How To Recognize Your Cat May Have A Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection in cats may make your cat’s life uncomfortable, and it can also lead to other unfavorable conditions. Unfortunately, cats with urinary problems are commonly abandoned or euthanized at animal shelters for this reason. Typically, a cat suffering from urinary difficulties, such as feline lower urinary tract illness or a urinary tract infection, may have difficulty peeing and will urinate outside of their litter box on a regular basis. If your cat has a urinary tract infection, it may be quite distressing for both your pet and your cat parents.
The good news is that your cat may recover from a urinary tract infection with diligent care, a visit to the veterinarian, and a diet that is suited for his or her needs.
Due to the fact that their cat parents may spend less time with their cat than do owners of exclusively indoor cats, this is especially frequent among outdoor cats and cats who wander freely both inside and outside of the home.
Attempts to urinate on a regular basis A cat suffering from a urinary tract infection (UTI) may pee an excessive number of times per day since there is little to no urine being expelled each time.
- In the event that your cat has a blockage or infection that makes it difficult for them to pee, they will be unable to eliminate harmful waste items through their urine.
- In certain cases, the discomfort associated with a urinary tract disease may become so intense that the cat may lick their vaginal or penile area continuously in an attempt to soothe the irritation.
- It is possible that your cat will scream in anguish due to the combination of discomfort caused by the urinary tract infection and rawness in the region of constant licking.
- Urine that is red in color Generally speaking, the majority of cats suffering from a urinary tract infection will have urine that is dark or stained with blood.
Using the restroom outside of the litter box Although peeing outside of the litter box does not necessarily indicate the presence of a urinary tract infection, it should be considered a cause for worry, especially if the cat is exhibiting any other symptoms associated with a urinary tract infection (UTI).
If your cat (particularly a male cat) has completely stopped peeing (which might be due to a blockage), you should take the cat to a veterinarian facility as soon as possible.
In some cases, a blood test will be necessary.
If you feel that your cat may be suffering from a urinary tract infection or another sort of disease that is interfering with his or her ability to urinate, please contact us at Blue Cross Veterinary Hospital to book an appointment as soon as possible.
Cat Urinary Tract Problems and Infections
Cat owners are often quite aware with their pets’ restroom habits, owing to the fact that they are responsible for the litterbox. Cleaning the litter box isn’t anyone’s favorite task, but it may be a very effective method to monitor the health of your pet’s urinary system and bladder. Changing bathroom habits in your cat might be a symptom that they have a urinary tract infection or other health concern. The lower urinary tracts of cats of any age can become inflamed and cause discomfort. Some cats are prone to urinary tract infections (UTIs), which can be treated with medications and resolve on their own.
Learn more about feline urinary tract infections (UTIs) and other urinary system disorders, as well as how to treat them.
What Are The Symptoms of Urinary Tract Problems in Cats?
The bladder and urethra are both parts of the lower urinary system. In your cat’s physiology, urine is generated and retained in the bladder until it is released via the urethra and out of the body. It is not possible for your cat to urinate regularly if certain bodily parts become diseased or become clogged. When your cat has a urinary tract infection (UTI) or another urinary system condition, you may notice any of the following symptoms:
- Urination on a regular basis, yet only passing a tiny volume of urine
- Urinating outside of the litter box
- Blood in the urine
- Straining to pee
- And other behavioral problems While urinating, I was crying out in pain
- Licking of the urinary opening has increased.
If you detect any of these signs, you should contact your veterinarian immediately to discuss them. The fact that your cat is acting like this might indicate that it requires quick medical treatment.
What Causes Lower Urinary Tract Problems in Cats?
The veterinarian may ask you questions regarding your cat’s symptoms in order to narrow down the root cause of the problem when you take your cat to the veterinarian. A variety of factors can contribute to urinary tract disorders in cats, including the following. Infection of the Urinary Tract (UTI) Cats develop urinary tract infections (UTIs) when they have a bacterial infection in their bladder or urethra. A urine sample will be required by your veterinarian in order to identify this disease.
They have the potential to irritate the lining of the bladder or urethra, resulting in bloody urine and discomfort while peeing.
Urine tests, x-rays, and ultrasounds will be required by your veterinarian in order to detect urinary stones. Urethral Obstruction is a medical condition that affects the urethra. In some situations, your cat’s urethra might become entirely obstructed, either by stones or by a build-up of minerals and tissue known as a “urethral plug,” which can cause the urethra to become fully shut. A cat suffering from this type of blockage will be unable to pass urine at all. Urethral blockage is an emergency medical situation, and you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.
It can occur as a sign of stress or as a reaction to a change in diet in some cases.
Diabetes and thyroid problems are two conditions that might be to blame. Cats can develop malignancies in their urinary tracts on a rare occasion. In order to identify these illnesses, your veterinarian will need to do blood and urine tests.
Can Both Male and Female Cats Have Urinary Tract Problems?
Urinary tract disorders may affect any cat at any time. Male cats, on the other hand, are more prone to suffer from urethral blockages. They have urethras that are longer and thinner than those of female cats. Because of the size and form of the smaller tube, it is more likely to become obstructed.
What Are The Treatments for Lower Urinary Tract Problems?
When you take your cat to the veterinarian, the doctor will check him or her to see if there are any injuries or physical concerns that might be causing the urinary difficulties. Depending on the diagnosis, different treatments will be used. Cat urinary tract infections (UTIs) can be treated with antibiotics. Your veterinarian will determine the most appropriate treatment for your pet. They can provide you with recommendations for dietary modifications that may help you avoid UTIs in the future.
An intravenous catheter will be inserted into the urinary hole and the region will be flushed with sterile fluid to remove the blockage.
Dietary Restrictions If your cat’s bladder has stones, a specific diet may be necessary in some instances.
Treatments for a variety of other health issues
If your cat suffers from diabetes, thyroid illness, or cancer, see your veterinarian about treatment alternatives. Cat urinary system difficulties are significant, and you should not overlook the signs and symptoms that your cat is experiencing. If you suspect your cat is suffering from a urinary tract infection (UTI) or another urinary tract condition, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) in Cats
Despite the fact that urinary tract disorders (UTDs) are very frequent in cats, urinary tract infections (UTIs) are relatively rare. It is common for cats suffering with urinary tract infections (UTIs) to try to pee extremely frequently. They may pass only little quantities of urine, straining to urinate. They may scream out or whimper when urinating. There may also be blood visible in their urine. In addition, urinating outside of the litterbox might be a warning sign that something is wrong with your bladder.
A UTI develops when germs move up the urethra and into the bladder, which is a common occurrence.
Some cats will acquire bladder stones, whether or not they have a urinary tract infection, and this can lead to a variety of other health problems.
What does a urinalysis look at?
Your veterinarian will initially do a urinalysis on your cat if it appears with urinary symptoms to your veterinarian. If your cat shows with urinary symptoms to your veterinarian, your veterinarian will perform a urine test.
When a urinary tract infection (UTI) is suspected, a urine analysis can disclose a great deal of useful information about the urine. Your veterinarian will be looking for the following signs and symptoms:
- Bilirubin (a breakdown product of the cat’s blood)
- Urine-specific gravity (how well the cat is concentrating their urine)
- PH (certain pH levels can indicate infection or other problems)
- Ketones (which are sometimes seen in cases of diabetes or body-wasting)
- Glucose (which is sugar in the urine, usually a sign of diabetes)
The urine specimen is placed into a centrifuge and spun down to allow cells and other debris to settle at the bottom of the sample tube after these levels have been determined. Afterwards, the urine specimen is analyzed. The debris can then be analyzed to see whether or not there are any red blood cells, white blood cells, germs, or crystals present.
My veterinarian sent a sample of urine to a laboratory for what she called a culture and sensitivity test. What is this?
Urinary tract infections are not all made equal, believe it or not! Despite the fact that Escherichia coli (the bacterium found in feces) is the most prevalent organism to cause urinary tract infections in cats, there are a number of other species that may be implicated. A laboratory culture of the bacteria that is causing the UTI is the only way to determine which specific bacterium is causing it. At the same time, the laboratory can conduct tests to determine which antibiotic is most effective in treating an illness.
They may also prescribe pain relievers (since UTIs may be painful), as well as suggest that you adjust your diet.
It is critical to retest the urinalysis once the course of antibiotics has been completed to ensure that the infection has been completely cured.
Are some cats predisposed to UTIs?
Feline urinary tract infections (UTIs) are more prevalent in older female cats and cats with diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes) than in the general population. Cats with bladder stones are more susceptible to recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), highlighting the need of having a full diagnosis anytime there are symptoms of illness in the urinary system. Bladder stones must be removed or dissolved in order for bladder health to be fully restored (see handout “Bladder Stones in Cats” for further information).
What can I do to prevent a UTI from occurring in the future?
It will be determined by your veterinarian whether or not there is anything that can be done to prevent your cat’s UTI from reoccurring. There is evidence to suggest that certain diets can improve the health of the lower urinary tract. Discuss UTI prevention and bladder health with your veterinarian in order to put together a comprehensive strategy that will be helpful for your pet.
Cat Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Symptoms and Treatment
When Tyler, my friend’s cat, began making frequent trips to the litter box, it didn’t seem like a major thing at first.
But as time went on, it became more concerning. But then his cat started urinating outside of the box and all over the house, and he was furious. He was also sobbing out every now and then as he was taken away. They knew something wasn’t quite right, so they took themselves to the veterinarian.
UTI or FLUTD?
Tyler’s symptoms might be caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI) or a FLUTD. It appears to be letter soup, doesn’t it? So, here’s how it works:
A UTI is a urinary tract infection
These are actually not as frequent in cats as you may imagine based on their appearance. It’s more common in elderly cats, particularly those over the age of ten years.
FLUTD stand for Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
A group of symptoms that can be caused by a variety of urinary tract disorders is referred to as “Urinary Tract Infections.” It is more common in cats than urinary tract infections (UTIs), particularly in younger felines. FLUTD is also referred to as feline idiopathic cystitis in some circles. Despite the fact that this is a difficult to pronounce name, it makes sense when you think about it more closely. A bladder infection is an inflammation that has no recognized cause. Idiopathic cystitis indicates that there is no known reason for the infection.
He was fortunate in that he received the attention he required and recovered in about a week.
Tyler’s urinary tract infection (UTI) was thought to be the consequence of a bacterial infection, which is the most prevalent cause of this disease according to the veterinarian. UTIs can also be caused by a fungus or a parasite infection, although these are extremely unusual causes of the condition. However, FLUTD can be caused by a variety of factors, including the following:
- Bladder or urethra obstruction due to stones, crystals, or other material Bladder inflammation is a medical condition that occurs when the bladder becomes inflamed. a bacterial infection of the bladder or urinary tract
- Ureteral tumor, but this is less frequent
- Ureteral tumor in the bladder
It is also believed that stress might play a role in the development of a urinary tract infection. Cats are creatures of habit, and when their routines are disrupted, such as by the arrival of a new baby in the family, the acquisition of another pet, or the relocation to a new home, they might get upset. Fresh catnip can briefly alleviate tension in cats when applied topically. Learn more about this bizarre plant and how it affects our feline companions in this article.
Cat UTI Symptoms
Due to the fact that cats are infamous for faking their symptoms or hiding about the home when they are unwell, you may not notice the indicators of a urinary tract infection, particularly in the early stages of the disease. Symptoms can include any of the following:
- Greater number of trips to the litter box—this might occur because the cat’s bladder is not totally empty and the cat feels the need to urinate on a continual basis
- This is certainly not enjoyable for anybody when they are peeing outside the litter box in locations such as the tub, the laundry room floor, or on a bathmat. When your cat is trying to pee, he or she may strain, flinch, or even scream out in pain, just as poor Tyler did
- Blood in the pee, which can be minute and may go unnoticed when you clean up the litter box
- Blood in the urine
- A proclivity for excessive grooming in the genital region
- Changes in behavior, such as increased irritation or lethargy
Urinary tract difficulties in your cat might be quite uncomfortable for him. If you observe any of these symptoms, it is critical that you get medical attention as soon as possible. In addition, if left untreated, a blockage might develop into a life-threatening emergency.
In addition to a thorough physical examination, your veterinarian may use one or more of the following diagnostic techniques to establish whether your cat has a UTI or FLUTD:
- An examination of the urine for the presence of crystals, germs, or blood
- Other illnesses such as renal disease or diabetes are ruled out using blood testing. In order to diagnose kidney stones or other obstructions, radiographs may be taken. If the veterinarian believes that the patient has a bladder problem, an ultrasound may be performed.
All of the costs associated with the veterinarian examination and diagnostic testing can be covered by an ASPCA Pet Health Insurance policy. Did you know that not all insurance companies will pay the cost of an exam? That’s unexpected considering they’re usually always included in the price of the item.
Treatment for a urinary tract disease in cats can vary based on the scenario in which they find themselves. In Tyler’s case, for example, antibiotics were administered in order to eliminate the illness completely. If your cat requires antibiotic treatment, make sure to follow the manufacturer’s directions and finish the full prescription, even if your cat appears to be doing better.
If you stop taking the drug too soon, the infection may reoccur. If your cat is suffering from a urinary tract problem, you will most likely need to boost his water consumption. Here are three tips to assist you in accomplishing this:
- Make sure your cat has access to a dish of fresh, clean water that is easily accessible to them. Warm chicken broth that has been diluted (not too hot, or your cat’s mouth might be burnt) should be offered to him. Move them away from dry kibble and toward more wet food, which has more moisture than dry kibble. To wet the dry kibble, you may also soak it in water for around 15 minutes. As with any dietary adjustment, it is advisable to consult with your veterinarian for guidance on how to proceed in the most effective manner.
Besides that, it might be beneficial to scoop out the litter box more frequently in order to keep a better track of how much and how frequently your cat is going to the toilet. Most cats like a litter box that is squeaky clean, so having a clean litter box might make your unwell cat feel more comfortable when it is time to go. Treatment for persistent urinary tract disorders with acupuncture has been proven effective, and it is covered by an ASPCA Pet Health Insurance plan. Learn more about your insurance coverage alternatives.
A urinary tract infection will normally clear up on its own within a week if it is treated properly. However, because it has the potential to return, it is important to be on the lookout for the following signs and to take the following precautions to help avoid another bout:
- Increase the amount of canned food in your cat’s diet to encourage him or her to drink more water. Investing in a pet fountain is a good idea since some cats will drink more water when it is fresh from a fountain. Make every effort to keep your cat’s stress level as low as possible. Avoiding disturbances in your routine and spending more quality time with your cat can both assist to lessen anxiety
- For example, Make sure the litter box is clean and in a quiet location in order to encourage good toilet habits in your cat (find out what cats feces looks like)
- Seek the advice of your veterinarian to see whether prescription food that promotes urinary tract health would be beneficial for your cat.
Of course, you can’t totally avoid a urinary tract problem, but an ASPCA Pet Health Insurance plan may be able to compensate you for the expenses associated with treatment. The treatments for urinary tract issues may be quite expensive; one ASPCA Pet Health Insurance client filed a claim for more than $2,600 in treatment for their cat’s urinary tract condition. * Is your pet adequately protected? Learn more about it right now. *Insider claims data
How to Tell If Your Cat Has a UTI
TIPS FOR CAT BEHAVIOR AND HEALTH TIPS FOR CAT BEHAVIOR AND HEALTH Discover If Your Cat Is Suffering From a UTIL The fact that you spend a lot of time in the litter box is your first sign. Cats may become ill in the same way that people do. Furthermore, feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is one of the most prevalent illnesses that cats can suffer from – and fortunately, it is one of the most curable if caught early enough (FLUTD). One kind of urinary tract infection (UTI) is classified as FLUTD (Fetal Lower Urinary Tract Disease).
Nevertheless, how can you know whether your cat is sick and need immediate medical attention?
- Kitty is making many trips to the litter box: A urinary tract infection (UTI) causes her to feel like she needs to go to the bathroom again. Again and again. And again, Kitty is trying to go to the bathroom: It’s possible that your cat will scream out since it’s hurting so much to pee. If you have a male cat, he may have acquired a blockage in the urethra, which may be quite painful. As a result, Kitty’s health may suffer greatly as a result of the accumulation of pollutants in his little body. Get him to the veterinarian as soon as possible
- There’s blood in Kitty’s urine, which means: Peeing blood is never a good thing, whether it’s in humans or cats. Using the restroom outside of the box: Is it possible that Kitty has suddenly gone rogue? It’s possible that she needs to leave and won’t be able to make it to the box in time. Oh my God, that smells! Is Kitty’s urine smelling a little more fragrant than usual? It might be a symptom of an underlying urinary tract infection (UTI). 2) Down there, Kitty is licking her bottom very, very heavily: Kitty isn’t just going through the motions for the sake of it. It’s probable that she’s attempting to comfort herself in the only manner she knows how
Which cats are at risk for a FLUTD?
The reality is that a LARGE number of cats are at risk, 1particularly if they are kept inside, as the SPCA and many veterinarians urge. Here’s a fast response to your question:
- Cats in their forties and fifties
- Cats that have been neutered (and we hope this includes yours!)
- Cats who are overweight
- Cats who don’t get enough exercise
- Cats who are overweight. Cats that are only allowed indoors
- Cats who eat only dry food (because they are most likely not receiving enough water)
- Cats who eat only canned food (because they are most likely not getting enough water)
- Cats who eat only canned food
If it’s not a UTI, what could it be?
Even though your cat is exhibiting all of the symptoms of a urinary tract infection, it is possible that the problem is not with him or her. There are a slew of additional disorders that exhibit the similar symptoms, including: 1 and 2.
- As previously stated, a blockage of the urethra has occurred. This occurs in male cats and has the potential to be lethal
- Bladder stones
- A bladder infection (as opposed to a urinary tract infection)
- Problems with the spinal cord
Additional circumstances may include the following: 3
- Hyperthyroidism, diabetes, cystitis (which is a catch-all term used when the exact issue cannot be recognized), and other conditions.
Because the reasons of these symptoms are so diverse and possibly dangerous, any cat who is experiencing difficulty in the litter box should see his friendly local veterinarian as soon as possible.
How will the vet diagnose my cat?
When you take your cat to the veterinarian, she will diagnose (or attempt to determine) the source of the problem. There are a variety of tests, including:1
- In the case of a urine analysis, the veterinarian will either ask you to take a urine sample using specific litter or will keep your cat overnight and collect one himself. Afterwards, he’ll microscopically analyze the urine and do a bacterial culture to determine what the source of the problem is. Radiology: If this is a persistent condition and the veterinarian suspects something other than a urinary tract infection, an x-ray will tell whether there are any bladder stones or tumors present
- Ultrasound: This method can also aid in the detection of bladder stones and other problems. During surgery or by placing a catheter into the urethra, the veterinarian will perform a biopsy to determine whether or not a tumor is present.
Yes, all this is yucky, but important.
If your cat has a urinary tract infection (UTI), not only is she in discomfort — something that a trip to the veterinarian would alleviate much — but if left untreated, a UTI may swiftly progress to severe kidney issues.
4 And it can result in astronomical vet expenses — or, even worse, a trip across the rainbow bridge before Kitty’s time is done living. Learn to identify these warning indicators. If you see them, it’s time to get in touch with a medical professional.
Is Kitty feeling low? Give her a treat.
Kitty deserves a lot of love and goodies after suffering through a severe UTI episode – and perhaps some extra litter as well. Join the Paw Points®program, and you will earn points for every transaction you make. You may then use those points to get free litter, coupons, and toys in exchange for them. Because once the UTI has been cleared up, Kitty will be back to her old lively and cheerful self. Hurrah! Feline lower urinary tract disease is the first of them (FLUTD). (n.d.). Cats suffering from urinary tract illness.
Feline lower urinary tract illness is a medical condition that affects cats (n.d.).
Cat Urinary Tract Infection – Symptoms, Treatment & Recovery
Although cat urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infrequent compared to the prevalence of UTIs in dogs, older cats are more likely to develop a variety of other urinary tract disorders that elicit symptoms that are similar to those of dogs. These are the symptoms, causes, and treatments that our veterinarians in Somerset County NJ are sharing today for urinary tract infections and disorders in cats.
Urinary Tract Infection – Cat UTI
While urinary tract difficulties are common in cats, we are more likely to find urinary tract illness than true infections in these cases. When cats get urinary tract infections, it is generally a symptom of an underlying endocrine condition, such as hyperthyroidism or diabetes mellitus, which can be life-threatening. The majority of cats that suffer from these ailments, which are often accompanied by urinary tract problems, are above the age of ten. In most cases, cats that have been diagnosed with urinary tract infections, such as cystitis, are given an antibiotic medication to help them battle the condition.
Other symptoms include pain or discomfort when urinating, passing urine tinged with blood, and urinating in areas other than the litter box or in a confined space.
Feline Urinary Tract Disease – FLUTD
FLUTD, or feline lower urinary tract disease, is a broad term that refers to a group of clinical signs that occur in felines. It is possible for FLUTD to develop problems in your cat’s urethra and bladder, which can result in the urethra becoming clogged or the bladder not being able to empty correctly. If left untreated, these illnesses can become serious, if not life-threatening, in nature. For cats suffering from FLUTD, urinating might be difficult, unpleasant, or impossible altogether. They may also urinate more frequently or in inconvenient locations other than their designated litter box (occasionally on surfaces that are cool to the touch such as a tile floor or bathtub).
Causes of Feline Urinary Tract Disease
FLUTD is a difficult disorder to detect and treat due to the fact that it has a variety of contributing causes and contributing variables.
In your cat’s urethra – the tube that connects the bladder to the outside of his or her body – or bladder, crystals, stones, or debris can slowly accumulate and cause obstruction. Other factors that contribute to lower urinary tract problems in cats are as follows:
- The inability to hold urine owing to excessive water consumption or a weak bladder
- Problems with the spinal cord
- A urethral plug is formed as a result of the buildup of urine waste. Bladder infection, inflammation, and urinary tract infection (UTI) are all conditions that can occur. a urinary tract injury or a urinary tract tumor Anomalies resulting from birth defects
- Stressors that are emotional or environmental in nature
Obese, middle-aged cats that do not have access to the outdoors, eat dry food, or do not receive enough physical activity are more vulnerable to urinary tract difficulties than younger cats, although cats of any age can develop the illness. Male cats are also more susceptible to urinary illnesses than female cats, owing to the fact that their smaller urethras are more likely to become obstructed. Indoor litter box usage, emotional or environmental stress, multi-cat homes, and abrupt changes in their daily routine can all increase a cat’s risk of developing urinary tract illness.
In addition to bladder stones, infections, tumors, and obstructions, FLUTD symptoms can be caused by other significant underlying health problems.
Symptoms of Feline Urinary Tract Disease in Cats
Some of the most prevalent symptoms connected with urinary tract disorders in cats include the following:
- Inability to pee
- Loss of bladder control
- Urinating in little amounts
- Urinating more frequently than usual or in inappropriate situations. Avoiding or being afraid of the litter box
- Urine containing a strong ammonia odor
- Abdomen that is hard or swollen
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Increasing the amount of water consumed
- Licking of the genital region in excessive amounts
It is possible that the symptoms listed above suggest a major medical problem that might swiftly result in renal failure or bladder rupture. FLUTD can swiftly become lethal if there is a blockage that is not removed as soon as it is discovered.
Diagnosis of Feline Urinary Tract Disease
Indications of a major medical problem include symptoms such as renal failure or bladder rupture, which can occur swiftly. In the event of a blockage that is not removed immediately, FLUTD can soon become lethal.
Cat Urinary Tract Infection Recovery
When it comes to cats, urinary disorders can be complicated and life-threatening, therefore the first step should be to schedule an appointment with your veterinarian as soon as possible. Your cat’s urinary symptoms will be determined by the underlying reason, which may entail one or more of the following treatments:
- Increasing the amount of water your cat consumes
- Antibiotics or pain relievers to alleviate the symptoms
- Modified diet
- Urethral expulsion of tiny stones
- Removal of large stones Acidifiers for the urine
- Therapy using fluids
- Urinary catheterization or surgery for male cats to eliminate urethral blockages are available options.
Please keep in mind that the information contained in this page is meant solely for educational reasons and does not represent medical advice for dogs. Please schedule an appointment with your veterinarian in order to receive an accurate diagnosis of your pet’s ailment.
Urinary tract infections and diseases in cats require urgent care! If your cat is showing symptoms of a urinary issue contact your vet straight away orvisit our Somerset emergency vetsto receive urgent veterinary care.
It is possible for cats to get urinary tract infections that are unpleasant and can progress to bladder infection or renal problems. Recognize the indications of a UTI in your cat so that you can treat it as soon as possible. “It aches when I pee,” whether it’s for humans or pets, is no laughing matter. When your cat has trouble peeing or is in discomfort, it is a source of frustration for both of you. When your cat has a urinary tract infection (UTI), it makes it difficult for both you and your cat to go about your daily routine.
Cat urinary tract infections (UTIs) can progress to bladder or kidney infections if left untreated. Here’s how you may collaborate with your veterinarian on treatment and prevention to identify and treat the underlying cause of your cat’s urination issues.
Causes of Urinary Tract Issues in Cats
Your cat’s inability to urinate might be caused by a variety of factors, some of which can be uncomfortable for your cat. They have the potential to obstruct urine flow or cause inflammation in the urinary system. While looking for information on the internet, you may have come across the phrase feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), which is a catch-all term for a multitude of potential causes, including:
- Urinary stones, which grow in the bladder and urethra (humans acquire painful stones that are comparable to them in humans)
- A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection of the urinary system that occurs after germs have made their way into the urethra. An blockage in the urethra, which may be caused by an accident, a tumor, or an anomaly that has existed from your cat’s conception
- A convoluted phrase for an inflammation of the cat’s bladder whose etiology is uncertain, feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC) is defined as follows: A typical diagnosis in cats less than ten years of age is hepatitis C. It is possible for a veterinarian to identify the illness after ruling out alternative possibilities.
It’s possible that some cats, particularly those older than 10 years and those suffering from renal disease or diabetes, are prone to difficulties with the lower urinary tract. A veterinarian can assist you in determining if your urinary tract infection is a kidney infection or a bladder infection. Because FLUTD is a condition that can manifest itself in both directions, proper testing and diagnosis are essential. Kidney or bladder stones may create issues for your cat when they make their way to the urethra, but bacteria from a urinary tract infection (UTI) can move up the urethra to the bladder and cause inflammation in the kidneys if the infection is not treated promptly.
Warning Signs of Urinary Tract Infections
Because you share your home with your favorite kitty, you are in a unique position to spot any changes in behavior in her. You are the only one who is familiar with your cat’s usual litter box activity. The following are examples of possible indications of a UTI:
- Increased frequency of trips to the litter box and/or increased frequency of attempts to urinate while on a visit
- Having to work hard to urinate
- In the event that urinating is unpleasant, the cat may cry out or whine or make loud meows. Changes in the way the cat uses the litter box (ranging from urinating on the side to completely avoiding the litter box)
- And Urine containing blood
- Licking of the genitals on a more regular basis
- Urine odor is particularly strong
Urinary difficulties may be complicated, and each cat is unique in this regard. When it comes to managing urinary illness in cats, having a trusting connection with your veterinarian is your most powerful tool. — Dr. Kathryn Primm, a veterinarian at Applebrook Animal Hospital, is a woman of many talents.
Treating Urinary Tract Problems
If you see any of the indications of a urinary tract infection in your cat, you should take him to the veterinarian right once. If a urinary tract infection (UTI) is the primary suspect, your veterinarian may prescribe a common antibiotic even before getting the results of your cat’s urine test. Even if you have a veterinarian’s diagnosis in hand, you may still play an important role in helping to treat your cat at home. If your veterinarian has ordered an antibiotic, you’ll need to be sure to provide the medication for the whole time period specified.
- ” Your veterinarian is the best person to evaluate how long your cat should be on medicines for a UTI.
- The use of pills or liquids is a possibility, but not finishing a round of antibiotics may allow for the bacteria to return, and stronger bugs may result in the development of new drug-resistant strains that are harmful to people and pets.
- The cost of UTI treatment varies based on the amount of tests and medication required to make your cat healthy and feeling better.
- “Believe me when I say that we all wish we could just treat feline urinary issues with an antibiotic and be done with it, but that is not the case,” she explains.
“Urinary disorders may be complicated, and each cat is unique in this regard.” When it comes to managing urinary illness in cats, having a trusting connection with your veterinarian is your best weapon.”
How to Prevent Cat Urinary Tract Infections
Recurrence of your cat’s UTI or other lower urinary tract disease is always a possibility, and occasionally a very good possibility. UTIs and other difficulties can be prevented with some simple guidelines that are reasonably affordable to implement. Your veterinarian may recommend a menu of alternatives such as the following: Make changes to your cat’s diet. Feed little meals on a frequent basis (no binge!) to maintain a healthy weight in your cat. Consider changing your dog’s diet to a specific diet for urinary issues or switching to canned food based on your veterinarian’s suggestion.
- Control the flow of water.
- More water ensures that the flow continues!
- Provide an adequate number of litter boxes (one for each cat plus one more, if you can).
- Replace all of the litter in the boxes at least once a week, and scoop the boxes twice daily (or use an automatic litter box to do it for you).
- According to Primm, some cats like covered boxes, while others do not, and different types of litter appeal to different types of litter box users.
- Relax, and your cat will follow.
- Learn more about your cat’s senses and how vets believe cats deal with stress — which can express itself in the form of disease — by watching this video.
According to her, “in the past, it appeared that we had a large number of FLUTD instances that never resolved.” “I believe that the veterinary sector is making progress in recognizing and treating this disease, and this makes me quite optimistic.” Consult your veterinarian for the most effective UTI prevention and treatment options for your cat.
Cat Urinary Tract Infection Signs and Treatments
Feigning fear and anxiety may have an impact on our cats in the same way that they do on us. Stress might manifest itself in your cat for a variety of reasons. Possibly you’ve recently relocated, or perhaps you’ve welcomed a new pet or family member into your house. However, if your cat appears to be agitated, there may be an underlying issue that need attention. When your cat stops using her litter box, this is one of the first signs that there is a problem. Perhaps she’s peeing in an unusual location, spraying on a wall, or having difficulty urinating.
If your cat begins marking her territory away from her litter box, it is most likely not because she is seeking retribution or spite; rather, it is most likely because something is wrong.
Feline lower urinary tract illness (also known as feline lower urinary tract obstruction) is one of the most common medical reasons of urination problems.
What is FLUTD?
A cat’s lower urinary tract disease, also known as FLUTD, is a term that refers to a group of disorders or diseases that affect the lower urinary tract of the cat (bladder or urethra). A diagnosis of FLUTD is made after other potential causes, such as urinary tract infection (UTI) or kidney stones, have been excluded. Crystals or stones in the bladder, bladder infections, urethral obstruction, inflammation of the urinary bladder (also known as interstitial cystitis or idiopathic cystitis), and other abnormalities in the urinary tract are all potential causes of urinary incontinence.
Warning Signs of Feline Urinary Tract Infections
- Cats suffering with feline idiopathic cystitis may experience straining while peeing, which may progress to more serious conditions such as the creation of bladder stones or a urethral plug in the future. Male cats are at greater risk of developing a urethral clog, which is a life-threatening disorder that causes a cat to lose the capacity to pee
- This problem is more common in older cats. Feline urinary incontinence (FLUTD) is characterized by cats having a constant need to pee but only passing a tiny volume of urine each time. Intense urination: If your cat screams out while peeing, this is an indication that she is experiencing discomfort. Urine containing blood
- A cat’s approach of alleviating the discomfort associated with a urinary tract infection is to lick the genital or stomach regions. Irritability
- Consider whether your cat is peeing in locations other than the litter box, particularly on chilly surfaces such as tile or a bathtub.
What to Do if You Suspect a FLUTD
Cats suffering with feline idiopathic cystitis may experience straining when peeing, which may progress to more serious conditions such as the production of bladder stones or a urethral plug. Cats that are male are more likely than females to acquire a urethral clog, which is a life-threatening ailment that causes a cat to lose his or her capacity to pee. Cats with FLUTD have a strong need to pee on a regular basis, yet they can only pass a tiny volume of urine at a time. Intense urination: If your cat screams out while peeing, this is a tell-tale sign that she is experiencing discomfort.
Irritability; Take note if your cat is peeing in areas other than the litter box, especially on chilly surfaces such as tile or a bathtub;
Preventing Future UTIs in Your Cat
In addition to your veterinarian’s recommendations, you may make additional adjustments to your cat’s lifestyle to reduce the probability of FLUTD recurrence. Environmental recurrence has been demonstrated to minimize the recurrence rate by as much as 80%, and it can also assist your cat in using her litter box more effectively. Spending more time with your cat, allowing her access to windows, and providing her with extra toys are all examples of what you should do. Increasing the amount of litter boxes in your home and ensuring that they are well maintained are also good ideas.
Feline lower urinary tract disease
In addition to your veterinarian’s recommendations, you may make additional adjustments to your cat’s environment to reduce the probability of FLUTD recurrence. Environmental recurrence has been demonstrated to minimize the recurrence rate by as much as 80%, and it can also assist your cat in using her litter box more consistently. Extra time with your cat, allowing her access to windows, and providing her with more toys are all examples of what you should do. Increasing the number of litter boxes in your home and ensuring that they are well maintained are other effective options.
- Suffering from urinary incontinence
- Peeing little quantities
- Making many and/or extended efforts to urinate
- Crying out when urinating
- Licking excessively around the genital region
- When urinating outside of the litter box, blood is detected in the pee.
Remember that cats that have a urethral obstruction (a blockage in the urethra, which is the tube that transports urine from the bladder and out of the body) may similarly display these signals, but will pass little or no pee and will grow progressively disturbed as the obstruction clears away.
Because male cats have a longer and narrower urethra than female cats, urethral blockage is more common in male cats. An blockage of the urethra is a medical emergency that necessitates prompt veterinarian care. (See the section on Urethral Obstruction for further information.)
How is FLUTD diagnosed?
FLUTD can be challenging to diagnose due to the large number of possible causes. Depending on the severity of your cat’s symptoms, your veterinarian will do a physical examination and most likely perform a urinalysis to determine the pH and concentration of your cat’s urine, as well as the presence of crystals, bleeding, inflammation, and infection. If the source of the problem cannot be determined, other tests such as urine culture, x-rays, blood work, and more urine tests may be indicated to rule out other possibilities.
What are the causes of FLUTD?
Urolithiasis is a condition that affects the kidneys (urinary stones) Cats are more likely to develop FLUTD if they experience emotional or environmental stress, live in a multi-cat home, or have abrupt changes in their daily routine. One probable cause of FLUTD is the growth of urinary stones, also known as uroliths, in the bladder and/or urethra, which can lead to obstruction of the urinary tract. Mineral deposits that occur in the urinary system of cats are referred to as crystals. Urinary stones are often diagnosed with the use of X-rays or ultrasonography.
- While struvite stones can be dislodged with a particular, stone-dissolving diet, calcium oxalate stones must be surgically removed in order to be eliminated.
- In female cats, it may also be feasible for a veterinarian to assist a cat in passing stones by flushing its bladder with sterile fluids or to remove tiny stones directly from the bladder while the cat is under anesthesia using a cystoscope.
- Infection of the urinary tract FLUTD can be caused by an infection of your cat’s urinary system with bacteria, fungus, parasites, or even viruses, which can manifest as symptoms.
- If an infection is discovered, your veterinarian will most likely perform a thorough examination to rule out any other diseases or problems that may have put your cat at risk of infection.
- When it comes to younger cats, bladder infections are the cause of FLUTD in fewer than 5 percent of the cases, owing to the acid content and concentration of their urine, which inhibits infection.
- As a result, these cats are more susceptible to infection.
- Ureteral infections are treated in a variety of ways, depending on their severity and the organism that is causing the infection.
Urethral blockage is a medical condition that occurs when the urethra becomes obstructed.
These cats have to work hard to pee and generate little or no urine as a result.
Having urethral blockage, which can be caused by either urethral stones or urethral plugs, is a potentially life-threatening condition (the latter are made of a soft material containing minerals, cells, and mucus-like protein).
Because male cats’ urethras are longer and narrower than female cats’, male cats (neutered or intact) are at greater risk of urethral blockage than female cats.
It is not possible for the kidneys to perform their functions properly if the urethra is fully obstructed.
When these imbalances lead to heart failure, death is a common occurrence if left untreated — often in less than twenty-four to forty-eight hours.
Once the obstruction has been removed, the cat’s condition will dictate how much treatment is given to him.
Antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent or cure infection, and medications that aid in the restoration of bladder function may also be prescribed.
In light of the potential risks associated with this operation, which include bleeding, narrowing at the surgical site, urine incontinence, and a higher incidence of urinary tract infection, it is often reserved for last resort procedures only.
Idiopathic cystitis (also known as interstitial cystitis) in cats under the age of ten years is the most prevalent diagnosis in cats with lower urinary tract illness under the age of ten years.
In other words, feline idiopathic cystitis is a diagnosis of exclusion, which means that it is established only after all other illnesses that may produce identical symptoms have been ruled out.
Stress and dietary changes can both increase the likelihood of developing FIC.
The sickness can be chronic and extremely frustrating for the cat, as well as the owner and the veterinarian who is treating him.
There are a plethora of medicinal therapies available that have varying degrees of effectiveness, but the veterinarian will usually begin by addressing any behavioral issues that are present.
There are other factors at play.
FLUTD can also be caused by cancers of the urinary system, congenital abnormalities (birth defects), or damage to the urinary tract or spinal cord, despite the fact that they are significantly less common causes of the condition.
What can I do at home to prevent future occurrences of FLUTD?
FLUTD clinical manifestations may never or only sometimes recur depending on the underlying source of the condition. FIC, on the other hand, is more prone to recurrence. In order to assist lessen the likelihood of recurrence:
- Distribute regular, modest meals to your pet. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the most appropriate diet for your cat. Many commercial diets are okay, however some urinary problems react better to specialist diets than they do to general diets. It is possible that canned food will be favored. Always make sure that there is clean, fresh water available. Assure that you have a sufficient number of litter boxes (typically one more than the number of cats in your home) and the sort of litter that your cat(s) like. Keep litter boxes in places of the house that are calm and safe
- Preserve cleanliness by scooping and changing litter boxes twice a day (or as frequently as needed)
- Maintain a healthy environment for your cat. Keep large alterations in routine to a minimum
- Stress should be reduced.
This information is taken from our customer brochure, which is accessible in both English and Spanish languages.