spayed or neutered.

  1. For further information, contact your veterinarian or your local SPCA.
  2. Spraying?
  3. If this is the case, the cat is not urinating outside of its box; rather, it is spraying.
  4. It happens while they are standing with their tails straight up, and they discharge a jet of pee sideways, which strikes the wall and falls to the floor.
  5. In spite of the fact that men and women both spray, males do it more frequently, and unneutered males virtually always do so.
  6. Unfortunately, if the cat has been permitted to spray for an extended period of time, as is often the case with rescued tom cats, neutering may not be enough to resolve the issue.
  7. A professional behavior counselor may be required to assist with the modification of the behavior in question.


Do they have mishaps once a week, once a month, or once a year, for example?

This cat is exhibiting that they are completely unaware that there is only one place to excrete.

Close supervision or confinement (as described in the next pages) should be used to educate the cat to use the litter box and ONLY the litter box.

Whenever feasible, adjust the outward appearance of the places that are most frequently dirty.

They will be less inclined to return if the restroom does not smell or seem like the ‘old bathroom.’ You should softly but firmly move the cat towards the litter box if they are sniffing or scratching about in an area that is off limits.

Please continue reading.

No, it’s a case of stress.

According to research, there is a strong link between continuing stress and stressful situations and the occurrence of house soiling.

Some have a bold, extroverted, and adventurous nature, while others are resilient and forgiving in nature.

They slink from room to room, avoiding eye contact with outsiders.

Personal crises, the addition of a new family member (spouse or child), and home renovations are all major occasions from the feline perspective.

Anxious cats may spray or urinate/defecate outside of the litter box to relieve themselves.

Provide as much protection as you can for the sensitive cat from stressful situations whenever feasible.

Plan ahead of time to ensure that your cat is ready for any changes in routine.

Dealing with stressful events might be more challenging than doing the retraining exercises on your own.

Unless the stressor is removed, the cat may continue to avoid the litter box and/or urinate on personal items such as bedding, clothing, and your favorite chair in the context of ongoing/escalating stress.

If you want to change your cat’s behavior, you should consider consulting with a professional behavior counselor.

It has already been indicated that the first step towards finding a solution is to rule out any potential health issues (worms, cystitis, digestive illness) by having the cat properly inspected by a veterinarian.

Currently, the most popular strategy is a combination of confinement and monitored freedom.

The majority of cats adapt well to living in small spaces.

Because the toilet is a necessity for people, the cat is not kept isolated for long periods of time while they go to the bathroom.

Make a bed for the cat and provide him with several toys in the room.

Some cats may require an area that is smaller than a room (where they will not have the opportunity to pick the wrong location) in order to learn to use the litter box properly.

It needs to be large enough to fit the cat bed on one end and the litter box on the other end of the room.

Feed the cat twice a day, allowing the food to sit down for roughly 20 minutes between each meal.

Following a period of two weeks in which the cat has been using the box and ONLY THE BOX, you may begin allowing them access to other areas in the house, one room at a time.

The optimal time to allow them to wander is immediately after they have used the box, and then return them to confinement before their next planned ‘pit stop’ When you are not at home, do not let the cat out to play.

Do not keep food out all day; snacking all day increases the likelihood of having a bowel movement when you least expect it!

To avoid rushing through the operation because it is difficult or time-consuming, it is preferable to move carefully and establish a firm foundation first.

When dealing with a cat who does not consistently utilize its litter box, the subtleties of cat behavior become immediately apparent.

Be sensitive to the requirements of your cat.

Litter box issues may be distressing for the entire family, but they are especially uncomfortable for your cat. Try to be patient and persistent, and don’t give up. Your cat will ultimately find his way back to the box, and you and he will be able to move on with your lives.

How to Train a Cat to Use the Litter Box

One of the most rewarding aspects of cat ownership is the great degree of aptitude they have for housetraining. When it comes to eliminating, kittens are ahead of the game. They routinely use their litter boxes long before most pups do, making life easier and more enjoyable for everyone in the family. However, contrary to popular belief, mother cats do not instruct their kittens on how to use a litter box. If you have recently acquired a kitten—or if you have adopted a cat of any age—you will need to provide some basic training to the cat.

  1. The litter box itself, as well as a bag of cat litter and a scoop, are among the goods you’ll need.
  2. Litter is also available in a variety of shapes and sizes.
  3. A sifting litter scoop also makes life simpler for owners since it allows them to remove away the trash without having to replace the litter on a regular basis, saving time.
  4. The first stage in litter-box training is to ensure that the box is properly placed in the first place.
  5. Choosing a location that is away from your pet’s food and water is also advisable, since feline species members often prefer not to excrete in the same place where they eat and drink.
  6. 2.
  7. 3.

Once the box is complete, place your cat inside so that he may become accustomed to the scent and feel of the new litter.


The most critical periods of the day will be immediately following a meal for your pet’s health.

If you catch your cat in the act of eliminating somewhere else, stop him and immediately transport him to his litter box.


If your cat is still refusing to use the litter box, don’t give up hope.

When you are finished, you may find that you need to add a little additional litter to ensure that your pet has enough material to dig a hole and then cover it with a covering.

An in-depth cleaning of the box once a week will assist to keep it looking and smelling fresh. Alternatively, dump the litter box into the garbage before cleaning it with a pet-safe cleaner and replacing it with fresh litter. Pets 101 – Cat Corner | Four Paws Animal Rescue, Inc.

How do I litter train my cat/kitten?

Cats do not learn how to use a litter box until they are older. Mummy teaches her kittens how to use the bathroom. The first step is teaching them to use a plastic box with litter inside as a bathroom when they receive it. Every time your cat uses the litter box, pet him, give him a reward, or participate in a play session with him will be appreciated. Never reprimand or threaten your cat because he has eliminated in an improper location. Cats who do not use a litter box are one of the most prevalent behavioral difficulties that cat caregivers have to deal with.

Your cat may quit using the litter box for a variety of reasons, including medical, behavioral, and emotional issues.

Steps to litter train (house train) your cat

Place the litter box in a location that is both convenient and peaceful for your cat. Make certain that the litter box is the appropriate size and kind for your cat’s needs. Generally speaking, a litter box should measure one and a half times the length of your cat. If you’re not sure, go with the bigger size!

2.) Type of cat litter

The majority of cats like soft, fine-grained litter. When it comes to litter, your cat may prefer one brand over another, so if you find one that he loves, stay with it. One approach to find out what he loves is to put multiple litter boxes out with different types of litter and allow him to select which one he wants. If you have more than one cat, you should have one litter box for each cat, plus one additional litter box.

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3.) Take your cat to the litter box

After meals and naps, take him to his litter box until he understands what you’re trying to teach him. After meals and naps, place him in his box if it is in a separate room and lock the door behind him.

4.) Use treats to train your cat

After he has used his litter box, reward him with a treat.

5.) Cleaning your cat’s litter box

Ensure that you scoop the litter box every day, and that you wash the box once every one to two weeks, depending on the litter you use.

6.) No bad cats

If your cat has an accident, do not shout at him or strike him. Return to step one or read “What should I do if my cat won’t use the litter box?” for more information. It’s crucial to note that your cat’s litter box plays an important role in her daily life. Maintain it in a clean condition so that she will like using it. Learn about the upkeep of a cat’s litter box. Do you require further information? DownloadTreating and decreasing cat incontinence in the litter box (PDF) (PDF).

How do I litter-train my cat? – RSPCA Knowledgebase

From a very young age, the majority of cats will intuitively utilize a litter tray. Once you have successfully acclimated your cat to their new habitat, you will need to decide where the optimum location for their litter tray is. Consider placing the litter box in a location distant from your cat’s food and water, where they will have some solitude and quiet, and where you are comfortable with the litter tray remaining in place indefinitely. Avoid shifting the tray on a regular basis in order to avoid confusing and stressing your cat.

While it is OK to praise your cat when they use their tray correctly, you should refrain from punishing them if they have an accident outside of the tray because they are unlikely to correlate your punishment with their error.

Keep the litter box updated on a regular basis since cats are picky creatures who do not want to use filthy trays or litter boxes.

Important information may be found in the article titled “Why is my cat peeing in an improper location?”

Litter Box Training – Longmont Humane Society

Contrary to common belief, Garfield did not come into the world in a litter box. He was simply drawn in that manner! It is not in their natural state for cats to know how to use a litter box, which is a colored, plastic box filled with sterilized clay particles. Cats learn where and how to use the toilet from their mother when they are around 4 weeks old. A casual observer may be unaware that any active training has taken place since learning may occur so fast and without warning. Orphaned kittens must be introduced to the notion of a box by their caregiver.

When a kitten first wakes up, as well as after meals and strenuous play, it should be placed in the litter box.

The majority of kittens quickly take over and effectively utilize the litter box.

When left alone, a kitten might quickly lose track of the litter box and resort to using whatever is nearby when the urge to pee arises.

Strays and Feral Cats

If the kittens are born outside, their mother may select a cluster of leaves or a patch of soft ground as the kittens’ toilet. Feral and stray cats who have recently been adopted may need to be actively trained to use a litter box filled with clay litter, particularly if they have been imprinted on anything else. Some stray dogs are fast to pick up on the rules, while others are not. Instead of gravel-textured clay, consider using a fine-grained sand-type litter. In certain circumstances, it may be essential to begin with the substance the cat is accustomed to (dirt, sand, newspapers, etc.) and gradually transition the cat to the new substance over a period of several weeks by gradually increasing the percentage of the old substance to the new one.

Keep in mind that a cat who lived outside has a plethora of options to select from.

If the cat refuses to use the box at any point during the process, go return to the stage at which he was successful the last time.

Is She Spayed…Is He Neutered?

Cats that are sexually mature utilize urine and excrement to mark their territory and announce their desire for a mate. It is recommended that you get your cat spayed or neutered if he or she is more than 6 months old. Male cats are neutered, and female cats are spayed or neutered as well. Performing this treatment on an anesthetized cat under the supervision of a veterinarian is a very easy surgical procedure.

For additional information, speak with your veterinarian or your local SPCA. It is quite tough to train an intact cat that does not use the litter box since his behavior is impacted by his hormonal state.

Spraying…What Is It and Why?

The pee puddle is located either up against a wall or along one of the sofa’s sides. If this is the case, the cat is not urinating outside of his cage; rather, he is spraying. When a cat squats, he is emptying his bladder in order to get rid of waste from his digestive system. When a cat sprays, he does not crouch on the ground. He raises his tail straight up and exhales a torrent of pee in the direction of the camera. It collides with the wall and tumbles to the ground below. Whether spraying claims territory or serves to warn trespassers away is unclear, but it is evident that spraying has nothing to do with the necessity of using the restroom.

Men and women both spray, but males tend to do it more frequently than females, according to research.

In the case of an unneutered male who has only recently begun spraying, the good news is that neutering him will almost always put an end to the practice.

The use of a professional behavior counselor may be required in order to remedy the situation in this circumstance.

Clean Box…Clean Cat

It’s common for cats to refuse to use the litter box if the box isn’t maintained clean. For some cats, this implies that they have to wipe out their litter box after each usage. Others find that once a day is more than plenty. Cats may utilize the area around the litter box (throw rug, sink, or tub) if they believe the box is filthy, especially if they have litter scattered about it.

Is He Really Box-Trained?

Some cats can develop a sense of direction in relation to the box’s placement. You may believe that a cat has been trained to use a box when, in reality, he has been trained to utilize the space in which the box has been put. If this is the case, the cat will continue to eliminate in the area where the litter box was previously located. You can move a box a few feet each day until it reaches the new place until it is no longer necessary. Following a meal, when the cat wakes up from a nap, and at other times when you know the cat has to go, aggressively demonstrate to the cat where the litter box is located in your new house.

Changing back to the previous litter is generally sufficient to resolve the issue.

It doesn’t look, feel, or smell like that in his bathroom, after all.

He Uses the Box…Sometimes!

Now we’ll talk about cats who have been trained to use a litter box but still have accidents. Has the cat ever been able to use the litter box consistently for an extended period of time? What is the frequency of his accidents? Is he involved in an accident every week, every month, or every year? A cat who has a lot of accidents isn’t trained to use the litter box. To the contrary, he’s exhibiting his lack of understanding of the fact that there is only one area to delete – the box! Close monitoring or confinement should be used to teach the cat to use the litter box and only the litter box.

Whenever feasible, alter the aesthetic appearance of the places that are most commonly contaminated.

A new restroom that doesn’t smell or look like the old one will reduce the likelihood of a repeat visit from the cat.

As soon as you notice him sniffing or scratching about an area that is off limits, softly but firmly urge him towards the litter box. In other cases, stress might manifest itself in the form of occasional or predictable mishaps (e.g., “he always does it when I return back from vacation”).

Don’t Yell…Clean it Up!

Never strike or get hostile with your cat because he or she isn’t utilizing the litter box as instructed. Punishing him after the fact will not educate him to use the box when he “needs to relieve himself.” Screaming, beating, and generally stomping about can only serve to deteriorate your bond with your cat. They will train him to be on the lookout for you because you are a dangerous and unpredictable human being. It is critical to properly clean a contaminated area with an enzyme-based cleaner that will not only remove the stain but will also eliminate the stink from the environment.

Use caution while cleaning up after your cat since ammonia and ammonia-based products will entice the cat back to the area.

Carpets and carpet padding with foam backings that are often dirty can create an ammonia-like stench.

Is it Spite? No, It’s Stress

House cats suffer from the effects of environmental stress. According to research, there is a strong link between continuing stress and the occurrence of house soiling. Cats are as unique as people in their personalities. Some people are courageous, extroverted, and adventurous, and as a result, they are resilient and forgiving. Others are fearful, and as a result, they slink from room to room and flee from unfamiliar faces. The regularity of a daily routine is quite appealing to most cats. Personal crises, the addition of a new family member (spouse or child), and home renovations are all major occasions from the feline perspective.

  • Take the time to get to know your cat and understand how you can best provide his requirements while also reducing his stress levels.
  • Create a safe haven for him and allow him to rest there when you are hosting a large party or doing repairs.
  • Make arrangements for a cat sitter to come and feed him many times before you depart on your trip.
  • Because of the stress, the cat may continue to avoid the box and/or urinate on personal items such as bedding, clothing, and your favorite chair as long as the issue is not handled, continues to be ongoing, and/or escalates.

This is not to mean that you should completely eradicate the stressful thing, but rather that you should adjust the cat’s perception of it through socializing and/or desensitization instead of eliminating it. Consider collaborating with a professional behavior counselor to achieve your goals.

The Multi-Cat Household

There is a social hierarchy among cats, and this hierarchy comprises not only dominant and subordinate roles, but also outcasts and pariahs. The unique personalities of the cats involved have a significant influence on the formation of the hierarchical system. They either hide or spend the most of their time on the highest points in their territory that they have access to. They may be attacked by other cats on a regular basis, but they will rarely fight back. If you discover that the house spoiler is an outcast, the best course of action may be to locate him a new place to live.

Stress can cause one or more cats in a multi-cat home to spray (mark territory) or pee and defecate outside the litter box on a regular basis.

In addition, adding extra “cat places” with many levels (scratching posts with hideouts and/or lookouts, carpeted shelves, and so on) might help alleviate issues in a multi-cat home.

Retraining…Can He Be Helped?

As a first step in finding a remedy, a veterinarian should thoroughly check the cat to rule out any potential health issues (worms, cystitis, digestive illness, and so on). It is possible to begin teaching a cat once it has been verified that it is in excellent health. It has been determined that the most effective strategy is a combination of confinement and monitored freedom. In confinement, the cat is the one who initiates the program. The majority of cats adapt well to living in small spaces.

In order for humans to use the toilet on a regular basis, it is not possible to keep the cat in the house for a prolonged amount of time.

During the sessions, you can play, groom, converse, and/or feed your dog.

Keep in mind to put the bed and all of the bowls in the area that is farthest away from the litter box.

This is due to the fact that if they are given the chance, they will choose the incorrect location.

The enclosure must be large enough to accommodate both the cat bed at one end and the litter box at the other end of the enclosure.

Feed the cat twice a day, allowing the food to sit down for roughly 20 minutes between each meal.

Following a period of two weeks in which the cat has been using the box and only the box, you may begin allowing him access to other rooms in the house one at a time.

Check to see whether he has relapsed into past patterns of behavior.

Please make sure that he is returned to confinement before his next planned “pit stop.” When you are not at home, do not let the cat out to play.

Do not leave food out on the counter all day.

The cat should not be able to urinate or defecate outside of the litter box without being noticed and led toward the litter box by an adult.

This requires constant monitoring of the cat and encouragement for him to use the litter box in order for good learning to occur.

When dealing with a cat who does not consistently utilize his litter box, the subtleties of cat behavior become immediately apparent.

The answers frequently need patience, and they always necessitate constancy. Be sensitive to the requirements of your cat. Your dedication to putting in quality time and effort will be well recompensed. Tips for Taking Care of Your Cat

  • Bottle-fed or nursing kitten care (PDF)
  • Litter box training
  • Relieving cat boredom
  • Letting the cat out
  • Spaying or neutering your cat are all topics covered. Educating Miss Kitty
  • One Cat or Two
  • Developmental Stages of Kittens(PDF)
  • Your New Baby Kitten(PDF)
  • Kitten Care
  • Please Read Before Declawing(PDF)
  • Cold Weather Pet Care(PDF)
  • Educating Miss Kitty
  • For assistance with cat scratching, please see:

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